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Encyclopedia > Super Bowl XX
Super Bowl XX
Image:SuperBowlXX.png
1 2 3 4 Total
Bears 13 10 21 2 46
Patriots 3 0 0 7 10
Date January 26, 1986
Stadium Louisiana Superdome
City New Orleans, Louisiana
MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end
Favorite Bears by 10
National anthem Wynton Marsalis
Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs
Referee Red Cashion
Halftime show Up with People presents "Beat of the Future"
Attendance 73,818
TV in the United States
Network NBC
Announcers Dick Enberg, Merlin Olsen, and Bob Griese
Nielsen Ratings 48.3[1]
Market share 70
Cost of 30-second commercial US$550,000

Super Bowl XX was the 20th championship game of the modern National Football League (NFL). The game was played on January 26, 1986 at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana following the 1985 regular season. Image File history File links SuperBowlXX.png Super Bowl XX logo, claiming fair use File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... Superdome redirects here. ... NOLA redirects here. ... // The Super Bowl Most Valuable Player or Super Bowl MVP, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... Richard Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was the MVP of Super Bowl XX. After playing 4 years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Spread betting is a term used to describe various types of wagering on the outcome of an event, where the pay-off is based on the precision of the wager, rather than a simple binary outcome (win or loss). ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... The Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the United States, with lyrics written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key. ... Wynton Learson Marsalis (b. ... Coin flipping or coin tossing is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to resolve a dispute between two parties or otherwise choose between two alternatives. ... Bryan Bartlett Starr (born January 9, 1934 in Montgomery, Alabama) is a former professional American football player and coach. ... The Super Bowl MVP, or Super Bowl Most Valuable Player, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... NFL officials (striped shirts) and guests prepare to toss the coin to start the 40th annual Pro Bowl. ... M.L. Red Cashion is a former American football official. ... The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... This article is about the television network. ... A sportscaster is an announcer on radio or television who specializes in reporting or commenting on sports events. ... Richard Alan Dick Enberg (born January 9, 1935 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American sportscaster. ... Merlin Jay Olsen (born September 15, 1940) is an American former National Football League player and actor. ... Robert Allen Griese (born February 3, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is a former American football quarterback who earned All-American honors with the Purdue Boilermakers before being drafted in 1967 by the American Football Leagues Miami Dolphins. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... USD redirects here. ... NFL redirects here. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Superdome redirects here. ... NOLA redirects here. ... The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. ...


The National Football Conference (NFC) champion Chicago Bears (18-1) defeated the American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England Patriots (14-6), 46–10. The Bears set Super Bowl records for sacks (7) and fewest rushing yards allowed (7). The Bears' 36-point margin over the Patriots was a Super Bowl record until Super Bowl XXIV.(45) The Patriots were held to negative yardage (-19) throughout the entire first half, and just 123 total yards in the entire game, the second lowest total in Super Bowl history. National Football Conference logo. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... American Football Conference logo. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV...


Bears defensive end Richard Dent, who had 1.5 quarterback sacks, forced 2 fumbles, and blocked a pass, was named the game's Most Valuable Player.[2] Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Richard Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was the MVP of Super Bowl XX. After playing 4 years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with... The Super Bowl MVP, or Super Bowl Most Valuable Player, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ...

Contents

Background

NFL owners awarded the hosting of Super Bowl XX to New Orleans, Louisiana on December 14, 1982. This would be the sixth time that New Orleans hosted the Super Bowl. Tulane Stadium was the site of Super Bowls IV, VI, and IX; while the Louisiana Superdome previously hosted XII and XV. is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Tulane Stadium was an outdoor football stadium located in New Orleans, Louisiana from 1926 to 1980. ... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC...


"Da Bears" and the 46 defense

The 1985 Chicago Bears became national stars. Under head coach Mike Ditka, who won the 1985 NFL Coach of the Year Award, they went 15-1 in the regular season, becoming the second NFL team ever to win 15 regular season games (after the 1984 San Francisco 49ers). Their only loss was in a Monday night game against the Miami Dolphins. Michael Keller Ditka, Jr. ... The NFL Coach of the Year Award is presented annually by the Associated Press to the NFL coach who has done the most outstanding job of working with the talent he has at his disposal. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... Monday Night Football (MNF) is a live television broadcast of the National Football League. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present...


The Bears' then-revolutionary, strong defense, "46 Zone", enabled them to lead the league during the regular season in fewest points allowed (198), interceptions (34), fewest total yards allowed (4,135), and fewest rushing yards allowed (1,319). And under a strong running game, Chicago led the NFL in rushing yards (2,761) and rushing touchdowns (27), and finished second in the league in scoring (456 points). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


It was a team full of characters. Pro Bowl quarterback Jim McMahon provided the team with a solid passing attack, throwing for 2,392 yards and 15 touchdowns, while also rushing for 252 yards and 3 touchdowns. Running back Walter Payton, who was then the NFL's all time leading rusher with 14,860 yards, rushed for 1,551 yards. He also caught 49 passes for 483 yards, and scored 11 touchdowns. Linebacker Mike Singletary won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award by recording 3 sacks, 3 fumble recoveries, and 1 interception. In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... James Robert Jim McMahon (born August 21, 1959 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was an American football star in the 1980s, first at Brigham Young University and later in the professional ranks with the Chicago Bears. ... Walter Jerry Payton (July 25, 1954 – November 1, 1999) was an American football player, who played for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. ... Michael Singletary (born October 9, 1958 in Houston, Texas) is a former linebacker in American football who played his entire career for the Chicago Bears in the NFL, after starring in college at Baylor University. ... The NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award is given by the Associated Press to the leagues most outstanding defensive player at the end of every NFL season since 1971. ...


