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Encyclopedia > Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
His Majesty Almarhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (King of Malaysia) and Sultan of Selangor
Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah
Reign Sultan of Selangor - 4 April 1938 - 1 September 1960
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia - 14 April - 1 September 1960
Born 13 May 1898
Selangor
Died 1 September 1960
Kuala Lumpur
Predecessor Sultan Sulaiman
Raja Muda Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah
Successor Sultan SalahuddinAbdul Aziz Shah
Consort Tengku Ampuan Jemaah
Issue Tengku Bariah
Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah
Father Sultan Sulaiman
Mother Hasnah binti Pilong

In full, Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah (May 13, 1898 - September 1, 1960) was the second Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from April 14 to September 1, 1960, and fifth Sultan of Selangor between 1938-1942 and again from 1945-1960. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa was a fourth Sultan of Selangor from 1898 until 1937. ... Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (March 8, 1926 - November 21, 2001) was the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and seventh Sultan of Selangor. ... Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (March 8, 1926 - November 21, 2001) was the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and seventh Sultan of Selangor. ... Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (March 8, 1926 - November 21, 2001) was the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and seventh Sultan of Selangor. ... Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa was a fourth Sultan of Selangor from 1898 until 1937. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005...

Contents

Early career

He was the first son of Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (1898-1938) by Cik Puan Hasnah binti Pilong, a commoner wife. Named Tengku Alam Shah at birth, he was not expected to succeed as he had two elder half-brothers. Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa was a fourth Sultan of Selangor from 1898 until 1937. ...


Educated at the Malay College, he was instrumental in the establishment of the Malay College Old Boys Association(MCOBA) in 1929. In 1931, he was appointed Tengku Laksamana of Selangor, having previously served as Tengku Panglima Raja. MCKK Crest The Malay College Kuala Kangsar (fondly known as the Malay College, MCKK, MC or Koleq and sometimes Eton of the East) is the premier residential school in Malaysia. ... MCKK Crest The Malay College Kuala Kangsar (fondly known as the Malay College, MCKK, MC or Koleq and sometimes Eton of the East) is the premier residential school in Malaysia. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Selangor Succession Dispute

Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah had many children, his first three sons in chronological order being Tengku Musa Eddin, Tengku Badar Shah and Tengku Alam Shah. The first two sons were children by his royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Maharum binti Tengku Dhiauddin of the royal house of Kedah. In 1903, Tunku Musa Eddin had been made Tengku Mahkota and was promoted to Raja Muda or heir apparent in 1920. [1] State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density...


However, at the instigation of the British Resident, Theodore Samuel Adams (b. 1885 - d. 1961; in office 1935 - 1937), Tengku Musa Eddin was dismissed as Raja Muda in 1934 for alleged "misbehaviour". Adams had accused Tengku Musa Eddin as a spendthrift and wastrel with a penchant for gambling. However, many Malays in Selangor believed the real reason for Tengku Musa Eddin's dismissal was his refusal to follow Adam's orders. [2] A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a state official of certain representative types, required to take up permanent residency abroad officially. ...


Although Sultan Sulaiman pleaded for the case of Tengku Musa Eddin (even petitioning the Secretary of State for the Colonies and discussing the issue directly with him in London), Tengku Alam Shah was instead proclaimed Raja Muda or heir to the throne over the head of his other half-brother Tengku Badar.[3] The appointment occurred on July 20, 1936.[4] is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


First Reign

Tengku Alam Shah was proclaimed Sultan on April 4, 1938 four days after the death of his father. On January 26, 1939, he was crowned at Istana Mahkota Puri in Klang. Tengku Musa Eddin, then Tengku Kelana Jaya Putera, presided over the ceremony. [5] is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Perpaduan Sendi Kekuatan Country Malaysia State Selangor Establishment 1643 Granted Municipal Status 1977, January 1st Government  - Administered by Majlis Perbandaran Klang (Klang Municipal Council)  - Yang diPertua (Councillor) Y. Bhg. ...


Japanese Occupation

On January 15, 1942, Colonel Fujiyama, the Japanese Military Governor of Selangor, summoned Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah to King's House in Kuala Lumpur. In an interview with Major-General Minaki the Sultan confessed that he had made speeches in support of the British war efforts but had been persuaded by the British resident to do so. After being told to surrender the regalia to his older brother, the Japanese sacked Sultan Alam Shah and in November 1943, proclaimed Tengku Musa Eddin as the new Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah of Selangor.[6] January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah was Sultan of Selangor in Malaysia during the Japanese occupation of that state. ...


Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah declined to work with the Japanese and from 1943, refused their allowance awarded to him and his children.[7]


Second Reign

The return of the British finally brought Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah back to the throne, while ex-Sultan Musa was exiled to the Cocos Keeling Islands.[8]


Although he had signed the Malayan Union treaty, like all other Malay rulers, he later repudiated it and gave open support to Malay nationalist effort to overthrow the plan. On March 1, 1946 Sultan Alam Shah officiated the First Malay Unity Congress at the Sultan Sulaiman Club in Kuala Lumpur which was instrumental in creating UMNO. The Congress was organised by the Selangor Malay Society (PMS) which had as its president the scholar Zainal Abidin bin Ahmad (Za'ba), a critic of British colonial rule. The Malayan Union was formed on April 1, 1946 by the British. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ...


Election as Deputy King

On August 3, 1957, by eight votes to one, Sultan Alam Shah was elected Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong of independent Malaya. [9] is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ...


