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Encyclopedia > Subway (restaurant)
Doctor's Associates, Inc.
Type Private
Founded Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA (1965)
Founder Fred De Luca and Dr. Peter Buck
Headquarters Milford, Connecticut, USA
Key people Fred De Luca (President)
Millie Shinn (EVP)
David Worroll (Controller)
Industry Fast Food
Products Sandwiches
Salads
Pizzas
Other food products
Revenue $9.05 billion USD (2006)
Employees 167,823 (2003)[citation needed]
Website Subway.com

Subway is a franchise fast food restaurant that primarily sells sandwiches and salads. It is owned by Doctor's Associates, Inc. (DAI), and has over 29,045 franchised units in 86 countries as of March 2008 and is the fastest growing franchise in the world.[1] Currently, Subway is the third largest fast food chain globally after Yum! Brands (34,000 locations) and McDonald's (31,000 locations).[1][2][3] The term privately held company refers to ownership of a business company in two different ways—first, referring to ownership by non-governmental organizations; and second, referring to ownership of the companys stock by a relatively small number of holders who do not trade the stock publicly. ... Bridgeport redirects here. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym Connecticuter or Connecticutian[2] Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[4] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[5] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... Fred DeLuca (born 1948 in New York City [1]) is the co-founder of Subway sandwich restaurant. ... Peter Buck is a nuclear physicist and co-founder of the Subway restaurant chain. ... Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Region Named 1640 Incorporated (city) 1959 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor James L. Richetelli, Jr. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym Connecticuter or Connecticutian[2] Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[4] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[5] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Fred DeLuca (born 1948 in New York City [1]) is the co-founder of Subway sandwich restaurant. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... For other uses, see Sandwich (disambiguation). ... This article deals with food. ... For other uses, see Pizza (disambiguation). ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... USD redirects here. ... This article is about work. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Franchising (from the French franchir: vt to clear an obstacle or difficulty)[1] refers to the method of practicing and using another persons philosophy of business. ... A McDonalds restaurant in Times Square. ... For other uses, see Sandwich (disambiguation). ... This article deals with food. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Chain stores are a range of retail outlets which share a brand and central management, usually with standardised business methods and practices. ... Yum! Brands, Inc. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ...


Subway's main operations office is in Milford, Connecticut, and five regional centers support Subway's growing international operations. The regional offices for the European stores is located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Australia and New Zealand, is supported from Brisbane, Australia, the Middle Eastern locations are supported from offices located in Beirut, Lebanon, the Asian locations from Singapore, and the Latin America support center is in Miami, Florida. In the UK and Ireland the company hopes to expand to 2,010 restaurants by the year 2010.[4] Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Region Named 1640 Incorporated (city) 1959 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor James L. Richetelli, Jr. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym Connecticuter or Connecticutian[2] Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[4] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[5] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Australian city. ... There is also a drinking game alternately refered to as Beirut or Beer Pong. ... Miami redirects here. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Anthem:  The Soldiers Song Republic of Ireland() – on the European continent() – in the European Union()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Dublin Official languages Irish, English Demonym Irish Government Republic and Parliamentary democracy  -  President Mary McAleese  -  Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, TD Independence from the United Kingdom   -  Declared 24 April 1916   -  Ratified 21... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Many restaurant analysts attribute Subway's fast growth to the growing concern on health by restaurant customers, a trend that Subway has taken advantage of in its marketing. In 1999, an Indiana University student named Jared Fogle lost 245 pounds (110 kg) with a diet made up mostly of Subway sandwiches combined with exercise. The story is used by Subway as a large part of their marketing campaign to this day. Jared has emerged as a spokesman for Subway, furthering their image as a health-conscious restaurant chain. Indiana University is the principal campus of the Indiana University system. ... Jared S. Fogle (born December 1, 1977 in Indianapolis, Indiana), also known as The Subway Guy, is a spokesman employed by Subway Restaurants in its television advertising campaign. ...

Contents

Doctor's Associates

Doctor's Associates was founded by Fred De Luca and Peter Buck, Ph.D. in 1965,[5] with the sole purpose of overseeing the Subway chain of restaurants. Buck was a scientist with a doctoral degree, and Fred DeLuca had aspirations of becoming a medical doctor, hence their choice of the name "Doctor's Associates." The company has nothing to do with any medical organization[6]. Fred DeLuca (born 1948 in New York City [1]) is the co-founder of Subway sandwich restaurant. ... Peter Buck is a nuclear physicist and co-founder of the Subway restaurant chain. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


History

Original Subway logo.
Original Subway logo.

