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Encyclopedia > Sukhotai
History of Thailand

Early history
Sukhothai kingdom
Ayutthaya kingdom
1768–1932
1932–1973
1973–
Regional histories:
Srivijaya
Haripunchai
Lannathai
History of Isan
The history of Thailand begins with the migration of the Thais into what is now Thailand during the first millennium. ... The known early history of Thailand begins with the earliest major archaeological site at Ban Chiang; dating of artefacts from this site is controversial, but there is a consensus that at least by 3600 BC, the inhabitants had developed bronze tools and had begun to cultivate wet rice, providing the... The kingdom of Ayutthaya was a Thai kingdom that existed from the 1350 to 1767. ... From 1768 to 1932 the area of modern Thailand was dominated by Siam, an absolute monarchy with capitals briefly at Thonburi and later at Rattanakosin, both in modern-day Bangkok. ... The history of Thailand from 1932 to 1973 was dominated by the military dictatorship which was in power for much of the period. ... The history of Thailand since 1973 has seen a difficult and sometimes bloody transition from military to civilian rule, with several reversals along the way. ... Srivijaya (-sri meaning glitters or radiant, -jaya meaning success or excellence) was an ancient Malay kingdom on the island of Sumatra which influenced much of the Malay Archipelago. ... Haripunchai (or Haribhunjaya) was a kingdom of the Mon in northern Thailand around the 11th century. ... Lannathai (often short Lanna, English One Million Thai Rice Fields, Thai ล้านนาไทย) was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city of Chiang Mai. ... The history of Isan has been determined by its geography: situated between Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, it has been dominated by each in turn, although its relative infertility meant it was more often a battleground than a prize. ...

The Sukhothai kingdom was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city Sukhothai. It existed from 1238 till 1438. The old capital, now 12 km outside of New Sukhothai in Tambon Muang Kao, is now in ruins and is an Historical Park. // Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... Sukhothai (thai สุโขทัย) is a small modern town about 427 km (267 miles) north of Bangkok on the River Yom, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River. ... Seated Buddha at Sukhothai, Thailand The Sukhothai historical park covers the ruins of Sukhothai, the capital of the Sukhothai kingdom from the 14th century, which today is situated in the north of Thailand. ...


History

The city of Sukhothai was part of the Khmer empire until 1238, when two Thai chieftains, Pho Khun Pha Muang and Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao, seceded and established a Thai kingdom. Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao later became the first king of Sukhothai, Pho Khun Si Indrathit (or Intradit). This event traditionally marks the founding of the modern Thai nation, although other less well-known Thai kingdoms, such as Lanna, Phayao and Chiang Saen, were established around the same time. Sukhothai was the capital of the Sukhothai kingdom. ... The Khmer empire was a powerful kingdom based in what is now Cambodia. ... // Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Lannathai (often short Lanna, English One Million Thai Rice Fields, Thai ล้านนาไทย) was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city of Chiang Mai. ...


Sukhothai expanded by forming alliances with the other Thai kingdoms, adopting Theravada Buddhism as the state religion with the help of Ceylonese monks. Intradit was succeeded by his son Pho Khun Ban Muang, who was followed in 1278 by his brother, Pho Khun Ramkhamhaeng. Under King Ramkhamhaeng the Great, as he became known, who ruled for forty years, Sukhothai enjoyed a golden age of prosperity. Ramkhamhaeng is credited with designing the Thai alphabet (traditionally dated from 1283, on the evidence of the controversial Ramkhamhaeng stele, an inscribed stone bearing the earliest known Thai writing). At its peak, stretching from Martaban (now in Burma) to Louang Phrabang (now in Laos) and down the Malay Peninsula as far south as Nakhon Si Thammarat, the kingdom's sphere of influence was larger than modern Thailand, although the degree of control exercised over outlying areas was variable. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, who lived between approximately 566 and 486 BCE in India. ... National motto: None Official languages Sinhala, Tamil Other languages Sri Lankan English Capitals Sri Jayewardenepura (Kotte) President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapakse Government Democratic Socialist Republic Constitution Second Republic 1978 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 119th 65,610 km² 1. ... Events August 26 - Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat the Bohemians in the Battle of Marchfield. ... Statue of King Ramkhamhaeng Ramkhamhaeng the Great (c. ... The Thai alphabet (ตัวอักษรไทย) is used to write the Thai language (ภาษาไทย) and other minority languages in Thailand. ... Events June 1 - Treaty of Rheinfelden - Duke Rudolph II of Austria has to waive his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria Teutonic Knights subjugate Prussia Sopot comes under the control of Gdańsk Gregory Cyprius becomes Patriarch of Constantinople Northern section of the Grand Canal of China is completed... Royal palace museum of Luang Prabang. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai นครศรีธรรมราช) is a town in southern Thailand, capital of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province. ...


