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Encyclopedia > Sudbury, Massachusetts
Sudbury, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°23′00″N 71°25′00″W / 42.383333, -71.416667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1638
Incorporated 1639
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Town  24.6 sq mi (63.8 km²)
 - Land  24.4 sq mi (63.1 km²)
 - Water  0.3 sq mi (0.7 km²)
Elevation  190 ft (58 m)
Population (2006)
 - Town 17,027
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01776
Area code(s) 351 / 978
Website: http://www.town.sudbury.ma.us/

Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 16,841 at the 2000 census. It has the sixth highest per capita income.[1] Image File history File links Sudbury_ma_highlight. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts area code serving the communities of Lawrence, Lowell and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

History

Sudbury was first settled in 1638 and was officially incorporated in 1639. Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ...


Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Boston. Sudbury also contributed the most militia during King Philip's War. One main contributor was Ephraim Curtis who put up only victories for the militia of West Sudbury.[citations needed] The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Attack King Philips War, sometimes called Metacoms War or Metacoms Rebellion,[1] was an armed conflict between Indian inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Indian allies from 1675–1676. ...


One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn claims to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." The property was owned, restored and expanded by Henry Ford between 1923 and 1940. The expansion included a boys school, the Old Grist Mill, the Martha-Mary Chapel and the Redstone Schoolhouse, reputed to be the school in the nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb, which was moved from Sterling.[2] However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory at the site of Charles O. Parmenter's mill in South Sudbury.[3] The Wayside Inn The Wayside Inn is an historic landmark inn located in Sudbury, Massachusetts in the USA. The Wayside Inn is still in operation, offering a high-quality restaurant, historically accurate guest rooms, and hosting for small receptions. ... Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet whose works include Paul Reveres Ride, A Psalm of Life, The Song of Hiawatha and Evangeline. He also wrote the first American translation of Dante Alighieris Divine Comedy and was one of the five members... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... A nursery rhyme is a traditional song or poem taught to young children, originally in the nursery. ... William Wallace Denslows illustrations for Mary had a little lamb, from a 1901 edition of Mother Goose Mary and lamb at school, according to Denslow Mary Had a Little Lamb is a nursery rhyme of 19th century American origin. ... Sterling is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 7,257. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ...


In August 1925, a Sudbury farm was the scene of a riot between local members of the Ku Klux Klan and Irish-American youths from the area. Five people were wounded by gunshots, and the State Police arrested over 100 Klansmen. Massachusetts officials cracked down on the group's meetings theafter, and the area Klan died out.[3] Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Sudbury was considered to become the part of the site for the headquarters of the United Nations, along with parts of Lincoln, Concord and Marlborough. Protests by townspeople and the Knights of Columbus caused the United Nations to choose a different location.[3] The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Lincoln is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Knights of Columbus emblem The Order of the Knights of Columbus is the worlds largest Catholic fraternal service organization. ...


In the post-war period, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon became a major employer after opening a large research facility in Sudbury in 1958. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers working in the Minicomputer revolution at Digital Equipment Corporation in nearby Maynard. Sudbury was also one of the largest carnation growing towns, with many greenhouse operations. This article should be transwikied to wiktionary The term post-war is generally used for the period after the end of World War II, i. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in defense systems and defense and commercial electronics. ... The American company Univac began as the business computer division of Remington Rand formed by the purchase of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) in 1950. ... Minicomputer (colloquially, mini) is a largely obsolete term for a class of multi-user computers which make up the middle range of the computing spectrum, in between the largest multi-user systems (traditionally, mainframe computers) and the smallest single-user systems (microcomputers or personal computers). ... The DEC logo Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ...   Maynard is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Residentially, Sudbury's one-acre zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the seventies and eighties, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, Route 20, and significant tracts of open space - including much wetland - were preserved in the northern half of town. As subdivisions of large homes continued into the nineties, Sudbury became one of the wealthiest towns in Massachusetts.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 63.8 km² (24.6 mi²). 63.1 km² (24.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (1.06%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Sudbury is bordered by Wayland on the east; Framingham on the south; Hudson, Maynard, Marlborough, and Stow on the west; Concord on the northeast; and Acton on the north. Sudbury is 20 miles west of Boston, 26 miles east of Worcester, and 194 miles from New York City. Wayland is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ... Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Maynard is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Stow is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... Acton MA is home to Joe Hart. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The area of original Town of Sudbury in 1650 included most of the area within the present Towns of Wayland and Maynard and all of the area within the present Town of Sudbury.[4]


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 266.8/km² (691.1/mi²). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 88.6/km² (229.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.23% White, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 5,504 households out of which 51.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.28. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.


The median income for a household in the town is $128,041, and the median income for a family is $130,399. Males had a median income of $98,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $53,285. About 2.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The median home price is $875,771.[5]


Sudbury was ranked in 2005 as the best town in Massachusetts in which to raise a family.[6]


Education

Sudbury students in kindergarten through eighth grade attend Sudbury Public Schools, while high school students attend schools in the Lincoln-Sudbury Regional School District, which was established in 1954, integrating the former Sudbury High School with that of the nearby town of Lincoln, Massachusetts. In June 2002, the towns of Lincoln and Sudbury began a $74 million dollar project to build a new high school near the site of the original building. The shared Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS) is located in Sudbury. Lincoln is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS or LS) is located at 390 Lincoln Road in Sudbury, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Its current superintendent/principal is Dr. John Ritchie. ...


