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Encyclopedia > Sud Aviation

Sud Aviation was a French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, originating from the merger of SNCASE (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est) and SNCASO (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Ouest) on March 1, 1957. Both companies had themselves been formed from smaller privately owned corporations that had been nationalized into six regional design and manufacturing pools just prior to World War II. An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The Société Nationale des Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est (SNCASE, or simply Sud-Est) was a French aircraft manufacturer. ... SNCASO or Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Ouest was a French aircraft manufacturer, which originated on November 16, 1936, from the merger of the factories of Blériot of Suresnes, Bloch of Villacoublay et Courbevoie, SASO of Bordeaux-Mérignac, UCA of Bordeaux-Bègles, SAB... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest...


SNCASE built a line of aircraft including a passenger airliner, the Languedoc, and two fighters, the Vampire and Mistral. The Vampire was a British De Havilland design built under license; the Mistral used a British jet engine, the Rolls-Royce Nene. A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... A Royal Canadian Air Force deHavilland Vampire The de Havilland Vampire, or DH.100, was the second jet engined aircraft commissioned by the Royal Air Force during WW II, although it never saw combat. ... Until 1920, Geoffrey de Havillands de Havilland Aircraft Company had been known as Airco, where he was owner and chief designer. ... The Nene or RB.41, was Rolls-Royces third jet engine to enter production, designed and built in an astonishingly short five month period in 1944, first running on October 27th, 1944. ...


Looking to break out of their limited licensing-based market, in 1951 SNCASE started the design of a new jet-powered airliner which would eventually evolve into the Caravelle. The Caravelle used British engines and the nose and tail design from the De Havilland Comet, but was otherwise a new design. One pioneering feature was the mounting of the engines at the rear fuselage, thereby reducing cabin noise. Production started in 1958, by which time the market-leading Comet had suffered a series of in-air breakups and had been withdrawn from service. The Caravelle did not suffer this design flaw and thus remained the only production jet design in the mid-range market until the launch of the Douglas DC-9, securing a very successful career with sales all over Europe and even 20 in the United States. Sud Aviation Caravelle The SE 210 Caravelle was the first short/medium-range jet airliner, produced by the French Sud Aviation firm starting in 1955 (when it was still known as SNCASE). ... Sud Aviation Caravelle The SE 210 Caravelle was the first short/medium-range jet airliner, produced by the French Sud Aviation firm starting in 1955 (when it was still known as SNCASE). ... This article deals with the de Havilland Comet jet airliner. ... Sud Aviation Caravelle The SE 210 Caravelle was the first short/medium-range jet airliner, produced by the French Sud Aviation firm starting in 1955 (when it was still known as SNCASE). ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names. ...


At this point the merger with SNCASO occurred to form Sud Aviation. The new firm then started on the design of a supersonic transport version of the Caravelle, known as the Super-Caravelle. However, the projected cost of the project was so high that Sud Aviation, at the direction of the French and British governments, formed a consortium with BAC in November 1962 to merge their design and production efforts to create the Concorde. A supersonic transport (SST) is a civil aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound. ... Sud Aviation Caravelle The SE 210 Caravelle was the first short/medium-range jet airliner, produced by the French Sud Aviation firm starting in 1955 (when it was still known as SNCASE). ... The Super-Caravelle was a design for a supersonic transport from Sud Aviation in France. ... The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft Company in 1959. ... The Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde supersonic transport (SST) was one of only two models of supersonic passenger airliners to have seen commercial service. ...


Sud Aviation merged with Nord Aviation in 1970 to form the Aerospatiale company. Aerospatiale formed several large-scale international consortia, e.g., with British Aerospace and MBB to form Airbus, and ultimately merged into European aerospace company EADS in 2000. Nord Aviation was a state-owned French aircraft manufacturer. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Aerospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... The Aerospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... Messerschmitt is a famous German aircraft manufacturer, known primarily for their World War II fighter aircraft, notably the Bf 109 and Me 262. ... Airbus S.A.S. better known as simply Airbus, based in Toulouse, France, is the worlds top commercial aircraft manufacturer measured by orders and deliveries for 2003 and 2004. ... European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) is a large European industrial corporation of the aerospace business, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Dornier and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany, and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Sud Aviation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (384 words)
Sud Aviation was a French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, originating from the merger of Sud-Est (SNCASE, or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-est) and Sud-Ouest (SNCASO or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest) on March 1, 1957.
However, the projected cost of the project was so high that Sud Aviation, at the direction of the French and British governments, formed a consortium with BAC in November 1962 to merge their design and production efforts to create the Concorde.
Sud Aviation merged with Nord Aviation in 1970 to form the Aérospatiale company.
SUD AVIATION AND AEROSPATIALE (1300 words)
By then SNCASE had merged with another French planebuilder, Ouest Aviation, and had formed the powerful new firm of Sud Aviation.
Four companies built it: British Aircraft and Sud, along with Bristol Siddeley and the French engine-building firm of SNECMA.
Sud Aviation continued to expand, merging in 1970 with another rival, Nord Aviation, and with the missile and space group called SEREB.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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