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Encyclopedia > Super Bowl XXIII
Super Bowl XXIII
1 2 3 4 Total
Bengals 0 3 10 3 16
49ers 3 0 3 14 20
Date January 22, 1989
Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium
City Miami, Florida
MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver
Favorite 49ers by 7
National anthem Billy Joel
Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little
Referee Jerry Seeman
Halftime show "Be Bop Bamboozled" - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D effects
Attendance 75,129
TV in the United States
Network NBC
Announcers Dick Enberg and Merlin Olsen
Nielsen Ratings 43.5
Market share 68
Cost of 30-second commercial US$675,000

Super Bowl XXIII was the 23rd championship game of the modern National Football League (NFL). The game was played on January 22, 1989 at Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami, Florida, following the 1988 regular season. This was the first Super Bowl hosted in the Miami area in 10 years, and the first in Miami not held at the Orange Bowl. This was also the last Super Bowl to played on the second to last Sunday in January. Ever since, the game has been played on the last Sunday of January and now the first Sunday in February. Image File history File links SuperBowlXXIII.png Super Bowl XXIII logo, claiming fair use File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... Dolphins Stadium (originally named such, later named Joe Robbie Stadium and then Pro Player Stadium, and now back to Dolphins Stadium) is an American football and baseball stadium in Miami, Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... // The Super Bowl Most Valuable Player or Super Bowl MVP, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ... The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... Spread betting is a term used to describe various types of wagering on the outcome of an event, where the pay-off is based on the precision of the wager, rather than a simple binary outcome (win or loss). ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... The Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the United States, with lyrics written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key. ... William Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... Coin flipping or coin tossing is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to resolve a dispute between two parties or otherwise choose between two alternatives. ... Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti is a former AFL and NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. ... Robert Allen Griese (born February 3, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is a former American football quarterback who earned All-American honors with the Purdue Boilermakers before being drafted in 1967 by the American Football Leagues Miami Dolphins. ... Lawrence Chatmon Little (Born November 2, 1945, in Groveland, Georgia) is a former American Football offensive guard who played for the 1967-68San Diego Chargers and then traded to the Miami Dolphins 1969. ... NFL officials (striped shirts) and guests prepare to toss the coin to start the 40th annual Pro Bowl. ... Jerry Seeman Jerry Seeman was an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) from 1975 to 1991 and was the NFLs Senior Director of Officiating from 1991 to 2001, succeeding Art McNally. ... The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... This article is about the television network. ... A sportscaster is an announcer on radio or television who specializes in reporting or commenting on sports events. ... Richard Alan Dick Enberg (born January 9, 1935 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American sportscaster. ... Merlin Jay Olsen (born September 15, 1940) is an American former National Football League player and actor. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... USD redirects here. ... NFL redirects here. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Miami redirects here. ... The 1988 NFL season was the 69th regular season of the National Football League. ...


The National Football Conference (NFC) champion San Francisco 49ers (13-6) defeated the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Cincinnati Bengals (14-5), 20 – 16. This was the second meeting between the two teams in the Super Bowl, their first meeting being seven years earlier. National Football Conference logo. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... American Football Conference logo. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network...


The game is remembered for the 49ers' fourth-quarter game-winning drive. Down 16-13, San Francisco got the ball on their own eight yard line with 3:10 on the clock and marched 92 yards down the field in under three minutes. They then scored the winning touchdown on a Joe Montana pass to John Taylor with just 34 seconds left in the game. Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... John Gregory Taylor (born March 31, 1962 in Pennsauken, New Jersey) was an American football wide receiver with the San Francisco 49ers. ...


49ers wide receiver Jerry Rice was named the Super Bowl MVP. He caught 11 passes for a Super Bowl record 215 yards and one touchdown, while also rushing once for 5 yards. The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ... The Super Bowl MVP, or Super Bowl Most Valuable Player, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ...


This was also the final NFL game coached by the 49ers' Bill Walsh. This was also the final Super Bowl that Pete Rozelle presided over as NFL Commissioner. Bill Walsh (born November 30, 1931) is a former American football head coach of the San Francisco 49ers and Stanford University. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ...


On January 26, 2006, NFL.com ranked this game number 1 on its list of the top 10 Super Bowls of all time. [1] is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Background

NFL owners voted to award Super Bowl XXIII to Miami, Florida during their March 10-15, 1985 meetings. This was the sixth time that Miami hosted the game, and the first at Joe Robbie Stadium; the 5 previous Super Bowls in the area were played at Miami Orange Bowl. March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Dolphins Stadium (originally named such, later named Joe Robbie Stadium and then Pro Player Stadium, and now back to Dolphins Stadium) is an American football and baseball stadium in Miami, Florida. ... The Miami Orange Bowl is a stadium in the City of Miami, Florida, west of Downtown in Little Havana. ...


San Francisco 49ers

For the 49ers, it was their first Super Bowl appearance since they defeated the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl XIX. They had made the playoffs in the three seasons between Super Bowl XIX and Super Bowl XXIII, but were eliminated each time in the first round, primarily because of the poor performances by their offensive stars in those games; quarterback Joe Montana, receiver Jerry Rice, and running back Roger Craig all failed to produce a single touchdown. City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ... Roger Craig (born July 10, 1960 in Davenport, Iowa) is a former NFL running back who won three Super Bowls (1985, 1989, 1990) while playing with the San Francisco 49ers. ...


