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Encyclopedia > Super Bowl
The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy.
The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy.

In professional American football, the Super Bowl is the championship game of the National Football League (NFL). The game and its ancillary festivities constitute Super Bowl Sunday. Over the years it has become the most-watched U.S. television broadcast of the year, and has become likened to a de facto U.S. national holiday.[1] In addition, many popular singers and musicians have performed during the Super Bowl's pre-game and halftime ceremonies. Super Bowl Sunday is the second-largest U.S. food consumption day, following Thanksgiving.[2] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Vince Lombardi Trophy The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football Leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Championship is a term used to refer to various forms of sports competitions in which the aim is to decide which individual or team is the champion; that is, the best competitor. ... NFL redirects here. ... Look up Ancillary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ... The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows. ... For the Canadian holiday, see Thanksgiving (Canada). ...


The Super Bowl was first played on January 15, 1967 as part of the merger agreement between the NFL and its younger rival, the American Football League (AFL) in which each league's championship team would play each other in an "AFL-NFL World Championship Game". After the completion of the merger in 1970, the Super Bowl became the NFL's championship game, played between the champions of the league's two conferences: the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC). Since the NFL season extends into the New Year, the Super Bowl uses Roman numerals to identify each game, rather than the year it was held. For example, Super Bowl XLII, played in February 2008, was actually part of the 2007 season. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... National Football Conference logo. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... The 2007 season of the National Football League (NFL) is the 88th season played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ...

Contents

Origins

The Super Bowl was created as part of the merger agreement between the National Football League (NFL) and its competitive rival, the American Football League (AFL). After its inception in 1920, the NFL fended off several rival leagues before the AFL began play in 1960. The intense competitive war for players and fans led to serious merger talks between the two leagues in 1966, culminating in a merger announcement on June 8, 1966. The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... NFL redirects here. ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


One of the conditions of the AFL-NFL Merger was that the winners of each league's championship game would meet in a contest to determine the "world champion of football". According to NFL Films President Steve Sabol, then NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle wanted to call the game "The Big One".[3] During the discussions to iron out the details, AFL founder and Kansas City Chiefs owner Lamar Hunt had jokingly referred to the proposed interleague championship as the "Super Bowl". Hunt thought of the name after seeing his kids playing with a toy called a Super Ball.[4] The ball is now on display at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. The name was consistent with postseason college football games which had long been known as "bowl games". The "bowl" term originated from the Rose Bowl Game, which was in turn named for the bowl-shaped stadium in which it is played. Hunt only meant his suggested name to be a stopgap until a better one could be found. Nevertheless, the name "Super Bowl" became permanent. The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... NFL Films is a Mount Laurel, New Jersey-based company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, and documentaries on the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. ... Steven Sabol is the president, and one of the founding members, of NFL Films. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... Lamar Hunt (August 2, 1932 – December 13, 2006) was a promoter of American football, soccer, tennis, basketball, and ice hockey in the United States and an inductee of the first three sports halls of fame. ... SuperBall (originally Super Ball) is a toy, invented by Norman H. Stingley, and manufactured by Wham-O in 1965. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR6. ... This article covers college football played in the United States. ... A bowl game is a post-season college football game, typically at the Division I-A level. ... The Rose Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Years Day) at the stadium of the same name in Pasadena, California. ... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ...


After the NFL's Green Bay Packers convincingly won the first two Super Bowls, some team owners feared for the future of the merger. At the time, many doubted the competitiveness of AFL teams compared with NFL counterparts. That perception all changed with the AFL's New York Jets defeat of the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III in Miami. One year later, the AFL's Kansas City Chiefs defeated the NFL Minnesota Vikings 23-7 and won Super Bowl IV in New Orleans, the last World Championship game played between the champions of the two leagues. Packers redirects here. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... The Indianapolis Colts are a professional football team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Miami redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... NOLA redirects here. ...


The game is played annually on a Sunday as the final game of the NFL Playoffs. Originally the game took place in early to mid-January following a 14-game regular season and playoffs. Over the years the date of the Super Bowl has progressed from the second Sunday in January, to the third, then the fourth Sunday in January; the game is now played on the first Sunday in February, given the current 17-week (16 games and one bye week) regular season and three rounds of playoffs. This progression of the date of the Super Bowl has been caused by the following: the expansion of the NFL regular season in 1978 from 14 games to 16, the expansion of the pre-Super Bowl playoffs from two rounds to three (also in 1978), the addition of the regular season bye-week in the 1990s, and the decision prior to the 2003 season to start the regular season the week after Labor Day, moving the start of the season to a week later than it had been (in 1997, for example, the regular season started on Sunday, August 31). Former NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle is often considered the mastermind of both the merger and the Super Bowl. His leadership guided them into the merger agreement and cemented the preeminence of the Super Bowl. The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... A bye is when a player or team is allowed to advance to the next round of a playoff tournament without playing. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ...


The winning team gets the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named for the coach of the Green Bay Packers, who won the first two Super Bowl games and 3 of the 5 preceding NFL championships (1961-62, 1965). Following his death in September 1970, the trophy was then named the Vince Lombardi Trophy, first awarded as such to the Baltimore Colts at Super Bowl V in Miami. Super Bowl III was the first to be numbered. Super Bowls I and II were not known as such until the game's third year. Vince Lombardi Trophy The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football Leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ... Packers redirects here. ... Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in...


Game history

See also: List of Super Bowl champions

// This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ...

Packers' early dominance

The Green Bay Packers won the first two Super Bowls, defeating the Kansas City Chiefs and the Oakland Raiders. The Packers were led by quarterback Bart Starr, who was named MVP for both games. These two championships, along with the Packers' NFL championships in 1961, 1962,and 1965 have many people consider the Packers to be the "Team of the 1960s." Green Bay, Wisconsin is often referred to as "Title Town" due to the five championships the Packers won in the 1960s. Packers redirects here. ... This article is about the quarterback. ... The 1961 NFL season was the 42th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1962 NFL season was the 43th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1965 NFL season was the 46th regular season of the National Football League. ... Green Bay is the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ...