But the player who got the most attention was a lovably large rookie defensive tackle simply known as the "Fridge", William "Refrigerator" Perry. Perry came into training camp before the season weighing over 320 pounds. But after Bears defensive coach Buddy Ryan told the press that the team "wasted" their first round draft pick on him, Perry worked hard to lose some weight to become a fine defensive tackle. He got even more attention when he started playing at the fullback position during offensive plays near the opponent's goal line. The spectacle of the 300+ pound Perry crashing through the line as a blocker or a ball carrier delighted many sports writers and fans. During the regular season, Perry rushed for 2 touchdowns, caught a pass for 1, and was frequently a lead blocker for Payton during goal line plays. William Perry (born December 16, 1962 in Aiken, South Carolina) is a former professional football player and brother of former professional football player Michael Dean Perry. ... Buddy Ryan (born James David Ryan on February 17, 1934) is a former American football coach. ...


The Bears "46 defense" [3]also had the following impact players: On the defensive line, Pro Bowler Richard Dent led the NFL in sacks for the second year in a row with 17, while Pro Bowler and future hall of famer Dan Hampton recorded 6.5 sacks. In addition to Singletary, linebacker Otis Wilson had 10.5 sacks and 3 interceptions while Wilber Marshall recorded 4 interceptions. In the secondary, defensive back Leslie Frazier had 6 interceptions, Mike Richardson recorded 4 interceptions, Dave Duerson had 5 interceptions, and Gary Fencik recorded 5 interceptions and 118 tackles. In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Richard Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was the MVP of Super Bowl XX. After playing 4 years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... Daniel Oliver Hampton (Born September 19, 1957 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) to Robert and Joan Hampton. ... Otis Ray Wilson (born September 15, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former American football linebacker in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the Los Angeles Raiders. ... Wilber Buddyhia Marshall (born April 18, 1962 in Titusville, Florida) is a former American football player. ... Leslie Antonio Frazier (born April 3, 1959 in Columbus, Mississippi) was a cornerback/safety in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... Michael Calvin Mike Richardson was a professional football player. ... David Russell Duerson (born November 28, 1960 in Muncie, Indiana) is a former safety in the National Football League who played for the Chicago Bears (1983-1989), the New York Giants (1990), and the Phoenix Cardinals (1991-1993). ... Gary Fencik is an American football player. ...


Chicago's main offensive weapon was Payton and the running game. A big reason for Payton's success was fullback Matt Suhey as the primary lead blocker. Suhey was also a good ball carrier, rushing for 471 yards and catching 33 passes for 295 yards. The team's rushing was also aided by Pro Bowlers Jim Covert and Jay Hilgenberg and the rest of the Bears offensive line. Matthew Jerome Suhey(Born:1958) was a fullback/running back in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... James Paul Jimbo Covert (born March 22, 1960 in Conway, Pennsylvania) was an All-Pro offensive tackle in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... Jay Walter Hilgenberg (born March 21, 1959 in Iowa City, Iowa) is a former American football center in the NFL for the Chicago Bears, Cleveland Browns and the New Orleans Saints from 1981 to 1993. ...


In their passing game, the Bears primary deep threat was wide receiver Willie Gault, who caught 33 passes for 704 yards, an average of 21.3 yards per catch, and returned 22 kickoffs for 557 yards and a touchdown. Tight end Emery Moorehead was another key contributor, catching 35 passes for 481 yards. Wide receiver Dennis McKinnon was another passing weapon, recording 31 receptions, 555 yards, and 7 touchdowns. Willie James Gault (born September 5, 1960 in Griffin, Georgia) was a National Football League wide receiver with the 1985/86 Chicago Bears team that won Super Bowl XX. Gault was the prototypical speed merchant, meaning his greatest asset was his pure straight line swiftness. ... Emery Matthew Moorehead was a tight end/wide reciever in the National Football League for the New York Giants, Denver Broncos, and the Chicago Bears. ... Dennis Lewis McKinnon (born August 22, 1961) was a wide reciever in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the Dallas Cowboys. ...


Meanwhile, the players brought their characterizations to the national stage with the "Super Bowl Shuffle", a rap song the Bears recorded during the season. Even though it was in essence a novelty song, it actually peaked at #41 on the Billboard charts and got a Grammy nomination for best R&B song by a group. The Super Bowl Shuffle was a rap song recorded by members of the Chicago Bears football team for their appearance in Super Bowl XX. // Known as Chicago Bears Shufflin Crew, the performers included Sweetness Walter Payton, Punky QB Jim McMahon, and Samurai Mike Singletary. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music...


