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Encyclopedia > Sumqayit
Sumqayit is located about 30 kilometers (approximiately 20 miles) northwest of Azerbaijan's capital Baku, near the Caspian Sea.
Sumqayit is located about 30 kilometers (approximiately 20 miles) northwest of Azerbaijan's capital Baku, near the Caspian Sea.

Sumqayit (Sumqayıt in Azerbaijani; former Russian name Sumgait) is a city in Azerbaijan, located near the Caspian Sea, about 30 kilometres away from the capital, Baku. The city has a population of 289,700, making it the third-largest city in Azerbaijan. The city has a territory of about 100 km². It was founded on November 22, 1949. Two settlements are within the city administration: Jorat and a settlement named after Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. It is home to Sumqayit State University. Image File history File links Azerbaijan_map_sumqayit. ... Image File history File links Azerbaijan_map_sumqayit. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume,[1] with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,244 mi²) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,761 mi³).[2] It is a landlocked endorheic body of water and lies between... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky The main square of the Catalan city of Sabadell during a popular celebration. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Haji Zaynalabdin Taghyiev (1838 - 1924) - an Azeri national industrial magnate and philanthropist. ... Logo Sumqayit State University (Azerbaijani: Sumqayıt DövlÉ™t Universiteti), sometimes written as Sumgayit State University or Sumgait State University, is a public university located in Sumqayit, Azerbaijan. ...

Contents

History

The first reports of settlements at the present site of Sumgayit were in 1580, although nothing substantial was created on the site until the Soviet Union gained control over the area in the 1920s. In 1935, the Soviet government decided to develop heavy industry in Apsheron Peninsula, and the future location of Sumgayit was chosen from its proximity to Baku and its key position on existing railroad lines. Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ...


Between 1938-1941, a thermoelectric power station was constructed to power Baku's growing petroleum industry. This was soon followed by more heavy industries. After a pause due to World War II, more metallurgical and chemical plants were constructed. This rapid growth created a number of jobs, and a need for a resident population. By 1949, Sumgayit gained official city status. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Thermoelectric power can refer to two things: Electrical power generated from a heat source, such as burning coal, indirectly through devices like steam turbines. ... The oil industry is a type of industry which brings petroleum to a financial market. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Chemical tanks in Lillebonne, France Chemical industry includes those industries involved in the production of petrochemicals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, polymers, paints, oleochemicals etc. ...

Map of Azerbaijan showing Sumqayit sahar
Map of Azerbaijan showing Sumqayit sahar

However, as a result of the Soviet planning of that era, the city became heavily polluted. Soon after Azerbaijan's independence, the industrial sectors went into decline. The Apsheron Peninsula (which consists of Sumqayit, Baku and the Abşeron rayon) is considered by scientists to be the most ecologically devastated part of Azerbaijan. The city is known for its children's cemetery, known as the "Baby Cemetery" which contains the many graves of infants born with deformities and mental retardation that were further complicated by the lack of adequate medical care for the poor.[1] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... AbÅŸeron (AbÅŸeron Yasaqligi) is a peninsula and a rayon in eastern Caucasus in the historical region of Arran. ...


Sumgait Massacre

Main article: Sumgait Massacre

On February 29, 1988, violence erupted against the ethnic Armenian population living in Sumqayit, setting off a series of killings involving Azeris and Armenians. Approximately 26 Armenians and 6 Azerbaijanis died, with over 2000 injuries in 3 days of ethnic rioting. As a result, the whole Armenian population was forced from Sumqayit. The Sumqayit riots marked the beginning of the long-term stand-off between Armenians and Azeris, culminating in the later Nagorno-Karabakh War and continuing into the present. The city has become home to a number of refugees from the latter war. The Sumgait Massacre is the name that refers to a pogrom led by Azeris that targeted Armenian living in the seaside town of Sumgait, in the former Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh1 Republic of Armenia 2 CIS mercenaries Republic of Azerbaijan Afghan Mujahideen 3 Chechen Volunteers 4 CIS mercenaries Commanders Samvel Babayan, Hemayag Haroyan, Monte Melkonian, Vazgen Sargsyan, Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan Ä°sgandar Hamidov, Suret Huseynov, Rahim Gaziev, Shamil Basayev Casualties 6,000 dead, 25,000 wounded 17...