AFL/AFC dominance

Super Bowl III featured one of the biggest upsets in Super Bowl history as the New York Jets, behind the guarantee of Joe Namath, defeated the 18-point favorite Baltimore Colts 16-7. Namath, the MVP of the game, and Matt Snell, 121 yards on 30 carries with a touchdown, led the Jets to victory. Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Look up Upset in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... Matt Snell (born August 18, 1941 in Garfield, Georgia) was the American Football Leagues New York Jets owner Sonny Werblins first coup, prior to his 1965 acquisition of Joe Namath. ...


The 1970s were dominated by the Miami Dolphins and Pittsburgh Steelers, winning a combined six championships in the decade. Miami won Super Bowls VII and VIII, the former completing a perfect season, the only perfect season to date in NFL history. (The Dolphins also played in Super Bowl VI, but lost to the Dallas Cowboys 24-3 in the only Super Bowl in which one team failed to score a touchdown.) Pittsburgh won four Super Bowls (IX, X, XIII, and XIV) behind the coaching of Chuck Noll and play of Terry Bradshaw, Lynn Swann, and Franco Harris -- each receiving at least one MVP award -- and their "Steel Curtain" defense. However, it should be noted that both the Steelers and Colts were original NFL teams before the merger. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... Steelers redirects here. ... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... The phrase Perfect Season usually refers to the 1972 Miami Dolphins undefeated campaign. ... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 18, 1976 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Lynn Swann, Wide Receiver Favorite Steelers by 6 National anthem Tom Sullivan Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Up with People presents 200 Years and Just a Baby: Tribute to Americas Bicentennial Attendance 80... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 20, 1980 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 10 1/2 National anthem Cheryl Ladd Coin toss Art Rooney Referee Fred Silva Halftime show Up with People presents A Salute to the Big Band Era Attendance 103,985[1] TV... Charles Henry Chuck Noll (born January 5, 1932) is a former American football coach, having served as the coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League from 1969 to 1991. ... Terry Paxton Bradshaw (born September 2, 1948), is a former American football quarterback with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League (NFL). ... Lynn Curtis Swann (b. ... Franco Harris (b. ...


The 49ers, Cowboys, and the NFC's winning streak

For the twenty seasons of the 1980s and 1990s, the NFC won sixteen Super Bowls. After the Oakland Raiders won Super Bowl XV to start the 1980s, the NFC went on to win 15 of the next 16 Super Bowls. The 1980s were dominated by the San Francisco 49ers, who won four Super Bowls in the decade (XVI, XIX, XXIII, and XXIV). The 49ers were led by coach Bill Walsh and quarterback Joe Montana and used the fast-paced west coast offense. Other highlights of the 1980s include the 1985 Chicago Bears who finished the season 18-1, and two championships for the Joe Gibbs-coached Washington Redskins. City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV... The name Bill Walsh may refer to the following people: Bill Walsh, an American football Hall_of_Famer. ... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... In American football, West Coast Offense (WCO) is one of two similar but distinct offensive-strategic-systems of play: (A) the Air Coryell system; or (B) more commonly the pass play system popularized by Bill Walsh. ... The 1985 Chicago Bears season was their 66th regular season and 16th post-season completed in the National Football League. ... Joe Jackson Gibbs (born November 25, 1940) is a Hall of Fame American football coach and NASCAR Championship team owner. ... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ...


The Dallas Cowboys became the dominant team in the NFL in the early 1990's. After championships by division rivals New York and Washington to start the decade, the Cowboys won three of the next four Super Bowls. The Cowboys were led by Troy Aikman, Emmitt Smith, and Michael Irvin, who each won an MVP award. The early 1990s also featured the Buffalo Bills appearing in four consecutive Super Bowls, although they lost all of them. The 49ers became the first team to win five championships with their win in Super Bowl XXIX, with the Cowboys accomplishing that same feat a year later. City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966 in West Covina, California) is a former American football quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League, and currently a television sportscaster for the Fox network. ... Emmitt James Smith III (born May 15, 1969 in Pensacola, Florida) is a former American football player, who played for the Dallas Cowboys and Arizona Cardinals. ... Michael Jerome Irvin (born March 5, 1966 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former American football player for the Dallas Cowboys, he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame on August 4th, 2007. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network...


The AFC rises again

In Super Bowl XXXII, quarterback John Elway led the Denver Broncos to an upset victory over the defending champion Green Bay Packers, snapping the NFC's 13-game winning streak. Over the next ten years, the NFC would win only two more Super Bowls, as the league entered another period of AFC dominance. During the decade from 1996 to 2006, five different AFC teams won eight Super Bowls, with only the Rams and the Buccaneers interrupting the AFC's reign. Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... John Albert Elway, Jr. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... Date January 26, 1997 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Desmond Howard, Kick Returner/Punt Returner Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem Luther Vandross Coin toss Past Super Bowl winning coaches: Hank Stram, Mike Ditka, Tom Flores, Tom Landry, Chuck Noll, George Seifert Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show... Packers redirects here. ...


The new decade of the AFC began with back-to-back Super Bowl wins by the Broncos, who would repeat as champions in Super Bowl XXXIII a year later. With their win in Super Bowl XXXIV, the St. Louis Rams made it appear that the league had entered a period of parity between the conferences. But wins by the Ravens, Steelers, and Colts, combined with three wins by the Patriots, made it clear that the AFC was again ascendant. Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... City St. ...

See also: Dynasty (sports)

In sports, the term dynasty is often used to refer to a team that dominates their sport for a period of time. ...

Trends and statistics

The first Super Bowl was played in 1967, as commemorated by this stamp issued in 1999 by the United States Postal Service featuring a ticket for that first game.

The following trends occur regarding Super Bowl games: Celebrate the Century - 1960s - First Super Bowl This image is a postage stamp produced by the United States Postal Service after 1978. ... Celebrate the Century - 1960s - First Super Bowl This image is a postage stamp produced by the United States Postal Service after 1978. ...