The "Cinderella" Patriots

The Patriots were considered a cinderella team during the 1985 season because many sports writers and fans thought they were lucky to make the Super Bowl at all. New England began the season losing 3 of their first 5 games, but won 6 consecutive games to finish with an 11-5 record. However, the 11-5 mark only earned them third place in the AFC East behind the Miami Dolphins and the New York Jets. In United States sports, a Cinderella refers to a team or player who advances much further in a tournament than expected. ... The AFC East refers to the Eastern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American...


Quarterback Tony Eason, in his third year in the NFL, was inconsistent during the regular season, completing 168 out of 299 passes for 2,156 yards and 11 touchdowns, but also 17 interceptions. Eason suffered an injury midway through the season and was replaced by backup Steve Grogan, who was considered one of the best reserve quarterbacks in the league. Grogan was the starter in 6 of the Patriots' games, and finished the regular season with 85 out of 156 completions for 1,311 yards, 7 touchdowns, and 5 interceptions. Charles Carroll Tony Eason, IV (born October 8, 1959 in Blythe, California) was an American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for the New England Patriots and New York Jets. ... Steve James Grogan (July 24, 1953 in San Antonio, Texas) was an American football quarterback for the New England Patriots in the National Football League from 1975 until 1990. ...


Wide receiver Stanley Morgan provided the team with a good deep threat, catching 39 passes for 760 yards and 5 touchdowns. On the other side of the field, multi-talented wide receiver Irving Fryar was equally effective, catching 39 passes for 670 yards, while also rushing for 27 yards, gaining another 559 yards returning punts and kickoffs, and scoring 10 touchdowns. But like the Bears, the Partiots main strength on offense was their rushing attack. Halfback Craig James rushed for 1,227 yards, caught 27 passes for 370 yards, and scored 7 touchdowns. Fullback Tony Collins rushed for 657 yards, recorded a team leading 52 receptions for 549 yards, and scored 5 touchdowns. The Patriots also had an outstanding offensive line, led by Pro Bowl tackle Brian Holloway and future hall of fame guard John Hannah. Stanley Morgan is a former NFL wide receiver who played for the New England Patriots. ... Irving Fryar (born September 28, 1962) is a former American Football wide receiver. ... For the footballer, see Craig James (footballer) Jesse Craig James (born January 2, 1961 in Jacksonville, Texas) is an American sports commentator for college football games on the ABC television network. ... Tony Collins was a runningback in the National Football League in the mid 1980s. ... Brian Douglass Holloway (born July 25, 1959) was an offensive tackle for the New England Patriots and Los Angeles Raiders in the National Football League from 1981 to 1988. ... John Allen Hannah (April 4, 1951, Canton, Georgia) is a former American Football offensive guard who played for the New England Patriots (1973-1985). ...


New England's defense ranked 5th in the league in fewest yards allowed (5,048). Pro Bowl linebacker Andre Tippett led the AFC with 16.5 sacks. Outside linebackers Don Blackmon and Pro Bowler Steve Nelson were also big defensive weapons, excelling at pass coverage and run stopping. Also, the Patriots secondary only gave up 14 touchdown passes during the season, the 2nd fewest in the league. Pro bowl defensive back Raymond Clayborn recorded 6 interceptions for 80 return yards and 1 touchdown, while Pro Bowler Fred Marion had 7 interceptions for 189 return yards. Andre Bernard Tippett (born December 27, 1959), is a former American football linebacker who played for the New England Patriots of the NFL. // Tippett was born in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Don Blackmon (born March 14, 1958 in Pompano Beach, Florida), is a former American Football linebacker who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 4th round of the 1981 NFL Draft. ... Steve Nelson is a common name that refers to many people The New England Patriots American football player Steve Nelson The vibraphonist Steve Nelson The disc jockey and radio producer Steve Nelson The singer songwriter Steve Nelson (stevenelsonmusic. ... Raymond DeWayne Clayborn(Born in 1955) is a former American Football defensive back who played for the New England Patriots(1977-1989) and Cleveland Browns(1990, 1991) in the NFL. Before his NFL career, he played for the University of Texas Clayborn had a superb career with the Patriots, making... Fred Donald Marion (born January 2, 1959 in Gainesville, Florida), is a former American Football defensive back who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 5th round of the 1982 NFL Draft. ...


