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Encyclopedia > Sunshine Skyway Bridge
Sunshine Skyway Bridge
Sunshine Skyway Bridge
Official name The Bob Graham Sunshine Skyway Bridge
Carries 4 general purpose lanes (I-275 and US 19)
Crosses Tampa Bay
Locale south of St. Petersburg and north of Palmetto, Florida
Maintained by Florida Department of Transportation
ID number 150189
Design continuous pre-stressed concrete cable-stayed bridge
Longest span 365.8 meters (1200 feet)
Total length 8851.392 meters (5.5 miles)
Width 28.7 meters (94 feet)
Vertical clearance 58.8 meters (193 feet)
Clearance below 53.3 meters (175 feet)
Opening date April 20, 1987
Toll $1 for passenger cars or $0.75 with SunPass
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The Sunshine Skyway Bridge, spanning Florida's Tampa Bay, is the world's longest bridge with a cable-stayed main span, with a length of 29,040 feet (exactly 5.5 miles or approximately 8.85 km).[1] It is part of I-275 (SR 93) and US 19 (SR 55), connecting St. Petersburg in Pinellas County and Palmetto in Manatee County, Florida, passing through Hillsborough County waters. Construction of the current bridge began in 1982, and the completed bridge was dedicated on February 7, 1987. The new bridge cost $244 million to build, and was opened to traffic on April 20, 1987. Image File history File links Sunsky. ... Landsat image of Tampa Bay Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and estuary along the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast of Florida, made up of Old Tampa Bay, Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, and the New Tampa Bay. ... Nickname: Location of the city proper in Pinellas County the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Pinellas County Founded 1876 Incorporated February 29, 1892 Government  - Mayor Rick Baker Area  - City  133. ... Palmetto is a city located in Manatee County, Florida. ... The Florida Department of Transportation, or FDOT, is a decentralized agency charged with the establishment, maintenance, and regulation of public transportation in the state of Florida[1]. // Achievements In 1974, FDOT completed Floridas Turnpike, a 450-mile system of limited access toll highways. ... The National Bridge Inventory (NBI) is a database, compiled by the Federal Highway Administration, with information on all bridges and tunnels in the United States that have roads passing above or below. ... Prestressed concrete, invented by Frenchman Eugène Freyssinet in 1928, is a method for overcoming concretes natural weakness in tension. ... A cable-stayed bridge is a bridge that consists of one or more columns (normally referred to as towers or pylons), with cables supporting the bridge deck. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... SunPass is an Electronic toll collection system in use by the State of Florida and was originally created by the Florida Department of Transportations Floridas Turnpike Enterprise. ... Landsat image of Tampa Bay Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and estuary along the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast of Florida, made up of Old Tampa Bay, Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, and the New Tampa Bay. ... A cable-stayed bridge is a bridge that consists of one or more columns (normally referred to as towers or pylons), with cables supporting the bridge deck. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... Old I-275 shield in St. ... Florida State Road 93 is the hidden state road number for Interstate 75 (I-75) from the Georgia state line to the Interchange with the Palmetto Expressway and the Gratigny Parkway in Miami Lakes near the Opa-Locka, Florida Airport. ... United States Highway 19 is a north-south United States highway. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: Location of the city proper in Pinellas County the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Pinellas County Founded 1876 Incorporated February 29, 1892 Government  - Mayor Rick Baker Area  - City  133. ... Pinellas County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Palmetto is a city located in Manatee County, Florida. ... Manatee County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Hillsborough County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...


It is constructed of steel and concrete. Twenty-one steel cables clad in nine-inch steel tubes along the center line of the bridge support the structure. It was designed by the Figg & Muller Engineering Group, and built by the American Bridge Company. The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The American Bridge Company is a privately held civil engineering firm specializing in the construction and renovation of bridges and other large civil engineering projects, founded in 1900, and headquartered in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh. ...


In November 2005, an act of Florida Legislature officially named the current bridge the Bob Graham Sunshine Skyway Bridge, after the Governor of Florida who presided over its design and most of its construction. According to sources, he was inspired to suggest the current design by a visit to France, where he saw a similar cable-stayed bridge. The original bridge was dedicated to state engineer William E Dean, as noted on a plaque displayed at the south rest area of the bridge. Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... Daniel Robert Graham (born November 9, 1936) is an American politician. ... List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ...


The Travel Channel rated the Sunshine Skyway #3 in its special on the "Top 10 Bridges" in the World. The bridge is considered the "flag bridge" of Florida.[2] The Travel Channel is a cable television network that features documentaries and how-to shows related to travel and leisure around the United States and throughout the world. ...