  • Teams scoring first are 27-15 (.643); 14-7 (.667) with a touchdown, 12-8 (.600) with a field goal and 1-0 with a safety.
  • Teams scoring 32+ points are 18-0; 30+ points, 21-1 (.955); 20+ points, 37-10 (.787); under 20 points, 5-32 (.135); under 14 points, 0-17.
  • Field goals have been converted in 40 of 42 Super Bowls to date.
  • Teams scoring the game's first touchdown are 30-12 (.714); the game's first field goal, 22-18 (.550).
  • Teams leading at halftime are 32-8 (.800). Two Super Bowls have been tied at halftime.
  • Teams shutout in the first half are 0-11; in the second half 1-7 (.125).
  • Higher seeded teams are 13-12 (.520) and NFC teams are 6-2 (.750) in Super Bowls matching same-numbered seeds, which thus far have always been #1 vs. #1. Playoff seedings were first instituted in the 1975 season.
  • When the game matches two teams that played each other during the regular season, the regular season loser has won 7 of the 12 re-matches, including 5 of the last 6.
  • Twenty-two Super Bowls have seen both teams hold the lead at least once.
  • No team has ever won after trailing by 11+ points at any time; likewise, no team has ever won after trailing by more than 7 points at halftime.
  • Teams leading after three quarters are 35-6 (.854). Only one Super Bowl has been tied entering the fourth quarter.

A safety or safety touch, is a type of score in American football and Canadian football where a defensive team gains two points when the offensive team is tackled or loses possession in their own end zone. ... The NFL playoffs for the 1975-76 season led up to Super Bowl X. // Divisional playoff round December 27, 1975 AFC: Pittsburgh Steelers 28, Baltimore Colts 10 at Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania The Steelers defense forced 4 turnovers and held the Colts to 154 total yards of offense. ...

National Special Security Event

The Super Bowl has been designated a National Special Security Event by the United States Secret Service and the Department of Homeland Security every year since Super Bowl XXXVI, which was the first Super Bowl played following the September 11 attacks. That means that the stadium and surrounding area face increased security measures, especially on game day. Among other things, this means that the once-ubiquitous blimps (according to NFL Films' Steve Sabol, Super Bowl XXI had four of them) have been grounded. United States Department of Homeland Security A National Special Security Event (NSSE) is declared by the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to assume federal control of security measures normally employed by local law enforcement. ... USSS redirects here. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Blimp can refer to: a non-rigid airship as opposed to a rigid airship (e. ... NFL Films is a Mount Laurel, New Jersey-based company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, and documentaries on the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. ... Steven Sabol is the president, and one of the founding members, of NFL Films. ... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U...


Television coverage and ratings

By any measure, the Super Bowl is the most watched television program of the year in the U.S.[citation needed] The game tends to have high Nielsen television ratings which usually come in around a 40 rating and 60 share (i.e., on average, 40 percent of all U.S. households, and 60 percent of all homes tuned into television during the game). This means that on average, 80 to 90 million Americans are tuned into the Super Bowl at any given moment. It is also estimated that 130-140 million tune into some part of the game.[5] NFL press releases have stated that recent Super Bowls have been available to potential audiences of approximately one billion worldwide, although independent studies suggest that the average global viewership is just over 100 million – the vast majority of whom are U.S. viewers.[6] When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ...


The highest-rated game according to Nielsen was Super Bowl XVI in 1982, which was watched in 49.1 percent of households (73 share) or 40,020,000 households at the time. Super Bowl XVI is #4 on Nielsen's list of top-rated programs of all time, and 3 other Super Bowls (XII, XVII, and XX) made the top 10.[7] Super Bowl XLII in 2008 holds the record for total U.S. viewership, attracting an average audience of 97.5 million and ranking second only to the final episode of M*A*S*H in 1983. Although the proliferation of cable and satellite television has undercut broadcast ratings somewhat in recent years, the game is still sufficiently popular that a number of networks actually schedule original programming, such as independently produced halftime entertainment, during the game, simply to take advantage of a large audience already in front of the television. Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Overview Goodbye, Farewell, and Amen was the final episode of M*A*S*H. The episode aired on February 28, 1983 and was 2½ hours long. ... In broadcast media, counterprogramming is the practice of offering programs to attract an audience from another station airing a major event. ...


Following Apple Computer's 1984 commercial introducing the Macintosh computer, directed by Ridley Scott, the broadcast of the Super Bowl became the premier showcase for high concept or simply extravagantly expensive commercials.[citation needed] Famous commercial campaigns include the Budweiser "Bud Bowl" campaign, and the 1999 and 2000 dot-com ads. Prices have increased each year, with reports citing a record US$2.7 million for a 30 second spot during Super Bowl XLII in 2008. A segment of the audience tunes in to the Super Bowl solely to watch the creative commercials. Apple Inc. ... A screenshot from the commercial. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30, 1937 in South Shields, South Tyneside) is a British film director and producer. ... High concept, in film, is a term typically used to refer to the style and mode of production developed by Hollywood studios in the late 1970s. ... Budweiser, sometimes referred to as Bud, is a global pale lager brand owned by the St. ... Dot-com (also dotcom or redundantly dot. ... USD redirects here. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


According to BBM Canada, the 2008 game was viewed in Canada on CTV by 4.234 million people and was the most watched show of the week by far.[1] The Bureau of Broadcast Measurement, or BBM, is an audience measurement organization for Canadian television and radio broadcasting. ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ...