After Ramkhamhaeng death he was succeeded by his son Loethai. The vassal kingdoms, at first Uttaradit in the north, then soon thereafter the Laotian kingdoms of Luang Prabang and Vietiane liberated themselve from their overlord. In 1319 the Mon state to the west fell off, in 1321 Lanna could put Tak, one of the oldest towns under the control of Sukhothai, under their control. To the south the powerful Suphanburi also fell off early in the reign of Loethai, thus the kingdom was quicklz reduced back to its former local impotance only. To the south Ayutthaya rose, thus finally in 1378 King Thammaracha II had to submit to the new power. Sukhothai became a tributary state of Ayutthaya between 1365 and 1378, and in 1438 a mere province. In 1412 Ayutthaya installed a chief resident, and also the new King Thammaracha IV was installed by Ayutthaya. Around 1430 he moved the capital to Phitsanulok, and after his death in 1438 the kingdom was reduced in status to a mere province. Uttaradit (Thai อุตรดิตถ์) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... The Mon are an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. ... 1321 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Tak (Thai ตาก) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Suphanburi is a town in Thailand, capital of the Suphanburi province. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya was a Thai kingdom that existed from the 1350 to 1767. ... Events March - John Wyclif tried to gain public favour by laying his theses before parliament, and then made them public in a tract. ... Events Foundation of the University of Vienna Births Christine de Pizan, noted author Deaths Duke Rudolf IV of Austria the Founder, died July 27 Office holders Holy Roman Empire - Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1355-1378) Austria - Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria Categories: 1365 ... Events March - John Wyclif tried to gain public favour by laying his theses before parliament, and then made them public in a tract. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... Phitsanulok is a town in northern Thailand, capital of the Phitsanulok province. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ...


The Kings of Sukhothai

  • Pho Khun Si Indrathit (1249- 1257)
  • Pho Khun Ban Muang (1257 - 1277)
  • Pho Khun Ramkhamhaeng (Ramkhamhaeng the Great) (ruled 1277 - 1298 or 1317)
  • Pu Saisongkhram: After Ramkhamheang's death, ruled temporarily in absence of Loethai who was on trip to China. He was not styled Pho Khun.
  • Pho Khun Loethai (1298 - 1347)
  • Pho Khun Nguanamthom (1347)
  • Pho Khun Lithai or Thammaracha I (1347 - 1368/1374)
  • Thammaracha II or Phya Sai Leu Thai (1368/1374 - 1399)
  • Thammaracha III or Phya Sai Luthai (1399 - 1419)
  • Thammaracha IV (1419 - 1438)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reading - Oriental - Thai - Bronze (618 words)
In Thailand, the Indian Buddha image was influenced by Khmer and Burmese art to emerge as a unique style in the Sukhotai period (13th to 15th centuries).
Sukhotai sculptors created a few reclining and standing Buddhas but their outstanding achievement was the Walking Buddha.
The spirituality of the Sukhotai sculpture was replaced during the Ayutthayan period (16th to 18th centuries) by a more monumental art.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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