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Encyclopedia > Suleiman Mosque
The Suleiman Mosque
The Suleiman Mosque

The Suleiman Mosque (Süleymaniye Camii) is a grand mosque in Istanbul. It was built on the order of sultan Suleiman I and was constructed by the great Ottoman architect Sinan. The construction work began in 1550 and the mosque was finished in 1557. The Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Yeni Camii (the New Mosque), one of the landmarks of Ä°stanbul A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Constantinople) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Suleiman the Magnificent Suleiman I (November 6, 1494 – September 5/6, 1566); in Turkish Süleyman , (nicknamed the Magnificent in Europe and the Lawgiver in the Islamic World, in Turkish Kanuni) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and successor to Selim I. He was born at... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ...


It is considered to be a kind of architectual answer to the Byzantine Hagia Sophia, commissioned by the Emperor Justinian. The Hagia Sophia, converted into a sultanic mosque under Mehmet II, served as a model to other sultanic mosques in Istanbul, all of which have a certain basic similarity in structure, in order to visually represent the line of succession from sultan to sultan. Sinan's Sulimaniye is a more symmetrical, rationalized and light-filled interpretation of earlier Ottoman precedents, as well as the Hagia Sophia. It is possible that dialogue between Italy and Istanbul contributed to Sinan's enthusiasm for symmetrical and rational forms, as promoted by writers like Alberti. Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Hagia Sophia as it appears today A section of the original architecture of Hagia Sophia The Church of the Holy Wisdom, commonly known as Hagia Sophia in English, is a former Eastern Orthodox church converted to a mosque, now converted into a museum, in Istanbul (Constantinople). ...


The Suleymaniye plays on Suleyman's self-conscious representation of himself as a 'second Solomon.' It references the Dome of the Rock, supposedly built on the site of the Temple of Solomon, as well as Justinian's boast upon the completion of the Hagia Sophia: "Solomon, I have surpassed thee!" The Suleymaniye, being more magnificent than the preceding structures, asserts sultan Suleyman's historical importance.



Coordinates: 41°00′58″N, 28°57′50″E

Contents


Basic features

The mosque is 59 meters in length and 58 meters in width. The main dome is 53 meters high and has a diameter of 27.25 meters. The complex has four minarets, a number only allowable to mosques endowed by a sultan (princes and princesses could construct two minarets; others only one). Apart from the main mosque with the praying hall (cami) and courtyard (avlu), the mosque complex also includes a caravanserai or seraglio (sarayı; han), a public kitchen (imaret) which served food to the poor, a hospital (darüşşifa), four Qur'an schools (medrese), a specialized school for the learning of hadith, and a bath-house (hamam). In the garden behind the main mosque there are two mausoleums (türbe) including the tombs of sultan Suleiman I, his wife Roxelana (Haseki Hürrem), his daughter Mihrimah, his mother Dilaşub Saliha and his sister Asiye. The sultans Suleiman II, Ahmed II and Safiye (died in 1777), the daughter of Mustafa II, are also buried here. Just outside the mosque walls to the north is the tomb of architect Sinan. External links Minarets, at the Encylopedia of the Orient Minaret Photo Gallery Categories: Stub | Mosques | Architectural elements ... A seraglio is the sequestered living quarters used by wives and concubines in a Turkish Muslim household, from an Italian variant of Turkish sarayı, meaning palace, enclosed courts. Topkapi Palace (Topkapı Sarayı) is the main Ottoman palace in Istanbul, now a museum. ... The Quran (Arabic , literally the recitation; also called or The Noble Quran; also transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... This article is about hammam, the Turkish bath. ... Suleiman the Magnificent Suleiman I (November 6, 1494 – September 5/6, 1566); in Turkish Süleyman , (nicknamed the Magnificent in Europe and the Lawgiver in the Islamic World, in Turkish Kanuni) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and successor to Selim I. He was born at... Anastasia Lisovska (c. ... Suleiman II (April 15, 1642 – 1691) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691. ... Ahmed II (in Arabic أحمد الثانى) (February 25, 1643 – 1695) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sultan Mustafa II Mustafa II (February 6, 1664 – December 28, 1703) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703. ... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575. ...


Damage and current use

The Suleiman Mosque was ravaged by a fire in 1660 and was restored on the command of sultan Mehmed IV by architect Fossatı. The restoration, however, changed the mosque into a more baroque style, damaging the great work severely. The mosque was restored to its original glory during the 19th century but during World War I the courtyard was used as a weapons depot and when some of the ammunition ignited, the mosque suffered another fire. Not until 1956 was it restored again. Today it is one of the most popular sights in Istanbul. Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Sultan Mehmed IV Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, fourth, and Avci, hunter) (January 2, 1642–1693) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In the arts, Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the artistic style that dominated it. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... World War I, also known as the First World War, and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict lasting from August 1914 to the final Armistice (cessation of hostilities) on November 11, 1918. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Constantinople) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ...


See also

There is much more to Muslim history than military and political history; this particular chronology is almost entirely of military and political history. ... Islamic architecture is the entire range of architecture that has evolved within Muslim culture in the course of the history of Islam. ... Islamic tilework of the Shrine of Hadhrat Masoumah, first built in the late 8th century. ... List of most important mosques throughout the world: // Asia Bangladesh Baitul Mukarram High Court Mosque Tara Mosque Sixty Pillar Mosque Binat Bibi mosque Baitul Mukarram in Dhaka, Bangladesh China Xian Great Mosque in Xian Peoples Republic of China Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar Niujie Mosque in Beijing Kowloon Masjid...

External links

  • Suleyman Mosque Illustrated review
  • Pictures of Suleyman Mosque

  Results from FactBites:
 
Suleiman's Mosque (411 words)
It's as magnificent as its founder Suleiman the Magnificent and a masterwork of the greatest Ottoman architect, the incomparable Sinan.
The mosque is preceded by a courtyard with columns of the richest porphyry, marble and granite.
The four minarets are said to signify that Suleiman was the fourth sultan to rule in Istanbul and the 10 balconies denote that he was the 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Dynasty.
Hadim Suleiman Aga Mosque (185 words)
Hadum or Hadim Mosque, which means a servant, eunuch, was built at the end of the 16th century by Hadum Sulejman aga Bizeban, a servant in the imperial harem at the time of Sultan Murat III, born in the village of Guska near Djakovica.
A closer year of its building as 1592/1593 (or 1003 according to the Hegira Islamic system of measuring time) was etermined on the basis of the data from the Prizren salnamams (yearly calendars for 1873 and 1874).
The facades of the mosque are built with stone blocks, while the upper part of the minaret is built with smaller cubes of sandstone.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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