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Encyclopedia > Suica

Suica (スイカ?) is a rechargeable contactless smart card used as a fare card on train lines in Japan. Launched in November 2001, the card is usable currently in the Kantō region, at JR East stations near Sendai and Niigata, and in the Kinki region on JR West. The card can also be used interchangeably with JR West's ICOCA card in the Kansai region and also will be used with JR Central's TOICA starting from spring of 2008[1]. The card is also increasingly being accepted as a form of electronic money for purchases at stores and kiosks within train stations. As of April 2007, over 20 million Suica cards were in circulation[2]. Smart card used for health insurance in France. ... Kantō region, Japan. ... Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... Sendai ) is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, and the largest city in the Tōhoku (northeast) region. ... Niigata ) is the capital and the most populous city of Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... The Kansai region (関西) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方; Kinki-chihō), lies in the middle of Japans main island, Honshu. ... West Japan Railway Company (西日本旅客鉄道株式会社 Nishi Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudô Kabushiki Gaisha), commonly known as JR-West (JR西日本 JR Nishi Nihon), is one of JR companies in Japan that covers western Honshu. ... ICOCA IC card The ICOCA card is a rechargeable contactless smart card used on JR West rail network in Japan. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... JR Central Towers in Nagoya The Central Japan Railway Company (東海旅客鉄道 JR Tōkai; JR 東海) is the main railway company operating in the Chubu (Nagoya) region of central Japan. ... TOICA ) is a rechargeable contactless smart card ticketing system for JR Central railway network introduced in ChÅ«kyō Area (Greater Nagoya), Japan from November 25, 2006. ... Electronic money (also known as electronic cash, electronic currency, digital money, digital cash, digital currency or scrip) refers to money which is exchanged only electronically. ...


Since Suica is completely interchangeable with the PASMO card (which see for the complete listing of companies and lines that accept Suica) in the greater Tokyo area, it is supported on virtually any train, tramway and bus system (excluding various limited and shinkansen trains, as well as a few local buses as the system is still in the process of being extended to all routes). PASMO ) is a rechargable contactless smart card ticketing system for public transport to be introduced in Tokyo, Japan from March 2007. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ...

Contents

Etymology

Suica stands for "Super Urban Intelligent Card", and the pronunciation is also a pun on the Japanese word for watermelon, "suika". In the logo, the "ic" is highlighted, as the initials stand for integrated circuit, the technology inside the smart card, in common Japanese usage. An additional meaning comes from the expression "sui sui", meaning "smooth" and an abbreviation for "card", "ka", intended to highlight the smooth simplicity of using the card compared with traditional train tickets. Integrated circuit of Atmel Diopsis 740 System on Chip showing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. ...


Additional uses

Recent cards (easily identified by the penguin logo) can be used for much more than purchasing train tickets. Some vending machines and coin-operated lockers within stations can be accessed with the card. Stores inside and outside of train stations, including chains such as FamilyMart, am/pm and Bic Camera also support transactions with Suica. A few shops at Narita International Airport have begun accepting Suica cards. Older cards without the Suica logo (at the lower right on a standard type) are not widely supported in such a way, but they can be replaced at ticket vending machines at no charge. Cigarette vending machine. ... FamilyMart in Osaka City, Sekime station shop Daytime shot of a FamilyMart in Tokyo FamilyMart (Japanese: ファミリーマート) TYO: 8028 is a konbini or convenience store franchise chain in Japan. ... The title of this article is incorrect because of technical limitations. ... Narita International Airport ) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ...


Functions/services

An automatic Suica ticket gate at a station not equipped with regular ticket gates
An automatic Suica ticket gate at a station not equipped with regular ticket gates

Usage of the card involves passing it over a card reader. The technology allows for the card to be read at some distance from the reader, so contact is not required. Many people leave the card in their wallet and just pass the wallet over the reader as they enter the ticket gate. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 283 KB) The unmanned ticket gate of the Kuzuoka Station. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 283 KB) The unmanned ticket gate of the Kuzuoka Station. ...


The balance on the card is displayed when you enter the ticket gate this way. The minimum fare is needed on the card when entering the train system, which is not deducted at that time. The balance is also displayed whenever the card is inserted into the ticket or fare adjustment machines as well. A travel record is stored on the card, and can be displayed or printed out at the same place where one can purchase and reload the Suica cards.


On exit, the card is again passed over the card reader. At this time the fare is deducted from the remaining balance from the card and the new balance is displayed.


On occasion, when traveling to a station where Suica is not supported, the card must be handed over to the staff at the exiting station, so that they can calculate the remaining fare and return a slip of paper which must be given to the staff at the next station where Suica is used. Since the system keeps track when a card enters and leaves a station, if the records show that the card had entered a station but not left (due to the situation such as described above, or technical malfunctions), the station staff can reset the card.


Where to buy the card

These cards are available at card vending machines at the train stations that allows Suica. A new card costs 2,000 yen, which includes a 500 yen deposit that will be refunded if the card is returned. The remaining 1,500 yen is immediately available for train rides, and more money can be charged on to the card (in 1,000 yen, 2,000 yen, 3,000 yen, 4,000 yen, 5,000 yen, and 10,000 yen increments), up to a card maximum of 20,000 yen, at similar ticket vending machines or fare adjustment machines displaying the Suica logo inside each station. ISO 4217 Code JPY User(s) Japan Inflation -0. ...