Election as King

Sultan Alam Shah was elected second Yang di-Pertuan Agong or federal Paramount Ruler of independent Malaya (the present Malaysia before the accession of British North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore in 1963) on the death of Tuanku Abdul Rahman. His term of office began from April 14, 1960. Flag of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... The term Paramount Ruler, or sometimes Paramount King, is a generic description, rarely an actual title, for a number of rulers position in relative terms, as the summit of a feudal-type pyramid of rulers of lesser polities (such as vassal princes) in a given historical and geographical context, often... Tuanku Abdul Rahman This is a Malaysian monarch. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On July 30, 1960 he proclaimed the end of the Emergency in Malaya. [10] is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Death and Funeral

Sultan Alam Shah died of a mysterious illness at Istana Tetamu in Kuala Lumpur on September 1, 1960 - the day fixed for his installation. According to then Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman, the ruler had been struck down by illness after using the royal regalia in advance of his installation. [11] His death occurred after twenty seven days of illness. He was buried at the Royal Mausoleum near Sultan Sulaiman Mosque in Klang, Selangor on September 3, 1960. [12] September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah (February 8, 1903–December 6, 1990) usually known as the Tunku (a princely title in Malaysia), and also called Bapa Kemerdekaan (Father of Independence) or Bapa Malaysia (Father of Malaysia), was Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya... Masjid Diraja Sultan Sulaiman is Selangors royal mosque, which is located in Klang, Selangor, Malaysia. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Personal and Family Life

Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah was married at least twice:

  1. in 1920 to Raja Jemaah binti Raja Ahmad (1900-1973), a member of a junior branch of the Selangor royal family, who served as Tengku Ampuan of Selangor and Raja Permaisuri Agong
  2. in 1927 to Kalsom binti Mahmud (1913-1990), who was the mother to Tengku Ampuan Besar Bariah of Terengganu.

He was succeeded by his son by Raja Jemaah, Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah, as Sultan of Selangor, taking the title of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah. Raja Jemaah binti Raja Ahmad was the second Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaya during the brief reign of her husband, Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah. ... Raja Permaisuri Agong, or in full, Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong, is the title given to the Queen of Malaysia. ... State motto: Islam Hadhari Terengganu Bestari State anthem: Terengganu State Anthem Capital (and royal capital) Kuala Terengganu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin1  - Menteri Besar Idris Jusoh History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 12,955 km² Population  - 2005... Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (March 8, 1926 - November 21, 2001) was the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and seventh Sultan of Selangor. ...


Trivia

  1. Sekolah Alam Shah (now Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah), first in Cheras and then in Putrajaya, was named after him
  2. the City of Shah Alam and Istana Alam Shah in Klang was also named in his honour
  3. Jalan Sultan Hisamuddin (formerly Victory Avenue), Kuala Lumpur was named after him
  4. His reign was the shortest ever for any Yang di-Pertuan Agong, lasting only 139 days. His son's reign between September 21, 1999 and November 21, 2001 was the second shortest at two years and sixty two days.
  5. He is the only Yang di-Pertuan Agong never to have been officially installed.
  6. He is the only Yang di-Pertuan Agong who has never lived at Istana Negara
  7. He was the last Yang di-Pertuan Agong to read the Friday sermon himself

Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah (in Malay), Alam Shah School or simply SAS is a boys-only fully residential school located in Putrajaya, Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Indah Bestari (English: Beautiful,Brilliant) Location in Malaysia Country Malaysia State Selangor Establishment November 1978 Government  - Mayor Dato Ramlan Bin Othman Area  - City 290. ... Motto: Perpaduan Sendi Kekuatan Country Malaysia State Selangor Establishment 1643 Granted Municipal Status 1977, January 1st Government  - Administered by Majlis Perbandaran Klang (Klang Municipal Council)  - Yang diPertua (Councillor) Y. Bhg. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Buyong Adil 1971 Sejarah Selangor DBP
  2. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
  3. ^ Willan, HC (October 7, 1945) Interview with the Malay Rulers CAB 101/69, CAB/HIST/B/4/7
  4. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
  5. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
  6. ^ Willan, HC (October 7, 1945) Interview with the Malay Rulers CAB 101/69, CAB/HIST/B/4/7
  7. ^ ibid
  8. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
  9. ^ (August 4, 1957) Sunday Times, Singapore
  10. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
  11. ^ Tunku Abdul Rahman (1977) Looking Back Pustaka Antara, Kuala Lumpur
  12. ^ Buyong Adil op cit
Preceded by
Tuanku Abdul Rahman
(Yang di-Pertuan Besar
of Negeri Sembilan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)
Succeeded by
Tuanku Syed Putra
(Raja of Perlis)
Preceded by
Sultan Sulaiman
Sultan of Selangor (first time) Succeeded by
Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah
Preceded by
Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah
Sultan of Selangor (second time) Succeeded by
Sultan Salahuddin

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah at AllExperts (423 words)
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah was knighted of KCMG by King George VI with a title Sir.
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah was elected second Yang di-Pertuan Agong or federal Paramount Ruler of independent Malaya (the present Malayia before a few accessions) in April 1960 for the constitutional five year term, but died of a mysterious illness at Istana Tetamu in Kuala Lumpur on September 1, 1960 - the day of his coronation.
The consort of Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah was Raja Jemaah binti Raja Ahmad, a member of a junior branch of the Selangor royal family, who served as Tengku Ampuan of Selangor and Raja Permaisuri Agong.
SELANGOR (6127 words)
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Tengku Raudzah binti al-Marhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (by Cik Kalsom), born 1929/1930, Raja Puan Muda Kedah, married Tunku Abdul Malik bin al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah of Kedah.
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