Super Bowl on TV

Network Number broadcast Years broadcast Future scheduled telecasts
ABC*[›] 7 1985, 1988, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2006 N/A
CBS 16 1967, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2001, 2004, 2007 2010
FOX 5 1997, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008 2011
NBC 15 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998 2009, 2012

^ *: Not currently broadcasting NFL.
The first Super Bowl was simultaneously broadcast by CBS and NBC. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... Date January 26, 2003 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Dexter Jackson, Safety Favorite Raiders by 4 National anthem Dixie Chicks and Celine Dion (God Bless America) Coin toss 1972 Miami Dolphins: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield Referee Bill Carollo... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... Date January 18, 1976 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Lynn Swann, Wide Receiver Favorite Steelers by 6 National anthem Tom Sullivan Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Up with People presents 200 Years and Just a Baby: Tribute to Americas Bicentennial Attendance 80... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 20, 1980 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 10 1/2 National anthem Cheryl Ladd Coin toss Art Rooney Referee Fred Silva Halftime show Up with People presents A Salute to the Big Band Era Attendance 103,985[1] TV... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Date January 22, 1984 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Marcus Allen, Running back Favorite Redskins by 2 1/2 National anthem Barry Manilow Coin toss Bronko Nagurski Referee Gene Barth Halftime show Salute to Superstars of the Silver Screen with the University of Florida and Florida State University... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... Date January 28, 2001 Stadium Raymond James Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ray Lewis, Linebacker Favorite Ravens by 3 National anthem Backstreet Boys Coin toss Marcus Allen, Ottis Anderson, Tom Flores, Bill Parcells Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show Aerosmith, Britney Spears, Nelly, Mary J. Blige and *NSYNC Attendance 71,921... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... FOX redirects here. ... Date January 26, 1997 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Desmond Howard, Kick Returner/Punt Returner Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem Luther Vandross Coin toss Past Super Bowl winning coaches: Hank Stram, Mike Ditka, Tom Flores, Tom Landry, Chuck Noll, George Seifert Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show... Date January 31, 1999 Stadium Pro Player Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP John Elway, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 7 1/2 National anthem Cher Coin toss Raymond Berry, Lenny Moore, Jim Parker, Art Donovan, Gino Marchetti, Frank Gifford, Roosevelt Brown, Don Maynard, Sam Huff, Tom Landry Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLV will be the 45th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... This article is about the television network. ... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...


The network that airs the Super Bowl typically takes advantage of the large audience to air an episode of a hit series (Friends, Grey's Anatomy, Survivor, The Simpsons, Malcolm in the Middle, Criminal Minds and House) or to premiere the pilot of a promising new series (The Wonder Years, Family Guy, Davis Rules, The A-Team, American Dad) in the lead-out slot, immediately following the Super Bowl and the post-game coverage. Note: Fox bundled the Family Guy and American Dad premieres with an episode of The Simpsons. This article is about the television show. ... This article is about the television series. ... This article is about general format of the international television show. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Malcolm in the Middle is a seven-time Emmy-winning,[1] one-time Grammy-winning[1] and seven-time Golden Globe-nominated[1] American sitcom created by Linwood Boomer for the Fox Network. ... Criminal Minds is a crime drama that premiered on CBS on September 22, 2005. ... House at Cúcuta, Colombia A house is a building typically lived in by one or more people. ... The Wonder Years is an Emmy Award-winning US American television dramedy created by Carol Black and Neal Marlens. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... For the 2008 movie, see The A-Team (film). ... The Smiths, from left to right: Roger, Francine, Stan, Klaus, Hayley, and Steve. ...


Entertainment

Earlier Super Bowls/NFL Championships featured halftime show consisting of marching bands from local colleges or high schools. But as the popularity of the game increased, so did the potential of exposure. This has led to the trend of popular singers and musicians performing during its pre-game ceremonies, the halftime show, or even just singing the national anthem of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner".[8] For example, Super Bowl XLI in 2007 featured Cirque du Soleil, Romero Britto, and Louie Vega during the pre-game ceremonies; Billy Joel performed the Star Spangled Banner; and Prince played during the halftime show. Unlike regular season or playoff games, thirty minutes are allocated for the Super Bowl halftime. A halftime show is a performance given between the first and second halves or the 2nd and 3rd quarters of a sporting event. ... The Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the United States. ... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ... Romero Britto is a Brazilian neo-pop artist, painter, serigrapher, and sculptor. ... Luis Fernando Vager, better known as Little Louie Vega, is one half of the Masters At Work musical production team. ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... The Artist redirects here. ...


One especially memorable performance came in 2002, when U2 performed. During their second song, "Where the Streets Have No Name," the band played under a large projection screen which scrolled through all the names of the victims of 9/11. This article is about the Irish rock band. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


The halftime show of Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004 generated controversy, when Justin Timberlake removed a piece of Janet Jackson's top, exposing her right breast with a star-shaped ring around the nipple. Timberlake and Jackson have maintained that the incident was accidental, calling it a "wardrobe malfunction." The game was airing live on CBS, and MTV (at the time, a corporate sister company of CBS within Viacom) produced the halftime show. Immediately after that moment, the producer cut to a very wide-angle shot and cut to a commercial break. However, video captures of the moment in detail circulated quickly on the Internet. The NFL, embarrassed by the incident, permanently banned MTV from doing another halftime show in any capacity. This also led to the FCC tightening controls on indecency and fining CBS US$225,000 for the incident, as well as fining each of CBS's then twenty owned and operated stations. The following year, Paul McCartney gave an uncontroversial halftime performance for Super Bowl XXXIX. Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Janet Jackson covers her exposed breast immediately after Justin Timberlake tears off part of her wardrobe to expose it Super Bowl XXXVIII, which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004 from Houston, Texas, was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jacksons bare breast was exposed by... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981[1]), sometimes known as JT, is an American pop and R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer, actress, songwriter, record producer, dancer, activist, pop icon, and younger sister of the King of Pop, Michael Jackson. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... The abbreviation FCC can refer to: Face-centered cubic (usually fcc), a crystallographic structure Federal Communications Commission, a US government organization Farm Credit Corporation/Farm Credit Canada, a Canadian government organization Families with Children from China, an adoption support organization Florida Christian College, a college in central Florida Fresno City... A dictionary definition of Indecent not conforming with accepted standards of behaviour or morality. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S...