Playoffs

See also: NFL playoffs, 1985-86

In the playoffs, the Patriots qualified as the AFC's second wild card, the last playoff seed under the rules of that time, and were forced to spend all of the postseason on the road. Thus going into the playoffs, it seemed unlikely that New England would become the fourth wild card team to advance to a Super Bowl. The NFL playoffs following the 1985 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XX. Because the Jets and Giants both used Giants Stadium as their home field, the two wild card playoff games were held on different days. ... In North American professional sports leagues, the term wild card refers to a team that qualifies for the championship playoffs without winning their specific subdivision (usually called a conference or division) outright. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


But the Patriots shocked everybody, beating the New York Jets 26-14, Los Angeles Raiders 27-20, and the Dolphins 31-14 on the road to make it to the Super Bowl. The win against Miami had been especially surprising, not only because Miami was the only team to beat Chicago in the season, but also because New England had not won in the Orange Bowl (Miami's then-home field) since 1966, the Dolphins' first season (then in the AFL). The Patriots had lost to Miami there 18 consecutive times, including a 30-27 loss in their 15th game of the season. But New England dominated the Dolphins in the AFC Championship Game, recording two interceptions from quarterback Dan Marino and recovering 4 fumbles. City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... AFL has a number of references: Football leagues Australian Football League — professional competition in Australian Rules Football. ... Daniel Constantine Marino, Jr. ...


Meanwhile, the Bears became the first team in NFL history to shut out both of their opponents in the playoffs, beating the New York Giants 21-0 and the Los Angeles Rams 24-0. This article is about the current National Football League team. ... The St. ...


Super Bowl pregame hype

Much of the Super Bowl pregame hype centered around Bears quarterback McMahon. First, he was fined by the NFL during the playoffs for a violation of the league's dress code, wearing a head band on which he had handwritten "Adidas". He then started to wear a head band saying "Rozelle", after then-league commissioner Pete Rozelle. This article is about the company. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ...


McMahon was also suffering a sore rear end from a hit he took in the NFC Championship Game. So he flew in his acupuncturist into New Orleans to get treatment. During practice four days before the Super Bowl, he started wearing a hand band that said "Acupuncture".


McMahon's most outrageous stunt involved mooning a passing helicopter flying overhead and other photographers during practice to show off his injured rear end. Pictures of that incident then appeared on the sports sections of many newspapers across the country.


Another anecdote involving Jim McMahon during the Super Bowl anticipation was the New Orleans’ press reporting a supposed quote of McMahon referring to the women of New Orleans as “sluts”. This caused wide controversy among the ladies of New Orleans and forced McMahon to publicly apologize (or defend, depending on the point-of-view) on sports radio, in which he denounced the claim as false, indicating (amusingly) that he couldn’t have said such things simply because he’s a late-sleeper, and wouldn’t have been up that early in the morning (of the supposed day, apparently) to publicly smear the women of New Orleans.[4] Slut is a pejorative term for a person (usually female) who is more sexually promiscuous than is deemed socially acceptable. ...


Television and entertainment

The NBC telecast of the game, with play-by-play announcer Dick Enberg and color commentators Merlin Olsen and Bob Griese, garnered the third highest Nielsen rating of any Super Bowl to date, a 48.3. This article is about the television network. ... Play-by-play, in broadcasting, is a North American term and means the reporting of a sporting event with a voiceover describing the details of the action of the game in progress. ... Richard Alan Dick Enberg (born January 9, 1935 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American sportscaster. ... A color commentator (colour commentator in Canada), sometimes known as a color analyst, is a member of the broadcasting team for a sporting event who assists the play-by-play announcer by filling in any time when play is not in progress. ... Merlin Jay Olsen (born September 15, 1940) is an American former National Football League player and actor. ... Robert Allen Griese (born February 3, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is a former American football quarterback who earned All-American honors with the Purdue Boilermakers before being drafted in 1967 by the American Football Leagues Miami Dolphins. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are generally referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by the New York City-based firm Nielsen Media Research to determine which shows television viewers watch at what times. ...


To celebrate the 20th Super Bowl game, the Most Valuable Players of the previous Super Bowls were featured during the pregame festivities. After trumpeter Wynton Marsalis performed the national anthem, Bart Starr, Super Bowl MVP of I and II, tossed the coin. The trumpet is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Wynton Learson Marsalis (b. ... Bryan Bartlett Starr (born January 9, 1934 in Montgomery, Alabama) is a former professional American football player and coach. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Coin flipping or coin tossing is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to resolve a dispute between two parties or otherwise choose between two alternatives. ...


The performance event group Up with People performed during the halftime show titled "Beat of the Future". Up with People dancers portrayed various scenes into the future. This was the last Super Bowl to feature Up with People as a half-time show, though they later performed in the Super Bowl XXV pre-game show. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels...


The Last Precinct debuted on NBC after the game. This article is about the television network. ...


