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Encyclopedia > Suicide prevention
Suicide
Types of suicide
Teenage suicide
Euthanasia/Assisted suicide
Murder-suicide
Suicide attacks
Ritual suicide
Cult suicide
Mass suicide
Suicide pact
Internet suicide
Copycat suicide
Forced suicide
Suicide by cop
History and methodology
History of suicide
List of suicides
Parasuicide (threats of suicide)
Suicide methods
Suicide note
Suicide watch
Views on suicide
Cultural
Legal
Medical
Philosophical
Religious
Right to die
Resources for dealing with suicidal thoughts
Crisis hotline
Assessment of suicide risk
Suicide prevention
Crisis hotlines by country
Medical views of suicide
This box: viewtalkedit

Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Euthanasia (from Greek: ευθανασία -ευ, eu, good, θανατος, thanatos, death) is the practice of terminating the life of a person or an animal because they are perceived as living an intolerable life, in a painless or minimally painful way either by lethal injection, drug overdose, or by the withdrawal of life support. ... A murder suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons immediately before, or while killing himself. ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker or attackers intend and expect to die (see suicide). ... Ritual suicide is the act of suicide motivated by a religious, spiritual, or traditional ritual. ... Cult suicide is that phenomenon by which some religious groups, in this context often referred to as cults, have led to their membership committing suicide. ... Mass suicide occurs when a number of people kill themselves together with one another or for the same reason and is usually connected to a real or perceived persecution. ... A suicide pact describes the suicides of two or more individuals in an agreed-upon plan. ... An Internet suicide is a suicide pact made between individuals who meet on the Internet. ... A copycat suicide is defined as a duplication or copycat of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about either from local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and in other media. ... Forced suicide is a method of execution where the victim is given the choice of committing suicide or facing an alternative they perceive as worse, such as suffering torture; having friends or family members imprisoned, tortured or killed; or losing honor, position or means. ... Suicide-by-cop is a suicide method in which someone deliberately acts in a threatening way towards a law enforcement officer, with the main goal of provoking a lethal response (e. ... Suicide has been part of the history of the world - people of all walks of life had committed suicide over the years. ... // Famous People Who Died by Suicide See also: deaths by accidental drug overdose, people by cause of death This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... now. ... Kurt Cobains alleged suicide note. ... Suicide watch is an intensive monitoring process used to ensure that an individual does not commit suicide. ... Various human cultures may have views on suicide not directly or solely linked to religious views of suicide. ... This page concerns suicide. ... Modern medical views on suicide consider suicide to be a mental health issue. ... In ethics and other branches of philosophy suicide poses a difficult question, answered differently by philosophers from different times and traditions. ... There are a variety of religious views of suicide. ... For the 1987 film, see Right to Die (film) The term right to die refers to various issues around the death of an individual when that person could continue to live with the aid of life support, or in a diminished or enfeebled capacity. ... Wikipedia contains a list of crisis hotlines by country. ... The routine assessment of suicide risk is an important clinical skill. ... List of crisis hotlines by country USA - 1-800-784-2433 (1-800-SUICIDE) National Hopeline Network USA - 1-800-273-8255 (1-800-273-TALK) National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Links http://www. ... Modern medical views on suicide consider suicide to be a mental health issue. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ...

  • Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness.
  • Education about suicide, including risk factors, warning signs and the availability of help.
  • Increasing the proficiency of health and welfare services at responding to people in need. This includes better training for health professionals and employing crisis counselling organizations.
  • Reducing domestic violence and substance abuse are long-term strategies to reduce many mental health problems.
  • Reducing access to convenient means of suicide (e.g. toxic substances, handguns).
  • Reducing the quantity of dosages supplied in packages of non-prescription medicines e.g. aspirin.
  • Interventions targeted at high-risk groups.
  • Research. (see below)

Contents

This glass is half full. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... Various suicide prevention strategies have been used: Promoting mental resilience through optimism and connectedness. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Drug abuse has a wide range of definitions, all of them relating to the use, misuse or overuse of a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. ... Mental health is a concept that refers to a human individuals emotional and psychological well-being. ... now. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ...