Except for Super Bowl XXXIX, the famous "I'm Going to Disney World!" advertising campaign took place at every Super Bowl since it started at Super Bowl XXI. Typically, Disney ran the ad several times during the game showing several players from both teams practicing the catch-phrase. The campaign has been restarted for Super Bowl XLI. Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S... Im Going to Disney World! and Im Going to Disneyland! are advertising slogans which are the most prominent feature of an advertising campaign famously spoken by players from the winning team immediately after the Super Bowl. ... An advertising campaign is a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme which make up an integrated marketing communication (IMC). ... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ...


Venue

Looking toward Ford Field the night of Super Bowl XL.
Looking toward Ford Field the night of Super Bowl XL.

Twenty-five out of forty-one Super Bowls have been played in one of three cities: New Orleans, Louisiana (nine times), the Greater Miami Area (nine total), and the Greater Los Angeles Area (seven total). The three "big" hosts are then followed by Tampa, Florida and San Diego, both having hosted the Super Bowl three times. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2543 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Detroit, Michigan Super Bowl Sports in Detroit, Michigan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2543 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Detroit, Michigan Super Bowl Sports in Detroit, Michigan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... NOLA redirects here. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin...


Miami Gardens has been selected to host Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. Although Hurricane Katrina damaged the Louisiana Superdome and the city of New Orleans, it was renovated. Some city officials have stated that they would like to put in another bid sometime in the future. The last time the Los Angeles area hosted the game was Super Bowl XXVII in 1993; the area is currently not considered a possible venue after the league's two teams vacated the city in 1995: the Raiders moved back to Oakland, California, and the Rams moved to St. Louis, Missouri. This article is about the city in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Oakland redirects here. ... City St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Only three Super Bowls have been played in northern cities; Two in the Detroit area (Super Bowl XVI and Super Bowl XL), and one in Minneapolis (Super Bowl XXVI). Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ...


On March 5, 2006, Arrowhead Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri, a 'cold weather' city, was awarded the rights to host Super Bowl XLIX in 2015. However, the game was contingent on the successful passage of two sales taxes in Jackson County, Missouri on April 4, 2006. The first tax would have funded improvements to Arrowhead, home of the Chiefs and the Kansas City Wizards Major League Soccer team, and neighboring Kauffman Stadium, home of the Kansas City Royals Major League Baseball team. The second tax would have allowed the construction of a "rolling roof" between the two stadiums.[9] However, the second tax failed to pass. With increased opposition by local business leaders and politicians, Kansas City eventually withdrew its request to host the game by May 25, 2006.[10] Before that, Super Bowl XLIV, scheduled for January 2010, was withdrawn from New York City's proposed West Side Stadium, also to have been a retractable roof facility, because the city, state, and proposed tenants New York Jets could not agree on funding. The game was then awarded to Dolphin Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. This article is about the day. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arrowhead Stadium is a stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the National Football Leagues Kansas City Chiefs. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Nickname Wizards, The Wiz, KC Stadium CommunityAmerica Ballpark Kansas City, KS Coach Curt Onalfo Owner OnGoal, LLC. First Game Kansas City Wiz 3–0 Colorado Rapids (Arrowhead Stadium; April 13, 1996) Largest Win Kansas City Wizards 6–0 MetroStars (Arrowhead Stadium; June 20... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Ewing M. Kauffman Stadium (formerly Royals Stadium) is a Major League Baseball stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the Kansas City Royals of the American League. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... An artists rendition of how the West Side Stadium would have looked. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ...


Selection process

The location of the Super Bowl is chosen by the NFL well in advance, usually 3 to 5 years before the game. Cities place bids to host a Super Bowl. Candidate cities are evaluated in terms of stadium renovation and ability to host a Super Bowl.[11] Then the NFL owners meet to make a selection on the site. The sites for the next 3 Super Bowls have been determined, up to Super Bowl XLV in 2011. On October 16, 2007, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell suggested that a future Super Bowl might be played in London, probably at Wembley Stadium.[12] There is also a minimum average temperature requirement for outdoor stadiums to be considered as possible venues. Super Bowl XLV will be the 45th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Roger S. Goodell (born February 19, 1959, in Jamestown, New York[1]) is the Commissioner of the National Football League, having been chosen to succeed the retiring Paul Tagliabue on August 8, 2006. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the old stadium, see Wembley Stadium (1923). ...


Home team designation

The designated "home team" alternates between the NFC team in odd-numbered games (the Chicago Bears in Super Bowl XLI in February 2007), and the AFC team in even-numbered games (the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XLII in February 2008). This alternation was initiated with the first Super Bowl, when the Green Bay Packers of the NFL were the designated home team. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Packers redirects here. ...


Since Super Bowl XIII in January 1979, the home team is given the choice of jerseys, colored or white. Formerly, the designated home team was specified to wear their colored jerseys; this resulted in Dallas donning their less familiar blue jerseys for Super Bowl V. Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Alexander Dityatin, USSR Womens all-around champion: Nellie Kim, USSR Mens team competition champion: USSR Womens team competition champion: Romania Best Year Performance  Guido Kratschmer  – 8476 points July 14 — Pan American Games Marathon, San Juan, Puerto Rico Men... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in...


While most of the home teams in the Super Bowl have chosen to wear their colored jerseys, there have been four exceptions; the Cowboys twice (XIII & XXVII), the Washington Redskins (XVII), and the Pittsburgh Steelers (XL). The Cowboys (since 1965) and Redskins (since the arrival of coach Joe Gibbs in 1981) have traditionally worn white jerseys at home. Meanwhile, the Steelers, who have always worn their black jerseys at home since the AFL-NFL merger in 1970, opted for the white jerseys after winning three consecutive playoff games on the road, wearing white. The Steelers' decision was contrasted with the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XX. The Patriots had worn white jerseys at home during the 1985 season, but after winning road playoff games against the New York Jets and Miami Dolphins wearing red jerseys, New England opted to wear red for the Super Bowl as the designated home team. Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Steelers redirects here. ... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... The 1965 NFL season was the 46th regular season of the National Football League. ... Joe Jackson Gibbs (born November 25, 1940) is a Hall of Fame American football coach and NASCAR Championship team owner. ... The 1981 NFL season was the 62th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1970 NFL season was the 51st regular season of the National Football League, and the first one after the AFL-NFL Merger. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager...


