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Encyclopedia > Super League war

The Super League war was a battle for the control of broadcast rights for the sport of Rugby League. Although it centred on Australia, but the effects of the Super League War battle were felt across the rugby league playing world. Rugby league is a team sport, played by teams of 13 players per side (usually plus 4 substitutes). ...

Contents


1995-1997: The Battle for Control of Rugby League

The Super League (originally Star League) was created after media magnate Rupert Murdoch failed to gain pay television rights to Rugby League in Australia in the early 1990s. This followed News Corporation's aquistion of other major sporting rights around the world, including the English Premier League soccer and the American NFL. At that time Rugby League was broadcast on free-to-air television by Kerry Packer's Nine Network. Packer claimed that his contract also covered pay television, effectively locking News Rugby League broadcasts. Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch (born March 11, 1931), is an Australian-born American media proprietor who is the majority shareholder and managing director of News Corporation, one of the worlds largest and most influential media corporations. ... Kerry Packer Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer (born 17 December 1937) is an Australian publishing, media and gaming tycoon. ... The Nine network (slogan Still The One) is an Australian television network owned by Publishing and Broadcasting Limited (Kerry Packers media company). ...


In 1995 Super League signed a number of teams from the Australian Rugby League competition to playing a new competition that was to start in 1996. These teams were: Auckland Warriors, Brisbane Broncos, Canberra Raiders, Canterbury Bulldogs, Cronulla Sharks, North Queensland Cowboys, Penrith Panthers and thePerth Reds. New teams that were to be included in this competition were Hunter Mariners and Adelaide Rams (then Adelaide Aces). 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Rugby League (ARL) is the governing body for the sport of Rugby League in Australia. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The New Zealand Warriors (formerly Auckland Warriors) are a rugby league team based in Auckland, New Zealand who compete in the Australian based National Rugby League competition. ... The Brisbane Broncos is a rugby league team based in Brisbane, Queensland. ... The Canberra Raiders are a National Rugby League team based in Canberra, Australia. ... The Bulldogs are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... The Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... The North Queensland Cowboys is a Rugby League club based in Townsville, Queensland, Australia which represents the region of North Queensland. ... The Penrith Panthers are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... The Western Reds were a Perth-based Rugby League team, who played in the 1995 & 1996 Australian Rugby League competition, and, as the Perth Reds, in the 1997 Super League Home games were played at the WACA, the first of which (and the teams intial match) resulted in a 28... The Hunter Mariners were a Rugby League team, based in Newcastle who participated in the single Australasian Super League season in 1997 The club played its home games at Topper Stadium (also known as Breakers Stadium) to only moderate attendances, the highlight of which was a defeat of eventual premier... The Adelaide Rams were a Rugby League team, playing two seasons at the top level (1997-98). ...


On 11 March 1996, Justice James Burchett of the Federal Court of Australia made orders preventing any alternative rugby league football competition being held until the 21st century. The scope of these orders was reduced on appeal to the Full Court on 13 March, but still precluded the start of the Super League competition. All Super League teams forfeited the first round of the ARL competition, except for the Auckland Warriors, who claimed two uncontested premiership points of the Brisbane Broncos. 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ...


On 4 October 1996, a Full Court of the Federal Court set aside Justice Burchett's previous orders, and on 1 March 1997 the only season of the Australian Super League kicked off with the Brisbane Broncos defeating the Auckland Warriors 14-2. The Super League competition was broadcast on Kerry Packer's Channel 9 and Rupert Murdoch's Fox Sports. October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in Leap years). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


1997: Super League (Australia)

Overview

In 1997 a ten team Super League competition was held over eighteen rounds. There was also a Tri-Series contested between New South Wales, New Zealand and Queensland; the World Club Challenge and Test two series, with an Australian team taking on Great Britain and New Zealand. The World Club Challenge is a Rugby League competition held annually between the winners of the Australian NRL competition and the Super League (Europe) competition. ...


Club Competition

The Super League Club Competition was won by the Brisbane Broncos, who defeated the Cronulla Sharks 26-8 at ANZ Stadium in Brisbane. That game holds the ground crowd record for ANZ Stadium. The Brisbane Broncos is a rugby league team based in Brisbane, Queensland. ... The Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... AKA QEII stadium is an olympic stadium in Brisbane, Queensland. ... Brisbane by night Brisbane City Botanic Gardens Brisbane is the capital city of the state of Queensland, Australia. ...