Game summary

The Patriots took the second quickest lead in Super Bowl history after linebacker Larry McGrew recovered a fumble from Walter Payton at the Chicago 19-yard line on the second play of the game. (Jim McMahon took responsibility for this fumble after the game, saying he had called the wrong play.) This set up Tony Franklin's 36-yard field goal 1:19 into the first quarter after 3 incomplete passes by Tony Eason. "I looked up at the message board," said Chicago linebacker Mike Singletary, "and it said that 15 of the 19 teams that scored first won the game. I thought, yeah, but none of those 15 had ever played the Bears."[5] Chicago struck back with a 7 play, 59-yard drive, featuring a 43-yard pass completion from Jim McMahon to wide receiver Willie Gault, to set up a field goal from Kevin Butler, tying the score 3-3. Larry McGrew is a retired american football linebacker. ... Walter Jerry Payton (July 25, 1954 – November 1, 1999) was an American football player, who played for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. ... Tony Franklin was a kicker with a 10 year career. ... Charles Carroll Tony Eason, IV (born October 8, 1959 in Blythe, California) was an American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for the New England Patriots and New York Jets. ... Michael Singletary (born October 9, 1958 in Houston, Texas) is a former linebacker in American football who played his entire career for the Chicago Bears in the NFL, after starring in college at Baylor University. ... James Robert Jim McMahon (born August 21, 1959 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was an American football star in the 1980s, first at Brigham Young University and later in the professional ranks with the Chicago Bears. ... Willie James Gault (born September 5, 1960 in Griffin, Georgia) was a National Football League wide receiver with the 1985/86 Chicago Bears team that won Super Bowl XX. Gault was the prototypical speed merchant, meaning his greatest asset was his pure straight line swiftness. ... Kevin Butler was a kicker for the Chicago Bears and Arizona Cardinals. ...


After both teams traded punts, Richard Dent and linebacker Wilber Marshall shared a sack on Eason, forcing a fumble that lineman Dan Hampton recovered on the Patriots 13-yard line. Chicago then drove to the 3-yard line, but had to settle for another field goal from Butler after rookie defensive lineman William "Refrigerator" Perry was tackled for a 1-yard loss while trying to throw his first NFL pass on a halfback option play. On the Patriots' ensuing drive, Dent forced running back Craig James to fumble, which was recovered by Singletary at the 13-yard line. Two plays later, Bears fullback Matt Suhey scored on an 11-yard touchdown run to increase the lead 13-3. Richard Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was the MVP of Super Bowl XX. After playing 4 years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with... Wilber Buddyhia Marshall (born April 18, 1962 in Titusville, Florida) is a former American football player. ... Daniel Oliver Hampton (Born September 19, 1957 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) to Robert and Joan Hampton. ... William Refrigerator Perry (born December 16, 1962 in Aiken, South Carolina) is a former football player. ... The Halfback option play is an unorthodox play (often called a trick play) in American football. ... For the footballer, see Craig James (footballer) Jesse Craig James (born January 2, 1961 in Jacksonville, Texas) is an American sports commentator for college football games on the ABC television network. ... Matthew Jerome Suhey(Born:1958) was a fullback/running back in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ...


New England took the ensuing kickoff and ran one play before the first quarter ended, which resulted in positive yardage for the first time in the game (a 3-yard run by James). But after an incomplete pass and a 4-yard loss, they had to send in punter Rich Camarillo again, and receiver Keith Ortego returned the ball 12 yards to the 41-yard line. The Bears subsequently drove 59 yards in 10 plays, featuring a 24-yard reception by Suhey, to score on McMahon's 2-yard touchdown run to increase their lead, 20-3. After the ensuing kickoff, New England lost 13 yards in 3 plays and had to punt again, but got the ball back with great field position when defensive back Raymond Clayborn recovered a fumble from Suhey at their own 46-yard line. Richard Jon Camarillo (born in 1959) is a former professional American Football punter who played 16 seasons in the NFL for the New England Patriots (1981-1987), Los Angeles Rams (1988), Phoenix Cardinals (1989-1993), Houston Oilers (1994-1995), and Oakland Raiders (1996). ... Bryant Keith Ortego (born August 30, 1963 in Eunice, Louisiana) is a former American football wide receiver for the Chicago Bears of the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX in 1985. ... Raymond DeWayne Clayborn(Born in 1955) is a former American Football defensive back who played for the New England Patriots(1977-1989) and Cleveland Browns(1990, 1991) in the NFL. Before his NFL career, he played for the University of Texas Clayborn had a superb career with the Patriots, making...


Patriots coach Raymond Berry then replaced Eason with Steve Grogan, who had spent the previous week hoping he would have the opportunity to step on to NFL's biggest stage. "I probably won't get a chance." he had told reporters a few days before the game. "I just hope I can figure out some way to get on the field. I could come in on the punt-block team and stand behind the line and wave my arms, or something."[6] But on his first drive, Grogan could only lead them to the 37-yard line and they decided to punt rather than risk a 55-yard field goal attempt. The Bears then marched 72 yards in 11 plays, moving the ball inside the Patriots 10-yard line. New England kept them out of the end zone, but Butler kicked his third field goal on the last play of the half to give Chicago a 23-3 halftime lead. Raymond Emmett Berry (born February 27, 1933 in Corpus Christi, Texas) was an American football wide receiver. ... Steve James Grogan (July 24, 1953 in San Antonio, Texas) was an American football quarterback for the New England Patriots in the National Football League from 1975 until 1990. ...


