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Encyclopedia > Sudovia

Sudovia (Lithuanian: Sūduva / Suvalkija, Polish: Suwalszczyzna), or Suvalkija (pronouncing soo-vul-kee-uh), is the name of one of ethnographic regions of Lithuania. There are also variants of the name, such as Sudova and so on. Suwalszczyzna is also used as a name of a small geographic region on the border of Poland and Lithuania, roughly corresponding with the Lithuanian ethnographic region. Town of Marijampolė is considered to be capital of Sudovia. It is the second largest town in the region, only Kaunas is larger (but according to official limits of regions, only southern part of Kaunas is in Sudovia). Lithuania is divided into historical and cultural regions: Aukštaitija (literally Upper Lithuania) comprises present Vilnius county, Utena County, Panevėžys County and the eastern part of Šiauliai County. ... MarijampolÄ— (approximate English transcription [mÊŒ.rı.ˈjaːm. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Kaunas city municipality Elderate Number of elderates 11 Coordinates 54°54′N 23°56′E General information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas district municipality Kaunas city municipality Population (rank) 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Kaunas city municipality Elderate Number of elderates 11 Coordinates 54°54′N 23°56′E General information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas district municipality Kaunas city municipality Population (rank) 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408...

Contents


Name

Because the town of Suwalki (Lithuanian: Suvalkai) is located in that part of Poland, the region sometimes is called Suvalkija in Lithuanian: that is because the northern part of Suwalki Gubernya almost corresponded to the region of Sudovia, therefore people started to call people from the land "suvalkiečiai", literally meaning person, living in Suvalkai town, and the whole land - Suvalkija. However now the historic name Sūduva, on which English name Sudovia is based, is preferred. Motto: none Voivodship Podlaskie Municipal government Rada miejska w Suwałkach Mayor Józef Gajewski Area 65. ... Motto: none Voivodship Podlaskie Municipal government Rada miejska w Suwałkach Mayor Józef Gajewski Area 65. ...


Geography

Today Sudovia is split between southern Lithuania, close to the Polish border, and a small part of northeastern Poland. Sudovia is smallest ethnographic region of Lithuania.


Demographics

People speak Sudovian dialect, which is also known as West Aukštaitian. The area of this dialect, however, does not fully corresponds to the area of Sudovia and is larger: includes some parts of Lithuania Minor, Samogitia and Aukštaitija as well. Sudovian (otherwise known as Jatvingian or Yotvingian) is an extinct western Baltic language in Northeastern Europe. ... Lithuania Minor (or Prussian Lithuania, Lithuanian Mažoji Lietuva and PrÅ«sų Lietuva respectively) is one of five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. ... Note: this article is about the ethnographic region of Lithuania. ... Genera Alle Uria Alca Pinguinus Cepphus Brachyramphus Synthliboramphus Ptychoramphus Cyclorrhynchus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula Auks are birds of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes. ...


Traditions

History

Historically the region was inhabitated by Baltic tribe Sudovians, which was of East Baltic group. The Baltic Sea The Balts or Baltic peoples (Latvian: balti, Lithuanian: baltai), defined as speakers of one of the Baltic languages, a branch of the Indo-European language family, are descended from a group of Indo-European tribes who settled the area between lower Vistula and upper Dvina and Dneper. ... Viewed historically or developmentally, a tribe consists of a social formation existing before the development of, or outside of, states. ... Sudovian kurhan Sudovians are a subgroup of Baltic people, living at the left coast of river Nemunas, in the region known as Sudovia. ...


Politics


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sudovia Information (198 words)
Sudovia (Lithuanian: Sūduva / Suvalkija, Polish: Suwalszczyzna / Jaćwież), or Suvalkija (pronouncing soo-vul-kee-uh), is the name of one of ethnographic regions of Lithuania.
Town of Marijampolė is considered to be capital of Sudovia.
Today Sudovia is split between southern Lithuania, close to the Polish border, and a small part of northeastern Poland.
Sudovian language at AllExperts (251 words)
Closely related to the Old Prussian language, it was formerly spoken southwest of the Nemunas river, in Galindia and Sudovia in East Prussia and southwest Lithuania.
Sudovia and Galindia were two of the twelve original Prussian lands.
The southern Prussian districts of Sudovia and Galindia were partially overtaken and conquered by Slavs around present-day Białystok and Suwałki in north-eastern Poland and nearby Hrodna (formerly Grodno) in Belarus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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