Stadiums to host the Super Bowl

Stadium Location Years hosted NFL tenant
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles, California 1967, 1973 Los Angeles Rams
Miami Orange Bowl Miami, Florida 1968, 1969, 1971, 1976, 1979 Miami Dolphins
Tulane Stadium New Orleans, Louisiana 1970, 1972, 1975 New Orleans Saints
Rice Stadium Houston, Texas 1974
Rose Bowl Pasadena, California 1977, 1980, 1983, 1987, 1993
Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana 1978, 1981, 1986, 1990, 1997, 2002 New Orleans Saints
Pontiac Silverdome Pontiac, Michigan 1982 Detroit Lions
Tampa Stadium Tampa, Florida 1984, 1991 Tampa Bay Buccaneers
Stanford Stadium Palo Alto, California 1985
Qualcomm Stadium San Diego, California 1988, 1998, 2003 San Diego Chargers
Dolphin Stadium Miami Gardens, Florida 1989, 1995, 1999, 2007, 2010 Miami Dolphins
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota 1992 Minnesota Vikings
Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia 1994, 2000 Atlanta Falcons
Sun Devil Stadium Tempe, Arizona 1996 Arizona Cardinals
Raymond James Stadium Tampa, Florida 2001, 2009 Tampa Bay Buccaneers
Reliant Stadium Houston, Texas 2004 Houston Texans
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium Jacksonville, Florida 2005 Jacksonville Jaguars
Ford Field Detroit, Michigan 2006 Detroit Lions
University of Phoenix Stadium Glendale, Arizona 2008 Arizona Cardinals
Dallas Cowboys New Stadium Arlington, Texas 2011 Dallas Cowboys

Future games in italics. For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... City St. ... The Miami Orange Bowl is a stadium in the City of Miami, Florida, west of Downtown in Little Havana. ... Miami redirects here. ... Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 18, 1976 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Lynn Swann, Wide Receiver Favorite Steelers by 6 National anthem Tom Sullivan Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Up with People presents 200 Years and Just a Baby: Tribute to Americas Bicentennial Attendance 80... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... Tulane Stadium was an outdoor football stadium located in New Orleans, Louisiana from 1926 to 1980. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Rice Stadium is a football stadium located on the Rice University campus in Houston, Texas. ... Houston redirects here. ... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 20, 1980 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 10 1/2 National anthem Cheryl Ladd Coin toss Art Rooney Referee Fred Silva Halftime show Up with People presents A Salute to the Big Band Era Attendance 103,985[1] TV... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV... Date January 26, 1997 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Desmond Howard, Kick Returner/Punt Returner Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem Luther Vandross Coin toss Past Super Bowl winning coaches: Hank Stram, Mike Ditka, Tom Flores, Tom Landry, Chuck Noll, George Seifert Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan named after the Ottawa Chief Pontiac. ... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Houlihans Stadium in Tampa opened in 1967 as Tampa Stadium (later changed when the Glazers acquired the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and renamed the stadium after a family-owned restaurant), and saw a number of major sporting teams and events grace its fields over the years. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Date January 22, 1984 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Marcus Allen, Running back Favorite Redskins by 2 1/2 National anthem Barry Manilow Coin toss Bronko Nagurski Referee Gene Barth Halftime show Salute to Superstars of the Silver Screen with the University of Florida and Florida State University... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... Stanford Stadium (capacity 50,000 as of 2006) is a stadium on the Stanford University campus. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto[1] Area  - City 25. ... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Qualcomm Stadium (a. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Date January 26, 2003 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Dexter Jackson, Safety Favorite Raiders by 4 National anthem Dixie Chicks and Celine Dion (God Bless America) Coin toss 1972 Miami Dolphins: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield Referee Bill Carollo... Chargers redirects here. ... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 31, 1999 Stadium Pro Player Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP John Elway, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 7 1/2 National anthem Cher Coin toss Raymond Berry, Lenny Moore, Jim Parker, Art Donovan, Gino Marchetti, Frank Gifford, Roosevelt Brown, Don Maynard, Sam Huff, Tom Landry Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... The entrance The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, usually simply called The Metrodome or The Dome, and often nicknamed the Homerdome (even though in reality it is no friendlier to the long ball than average[3]), is a domed sports stadium in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia that is owned and operated by The State of Georgia who operates The Dome, The Georgia World Congress Center, and Centennial Olympic Park. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field is located on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... Raymond James Stadium (formerly Tampa Community Stadium) is a football and soccer stadium located in Tampa, Florida. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Date January 28, 2001 Stadium Raymond James Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ray Lewis, Linebacker Favorite Ravens by 3 National anthem Backstreet Boys Coin toss Marcus Allen, Ottis Anderson, Tom Flores, Bill Parcells Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show Aerosmith, Britney Spears, Nelly, Mary J. Blige and *NSYNC Attendance 71,921... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ... Houston redirects here. ... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Jacksonville Municipal Stadium is a football stadium located in downtown Jacksonville, Florida next to the St. ... Jacksonville redirects here. ... Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... Ford Field is an indoor football stadium located in Detroit, Michigan that is the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL. It is across the street from Comerica Park. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... Dallas Cowboys New Stadium is the working title of a new stadium being built in Arlington, Texas for the NFLs Dallas Cowboys. ... Arlington is a city in Tarrant County, Texas (USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area. ... Super Bowl XLV will be the 45th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division...


NFL trademark issues

The NFL is vigilant on stopping what it says is unauthorized commercial use of its trademarked terms "NFL," "Super Bowl," or "Super Sunday"; as a result, many events and promotions timed to the game but not sanctioned by the NFL are forced to refer to it with colloquialisms such as "The Big Game," or other generic descriptions.[13] “(TM)” redirects here. ...