In fact, however, Butler's late kick shouldn't have happened. The Bears had the ball on the Patriots' two yard line as the last seconds of the half were ticking away, and they snapped the ball before it was formally put it back into play, allowing McMahon to throw the ball out of bounds and stop the clock with three seconds left. The Bears were penalized five yards, but according to NFL rules ten seconds should have been counted off the clock, which would have ended the half leaving no time for the kick. This mistake was promptly acknowledged by the officials and reported by NBC sportscasters during halftime, but the resulting three points were not taken away from the Bears.


The Bears had absolutely dominated New England in the first half, holding them to 21 offensive plays (only 4 of which resulted in positive yardage), -19 total offensive yards, 2 pass completions, 1 first down, and 3 points. Meanwhile, Chicago gained 236 yards and scored 23 points themselves.


After the Patriots received the second half opening kickoff, they managed to get one first down, but then had to punt after Grogan was sacked twice. Camarillo, who punted 4 times in the first half, managed to pin the Bears back at their own 4-yard line with a Super Bowl record 62-yard punt. But the Patriots defense still had no ability to stop Chicago's offense. On their very first play, McMahon faked a handoff to Payton, then threw a 60-yard completion to Gault. Eight plays later, McMahon finished the Super Bowl record 96-yard drive with a 1-yard touchdown run to make the Bears lead 30-3. On New England's second drive of the period, Chicago cornerback Reggie Phillips intercepted a pass from Grogan and returned it 28 yards for a touchdown to increase the lead 37-3.


On the second play of their ensuing possession, the Patriots turned the ball over again, when receiver Cedric Jones lost a fumble after catching a 19-yard pass from Grogan, and Marshall returned the fumble 13 yards to New England's 37-yard line. A few plays later, McMahon's 27-yard completion to receiver Dennis Gentry moved the ball to the 1-yard line, setting up perhaps the most memorable moment of the game. William "the Refrigerator" Perry was brought on to score on offense, as he had done twice in the regular season. His touchdown made the score 44-3. The Bears' 21 points in the third quarter is still a record for the most points scored in that period. Cedric Jones (born June 1, 1960 in Norfolk, Virginia, United States) was a wide receiver who played nine professional seasons with the National Football Leagues New England Patriots. ... Dennis Louis Gentry (born February 10, 1959 in Lubbock, Texas) a former profeSsional football Player with a carEEr that spanneD eleven seasons between 1982 and 1992 with the NFLs Chicago Bears. ...


The Patriots finally scored a touchdown early in the fourth quarter, advancing the ball 76 yards in 12 plays and scoring on an 8-yard pass from Grogan to receiver Irving Fryar. But the Bears defense dominated New England for the rest of the game, forcing another fumble, another interception, and defensive lineman Henry Waechter's sack on Grogan in the end zone for a safety to make the final score 46-10. Irving Fryar (born September 28, 1962) is a former American Football wide receiver. ... Henry Carl Waechter (born February 13, 1959 in Epworth, Iowa) is a former American football defensive lineman in the NFL. Waechter played six seasons for the Chicago Bears, Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts, and Washington Redskins. ... A safety or safety touch, is a type of score in American football and Canadian football where a defensive team gains two points when the offensive team is tackled or loses possession in their own end zone. ...


One irony in the Bears victory was that Payton had a relatively poor performance running the ball and never scored a touchdown in Super Bowl XX, his first and only Super Bowl appearance during his hall of fame career. Although Payton was ultimately the Bears' leading rusher during the game, the Patriots defense held him to only 61 yards on 22 carries, with his longest run being only 7 yards. He was given several opportunities to score near the goal line, but New England stopped him every time before he reached the end zone (such as his 2-yard loss from the New England 3-yard line a few plays before Butler's second field goal, and his 2-yard run from the 4-yard line right before McMahon's first rushing touchdown). Thus, Chicago head coach Mike Ditka opted to go for other plays to counter the Patriots defense. Perry's touchdown and McMahon's rushing touchdowns could be considered as scoring opportunities that were denied to Payton. Michael Keller Ditka, Jr. ...


McMahon, who completed 12 out of 20 passes for 256 yards, became the first quarterback in a Super Bowl to score 2 rushing touchdowns. Bears receiver Willie Gault finished the game with 129 receiving yards on just 4 receptions, an average of over 32.2 yards per catch. He also returned 4 kickoffs for 49 yards. Suhey had 11 carries for 52 yards and a touchdown, and caught a pass for 24 yards. Singletary tied a Super Bowl record with 2 fumble recoveries. Willie James Gault (born September 5, 1960 in Griffin, Georgia) was a National Football League wide receiver with the 1985/86 Chicago Bears team that won Super Bowl XX. Gault was the prototypical speed merchant, meaning his greatest asset was his pure straight line swiftness. ...


Eason became the first Super Bowl starting quarterback to fail to complete a pass, going 0 for 6 attempts. The Bears also dominated Patriots starting running back James, holding him to 1 yard on 5 carries, with 1 fumble. Grogan completed 17 out of 30 passes for 177 yards and 1 touchdown, with 2 interceptions. Although Fullback Tony Collins was the Patriots leading rusher, he was limited to just 4 yards on 3 carries, and caught 2 passes for 19 yards. New England receiver Stephen Starring returned 7 kickoffs for 153 yards and caught 2 passes for 39 yards. Tony Collins was a runningback in the National Football League in the mid 1980s. ... Stephen Starring (born July 30, 1961 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana) is a former professional American football player who played wide receiver for six seasons for the New England Patriots, Detroit Lions, and Tampa Bay Buccaneers. ...