In the 1988 season, San Francisco won the NFC West with a 10 – 6 regular season record, but it was a long uphill battle. The team had a quarterback controversy with Montana and Steve Young each starting at quarterback during the season. But after a 6 – 5 start, Montana led the 49ers to win 4 of their final 5 regular season games. The NFC West refers to the Western Division of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... Jon Steven Young (born October 11, 1961 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA), is a former quarterback for the National Football Leagues San Francisco 49ers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and the Los Angeles Express of the short-lived United States Football League. ...


Montana finished the regular season with 238 completions for 2,981 yards and 18 touchdowns, and also added 132 rushing yards. His favorite target was Rice, who recorded 64 receptions for 1,306 yards (a 20.4 yards per catch average) and 9 touchdowns. Craig was also a key contributor with a total of 2,036 combined rushing and receiving yards and 10 touchdowns, earning him the NFL Offensive Player of the Year Award. Fullback Tom Rathman also made a big impact, rushing for 427 yards and catching 42 passes for 387 yards. The 49ers defense was led by defensive backs Ronnie Lott, Eric Wright, Jeff Fuller, and Tim McKyer, who recorded a combined total of 18 interceptions. McKyer led the team with 7, while Lott recorded 5. Linebacker Charles Haley was also a big contributor with 11.5 sacks and 2 fumble recoveries. The NFL Offensive Player of the Year Award is given annually by the Associated Press to the offensive player of the National Football League believed to have had the most outstanding season. ... Tom Rathman (born October 7, 1962 in Grand Island, Nebraska) is a former American football fullback who played for the San Francisco 49ers (1986-1993) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1994). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... There are several notable people named Eric Wright. ... Jeffery Avery Fuller (born August 8, 1962 in Dallas, Texas) is a former professional American football safety who played in 6 NFL seasons and his entire career with the San Francisco 49ers from 1984 to 1989. ... Timothy Bernard McKyer (born September 5, 1963 in Orlando, Florida), was a former American professional football player who was selected by the San Francisco 49ers in the 3rd round of the 1986 NFL Draft. ... Charles Lewis Haley (born January 6, 1964, Lynchburg, Virginia) is a former American Football Linebacker/Defensive End who played for the San Francisco 49ers (1986-1991, 1999) and the Dallas Cowboys (1992-1996). ...


Cincinnati Bengals

The Bengals were also a team on the rebound. During the 1987 strike-shortened season, quarterback Boomer Esiason and head coach Sam Wyche had openly feuded, and the team finished with a miserable 4 – 11 record. A lot of Bengals fans would have been happy to see them both leave the team, but they worked out their differences in the off-season and Esiason ended up having the best season of his career en route to Super Bowl XXIII. During the regular season, he threw for 3,572 yards and 28 touchdown passes with only 14 interceptions, while also rushing for 248 yards and a touchdown on 43 carries. Esiason's performance made him the top rated quarterback in the league with a 97.4 passer rating and earned him the NFL Most Valuable Player Award. The 1987 NFL season was the 68th regular season of the National Football League. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Samuel David Wyche (born January 5, 1945 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a former American football player and head coach, who is best known as the head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals of the NFL. Perhaps best known for introducing the use of the No-huddle offense as a standard offense... Passer rating is a measure of the performance of quarterbacks or any other passers in American football and Canadian football. ... The NFL Most Valuable Player Award is given by various entities, most notably the Associated Press, to the player who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ...


Cincinnati had a number of offensive weapons, boasting 6 Pro Bowl selections. Wide receiver Eddie Brown was the top receiver on the team, with 54 receptions for 1,273 yards and 9 touchdowns, setting franchise records for most receiving yards in season, highest yards per catch average in a season (24.0) and most receiving yards in a single game (216 against the Pittsburgh Steelers). Wide receiver Tim McGee and Pro Bowl tight end Rodney Holman were also major threats, combining for 75 receptions, 1,213 yards, and 9 touchdowns. Rookie fullback Ickey Woods was their top rusher with 1,066 yards and 15 touchdowns, while also catching 21 passes for 199 yards. Woods gained a lot of media attention with his "Ickey Shuffle", a dance routine he did in the end zone to celebrate his touchdowns. Multi-talented running back James Brooks was also a key contributor, gaining a total of 1,218 combined rushing and receiving yards and 14 touchdowns. And the Bengals' offensive line was led by such Pro Bowl players as right guard Max Montoya and left tackle Anthony Muñoz. Muñoz was named the NFL Offensive Lineman of the Year the third time in his career, and was selected to play in the Pro Bowl for the 8th season in a row. With all these weapons, Cincinnati's offense led the NFL in scoring (448 points), rushing yards (2,710), and total yards (6,302). In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Eddie Brown is a former American Football wide receiver who played for the Cincinnati Bengals. ... Steelers redirects here. ... Timothy Dwanye Hatchett McGee(Born in 1964) is a former professional American football player who played for the Cincinnati Bengals(1986-1992, 1994) and the Washington Redskins(1993) in the National Football League. ... Rodney Holman(Born in 1960) is a former proffesional American football player who played tight end for the Cincinnati Bengals(1982-1992), and the Detroit Lions(1993-1995). ... Elbert L. Ickey Woods (born February 28, 1966 in Fresno, California) is a former American football fullback who played his entire NFL career (1988 to 1991) with the Cincinnati Bengals. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970-present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... James Brooks (born December 28, 1958 in Warner Robins, Georgia) is a retired NFL football running back. ... Max Montoya is a professional U.S. football player. ... Michael Anthony Muñoz (born August 19, 1958 in Ontario, California), is a former offensive tackle for the National Football Leagues Cincinnati Bengals. ...