The NFL claims that the use of the phrase "Super Bowl" implies an NFL affiliation, and on this basis the league asserts broad rights to restrict how the game may be shown publicly; for example, the league says Super Bowl showings are prohibited in churches or at other events that "promote a message"; and venues that do not regularly show sporting events cannot show the Super Bowl on any television screen larger than 55 inches.[14] Some critics say the NFL is exaggerating its ownership rights by stating that "any use is prohibited", as this contradicts the broad doctrine of fair use in the United States.[15] For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ...


In 2006, the NFL made an attempt to trademark "The Big Game" as well. However, it withdrew their application in 2007 due to growing commercial opposition to the move, mostly from fans of both Stanford and Cal who compete in The Big Game which concludes their Pac-10 season.[16] The interstate lottery game now known as Mega Millions also used the name "Big Game" until 2002, and it is unclear whether or not the NFL is even eligible to trademark the phrase. The Stanford Cardinal is the mascot of the athletic teams at Stanford University. ... The Golden Bears football team is the college football team of the University of California, Berkeley. ... This article is about the annual football game between California and Stanford. ... The Pacific Ten Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... Mega Millions logo Mega Millions is a multi-state US$1 lottery game in the United States. ...


See also

// This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ... The Super Bowl MVP, or Super Bowl Most Valuable Player, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... This is a list of Super Bowl records. ... Category: ... The National Football League has used several different formats to determine their league champions since its founding in 1920. ... As of 2006, there are nine starting quarterbacks with multiple Super Bowl wins. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of Super Bowl broadcasters, that is, all of the American television networks and sports announcers that have broadcast the championship game of the National Football League. ... The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows. ... The Super Bowl Ring is an award in the National Football League given to players and coaches of the team that wins the leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... This is a list of current National Football League franchise post-season and Super Bowl droughts (spells of not winning). ... The Grey Cup circa 2006. ... CFL redirects here. ... The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. ... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ...

References

  • 2006 NFL Record and Fact Book. Time Inc. Home Entertainment. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
  • Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Harper Collins. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
  • The Sporting News Complete Super Bowl Book 1995. ISBN 0-89204-523-X. 
  • (2005) The Super Bowl: An Official Retrospective with DVD. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-48719-2. 
  • MacCambridge, Michael (2004). America's Game. Random House. ISBN 0-375-50454-0. 
  • Chris Jones (2 February 2005). "NFL tightens restrictions on Super Bowl advertisements". Las Vegas Review-Journal.
  • John Branch (4 February 2006). "Build It and They Will Come". The New York Times.
  • Super Bowl play-by-plays from USA Today. Last accessed September 28, 2005.
  • All-Time Super Bowl Odds from The Sports Network. Last accessed October 16, 2005.
  • 100 Greatest Super Bowl Moments by Kevin Jackson, Jeff Merron, and David Schoenfield; espn.com. Last accessed October 31, 2005.
  • Various Authors - "SI's 25 Lost Treasures" - Sports Illustrated, July 11, 2005 p.114.
  • "The Super Bowl I-VII." Lost Treasures of NFL Films. ESPN2. 26 January 2001.
  • "MTV's Super Bowl Uncensored". MTV. 27 January 2001.
  • "Talk Shows." CBS: 50 Years from Television City. CBS. 27 April 2002.
  • Dee, Tommy. ""Super Bowl Halftime Jinx"", Maxim Magazine Online, January 2007. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. 

Collins was a Scottish printing company founded by a schoolmaster, William Collins, in Glasgow in 1819. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Super Bowl Sunday an Unofficial Holiday for Millions Austin Ostrom # 10 has been the super bowl mvp 2 times in his football career. Michael Jay Friedman, Washington File Staff Writer. United States State Department (2007-01-30). Retrieved on 2008-01-23.
  2. ^ USDA Offers Food Safety Advice for Your Super Bowl Party. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved on 2007-01-10.
  3. ^ Southerland, Edward (2007-02-06). 'The Big One' back again. The Herald Democrat. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  4. ^ Rex W. Huppke (2007-01-30). Legends of the Bowl (html). Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 2007-01-31. “Lamar Hunt, who died in December, coined the term Super Bowl in the late 1960s after watching his kids play with a Super Ball, the bouncy creation of iconic toy manufacturer Wham-O.”
  5. ^ Associated Press (2006-02-07). Super Bowl 2nd-most watched show ever. MSNBC.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  6. ^ Rushin, Steve (2006-02-06). A Billion People Can Be Wrong. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  7. ^ Television's Top-Rated Programs. Nielsen Media Research (2000-04-30). Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  8. ^ Super Bowl - Entertainment
  9. ^ Chiefs sign new lease with Jackson County, team awaits April vote. Kansas City Chiefs (2006-01-24). Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  10. ^ Associated Press (2006-05-25). No rolling roof, no Super Bowl at Arrowhead. ESPN.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  11. ^ N.Y./N.J. Super Bowl in 2008 may not come to pass. USAToday (2003-09-23). Retrieved on 2007-07-28.
  12. ^ ESPN - Goodell says NFL to look into playing Super Bowl in London - NFL
  13. ^ Gardner, Eriq (2007-01-29). Super Bowl, Super Trademarks: Protecting the NFL's IP. The Hollywood Reporter, Esq.. Retrieved on 2007-02-04.
  14. ^ Alter, Alexandra (2008-02-02). God vs. Gridiron. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2008-02-02.
  15. ^ Alter, Alexandra (2008-02-02). God vs. Gridiron. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2008-02-02.
  16. ^ NFL sidelines its pursuit of Big Game trademark

The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is a U.S. firm, headquartered in New York City, and operating primarily from Oldsmar, FL, which measures media audiences, including television, radio and newspapers. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