One of the major problems with the Sunshine Skyway Bridge is corrosion of the steel in the precast concrete segments. Because the segments are hollow, workers were able to enter the bridge superstructure in 2003 and 2004 to reinforce the corroded sections of the bridge, ensuring its future safety.[2] Another problem arose around 2005/2006 when several news bureaus uncovered peeling paint on the bridge's cables. These paint splotches and patches were a result of touch-ups that were performed over the years but began to show through over recent years. FDOT is currently performing an overhaul which will include repainting the cables in their entirety (instead of touching up), rehabilitating the lighting system at the summit of the bridge, as well as repainting the concrete retaining walls [1] 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Bridge disaster

The present bridge replaces a steel cantilever bridge of the same name. The original two-lane bridge was completed in 1954, with a similar structure built parallel to it in 1969 to make it a four-lane bridge and bring it to Interstate standards. The southbound span (the one built in 1969) was destroyed on May 9, 1980, when the freighter SS Summit Venture collided with a pier (support column) during a storm, sending over 1200 feet (366m) of the bridge plummeting into Tampa Bay. The collision caused six automobiles and a Greyhound bus to fall 150 feet (46 m), killing 35 people.[3][4] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship that carries goods and materials from one port to another. ... SS Summit Venture was a ship which was involved in a fatal collision with a bridge in Tampa Bay, Florida on May 9, 1980. ... For other uses, see Collision (disambiguation). ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, Netherlands A storm is any disturbed state of an astronomical bodys atmosphere, especially affecting its surface, and strongly implying severe weather. ... Landsat image of Tampa Bay Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and estuary along the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast of Florida, made up of Old Tampa Bay, Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, and the New Tampa Bay. ... Greyhound Lines is the largest inter-city common carrier of passengers by bus in North America, serving 2,200 destinations in the United States. ...


One man, Wesley MacIntire, survived the fall when his pickup truck landed on the deck of the Summit Venture before falling into the bay. He sued the company that owned the ship, and settled for $175,000 in 1984.[5] He always regretted being the only one to survive the fall, and died in 1989.

Richard Hornbuckle's Buick Apollo sits on the edge of the abyss on May 9, 1980 after the Summit Venture collided with the bridge in foul weather. Photo by St. Petersburg Times.
Richard Hornbuckle's Buick Apollo sits on the edge of the abyss on May 9, 1980 after the Summit Venture collided with the bridge in foul weather. Photo by St. Petersburg Times.

The pilot of the ship, John Lerro, was cleared of wrongdoing by both a state grand jury and a Coast Guard investigation. Although Lerro resumed his shipping duties soon afterward, he was forced to retire months later by the onset of multiple sclerosis,[6] from which he died in 2002.[7] Image File history File links Richard Hornbuckless Buick sits on the edge of the abyss on May 9, 1980 after the Summit Venture collided with the bridge in foul weather. ... Image File history File links Richard Hornbuckless Buick sits on the edge of the abyss on May 9, 1980 after the Summit Venture collided with the bridge in foul weather. ... Logo of the St. ... A grand jury is a type of jury, in the common law legal system, which determines if there is enough evidence for a trial. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


The old bridge replaced a ferry from Point Pinellas to Piney Point. US 19 was extended from St. Petersburg to its current end north of Palmetto when the bridge opened. After the Summit Venture disaster, the northbound span carried one lane in either direction until the current bridge opened. The main span of the northbound bridge was demolished in 1993 and the approaches for both old spans were made into the Skyway Fishing Pier State Park. These approaches sit 1/2 mile (0.8 km) to the south and west of the current bridge. The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, ca. ... United States Highway 19 is a north-south United States highway. ... Nickname: Location of the city proper in Pinellas County the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Pinellas County Founded 1876 Incorporated February 29, 1892 Government  - Mayor Rick Baker Area  - City  133. ... Palmetto is a city located in Manatee County, Florida. ... Facing north from the south span. ...


Graham's idea for the design of the current bridge won out over other proposals, including a tunnel (deemed impractical due to Florida's high water table) and a simple reconstruction of the broken section of the old bridge that would not have improved shipping conditions. The new bridge's main span is 50% wider than the old bridge. The piers of the main span and the approaches for 1/4 mile (0.4 km) in either direction are surrounded by large concrete barriers called "dolphins" that can protect the bridge piers from collisions with freighters larger than the Summit Venture.[8] A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... Cross section showing the water table varying with surface topography as well as a perched water table The water table or phreatic surface is the surface where the water pressure is equal to atmospheric pressure. ... A Dolphin is a man-made marine structure that extends above the water level and is not connected to shore. ...


Bridge suicides

According to compilations from various media reports, at least 96 people have committed suicide by jumping from the center span into the waters of Tampa Bay since the opening of the new bridge in 1987 and many more have tried.[citation needed] Another 51 people ended their lives from the old Sunshine Skyway from 1954-1987. Several other missing persons are suspected of having jumped from the bridge, but their deaths could not be confirmed as no body was recovered.