Tri-series

The Super League Tri-series was won by New South Wales, who defeated Queensland 23-22 at ANZ Stadium in the longest ever game of first class Rugby League. After 80 mintes, the scores were locked at 18-18, and a further 20 minutes were played. At the end of this time, the scores were 22-22, and Queensland captain Allan Langer is said to have asked the referee, "Should we toss a coin to see who wins?" The game then moved into golden point extra time, and after 103 minutes, New South Wales kicked a field goal, and won the match.


World Club Challenge

The World Club Challenge competition was expanded in 1997, with all ten Australian Super League clubs taking on all twelve European clubs. The European teams were outclassed, with only one club, Paris, recording a win over an Australian team. The Brisbane Broncos won the final defeating the Hunter Mariners 36-12 at Ericsson Stadium, Auckland. Super League (Europe) is the official name for the only full-time professional rugby league competition operating in the northern hemisphere. ... Ericsson Stadium, formerly Mount Smart Stadium, is a stadium in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ...


Tests

The Super League Australia team played a two game series against New Zealand. and a three game series against Great Britain. Although these matches are considered to be Tests by the New Zealand Rugby League and the Rugby Football League, they are not recognised by the Australian Rugby League. The New Zealand Rugby League (NZRL) is the governing body for the sport of Rugby League in New Zealand. ... The Rugby Football League (RFL) is the governing body for Rugby League in the United Kingdom. ... The Australian Rugby League (ARL) is the governing body for the sport of Rugby League in Australia. ...


During the Super League War, News Limited signed up nearly every Rugby League organisation outside of Australia, starving the ARL of internation competition. The ARL Australian team played international fixtures against rebel teams from Papua New Guinea and Fiji, as well as against a Rest of the World team.


For results of these matches, please see Australia national rugby league team. Categories: Stub | International rugby league teams | Australian sport ...


The Aftermath (1998, 1999)

Creation of the National Rugby League

With twenty-two teams playing in two competitions in 1997 crowd attendences and corporate sponsorship were spread very thinly, and many teams found themselves in financial difficulty. At the end of 1997 the Super League competition merged with the ARL to form the National Rugby League. Conditions of this merger controversially included an agreement to reduce the number of teams competing in the NRL to 14 by the year 2000. Accordingly the Super League teams Perth and Hunter were not admitted into the NRL in 1998, and Adelaide Super League team and Gold Coast ARL did not compete in 1999. 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is one of the most popular sporting competitions in Australia and, in recent times, New Zealand, consisting of fifteen teams playing Rugby League football against each other. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


The National Rugby League is 50% owned by News Corporation and 50% owned by the Australian Rugby League.


Change of Ownership of Fox Sports

Fox Sports became jointly owned by News Corp and PBL. The new NRL TV rights went to PBL's Nine Network, News Corp owned Fox8 and the now jointly owned Fox Sports. Fox Sports and PBL hold the broadcast rights to Rugby League until 2011. Fox Sports is a division of Rupert Murdochs U.S. television network, the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... FOX8 is a general entertainment channel available on Australias Foxtel, Austar and Optus Television pay television services. ... 2011 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Costs

An article published in the Australian Financial Review on 5 August 2005 claimed that the cost of the Super League war was AUD$560,000,000, as opposed to the AUD$100,000,000 that News Limited wrote off. The Australian Financial Review is the leading business newspaper in Australia. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...


The Legacy

The Super League War was not beneficial to Rugby League in Australia, and enormous damage was done to the finances and public perception of the sport. Nonetheless a number of concepts from Super League lived on into the new millenium. These include:

  • The annual ANZAC Test being played between Australia and New Zealand in the week of ANZAC Day.
  • Rule changes, such as the 40-20 Rule.
  • The grand final being played at night time.

ANZAC Day Dawn Service at Australian War Memorial, 25 April 2005, 90th anniversary Australia and New Zealand commemorate the ANZAC Day public holiday on the 25th of April every year to honour the bravery and sacrifice of the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and of...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rugby league - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3002 words)
The National Rugby League is the result of a merger between the Australian Super League and the Australian Rugby League in 1998.
Rugby league in New Zealand is under the control of the New Zealand Rugby League, which runs the national competition, the Bartercard Cup and the national team, the Kiwis.
The two main rugby league competitions are the National Rugby League (in Australia and New Zealand) and the Super League (in Great Britain and France).
Super League (Europe) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (728 words)
Super League (Europe) is the only full-time professional rugby league competition operating in the northern hemisphere.
The competition was first mooted during the Super League war as a way for Rupert Murdoch to gain the upper hand during the battle for supremacy with the Australian Rugby League.
Promotion and relegation between Super League and the Rugby League National Leagues was re-introduced, and in 2002 the SLE governing body re-integrated fully into the Rugby Football League.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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