NFL Films is a Mount Laurel, New Jersey-based company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, and documentaries on the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 18, 1976 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Lynn Swann, Wide Receiver Favorite Steelers by 6 National anthem Tom Sullivan Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Up with People presents 200 Years and Just a Baby: Tribute to Americas Bicentennial Attendance 80... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 20, 1980 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 10 1/2 National anthem Cheryl Ladd Coin toss Art Rooney Referee Fred Silva Halftime show Up with People presents A Salute to the Big Band Era Attendance 103,985[1] TV... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 22, 1984 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Marcus Allen, Running back Favorite Redskins by 2 1/2 National anthem Barry Manilow Coin toss Bronko Nagurski Referee Gene Barth Halftime show Salute to Superstars of the Silver Screen with the University of Florida and Florida State University... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... Date January 26, 1997 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Desmond Howard, Kick Returner/Punt Returner Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem Luther Vandross Coin toss Past Super Bowl winning coaches: Hank Stram, Mike Ditka, Tom Flores, Tom Landry, Chuck Noll, George Seifert Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Date January 31, 1999 Stadium Pro Player Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP John Elway, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 7 1/2 National anthem Cher Coin toss Raymond Berry, Lenny Moore, Jim Parker, Art Donovan, Gino Marchetti, Frank Gifford, Roosevelt Brown, Don Maynard, Sam Huff, Tom Landry Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... Date January 28, 2001 Stadium Raymond James Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ray Lewis, Linebacker Favorite Ravens by 3 National anthem Backstreet Boys Coin toss Marcus Allen, Ottis Anderson, Tom Flores, Bill Parcells Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show Aerosmith, Britney Spears, Nelly, Mary J. Blige and *NSYNC Attendance 71,921... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... Date January 26, 2003 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Dexter Jackson, Safety Favorite Raiders by 4 National anthem Dixie Chicks and Celine Dion (God Bless America) Coin toss 1972 Miami Dolphins: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield Referee Bill Carollo... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLV will be the 45th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... // This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ... Vince Lombardi Trophy The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football Leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ... // The Super Bowl Most Valuable Player or Super Bowl MVP, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... This is a list of Super Bowl broadcasters, that is, all of the American television networks and sports announcers that have broadcast the championship game of the National Football League. ... The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows. ... A number of commercials are show during the Super Bowl, one of footballs biggest annual events. ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... NFL redirects here. ... This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFC East is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC North is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC South is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Browns redirects here. ... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Steelers redirects here. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... Chargers redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The NFC North is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... The NFC South is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... The NFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... City Charlotte, North Carolina Other nicknames The Cardiac Cats Team colors Black, Carolina Blue, and Silver Head Coach John Fox Owner Jerry Richardson General manager Marty Hurney Mascot Sir Purr League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) National Football Conference (1995-present) NFC West (1995-2001) NFC South (2002... City St. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... Packers redirects here. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... This is a list of National Football League team season lists. ... The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. ... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... // This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions (although ties in the standings during the 1963 and 1968 seasons necessitated a divisional playoff game). ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... A one-game playoff or pennant playoff is a tiebreaker in certain American professional sports, to determine which of two teams, tied in the final standings, will qualify for a post-season tournament. ... The Playoff Bowl was the colloquial name for a post-season game for third place in the NFL, played following the 1960-1969 seasons. ... The following is a list and brief history of American football franchises that at one time played in the National Football League (NFL). ... The following is a list of current National Football League franchise owners. ... McAfee Coliseum Monster Park Qwest Field Qualcomm Stadium University of Phoenix Stadium Paul Brown Stadium Soldier Field RCA Dome Edward Jones Dome Arrowhead Stadium Invesco Field [at Mile High] Ford Field Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Lambeau Field Ralph Wilson Stadium Gillette Stadium Giants Stadium Reliant Stadium Louisiana Superdome Georgia Dome... The following is a list of past National Football League stadiums, that is, all past home stadiums used by teams playing in the National Football League (NFL), and their locations and capacities. ... This is a list of individual National Football League records. ... This is a list of team NFL records. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... The lack of a National Football League (NFL) team in Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, is a large issue the league has been working on to resolve since both the Raiders and the Rams left the area after the 1994 season. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... The World Bowl is the American football Championship game of the NFL Europe, similar to the Super Bowl of the NFL. When the NFL Europe was founded in 1991 as World League of American Football (WLAF), with teams in North America and Europe as well as expansion plans for Asia... The television rights to broadcast National Football League (NFL) games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any sport. ... The National Football League Players Association, or NFLPA, is the labor union of players in footballs National Football League. ... Commissioner Goodell frequently emphasizes the protection of the NFLs public image, including the shield. ... The NFL Draft (officially the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting[1]) is an annual sports draft in which National Football League (NFL) teams take turns, through seven rounds[2], selecting amateur college American football players and other first-time eligible players. ... In the National Football League, NFL Training Camp refers to the time before the season commences. ... The National Football League exhibition season refers to the NFLs pre-season games before the NFL regular season starts. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ... For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ... The China Bowl is the name of an upcoming National Football League (NFL) pre-season exhibition game scheduled to take place in August 2009 between the New England Patriots and the Seattle Seahawks at the National Stadium in Beijing. ... The logo for the 2002 concert event before the Kickoff Game The NFL Kickoff game, and related festivities, mark the start of the National Football League season. ... MNF redirects here. ... NFL Thanksgiving 2006 logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Super Bowl Tickets - 2008 Super Bowl Tickets - NFL Super Bowl Tickets (1881 words)
The NFL Super Bowl is considered as the pinnacle of the professional football league.
The NFL Super Bowl, in brief, is the championship game of the National Football League (NFL) in the United States that is played by the teams from the American Football Conference, as well as the teams from the National Football Conference.
However, Super Bowl XIV (which involved then Los Angeles Rams) was played in the Rose Bowl in near Pasadena; and Super Bowl XIX (which involved the San Francisco 49ers) was played at the Stanford Stadium in Palo Alto.
Super Bowl - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5183 words)
Super Bowl I: In the first matchup of the AFL and NFL champions, the NFL's Green Bay Packers, led by coach Vince Lombardi and quarterback Bart Starr, defeat the Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10.
Super Bowl XVII: After spending the entire game trailing the Miami Dolphins, the Washington Redskins were faced with fourth down and one to go on Miami 42 yard line in the fourth quarter.
Super Bowl XXIII: San Francisco 49ers quarterback Joe Montana leads a 92 yard fourth quarter drive, as the 49ers score the game-winning touchdown with 34 seconds left and defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-16.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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