The Bengals defense ranked 17th in the league, allowing 5,556 yards and 329 points during the regular season. Cincinnati had a superb defensive line, led by pro bowl defensive tackle Tim Krumrie, along with linemen Jim Skow (9.5 sacks), David Grant (5 sacks), and Jason Buck (6 sacks). Pro Bowl defensive backs Eric Thomas and David Fulcher combined for 12 interceptions. The team ended up winning the AFC Central with a 12 – 4 record. Timothy A. Krumrie (born May 20, 1960 in Menomonie, Wisconsin) is a former American Football nose tackle who played his entire NFL career for the Cincinnati Bengals from 1983 through 1994. ... Jim Skow (born June 29, 1963 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a former American football defensive end who played seven seasons in the National Football League. ... Dr David Grant CBE, FREng, FIEE is the Vice Chancellor of Cardiff University in Wales. ... Jason Buck is the founder of Men for Life [1], Women for Life [2], and Teens for Life [3], which are all pro-life/chastity programs for teens. ... Eric Thomas (born September 11, 1964 in Tucson, Arizona) is a former professional American football player who played cornerback for nine seasons for the Cincinnati Bengals, New York Jets and Denver Broncos. ... David Dwayne Fulcher (born September 28, 1964 in Los Angeles, California) is a former American Football safety who played for the Cincinnati Bengals (1986-1992) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1993) in the National Football League. ...


Playoffs

For more details on this topic, see NFL playoffs, 1988-89.

The Bengals went on to defeat the Seattle Seahawks, 21 – 13, and the Buffalo Bills, 21 – 10, in the playoffs. Woods was the key contributor in both wins, rushing for a combined total of 228 yards and 3 touchdowns. Cincinnati's 17th ranked defense during the season made a major improvement in the playoffs, holding both their opponents to a combined total of 23 points and recording 5 interceptions. The NFL playoffs following the 1988 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXIII. Due to Christmas, the two wild card playoff games were held in a span of three days. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ...


Meanwhile, Montana guided the 49ers to their crushing playoff wins over the Minnesota Vikings, 34 – 9, and the Chicago Bears, 28 – 3. With the win over the Bears, the 49ers became the first road team to win an NFC Championship Game since the 1979 season. City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... The 1979 NFL season was the 60th regular season of the National Football League. ...


Super Bowl pregame news

Despite the Bengals superior regular season record and Esiason's MVP award, the 49ers were heavily favored to win the Super Bowl, mainly because of Montana. Montana had already led the 49ers to 2 previous Super Bowls and both times left with a championship ring and Super Bowl MVP honors.


While Montana had problems during the regular season, he appeared to be playing his best in the postseason, throwing for 466 yards and 5 touchdows in his 2 playoff games, with only 1 interception. In contrast, Esiason had thrown for only 202 yards and 1 touchdown, with 2 interceptions.


Cincinnati also had internal problems. On the night before the game, Bengals running back Stanley Wilson was caught using drugs in his hotel room and suspended from the team.[2]


The rematch was the third time in Super Bowl history two teams were meeting for a second time. Miami and Washington met in Super Bowls VII and XVII, with the teams splitting the games. Dallas and Pittsburgh met in Super Bowls X and XIII, with Pittsburgh winning both of those games. Both Dallas-Pittsburgh matchups were in Miami at the Orange Bowl. Pittsburgh and Dallas would later meet in Super Bowl XXX (which the Cowboys won by 10) to become the first two teams to ever meet three times in the Super Bowl. Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network...


Television and entertainment

The game was broadcast in the United States by NBC with Dick Enberg handling the play-by-play duties and color commentator Merlin Olsen in the broadcast booth. This would be Olsen's final Super Bowl broadcast, as he was demoted the following season to make room for Bill Walsh. Bob Costas, Gayle Gardner, and Marv Albert hosted the pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage with analysts Paul Maguire and then-Miami Dolphins head coach Don Shula. With the win, the 49ers became the first team to win Super Bowls on three different networks (CBS-XVI, ABC-XIX, and NBC). This article is about the television network. ... Richard Alan Dick Enberg (born January 9, 1935 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American sportscaster. ... Play-by-play, in broadcasting, is a North American term and means the reporting of a sporting event with a voiceover describing the details of the action of the game in progress. ... A color commentator (colour commentator in Canada), sometimes known as a color analyst, is a member of the broadcasting team for a sporting event who assists the play-by-play announcer by filling in any time when play is not in progress. ... Merlin Jay Olsen (born September 15, 1940) is an American former National Football League player and actor. ... Robert Quinlan Costas (born March 22, 1952) is an American sportscaster, on the air for the NBC network since the early 1980s. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Marv Albert (born Marvin Philip Aufrichtig on June 12, 1940, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American television and radio sportscaster, honored for his work as a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame and is commonly referred to as the voice of basketball. ... Paul Maguire (born August 22, 1938) is a former American football player and current television sportscaster. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Donald Francis Shula (born January 4, 1930 in Grand River, Ohio) is a former professional football coach for the National Football League. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... This article is about the television network. ...