Demographics

  • Population: 289 700 inhabitants
  • Density of population, per km²: 2682
  • Annual population upsurge (pers): 1944
  • Average lifetime: 70 years
  • Ethnicity: Azerbaijanis 95.7%, Russians 1.7%, Ukrainians 0.3%, Tatars 0.3%, Jews 0.1%, others 1.9%.

Kültigin Monument where first mention of Tatar people is inscribed Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ...

Economics

  • Gross domestic product (million USD): 69, 898
  • Gross domestic product per head (USD): 240,6
  • Import (million USD): 53,1
  • Export (million USD): 36,7

See also

FK Genclerbirliyi Sumgayit is a professional football (soccer) club based in Sumgayit, Azerbaijan. ...

References

  1. ^ Sumgayit: Soviet’s Pride, Azerbaijan's Hell by Arif Islamzade at Azer.com, Autumn 1994

External link

  • The orphans of Sumqayit, BBC News, 9 December 2006
Subdivisions of Azerbaijan Flag of Azerbaijan
Districts: Absheron | Agdam | Agdash | Agjabadi | Agstafa | Agsu | Astara | Babek* | Balakan | Barda | Beylagan | Bilasuvar | Dashkasan | Davachi | Fizuli | Gadabay | Goranboy | Goychay | Hajigabul | Imishli | Ismailli | Jabrayil | Jalilabad | Julfa* | Kalbajar | Kangarli* | Khachmaz | Khanlar | Khizi | Khojali | Khojavend | Kurdamir | Lachin | Lankaran | Lerik | Masally | Neftchala | Oguz | Ordubad* | Qabala | Qakh | Qazakh | Qobustan | Quba | Qubadli | Qusar | Saatly | Sabirabad | Sadarak* | Salyan | Samukh | Shakhbuz* | Shaki | Shamakhi | Shamkir | Sharur* | Shusha | Siazan | Tartar | Tovuz | Ujar | Yardymli | Yevlakh | Zangilan | Zaqatala | Zardab
Municipalities: Ali Bayramli | Baku | Ganja | Khankendi | Lankaran | Mingachevir | Naftalan | Nakhichevan City* | Shaki | Sumqayit | Shusha | Yevlakh
Asterisks indicate parts of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic

Coordinates: 40°35′N 49°38′E The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... AbÅŸeron (AbÅŸeron Yasaqligi) is a peninsula and a rayon in eastern Caucasus in the historical region of Arran. ... Ruins of Aghdam from a minaret of a mosque. ... Agdas is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Agjabadi (AÄŸcabÉ™di) is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Agstafa is a rayon in northwestern Azerbaijan. ... Agsu is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Astara is a rayon in southeastern Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Babak rayon Babek (BabÉ™k) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Balakan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Barda (BÉ™rdÉ™) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Beylagan (BeylÉ™qan) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Bilasuvar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Daskasan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Davaci is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Fizuli (Füzuli) is a rayon of Azerbaijan (in Karabakh). ... Gadabay is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Goranboy is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Goycay is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Haciqabul is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Imishli (Ä°miÅŸli) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Ismailli (Ä°smayıllı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Cabrayil is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Calilabad is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Julfa rayon Julfa (Culfa) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Kalbacar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Kangarli rayon Kangarli or Kengerli (Azeri: KÉ™ngÉ™rli) is the newest rayon of Azerbaijan, in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Xacmaz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Xanlar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Xizi is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Khojali (Azerbaijani: Xocalı), also called Khojaly, is a town and a rayon in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. ... Khojavend (XocavÉ™nd) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Kurdamir is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Lachin (Laçın) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Lankaran (LÉ™nkÉ™ran) is a rayon of Azerbaijan, not to be confused with the city of LÉ™nkÉ™ran, which is a separate administrative region. ... Lerik is a town and rayon located near the Iranian border in southern Azerbaijan, between tall mountains and the agricultural plain. ... Masally (Masallı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan Republic. ... Neftcala is a city and rayon on the shores of the Caspian Sea. ... Oguz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Ordubad rayon Ordubad is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Qabala can mean: Qabala Rayonu in Azerbaijan it is also an alternative spelling for Kabbalah This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Qakh (Qax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qazakh (Qazax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qobustan is a district of Azerbaijan. ... Quba (also known as Guba and Kuba) is a city and a rayon in northeastern Azerbaijan. ... Qubadli is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qusar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Saatly (Saatlı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Sabirabad is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Sadarak rayon Sadarak is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Salyan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Samukh (Samux) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Shahbuz rayon Shakhbuz (Åžahbuz) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Shaki (Şəki), also called Sheki, is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Shamakhi (Åžamaxı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Samkir is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Sharur rayon Sharur is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Shusha (ÅžuÅŸa) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Siazan (SiyÉ™zÉ™n) is a city and rayon in Aran (Republic of Azerbaijan). ... Tartar (TÉ™rtÉ™r) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Tovuz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Ucar is a rayon, situated to the south of Goycay, in the centre of Azerbaijan. ... Yardymli (Yardımlı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Yevlakh (Yevlax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Zangilan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Municipality: Zaqatala Altitude: 500m Population: 35,000 census Zaqatala is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Cities in Azerbaijan | Rayons of Azerbaijan ... Əli Bayramlı is a sahar of Azerbaijan. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... For the city in Tajikistan, see Panj. ... Province: Stepanakert (City) Area: Altitude: 813 meter (2670 feet) Population: ~40,000 Population density: Latitude: 39° 48 55N Longitude: 46° 45 7E Mayor: Eduard Aghabekian Map of Azerbaijan showing town of Stepanakert within Nagorno-Karabakh. ... Lankaran, or Lenkoran, (Azeri: LÉ™nkÉ™ran) is a small city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 48,400 (2002), at least half of which are Talysh. ... Mingachevir (Mingaçevir) is the fourth-biggest city in Azerbaijan with a population of about 100,000. ... Naftalan is a sahar (city) in Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Nakhichevan City. ... Saki is a sahar (city) in Azerbaijan. ... Azeri subdivsion Shusha rayon Nagrono Karabakh Republic Subdivsion Shushi province Elevation 1,400 m above sea level m Population  - City ~3,000 Shusha (Azerbaijani: ÅžuÅŸa, Armenian: Õ‡Õ¸Ö‚Õ·Õ«; translit. ... Yevlakh (Azeri: Yevlax) is a small town in Azerbaijan, 265 km west of capital Baku. ... The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası, Armenian: Õ†Õ¡Õ­Õ«Õ»Ö‡Õ¡Õ¶Õ« Ô»Õ¶Ö„Õ¶Õ¡Õ¾Õ¡Ö€ Õ€Õ¡Õ¶Ö€Õ¡ÕºÕ¥Õ¿Õ¸Ö‚Õ©ÕµÕ¸Ö‚Õ¶, Russian: Нахичеванская Автономная Республика, Persian:جمهوری خودمختار نخجوان, Turkish: Nahçıvan Özerk Cumhuriyeti), known simply as Nakhichevan, is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sumqayit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (221 words)
Sumqayit (Sumqayıt in Azerbaijani; former Russian name Sumgait) is a city in Azerbaijan, located near the Caspian Sea, about 30 kilometres away from the capital, Baku.
In February of 1988 the Armenians living in Sumqayit were massacred by the local Azeri population.
The whole Armenian population was deported from Sumqayit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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