The high school's science program student team won the 2006 National Ocean Sciences Bowl championship, and came in 2nd in 2005. LSRHS has a nationally recognized[citation needed] school newspaper and school yearbook, "The Forum" and "DYAD" respectively. The National Ocean Sciences Bowl (NOSB) is a national, high-school science competition administered by the Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE). ...


There are four elementary schools in Sudbury and one middle school. The four elementary schools are:

  • Josiah Haynes Elementary School
  • Israel Loring Elementary School
  • Gen. John Nixon Elementary School
  • Peter Noyes Elementary School

The junior high is the Ephraim Curtis Middle School. John Nixon (1724-1815) was a an American Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. ...


Sudbury has two former elementary schools that were converted to other uses:

  • Fairbank Elementary School is now a community center,
  • Horse Pond Elementary School is now a Massachusetts state police crime laboratory.

Places of Worship

Sudbury's First Parish Church
Sudbury's First Parish Church
The town's Presbyterian Church
The town's Presbyterian Church
  • Church of New Jerusalem
  • Congregation B'nai Torah, Jewish
  • Congregation Beth El, Jewish
  • First Baptist Church
  • Memorial Congregational Church
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Roman Catholic
  • Presbyterian Church in Sudbury
  • Saint Elizabeth's Episcopal Church
  • St. Anselm Parish, Roman Catholic
  • St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • The First Parish of Sudbury, Unitarian Universalist
  • Sudbury United Methodist Church
  • Chabad Center of Sudbury (Jewish)

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The flaming chalice is the universally recognized symbol for Unitarian Universalism. ...

Notable residents

Horace Abbott (1806-1887), was a noted iron manufacturer. ... Ralph Adams Cram, circa 1890 Ralph Adams Cram, (December 16, 1863 - September 22, 1942), was an American architect of collegiate and ecclesiastical buildings, often in the gothic style. ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ... Chris Evans as Johnny Storm a. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... Mike Gordon (born June 3, 1965 in Sudbury, Massachusetts) is a bass player and vocalist most noted for his work with the rock band Phish. ... A promotional photograph from the late 1990s. ... John Conant Flansburgh (born May 6, 1960) is an actor and musician from Brooklyn, New York (though born and raised in Lincoln, Massachusetts). ... This article is about the musical group. ... Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS or LS) is located at 390 Lincoln Road in Sudbury, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Its current superintendent/principal is Dr. John Ritchie. ... John Nixon (1724-1815) was a an American Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Paula Poundstone (born December 29, 1959 in Huntsville, Alabama) is an American stand-up comic. ... A comedian (also comedienne, female) is a person who attempts to make people laugh through a variety of methods, normally through joke telling. ... Ashley Richardson (born 1965 in Sudbury, Massachusetts) is an American model. ... This article is about the pitcher and outfielder. ... Home Plate Farm is located on 558 Dutton Road in Sudbury, Massachusetts. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Babe Ruth -- The Bambino The Curse of the Bambino was a superstition cited, often jokingly, as a reason for the failure of the Boston Red Sox baseball team to win the World Series after they sold Babe Ruth, sometimes called The Bambino, to the New York Yankees. ... Frederic Charles Smerlas (born April 8, 1957 in Waltham, Massachusetts) was a 5-time NFL Pro Bowl selection during 14-year career as a nose tackle with the Buffalo Bills, San Francisco 49ers and New England Patriots. ...

See also

Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ...

References

  1. ^ Massachusetts locations by per capita income
  2. ^ Wayside Inn History accessed October 1, 2006.
  3. ^ a b c Garfield, Curtis F (1999). Sudbury, 1890-1989 100 Years in the Life of a Town. Porcupine Enterprises. ISBN 0-9621976-3-7. 
  4. ^ www.sudbury.ma.us
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Neighborhoodscout.com
  7. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 

Massachusetts is the third richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $25,952 (2000) and a personal per capita income of $39,815 (2003). ...

External links

  • Sudbury official website
  • Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School
  • Sudbury Water District
  • Sudbury Town Crier
  • Sudbury iGrOOp

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sudbury, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1023 words)
Sudbury is the location of the Wayside Inn, an historic landmark which claims to be the country's oldest operating inn.
In August 1925, a Sudbury farm was the scene of a riot between local members of the Ku Klux Klan and Irish-American youths from the area.
Sudbury is bordered by Wayland on the east; Framingham on the south; Hudson, Maynard, Marlborough, and Stow on the west; Concord on the northeast; and Acton on the north.
Sudbury Massachusetts, 1890 (840 words)
Sudbury was incorporated September 4, 1639; adopting, as its name, that of a town in the county of Suffolk, England.
It is situated a little to the north of Mill Village (South Sudbury), on a point of land rising gradually from the highway, and near the spot where the action occurred.
Sudbury sent about 140 men into the Union service during the late war; and but one of its citizens was killed in battle; only one other was wounded; and but one died in a rebel prison.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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