The pregame festivities honored the Miami and South Florida areas, along with a tribute to NASA. This article is about the American space agency. ...


Singer Billy Joel later sang the national anthem. He also sang the national anthem at Super Bowl XLI. The coin toss ceremony featured former Miami Dolphins players Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little. William Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Coin flipping or coin tossing is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to resolve a dispute between two parties or otherwise choose between two alternatives. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti is a former AFL and NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. ... Robert Allen Griese (born February 3, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is a former American football quarterback who earned All-American honors with the Purdue Boilermakers before being drafted in 1967 by the American Football Leagues Miami Dolphins. ... Lawrence Chatmon Little (Born November 2, 1945, in Groveland, Georgia) is a former American Football offensive guard who played for the 1967-68San Diego Chargers and then traded to the Miami Dolphins 1969. ...


This was the last outdoor Super Bowl to start earlier than 6 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, as it started just after 5 p.m.


The halftime show was titled "Be Bop Bamboozled in 3-D" and featured Elvis Presto and hundreds of South Florida-area dancers and performers. Ironically, not one actual Elvis Presley song was performed. Several scenes included computer generated 3-D images. Prior to the game, Coca-Cola distributed 3-D glasses at retailers for viewers to use. At the onset of the halftime show, primary sponsor Diet Coke aired the first commercial in 3-D. Elvis Impersonators An Elvis impersonator is someone who impersonates or copies Elvis Presley either as a hobby, career in entertainment or occasionally for fun. ... “Elvis” redirects here. ... The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... Stereo card image modified for crossed eye viewing. ... Diet Coke (sometimes known as Diet Coca-Cola, Coca-Cola Light or Coke Light) is a sugar-free soft drink produced and distributed by The Coca-Cola Company. ...


The movie Brotherhood of the Rose aired after the game. Brotherhood of the Rose is the first novel in a loose trilogy by David Morrell, first published in 1984. ...


Game summary

The game started out with devastating injuries on both sides. On the third play of the game, 49ers tackle Steve Wallace was taken off the field with a broken ankle. Later on, Bengals defensive lineman Tim Krumrie twisted his ankle nearly 180 degrees, shattering two bones in his left leg. Barron Steven Wallace (born December 27, 1964, Chamblee, Georgia) was a former professional football player in the National Football League. ... Timothy A. Krumrie (born May 20, 1960 in Menomonie, Wisconsin) is a former American Football nose tackle who played his entire NFL career for the Cincinnati Bengals from 1983 through 1994. ...


After the two teams traded punts on their first drives of the game, the 49ers, aided by a roughing the passer penalty and a 17-yard screen pass to Tom Rathman on 3rd-and-10, marched 73 yards from their own 3-yard line to the Bengals 24. But dropped passes, including one by receiver Mike Wilson on the 2-yard line (the first time in a Super Bowl that instant replay was used to reverse a call), forced them to settle for a 41-yard field goal from kicker Mike Cofer. James Michael Cofer (born February 19, 1964, in Columbia, South Carolina), was a former American professional football player who attended Charlotte Country Day High School. ...


On the 49ers next drive, Montana threw a pass to wide receiver Jerry Rice, who first tipped it to himself and then made a one-handed catch before stepping out of bounds at the San Francisco 45-yard line. Then after reaching the Cincinnati 42-yard line, Montana spotted defensive back Lewis Billups trying to cover Rice one-on-one and made him pay for it by completing a pass to the receiver at the 10. But two plays later on a third down play, Bengals safety David Fulcher made a touchdown saving tackle at the 2-yard line to keep running back Tom Rathman from scoring. Cofer then attempted a 19-yard field goal, but a poor snap from center Randy Cross (though NBC's Dick Enberg initially blamed backup guard Chuck Thomas; who lined up next to Cross) threw off the kicker's timing and his kick sailed wide left. It became the shortest missed field goal in Super Bowl history. Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ... Lewis Billups (born October 10, 1963 in Tampa, Florida) (died April 10, 1994 in Orlando, FL) is a former American football cornerback who played seven seasons with the Cincinnati Bengals and Green Bay Packers in the National Football League. ... David Dwayne Fulcher (born September 28, 1964 in Los Angeles, California) is a former American Football safety who played for the Cincinnati Bengals (1986-1992) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1993) in the National Football League. ... Tom Rathman (born October 7, 1962 in Grand Island, Nebraska) is a former American football fullback who played for the San Francisco 49ers (1986-1993) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1994). ... Randy Cross (b. ...