Types of cards

A standard Suica card
A standard Suica card

Suica cards are sold by three railway companies Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

A Suica card works as the standard prepaid Suica card (with user's name available on it) which can be used to ride trains in the place of paper tickets, or it can become the Suica commuter pass for unlimited traveling between two destinations for work or school. The Suica commuter pass also doubles as a prepaid Suica card for purchases or tickets outside of the normal commute route. 70-000 series Train on the Tokyo Waterfront Railway, heading towards Osaki. ... Tokyo Monorail (東京モノレール) is a monorail system connecting Tokyo International Airport to Hamamatsucho Station in downtown Tokyo, Japan. ...


The VIEW Suica card pairs the prepaid Suica with a credit card. Various types exist, including at least one available through JR and VIEW, and others such as the Bic Camera Suica. These function both as a pre-paid Suica as well as a regular credit card, and provide an auto-charge feature to prevent exhausting the Suica balance unintentionally. The automatically recharged amount is added to the user's credit card bill. Thus, these cards have two balances: a prepaid Suica balance and a credit balance for which monthly bills are sent. Thus, store-related cards like the Bic Suica card can include fully three separate functions: serving as a store point card, a general use Suica, and as a credit card. Any credit purchase (restricted, in the case of Bic, to JCB) adds a small amount to the available points on the store point card. Yet another type of Suica card offered by Japan Airlines (JAL) that is called JALCARD Suica. In addition to having Suica and credit card functionalities, a JALCARD Suica card can also function as an electronic boarding pass for a JAL-operated domestic flight in Japan at an airport that offers the JAL IC service. Japan Railway, more commonly called JR, is a collective term for the privatized descendants of the former Japanese National Railways, formed when JNR was divided into seven parts on April 1, 1987. ... Japan Credit Bureau, usually abbreviated as JCB, is a credit card company based in Tokyo, Japan. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Ticket gates return an error when the scan encounters more than one compatible card. Although it is intended that each person have only one Suica card, many people have more than one. Further, since the introduction of PASMO in March 2007, more people have at least one of each. Consequently, JR has begun, and intensified since March, an awareness campaign to discourage commuters from storing multiple cards together. Incompatible cards, such as Edy, seem to have an inconsistent effect on a machine's ability to read the card which may depend on the reading device. Edy logo Edy provided by bitWallet, Inc. ...


Technology

The card incorporates contactless radio frequency identification (RFID) technology developed by Sony, called FeliCa. The same technology is also deployed in the Edy electronic cash cards used in Japan, the Octopus card in Hong Kong, and the ezlink Card in Singapore. An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... FeliCa is a contactless IC chip smart card system by Sony, primarily used in electronic money cards. ... Obverse side of a standard adult card. ... A standard adult EZ-Link card. ...


Differences from PASMO

On March 18, 2007, the Tokyo-area private railways, bus companies, and subways implemented PASMO, a smart card solution to replace the existing PASSNET magnetic card system. Through collaboration with JR East, passengers can use Suica cards interchangeably with PASMO cards to ride any railway or bus in the Tokyo metropolitan area. is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Smart card used for health insurance in France. ...


Suica cards can be used on JR West's ICOCA system as well, whereas PASMO cards cannot. Monthly passes for JR East lines can only be on Suica cards, while monthly passes for Tokyo Metro can only be on PASMO cards - but otherwise, the cards are functionally identical for commuters.


Mobile Suica

Since January 2006, a version called Mobile Suica has been incorporated into mobile FeliCa wallet phones by Japan's mobile operators. This system includes JAVA applications to manage the Suica function in the mobile phone, to recharge the Suica card stored in the mobile phone, review the stored value and perform other functions via the mobile phone. An enhancement for 2007 will allow for Suica charges to be added directly to the phone bill, eliminating the requirement to constantly add to and monitor the remaining balance. mobile Suica: From 2005 Suica will be incorporated into mobile FeliCa wallet phones by Japans mobile operators, this system includes JAVA applications to manage the Suica function in the mobile phone, to recharge the Suica card stored in the mobile phone, review the stored value and perform other functions... Mobile payment means using your cell phone to pay. ...


See also: mass transit systems, electronic money. A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Electronic money (also known as electronic cash, electronic currency, digital money, digital cash, digital currency or scrip) refers to money which is exchanged only electronically. ...


External links

  • http://www.jreast.co.jp/suica/ (In Japanese)
  • http://www.jreast.co.jp/e/development/story/
  • http://www.sony.net/Products/felica/

References

  1. ^ http://www.japanrail.com/JR_icsmartcards.html
  2. ^ http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2007_1/20070408.pdf

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Suica at AllExperts (925 words)
Suica (Japanese: スイカ) is a rechargeable contactless smart card used on the JR East (Kanto, Sendai and Niigata regions), JR West (Kinki region), Tokyo Monorail, and Rinkai Line in Japan.
On occasion, when travelling to a station where Suica is not supported, the card must be handed over to the staff at the exiting station, so that they can calculate the remaining fare and return a slip of paper which must be given to the staff at the next station where Suica is used.
The Suica operation of these cards is no different from the normal cards; however, they can be used as credit cards at shops which do not normally support the Suica system, and automatically recharge themselves with the recharged amount added to the user's credit card bill.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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