Scoring summary

  • NE - FG: Tony Franklin 36 yards 3-0 NE
  • CHI - FG: Kevin Butler 28 yards 3-3 tie
  • CHI - FG: Kevin Butler 24 yards 6-3 CHI
  • CHI - TD: Matt Suhey 11 yard run (Butler kick) 13-3 CHI
  • CHI - TD: Jim McMahon 2 yard run (Butler kick) 20-3 CHI
  • CHI - FG: Kevin Butler 24 yards 23-3 CHI
  • CHI - TD: Jim McMahon 1 yard run (Butler kick) 30-3 CHI
  • CHI - TD: Reggie Phillips 28 yard interception return (Butler kick) 37-3 CHI
  • CHI - TD: William Perry 1 yard run (Butler kick) 44-3 CHI
  • NE - TD: Irving Fryar 8 yard pass from Steve Grogan (Franklin kick) 44-10 CHI
  • CHI - Safety: Steve Grogan sacked in end zone by Henry Waechter 46-10 CHI

Starting lineups

Source:[7]

Chicago Position New England
OFFENSE
Willie Gault WR Irving Fryar
Jim Covert LT Brian Holloway
Mark Bortz LG John Hannah
Jay Hilgenberg C Pete Brock
Tom Thayer RG Ron Wooten
Keith Van Horne RT Steve Moore
Emery Moorehead TE Lin Dawson
Dennis McKinnon WR Stanley Morgan
Jim McMahon QB Tony Eason
Matt Suhey FB Craig James
Walter Payton RB Tony Collins
DEFENSE
Dan Hampton LE Julius Adams
Steve McMichael LDT-NT Lester Williams
William Perry RDT-RE Garin Veris
Richard Dent RE-LOLB Andre Tippett
Otis Wilson LLB-LILB Steve Nelson
Mike Singletary MLB-RILB Larry McGrew
Wilber Marshall ROLB Don Blackmon
Leslie Frazier LCB Raymond Clayborn
Mike Richardson RCB Ronnie Lippett
Dave Duerson SS Roland James
Gary Fencik FS Fred Marion