The 49ers then forced the Bengals to punt on their next drive. On the play, San Francisco Pro Bowl punt returner John Taylor misplayed punter Lee Johnson's kick, and it sailed over his head, bouncing all the way to the 49ers 9-yard line to make it a Super Bowl record 63 yard punt. But Taylor made up for his mistake by chasing the ball down and returning it for a Super Bowl record 45 yards to the Bengals 46-yard line. Thanks to Taylor, a seemingly routine punt had turned into a double record setter. John Gregory Taylor (born March 31, 1962 in Pennsauken, New Jersey) was an American football wide receiver with the San Francisco 49ers. ... Lee Johnson (born in November 27, 1961 in Conroe, Texas) is a former professional American Football punter who played 18 seasons in the National Football League. ...


However, the 49ers were unable to take advantage of their excellent starting field position. On first down, running back Harry Sydney fumbled a pitch from Montana and was downed for a 10-yard loss after he dove on the ball. On the next play, Montana was sacked by defensive lineman David Grant. Then on third down, Fulcher forced a fumble from 49ers running back Roger Craig, and Bengals defensive end Jim Skow recovered the ball on his own 41-yard line. Cincinnati then drove to the San Francisco 42-yard line, but after 2 incomplete passes and defensive end Danny Stubbs's 8-yard sack on Bengals quarterback Boomer Esiason, they were forced to punt. However, Johnson pinned the 49ers back at their own 11-yard line with his punt. Then the Cincinnati defense limited the 49ers to just 1 yard on their ensuing drive, and ended up with great field position after defensive back Ray Horton returned San Francisco punter Barry Helton's 37-yard punt 5 yards to the 49ers 44-yard line Harry Sydney (born June 26, 1959 in Petersburg, Virginia) is a former professional American football player who played running back for six seasons for the San Francisco 49ers and Green Bay Packers. ... Roger Craig (born July 10, 1960 in Davenport, Iowa) is a former NFL running back who won three Super Bowls (1985, 1989, 1990) while playing with the San Francisco 49ers. ... Jim Skow (born June 29, 1963 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a former American football defensive end who played seven seasons in the National Football League. ... Danny Stubbs (born January 3, 1965 in Long Beach, New Jersey) is a former professional American football player who played defensive end for ten seasons for the San Francisco 49ers, Dallas Cowboys, Cincinnati Bengals, Philadelphia Eagles, and Miami Dolphins. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ray Horton was a cornerback in the National Football League. ... Barry Helton was a punter with a 4 year career in the National Football League. ...


On their ensuing drive, the Bengals managed to get into scoring range by driving 28 yards to the San Francisco 16-yard line, assisted by an 18-yard completion from Esiason to receiver Tim McGee. But after Esiason's third down pass intended to wide receiver Eddie Brown was overthrown, they were forced to settle for kicker Jim Breech's 34-yard field goal with 1:15 left in the half. Timothy Dwanye Hatchett McGee(Born in 1964) is a former professional American football player who played for the Cincinnati Bengals(1986-1992, 1994) and the Washington Redskins(1993) in the National Football League. ... Jim Breech, is a former kicker in the National Football League, who played for Oakland Raiders 79 and Cincinnati Bengals 80-92. ...


The two teams went into their locker rooms tied 3 – 3, the first halftime tie in Super Bowl history, and the lowest halftime score since the Pittsburgh Steelers took a 2 – 0 halftime lead over the Minnesota Vikings in Super Bowl IX. Steelers redirects here. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997...


On their opening possession in the second half, the Bengals managed to get a sustained drive going, moving the ball 61 yards in 12 plays and taking 9:15 off the clock. Esiason, who completed only 4 of 12 passes for 48 yards in the first half, completed 3 of 4 passes for 54 yards on the drive, including a 20-yard completion to James Brooks and 23-yard and 11-yard completions to Cris Collinsworth, setting up a 43-yard filed goal from Breech to give the Bengals their first lead of the game, 6-3. Cincinnati then forced San Francisco to punt, but on the first play of their next drive, 49ers rookie linebacker Bill Romanowski intercepted a pass from Esiason at the Bengals' 23-yard line. However, after a dropped pass by Jerry Rice, the 49ers offense could not get a first down, and they had to settle for Cofer's 32-yard field goal to tie the game. James Brooks (born December 28, 1958 in Warner Robins, Georgia) is a retired NFL football running back. ... Anthony Cris Collinsworth (born January 27, 1959 in Dayton, Ohio), is a former American football player and current television sportscaster. ... William Thomas Romanowski (born April 2, 1966 in Vernon, Connecticut) is a former American football player. ...


With less than a minute left in the third quarter, it appeared that this would become the first Super Bowl ever to go 3 quarters without either team scoring a touchdown. But on the ensuing kickoff, Bengals kick returner Stanford Jennings returned the ball 93 yards for a touchdown to give the Bengals a 13 – 6 lead. Jennings would be the second player to return a kickoff for a touchdown in Super Bowl history. In four games played at Joe Robbie Stadium, each game had a kickoff return for a score, all by the eventual losing team. Stanford Jamison Jennings (born March 12, 1962 in Summerville, South Carolina) is a former American football running back in the NFL. Jennings played seven seasons for the Cincinnati Bengals (1984-1990), and one each for the New Orleans Saints (1991) and Tampa Bay Buccaneers (1992). ... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ...