In response to the bridge's popularity as method of demise for the depressed, the State of Florida installed six crisis hotline phones along the center span in 1999, and began 24-hour patrols. As of 2003, the call center received 18 calls from potential jumpers, all of whom survived, according to a St. Petersburg Times report.[9] However, the total number of jumpers has not significantly declined since the introduction of these safeguards.


On April 27, 1997 a group of daredevils did a "pendulum swing" off the bridge, where they were to go back and forth on a rope attached to the cast-off point, eventually ending up directly below where they had started. This failed when the rope snapped, plunging them 60 meters into the water, leading to broken bones and neck injuries.[10] In 2006 a feature film entitled Loren Cass was released which depicted a suicide jump off the Sunshine Skyway.[11] April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Stunt man and stunt woman redirect here. ... Loren Cass is a feature length motion picture, directed by independent filmmaker Chris Fuller, about adolescents coming to terms with their lives in St. ...


Trivia

  • In the last scene of the crime film The Punisher, the hero of the movie stands on the Sunshine Skyway Bridge. The movie was set in the Tampa Bay area.
  • The original opening credits to the 1988 Superboy TV series showed the hero flying over the damaged span and then turning to view the new bridge under construction.

The Punisher is a 2004 movie, based on the Marvel Comics character, starring Thomas Jane as Frank Castle and John Travolta as Howard Saint, the gangster who orders the death of Castles entire family. ... The Tampa-St. ... Superboy was a half-hour, live-action TV series based on the fictional DC Comics character. ... Frank Sinatra is interviewed on Armed Forces Radio Service during World War II. Old-Time Radio (OTR) and the Golden Age of Radio refer to a period of radio programming lasting from commercial radios introduction in the early 1920s to its replacement in the late 1950s and early 1960s... Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar was a radio drama about a freelance insurance investigator that aired from February, 1949 to September 30, 1962 on CBS. There were 811 episodes in the 12 year run and over 720 still exist today. ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Sunshine Skyway Bridge. Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved on 2007-01-26.
  2. ^ a b Garcia, Jose. The Skyway Bridge - Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow (PDF). Florida Department of Transportaiton. Retrieved on 2007-03-18.
  3. ^ A blinding squall, then death. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved on 2007-02-01.
  4. ^ Jean Heller. "The Day Skyway Fell: May 9, 1980", St. Petersburg Times, 2000-05-07. Retrieved on 2007-07-04. 
  5. ^ "Suit in Bridge Fall Settlement", New York Times Archives, May 6, 1984. Retrieved on 2007-02-01. 
  6. ^ Jean Heller. "Memories stay with man at command of the ship", St. Petersburg Times, 2000-05-07. Retrieved on 2007-07-04. 
  7. ^ Brink, Graham. "Pilot in Skyway disaster is dead", St. Petersburg Times, September 3, 2002. Retrieved on 2007-02-01. 
  8. ^ Building big: Databank: Sunshine Skyway Bridge. PBS Online. Retrieved on 2007-07-04.
  9. ^ Jones, Jamie. "Skyway safeguards don't deter jumpers", St. Petersburg Times, October 6, 2003. Retrieved on 2007-02-01. 
  10. ^ O'Neil, Deborah. "Four hurt in Skyway stunt", St. Petersburg Times, April 28, 1997. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  11. ^ Wilson, Jon (October 11, 2006). Movie will have its first local viewing. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved on 2007-05-28.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Facing north from the south span. ...

External links

Crossings of the Tampa Bay
Upstream
Gandy Bridge
Sunshine Skyway Bridge
Downstream
Gulf of Mexico

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sunshine Skyway Bridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1022 words)
The Sunshine Skyway Bridge is the world's longest cable-stayed concrete bridge, with a length of 29,040 feet (exactly 5.5 miles or approximately 8.85 km).
The original bridge was dedicated to state engineer William E Dean, as noted on a plaque displayed at the south rest area of the bridge.
The main span of the northbound bridge was demolished in 1992 and the approaches for both old spans were made into the Skyway Fishing Pier State Park.
Bridge photos, Bridge postcards -- Bridgepix.com (3857 words)
It is one of three bridges connecting Pasco to the other members of the Tri-Cities of Washington (Kennewick and Richland), along with the Cable Bridge to the east and the Interstate 182 bridge from Richland to the northwest.
The bridge is on the Norfolk Southern mainline between Sheffield, Alabama and Chattanooga, Tennessee and the CSX mainline between Birmingham, Alabama and Nashville, Tennessee.
The Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT) Bridge (often referred to as the “Katy Bridge” from MKT) is a former rail bridge across the Missouri River at Boonville, Missouri that is subject to a debate whether to demolish it or include it the Katy Trail which is a 225-mile bicycle trail.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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