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Encyclopedia > Sun Bear
Sun Bear

Conservation status
Data deficient (IUCN) [1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Helarctos
Species: H. malayanus
Binomial name
Helarctos malayanus
(Raffles, 1821)
Synonyms

The Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a bear found primarily in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. Picture of a Sun Bear taken at the zoo in Chicago with a Toshiba PDR-2300 camera. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or IPA: ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 placental mammals. ... For other meanings, see Bear (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (6 July 1781 - 5 July 1826) was the founder of the city (now country) of Singapore, and is one of the best-known of the many Britons who created the largest empire the world has ever seen. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ... Raffles can refer to two individuals: Thomas Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore The Raffles Hotel in Singapore, named after Thomas Stamford Raffles Raffles the Thief, a fictional character in series of books by E. W. Hornung Raffles, a 1940 film. ... Dr Thomas Horsfield (1773 - 1859) was an American physician and naturalist. ... Dr Thomas Horsfield (1773 - 1859) was an American physician and naturalist. ... Pierre Marie Heude (1836 - 1902) was a French Jesuit missionary and zoologist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Amazon river rain forest in Brazil Tropical rainforests are rainforests generally found near the equator. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


The Sun Bear stands approximately 4 ft (1.2 m) in length, making it the smallest member in the bear family. It is often called the dog bear because of its small stature. It has a 2 in (5 cm) tail and on average weighs less than 145 lb (65 kg). Males tend to be slightly larger than females. The shield and spear of the Roman god Mars, which is also the alchemical symbol for iron, represents the male sex. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Unlike other bears, the Sun Bear's fur is short and sleek. This adaptation is probably due to the lowland climates it inhabits. Dark black or brown-black fur covers its body, except on the chest where there is a pale orange-yellow marking in the shape of a horseshoe. Similar colored fur can be found around the muzzle and the eyes. This distinct marking gives the sun bear its name. A dogs fur usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ... The eye is an adaptation. ... See also Orange (disambiguation) for other meanings of the word. ... A yellow Tulip. ... Modern horseshoes are most commonly made of steel and nailed into the hoof wall. ... A muzzle can be: The mouth of a firearm, see firearm muzzle The projecting nose of an animal, see animal muzzle An arrangement of straps used to bind an animal muzzle shut, or otherwise prevent it from biting. ...


The Sun Bear possesses sickle-shaped claws that are relatively light in weight. It has large paws with naked soles, probably to assist in climbing. Its inward-turned feet make the bear's walk pigeon-toed, but it is an excellent climber. It has small, round ears and a stout snout. Using a sickle A Adam is a curved, hand-held agricultural tool typically used for harvesting grain crops before the advent of modern harvesting machinery. ... CLAWS can also refer to the web site of Creating Livable Alternatives to Wage Slavery (CLAWS)[1] CLAWS is a modular open-source software package that provides account and identity management functions in a heterogeneous computing environment. ... A dogs paw resting on a hard concrete surface. ... The sole is the bottom of the human foot. ... Rock climbers on Valkyrie at The Roaches in Staffordshire, England. ...


As primarily nocturnal creatures, the Sun Bear tends to rest during the day on lower limbs not far above the ground. Because it spends so much time in trees, the Sun Bear can sometimes cause a good amount of damage to private property. It has been known to destroy coconut palms and cocoa trees on plantations. Hunting of nuisance bears is a major cause for the recent decline in the sun bear population, as well as poaching for its fur and for use in Chinese medicine. A nocturnal animal is one that sleeps during the day and is active at night - the opposite of the human (diurnal) schedule. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L.. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera L.), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Cocoa beans in a cacao pod Cocoa is the dried and partially fermented fatty seed of the cacao tree from which chocolate is made. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ... For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...

Sun Bear sitting.
Sun Bear sitting.

The diet of the Sun Bear varies widely and includes small vertebrates such as lizards, birds, and other mammals, in addition to fruits, eggs, termites, the young tips of palm trees, nests of bees, berries, sprouts, insects, roots, cocoa, and coconuts. Its powerful jaws can crack open nuts. Much of the Sun Bear's food must be detected using its keen sense of smell as its sight is poor. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 115 KB)Sun Bear sitting. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 115 KB)Sun Bear sitting. ... In nutrition, the diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Families Many, see text. ... who cares though]] island species, have also lost the ability to fly. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ... Families Mastotermitidae Kalotermitidae Termopsidae Hodotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Serritermitidae Termitidae Termites, sometimes known as white ants, are a group of social insects usually classified at the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (also known as Palmae or Palmaceae), the palm family, is a family of flowering plants, belonging to the monocot order Arecales. ... A basket style nest A nest is place of refuge built to hold an animals eggs and/or provide a place to raise their offspring. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ... Several types of berries from the market. ... Mixed bean sprouts Sprouting is the practice of soaking, draining, then rinsing at regular intervals seeds until they germinate and begin to sprout. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Monura - extinct Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (may be paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Diaphanopterodea - extinct Protodonata - extinct Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Caloneurodea - extinct Titanoptera - extinct Protorthoptera - extinct Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera... ROOT is an object-oriented software package developed by CERN. It was originally designed for particle physics data analysis and contains several features specific to this field, but it is also commonly used in other applications such as astronomy and data mining. ... Human jaw front view Human jaw left view Human jaw top view The jaw is either of the two opposable structures forming, or near the entrance to, the mouth. ... Young boy smelling a flower Olfaction, which is also known as Olfactics is the sense of smell, and the detection of chemicals dissolved in air. ... Visual perception is one of the senses, consisting of the ability to detect light and interpret (see) it as the perception known as sight or naked eye vision. ...


The Sun Bear does not hibernate and as a result it can reproduce year-round. It is not uncommon for it to give birth to two cubs at a time weighing approximately 10–12 oz (280–340 g) each. The gestation period is about 96 days, but suckling can continue for about 18 months. The offspring reach sexual maturity after 3-4 years, and live up to 28 years in captivity. This article refers to the process of hibernation in biology. ... Parturition redirects here. ... Cub can refer to: the young of certain large predatory animals such as bears, lions and other big cats, and wolves; analogous to a canine pup (also in some of the following meanings) by analogy a human youth, especially one who is inexperienced, awkward, or ill-mannered, boy or (rarer... Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ... Sexual maturity is the age/stage when an organism can reproduce. ...


There is one subspecies of Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) other than the nominate, found only on the island of Borneo. This article is about the zoological term. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ...


The Malay and Indonesian name for it is Beruang Madu ("Honey Bear"). The Malay language (Malay: Bahasa Melayu; Jawi script: بهاس ملايو), is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, parts of the coast of Borneo and even in the Netherlands[1]. It is an official...


References

  1. ^ Bear Specialist Group (1996). Helarctos malayanus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 2007-08-06.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ursus malayanus
Wikispecies has information related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sun Bear - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (492 words)
The sun bear (Ursus malayanus), is found primarily in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia.
Sun bears possess sickle-shaped claws that are relatively light in weight.
Hunting of nuisance bears is a major cause for the recent decline in the sun bear population, as well as poaching for its fur and for use in Chinese medicine.
Bear - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2804 words)
Bears live in a variety of habitats from the tropics to the Arctic and from forests to snowfields.
Bears in captivity used to be trained to dance, box, or ride bicycles, however this use of animals is nowadays controversial.
A bear also features prominently in the legend of Saint Romedius, who is also said to have tamed one of these animals and had the same bear carry him from his hermitage in the mountains to the city of Trento.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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