But the 49ers immediately responded with a touchdown of their own, on an 85-yard, 4-play drive. First, Montana threw a short pass to Jerry Rice, who turned it into a 31-yard gain. Then the San Francisco quarterback completed a 40-yard pass to Craig on the first play of the 4th quarter, moving the ball to the Bengals 14-yard line. Montana's next pass was nearly intercepted but dropped by Billips in the endzone. Montana then threw a 14-yard touchdown pass to Rice, and the game was tied, 13 – 13. Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ...


Cofer's ensuing kickoff went out of bounds, giving the Bengals the ball at their own 35-yard line. But they could only reach the 43-yard line before being forced to punt. Taylor nearly turned the ball over by fumbling Johnson's punt, but his teammate Darryl Pollard recoverd the ball at the San Francisco 18-yard line. On the first play of the ensuing drive, Montana completed a 44-yard pass to Rice, and then Craig ran for 7 yards, moving the ball to the Bengals 31-yard line. But after Craig was tackled for a 1-yard loss on the next play, Fulcher broke up a third down pass intended for Taylor, and then Cofer's ensuing 49-yard field attempt sailed wide right. Darryl Pollard (born May 11, 1964 in Ellsworth, Maine) is a former professional American football player who played cornerback for five seasons for the San Francisco 49ers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers. ...


The Bengals took over from their own 32-yard line following the missed field goal, and retook the lead with a 10-play, 46-yard drive, featuring a 17-yard reception by backup receiver Ira Hillary on third down and 13, along with 21 yards on three carries from Ickey Woods and a 12-yard play-action sideline pass to James Brooks. At the end of the drive, Breech kicked a 40-yard field goal, giving the Bengals a 16-13 lead with 3:20 left in the game. The 49ers returned the ensuing kickoff to their own 15-yard line with 3:10 on the clock, but an illegal block penalty on the play pushed the ball back half the distance to the goal line to the 8. Elbert L. Ickey Woods (born February 28, 1966 in Fresno, California) is a former American football fullback who played his entire NFL career (1988 to 1991) with the Cincinnati Bengals. ...


Montana then led an 11-play, 92-yard drive to score the winning touchdown.[3], and the 49ers were able to drive down the field for the win. It became the defining moment of Montana's "Joe Cool" reputation.</ref> Assuming that the Bengals would expect him to throw the ball near the sidelines (to enable the receivers to step out of bounds to immediately stop the clock), Montana first threw a pair of completions in the middle of the field, one to Craig and one to tight end John Frank. His next pass went 7 yards to Rice, which was then followed up by a pair of runs by Craig to reach their own 35-yard line. Montana then completed a 17-yard pass to Rice to advance the team to the Bengals 48-yard line, and followed it up with a 13-yard completion to Craig to move them to the 35-yard line. Joe Cool is a nickname given primarily to those who display a calm or placid attitude, especially in the face of adversity. ... John Frank (born 1962, in Pittsburgh) was an American football player who played tight end in the NFL in from 1984-1988 and earned two Super Bowl rings. ...


But on the next play, Montana threw his first incomplete pass of the drive. After that, Cross committed an illegal man downfield penalty, which at the time was a 10-yard foul, moving the ball back to the 45-yard line and bringing up second down and 20 to go with just 1:15 left in the game. But Montana overcame the situation on the next play with a 27-yard completion to Rice, who caught the ball at the 33, evaded 3 Bengal defenders, and ran to the 18-yard line before Horton managed to tackle him to prevent a touchdown. An 8-yard pass to Craig then advanced San Francisco to the 10-yard line. On the very next play, Montana finished the drive with a 10-yard touchdown pass to Taylor, giving the 49ers the lead for good. Finally, San Francisco's defense sealed the victory after Esiason's pass to Collinsworth was broken up as time expired.


Although Jerry Rice was named MVP, Montana had an MVP-worthy performance for the third time in a Super Bowl, completing 23 of 36 passes for a Super Bowl record 357 yards, throwing for 2 touchdowns, and gaining 14 rushing yards. Craig finished the game with 71 yards rushing, and 8 receptions for 101 receiving yards. He was the first running back in Super Bowl history to gain over 100 receiving yards. Taylor finished the game with a Super Bowl record 56 punt return yards. His 18.7 yards per return was also the highest average in Super Bowl history. For Cincinnati, Jennings rushed one time for 3 yards, and gained 117 yards and a touchdown on 2 kickoff returns. Woods was the top rusher of the game with 79 yards. But Esiason was limited to just 11 out of 25 completions for 144 yards and no touchdowns, with 1 interception. Collinsworth was the Bengals top receiver of the game, but with just 3 catches for 40 yards.


The 49ers became the 6th team to win the Super Bowl over a team with a better regular season record going into the game (12-6 for the 49ers to 14-4 for the Bengals). The 49ers also became the first team, since the NFL went to a 16-game schedule in 1978, to win the Super Bowl after winning only 10 games during the regular season. Their 6 losses remain the most ever by a Super Bowl champion.