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Suicide Prevention Research

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Suicide Attempt Prevention and Intervention - a Group Psychotherapy Strategy

A psychosocial-psychoeducational group therapeutic intervention for recurrent suicide attempters is being developed which involves a combination of open discussion of the daily lived experience of individuals who have made repeated suicide attempts, and teaching new skills that can be used to "stay safe". The goal outcome of skill use, staying "safe", means avoiding making an attempt or engaging in behaviour that is harmful to the person. Participants in this program are taught skills which they can reasonably apply in their everyday lives, from "basic personal rights" to self-soothing, setting boundaries in interpersonal relationships, distraction tactics, problem solving strategies, and the idea that distress felt in the moment, no matter how unendurable, is not permanent but an experience that will pass. The goal of the program is to provide a supportive environment in which skill use is discussed each week, and successful skill use is consistently met with praise from other participants and the facilitators.

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Basic Personal Rights

Many individuals who make recurrent suicide attempts come from backgrounds that were abusive or otherwise detrimental. Often individuals with such backgrounds have been given the message that they have no rights. Teaching basic personal rights, such as "I have the right to say no to a request" and "I have the right to make choices that take care of ME." helps to promote a sense of self-efficacy among participants. This can help set the stage for teaching skills that require participants to actively choose to care for themselves. Though a flaw may arise, when they think that they have the right to choose the personal course of the life they want, including whether or not they should die.

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Self-soothing

Self-soothing, a skill that is taught in suicide prevention groups and also in Dialectical Behavior Therapy, involves using one of the five senses to provide some sort of stimulation that is calming to the individual. For example, many find a hot beverage such as a tea or coffee to be comforting. Other self-soothing activities might include a warm or cool bath or shower, putting on favourite comfortable clothes, stroking a pet, burning incense, or listening to music. The goal of self-soothing is to lessen the person's current level of distress by providing stimulation that feels positive. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a psychosocial treatment developed by Marsha M. Linehan specifically to treat Borderline Personality Disorder. ... Senses are the physiological methods of perception. ...

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Interpersonal Boundaries

Individuals who make recurrent suicide attempts often feel that they have very little control over their lives, or that their lives are controlled by other people rather than themselves. The goal of teaching boundary setting skills is to make the participants aware that it is okay for them to have needs and wants and to go about getting these needs and wants met. Boundary setting also encourages participants to be aware of when other people in their lives are asking for things the participant would rather not give/share, or acting in a way that makes the participant feel unsafe. Boundary setting means choosing actively which things will be shared and which will not, when someone is welcome to visit and when not, and so on.

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Distraction Tactics

Another skill that this particular therapeutic intervention and DBT have in common is the use of distraction tactics. The goal of using a distraction is to survive the period of distress by doing things that take one's mind off of it. Distraction tactics may range anything from a quiet task like reading a favourite book, to an active task like going for a run. Distraction does not act to lessen the emotional pain, but it can take the mind off of it long enough for it to recede, which may prevent a suicide attempt that is made to escape unendurable pain. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a psychosocial treatment developed by Marsha M. Linehan specifically to treat Borderline Personality Disorder. ...

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Problem Solving Strategies

Because a suicide attempt is often seen by the attempter as the only possible solution to an insurmountable set of problems, problem solving strategies are also taught in this type of group intervention. Problem solving strategies are usually "mental tricks" such as breaking a task or problem into very small steps and then taking the steps one at a time, or working backwards from how the problem would look when solved to how it looks now, in order to identify steps that could be taken.

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Further reading

Bergmans, Yvonne; Links, Paul S. (December 2002). "A description of a psychosocial/psychoeducational intervention for persons with recurrent suicide attempts". Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention 23: 156-160.

  • Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior; New York - Guilford Publications, Inc
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External links

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Journals of suicide prevention research

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Suicide prevention organizations


  Results from FactBites:
 
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Suicide and suicidal behavior (699 words)
Suicidal behavior is any deliberate action with potentially life-threatening consequences, such as taking a drug overdose or deliberately crashing a car.
Suicidal behaviors often occur as a response to a situation that the person views as overwhelming, such as social isolation, death of a loved one, emotional trauma, serious physical illness, growing old, unemployment or financial problems, guilt feelings, and alcohol or other drug dependence.
Suicide attempts should always be taken seriously and mental health care should be sought immediately.
ksl.com - Utah's Online Source for Local News & Information First Suicide Prevention and Awareness Walk Held (182 words)
More than thirty thousand people commit suicide each year and over one hundred thirty thousand people are hospitalized after an attempt.
We spoke with one man who survived his own suicide attempt but later lost a son to suicide.
David Jenkins, Lost Son to Suicide: “The thing to know is that this is just like, it doesn't matter whether you're rich or poor, fl or white, it crosses all ethnic boundaries, social economic boundaries and anybody can be affected by it.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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