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Encyclopedia > Sun SPOT

Sun SPOT (Sun Small Programmable Object Technology) is a wireless sensor network (WSN) mote (an electronic communication device meant to be the size of a particle of dust) developed by Sun Microsystems. The device is built upon the IEEE 802.15.4 standard. Unlike other available mote systems, the Sun SPOT is built on the Squawk virtual machine. Typical Wireless Sensor Network Architecture A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless network consisting of spatially distributed autonomous devices using sensors to cooperatively monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants, at different locations. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The blue area is written in C/C++ while the yellow area is written in java Squawk is java virtual machine for embedded system and small devices. ...

Contents

Hardware

The completely assembled device should be able to fit in the palm of your hand.


Processing

  • 180 MHz 32 bit ARM920T core - 512K RAM - 4M Flash
  • 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.15.4 radio with integrated antenna
  • USB interface

The ARM architecture (previously, the Advanced RISC Machine, and prior to that Acorn RISC Machine) is a 32-bit RISC processor architecture developed by ARM Limited that is widely used in a number of embedded designs. ...

Sensor Board

  • 2G/6G 3-axis accelerometer
  • Temperature sensor
  • Light sensor
  • 8 tri-color LEDs
  • 6 analog inputs
  • 2 momentary switches
  • 5 general purpose I/O pins and 4 high current output pins

Battery

  • 3.6V rechargeable 750 mAh lithium-ion battery
  • 30 uA deep sleep mode
  • Automatic battery management provided by the software

Networking

The motes communicate using the IEEE 802.15.4 standard including the base-station approach to sensor networking. The SPOT supports the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer, on top of which e.g Zigbee can be built. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Security

Sun Labs has reported highly optimized implementations of RSA and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) that can be used on small embedded devices. In cryptology, RSA is an algorithm for public-key encryption. ... Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is an approach to public-key cryptography based on the algebraic structure of elliptic curves over finite fields. ...


Software

The device's use of Java device drivers is particularly remarkable as Java is known for its ability to be hardware-independent. Sun SPOT uses a small J2ME (Squawk [1]) which runs directly on the processor without an OS. The blue area is written in C/C++ while the yellow area is written in java Squawk is java virtual machine for embedded system and small devices. ...


Development Tools

Standard Java IDEs (e.g. NetBeans) can be used to create SunSPOT applications.


The management and deployment of application will be through "SPOTWorld".


Availability

The first limited-production run of Sun SPOT development kits were released April 2, 2007, after months of delays. This introduction kit includes: 2 Sun SPOT demo sensor boards, 1 Sun SPOT base station, the software development tools, and 1 USB cable. The software is compatible with Win XP, Mac OS X 10.4, and most common Linux distributions. It is unknown if any ZigBee-compliant stack code has been made available or if any useful demo code is provided.


External link


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