Scoring summary

  • SF - FG: Mike Cofer 41 yards 3-0 SF
  • CIN - FG: Jim Breech 34 yards 3-3 tie
  • CIN - FG: Jim Breech 43 yards 6-3 CIN
  • SF - FG: Mike Cofer 32 yards 6-6 tie
  • CIN - TD: Stanford Jennings 93 yard kickoff return (Jim Breech kick) 13-6 CIN
  • SF - TD: Jerry Rice 14 yard pass from Joe Montana (Mike Cofer kick) 13-13 tie
  • CIN - FG: Jim Breech 40 yards 16-13 CIN
  • SF - TD: John Taylor 10 yard pass from Joe Montana (Mike Cofer kick) 20-16 SF

Starting lineups

San Francisco Position Cincinnati
OFFENSE
Jerry Rice WR Eddie Brown
Steve Wallace LT Anthony Muñoz
Guy McIntyre LG Bruce Reimers
Randy Cross C Bruce Kozerski
Jesse Sapolu RG Max Montoya
Harris Barton RT Brian Blados
John Frank TE Rodney Holman
John Taylor WR Tim McGee
Joe Montana QB Boomer Esiason
Tom Rathman FB Ickey Woods
Roger Craig RB James Brooks
DEFENSE
Larry Roberts LE Jim Skow
Michael Carter NT Tim Krumrie
Kevin Fagan RE Jason Buck
Charles Haley LOLB Leon White
Jim Fahnhorst LILB Carl Zander
Michael Walter RILB Joe Kelly
Keena Turner ROLB Reggie Williams
Tim McKyer LCB Lewis Billups
Don Griffin RCB Eric Thomas
Jeff Fuller SS David Fulcher
Ronnie Lott FS Solomon Wilcots

Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ... Eddie Brown is a former American Football wide receiver who played for the Cincinnati Bengals. ... Barron Steven Wallace (born December 27, 1964, Chamblee, Georgia) was a former professional football player in the National Football League. ... Michael Anthony Muñoz (born August 19, 1958 in Ontario, California), is a former offensive tackle for the National Football Leagues Cincinnati Bengals. ... Guy Maurice McIntyre (b. ... Bruce Reimers (born September 18, 1960 in Algona, Iowa) is a former American football guard who played ten seasons with the Cincinnati Bengals and Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the National Football League. ... Randy Cross (b. ... Bruce Kozerski (born April 2, 1962 in Plains, Pennsylvania) is a former American football center who played twelve seasons with the Cincinnati Bengals in the National Football League. ... Manase Jesse Sapolu (born March 10, 1961, Laie, Western Samoa) is a former football player in the National Football League. ... Max Montoya is a professional U.S. football player. ... Harris Scott Barton (born April 19, 1964 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a former American football offensive lineman who played for the San Francisco 49ers. ... Brian Blados (born January 11, 1962 in Arlington, Virginia) is a former American football guard and tackle who played nine seasons with the Cincinnati Bengals, Indianapolis Colts and Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the National Football League. ... John Frank (born 1962, in Pittsburgh) was an American football player who played tight end in the NFL in from 1984-1988 and earned two Super Bowl rings. ... Rodney Holman(Born in 1960) is a former proffesional American football player who played tight end for the Cincinnati Bengals(1982-1992), and the Detroit Lions(1993-1995). ... John Gregory Taylor (born March 31, 1962 in Pennsauken, New Jersey) was an American football wide receiver with the San Francisco 49ers. ... Timothy Dwanye Hatchett McGee(Born in 1964) is a former professional American football player who played for the Cincinnati Bengals(1986-1992, 1994) and the Washington Redskins(1993) in the National Football League. ... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tom Rathman (born October 7, 1962 in Grand Island, Nebraska) is a former American football fullback who played for the San Francisco 49ers (1986-1993) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1994). ... Elbert L. Ickey Woods (born February 28, 1966 in Fresno, California) is a former American football fullback who played his entire NFL career (1988 to 1991) with the Cincinnati Bengals. ... Roger Craig (born July 10, 1960 in Davenport, Iowa) is a former NFL running back who won three Super Bowls (1985, 1989, 1990) while playing with the San Francisco 49ers. ... James Brooks (born December 28, 1958 in Warner Robins, Georgia) is a retired NFL football running back. ... Larry Roberts (born June 2, 1963 in Dothan, Alabama) is a former American football defensive end who played eight seasons for the San Francisco 49ers from 1986 to 1993. ... Jim Skow (born June 29, 1963 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a former American football defensive end who played seven seasons in the National Football League. ... Michael DAndrea Carter (born October 29, 1960 in Dallas, Texas), is a former U.S. Olympian track & field athlete and American pro football player. ... Timothy A. Krumrie (born May 20, 1960 in Menomonie, Wisconsin) is a former American Football nose tackle who played his entire NFL career for the Cincinnati Bengals from 1983 through 1994. ... Kevin Scott Fagan (born April 25, 1963 in Lake Worth, Florida) is a former American football defensive end who played seven seasons (from 1987 to 1993) for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League. ... Jason Buck is the founder of Men for Life [1], Women for Life [2], and Teens for Life [3], which are all pro-life/chastity programs for teens. ... Charles Lewis Haley (born January 6, 1964, Lynchburg, Virginia) is a former American Football Linebacker/Defensive End who played for the San Francisco 49ers (1986-1991, 1999) and the Dallas Cowboys (1992-1996). ... Leon White was a linebacker who played eight seasons in the National Football League. ... James Fahnhorst (born November 8, 1958 in St. ... Carl Zander (born April 12, 1963) is former American Professional Football Player. ... Michael Walter (born November 30, 1960 in Salem, Oregon) is a former professional American football player who played linebacker for eleven seasons for the San Francisco 49ers and Dallas Cowboys. ... Joseph Winston Kelly (born December 11, 1964 in Sun Valley, California) was an American football linebacker who played eleven seasons in the National Football League for six different teams. ... Keena Turner (born October 22, 1958 in Chicago, Illinois), was a former American professional football player who was selected by the San Francisco 49ers in the 2nd round of the 1980 NFL Draft. ... Reginald Williams (born September 19, 1954 in Flint, Michigan) is a former professional American football player. ... Timothy Bernard McKyer (born September 5, 1963 in Orlando, Florida), was a former American professional football player who was selected by the San Francisco 49ers in the 3rd round of the 1986 NFL Draft. ... Lewis Billups (born October 10, 1963 in Tampa, Florida) (died April 10, 1994 in Orlando, FL) is a former American football cornerback who played seven seasons with the Cincinnati Bengals and Green Bay Packers in the National Football League. ... Donald Frederick Griffin (born March 17, 1964 in Camilla, Georgia), was a former American professional football player who was selected by the San Francisco 49ers in the 6th round of the 1986 NFL Draft. ... Eric Thomas (born September 11, 1964 in Tucson, Arizona) is a former professional American football player who played cornerback for nine seasons for the Cincinnati Bengals, New York Jets and Denver Broncos. ... Jeffery Avery Fuller (born August 8, 1962 in Dallas, Texas) is a former professional American football safety who played in 6 NFL seasons and his entire career with the San Francisco 49ers from 1984 to 1989. ... David Dwayne Fulcher (born September 28, 1964 in Los Angeles, California) is a former American Football safety who played for the Cincinnati Bengals (1986-1992) and the Los Angeles Raiders (1993) in the National Football League. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Solomon Wilcots (born October 9, 1964 in Los Angeles, California) is a former American football defensive back in the NFL. Wilcots played six seasons in the league for the Cincinnati Bengals, Minnesota Vikings, and Pittsburgh Steelers. ...