Willie James Gault (born September 5, 1960 in Griffin, Georgia) was a National Football League wide receiver with the 1985/86 Chicago Bears team that won Super Bowl XX. Gault was the prototypical speed merchant, meaning his greatest asset was his pure straight line swiftness. ... Irving Fryar (born September 28, 1962) is a former American Football wide receiver. ... James Paul Jimbo Covert (born March 22, 1960 in Conway, Pennsylvania) was an All-Pro offensive tackle in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... Brian Douglass Holloway (born July 25, 1959) was an offensive tackle for the New England Patriots and Los Angeles Raiders in the National Football League from 1981 to 1988. ... Mark Steven Bortz (born February 12, 1961) was a guard in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears from 1983 to 1994. ... John Allen Hannah (April 4, 1951, Canton, Georgia) is a former American Football offensive guard who played for the New England Patriots (1973-1985). ... Jay Walter Hilgenberg (born March 21, 1959 in Iowa City, Iowa) is a former American football center in the NFL for the Chicago Bears, Cleveland Browns and the New Orleans Saints from 1981 to 1993. ... Peter Anthony Brock (born July 14, 1954 in Portland, Oregon) was a center and guard who played twelve professional seasons with the NFL New England Patriots. ... Thomas Allen Thayer (Tom) was a center/guard in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the Miami Dolphins. ... Ronald John Wooten (born June 29, 1959 in Bourne, Massachusetts) was a guard who played seven professional seasons with the New England Patriots in the National Football League. ... For the similarly named basketball player, Keith Van Horn redirects here. ... Stephen Elliott Moore (born October 1, 1960 in Memphis, Tennessee) was an American football offensive tackle who played five professional seasons with the New England Patriots in the National Football League. ... Emery Matthew Moorehead was a tight end/wide reciever in the National Football League for the New York Giants, Denver Broncos, and the Chicago Bears. ... James Linwood Lin Dawson (born June 24, 1959 in Norfolk, Virginia) is a former professional American football player who played tight end for nine seasons for the New England Patriots. ... Dennis Lewis McKinnon (born August 22, 1961) was a wide reciever in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the Dallas Cowboys. ... Stanley Morgan is a former NFL wide receiver who played for the New England Patriots. ... James Robert Jim McMahon (born August 21, 1959 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was an American football star in the 1980s, first at Brigham Young University and later in the professional ranks with the Chicago Bears. ... Charles Carroll Tony Eason, IV (born October 8, 1959 in Blythe, California) was an American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for the New England Patriots and New York Jets. ... Matthew Jerome Suhey(Born:1958) was a fullback/running back in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... For the footballer, see Craig James (footballer) Jesse Craig James (born January 2, 1961 in Jacksonville, Texas) is an American sports commentator for college football games on the ABC television network. ... Walter Jerry Payton (July 25, 1954 – November 1, 1999) was an American football player, who played for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. ... Tony Collins was a runningback in the National Football League in the mid 1980s. ... Daniel Oliver Hampton (Born September 19, 1957 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) to Robert and Joan Hampton. ... Julius Adams (born April 26, 1948 in Macon, Georgia) was a defensive lineman in the NFL. For his entire career he played for the New England Patriots. ... Steve Mongo McMichael Steve McMichael (born October 17, 1957 in Houston, Texas) is a former American Football defensive tackle who played for the New England Patriots, Chicago Bears, and the Green Bay Packers. ... Lester Williams may refer to: Lester Williams (Musician) A Blues Musician Lester Williams (football player) A defensive lineman in the NFL Category: ... William Perry (born December 16, 1962 in Aiken, South Carolina) is a former professional American football player and brother of former professional football player Michael Dean Perry. ... Garin Lee Veris (born February 27, 1963 in Chillicothe, Ohio) was a defensive lineman in the NFL, mainly for the New England Patriots. ... Richard Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was the MVP of Super Bowl XX. After playing 4 years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with... Andre Bernard Tippett (born December 27, 1959), is a former American football linebacker who played for the New England Patriots of the NFL. // Tippett was born in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Otis Ray Wilson (born September 15, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former American football linebacker in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the Los Angeles Raiders. ... Steve Nelson (born 1951) was a football player for the New England Patriots who played linebacker and wore number 57 (now retired). ... Michael Singletary (born October 9, 1958 in Houston, Texas) is a former linebacker in American football who played his entire career for the Chicago Bears in the NFL, after starring in college at Baylor University. ... Larry McGrew is a retired american football linebacker. ... Wilber Buddyhia Marshall (born April 18, 1962 in Titusville, Florida) is a former American football player. ... Don Blackmon (born March 14, 1958 in Pompano Beach, Florida), is a former American Football linebacker who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 4th round of the 1981 NFL Draft. ... Leslie Antonio Frazier (born April 3, 1959 in Columbus, Mississippi) was a cornerback/safety in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... Raymond DeWayne Clayborn(Born in 1955) is a former American Football defensive back who played for the New England Patriots(1977-1989) and Cleveland Browns(1990, 1991) in the NFL. Before his NFL career, he played for the University of Texas Clayborn had a superb career with the Patriots, making... Michael Calvin Richardson (Mike) was a cornerback in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears and the San Francisco 49ers. ... Ronald Leon Lippett (born December 10, 1960 in Melbourne, Florida), is a former American professional football player who played eight seasons with the New England Patriots of the National Football League from 1983-1988 and 1990-1991. ... David Russell Duerson (born November 28, 1960 in Muncie, Indiana) is a former safety in the National Football League who played for the Chicago Bears (1983-1989), the New York Giants (1990), and the Phoenix Cardinals (1991-1993). ... Roland Orlando James (born February 18, 1958 in Xenia, Ohio), is a former American Football defensive back who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 1st round of the 1980 NFL Draft. ... Gary Fencik is an American football player. ... Fred Donald Marion (born January 2, 1959 in Gainesville, Florida), is a former American Football defensive back who was selected by the New England Patriots in the 5th round of the 1982 NFL Draft. ...

Officials

  • Referee: Red Cashion
  • Umpire: Ron Botchan
  • Head Linesman: Bama Glass
  • Line Judge: Dale Williams
  • Field Judge: Jack Vaughan
  • Side Judge: Bob Rice
  • Back Judge: Al Jury

M.L. Red Cashion is a former American football official. ... Ronald Leslie Ron Botchan (born February 15, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York) was an American football linebacker in the American Football League from 1960 to 1962 and later as American football official in the National Football League (NFL) from 1980 to 2002. ... Al Jury Al Jury was an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) from 1978 to 2004 as a field judge then as a back judge when the league swapped position names in 1998. ...

See also

The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. ... The NFL playoffs following the 1985 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XX. Because the Jets and Giants both used Giants Stadium as their home field, the two wild card playoff games were held on different days. ...

References

  1. ^ Super Bowl on TV (ratings). CNN Sports Illustrated. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  2. ^ Richard Dent became just the second defensive end to be named Super Bowl MVP. The first being Harvey Martin, as he shared to MVP with fellow D-Lineman Randy White for Super Bowl XII.
  3. ^ A major reason why the 46 defense was so effective in 1985 was that almost all of their opponents were unprepared for its then-unusual primary tactic: blitz five to eight players on each play. But in less than two years, offensive coaches discovered how to exploit the 46 defense by using quick, timed passes from formations that used multiple receivers.
  4. ^ BearsHistory.com
  5. ^ SportsIllustrated
  6. ^ SportsIllustrated
  7. ^ Neft, David S., Cohen, Richard M., and Korch, Rick. The Complete History of Professional Football from 1892 to the Present. 1994 ISBN 0312114354

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