Officials

  • Referee: Jerry Seeman
  • Umpire: Gordon Wells
  • Head Linesman: Jerry Bergman
  • Line Judge: Bob Beeks
  • Field Judge: Bobby Skelton
  • Side Judge: Gary Lane
  • Back Judge: Paul Baetz
  • Alternate Referee: Gene Barth
  • Alternate Umpire: Ed Fiffick

NFL officials (striped shirts) and guests prepare to toss the coin to start the 40th annual Pro Bowl. ... Jerry Seeman Jerry Seeman was an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) from 1975 to 1991 and was the NFLs Senior Director of Officiating from 1991 to 2001, succeeding Art McNally. ... Gary Owen Lane (December 21, 1942 – June 27, 2003, born in Wood River, Illinois) was a former American football quarterback and American football official. ... Gene Barth football trading card Gene Barth was an American football official in the National Football League (NFL). ...

See also

The 1988 NFL season was the 69th regular season of the National Football League. ... The NFL playoffs following the 1988 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXIII. Due to Christmas, the two wild card playoff games were held in a span of three days. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.superbowl.com/news/story/9183194
  2. ^ http://www.superbowl.com/news/story/9189997
  3. ^ In order to calm his teammates in the huddle just before the final game-winning drive, Montana pointed into the stadium crowd and said "Hey, isn't that John Candy?" The moment worked<ref>http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00016306.html</li></ol></ref>
    • Super Bowl official website
    • 2006 NFL Record and Fact Book. Time Inc. Home Entertainment. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
    • Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Harper Collins. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
    • The Sporting News Complete Super Bowl Book 1995. ISBN 0-89204-523-X. 
    • http://www.pro-football-reference.com - Large online database of NFL data and statistics
    • Super Bowl play-by-plays from USA Today (Last accessed September 28, 2005)
    • All-Time Super Bowl Odds from The Sports Network (Last accessed October 16, 2005)
    • Boomer Esiason's reflections on the game
    • video of the 3-D halftime show featuring "Elvis Presto" on youtube.com
    • "NOTEBOOK; Cross Says He Is Going to Retire", The New York Times, 1989-01-19. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (3505 words)
This was the first Super Bowl hosted in the Miami area in 10 years, and the first in Miami not held at the Orange Bowl.
This was the second meeting between the two teams in the Super Bowl, their first meeting being seven years earlier.
They had made the playoffs in the three seasons between Super Bowl XIX and Super Bowl XXIII, but were eliminated each time in the first round, primarily because of the poor performances by their offensive stars in those games; quarterback Joe Montana, receiver and running back Roger Craig all failed to produce a single touchdown.
Super Bowl XXIII - Definition, explanation (492 words)
Super Bowl XXIII took place on January 22, 1989 at Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami, Florida.
This was the second meeting between the San Francisco 49ers and the Cincinnati Bengals in the Super Bowl.
After the game, 49ers wide receiver Jerry Rice was named the Super Bowl MVP, catching 11 passes for 215 yards and one touchdown.
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