Fred De Luca borrowed $1,000 from family friend Peter Buck to start his first sandwich shop in 1965, when he was only 17 years old. He was trying to raise money to pay for college. He chose a mediocre location for his shop, but by noon on the first day of the opening, customers were pouring in. On the radio advertisement they had promoted the name as "Pete's Submarines", which sounded like Pizza Marines, so they changed the name to "Pete's Subway"; eventually it was shortened to "Subway.", as it is known to this day. As of June 2nd, 2008, the company has 29,355 franchised locations in 86 countries and produces US$ 9.05 billion sales every year. In 2007, Forbes magazine named DeLuca number 242 of the 400 richest Americans with a net worth of 1.5 billion dollars. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x294, 14 KB) Summary An alternative subway logo found on some stores, typically one of two close stores. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x294, 14 KB) Summary An alternative subway logo found on some stores, typically one of two close stores. ... Net worth (sometimes net assets) is the total assets minus total liabilities of an individual or company. ...


In addition to traditional restaurants, Subway operates in many non-traditional locations. For instance, there are over 900 Subway locations inside of Wal*Mart stores and 200 on military bases, including several in Iraq, in addition to three located inside The Pentagon - as well as an increasing number on college and university campuses. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article is about the United States military building. ... For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


There is at least one adults-only Subway, located at Foxwoods Resort & Casino. It is accessible only after entering a gaming area which is restricted to guests 21 and over, but it also has a drive-thru. Categories: Casinos | Hotels of the United States | US geography stubs ...


Subway restaurants has been consistently ranked in Entrepreneur Magazine's Top 500 Franchises, and was selected as the #1 overall franchise in 2008. Additionally, it was ranked as the #1 "Fastest Growing Franchise", and the #1 "Global Franchise" as well.[7][8][9] Entrepreneur Magazine is a publication that carries news stories about entrepreneurialism, small business management, and business opportunities. ...


Products

In 2000, Subway added seasoned breads and a line of specialty items to its menu. In 2003, most Subway markets switched their beverage contracts to supply Coca-Cola products exclusively, having previously had an exclusive contract with PepsiCo. In order to ink this deal, Coca-Cola helped pay for the initial rollout of toaster ovens to all existing restaurants in North America. Subway gave customers the option to have their sandwiches toasted in response to increased competition from rival sandwich chain Quiznos Sub, which popularized toasted sandwiches. In Australia, the introduction of Fresh Toasting enabled the Subway Franchise to prevent Quiznos from gaining market share. The Turbochef and Merrychef toaster ovens are a microwave and convection oven hybrid. The Coca-Cola Company (NYSE: KO) is the worlds largest beverage company, largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of non-alcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups in the world, and one of the largest corporations in the United States. ... PepsiCo, Incorporated (NYSE: PEP) is the largest global American beverage and snack company. ... This article is about the food. ... For other uses, see Competition (disambiguation). ... Quiznos Sub is a fast-food sandwich franchise that specializes in toasted submarine sandwiches. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Microwave oven A microwave oven, or microwave, is a kitchen appliance employing microwave radiation primarily to cook or heat food. ... Convection ovens or fan ovens or turbo ovens augment a traditional oven by circulating heated air using a fan. ...


Subway menus vary by store, by country and by market. These are considered COP (country optional program), SOP (store optional program), MOP (market only program) — in Muslim countries omitting ham and other pork cold cuts — but retain core items which are included at every store. The main food sold by the store is Submarine sandwiches, sold in "Six-inch", "Footlong", and the new four inch "MiniSub" sizes. All Subway stores offer customers lettuce, tomato, onions, bell peppers, cucumbers, olives, jalapeños and pickles, as well as market selected options such as carrot, corn, radish and avocado. Like other fast-food restaurants they offer limited time offers or LTO from time to time. In addition to their standard menu, Subway also offers catering for all types of occasions. They offer "Giant Subs", which are a minimum of three feet long, and also offer a sandwich platter. These giant sandwiches can be ordered in bulk and to nearly any specification, something which Subway has promoted as a part of their campaign to tailor every sandwich to the individual customer's taste. Quiznos submarine sandwich A submarine sandwich (or just submarine where context would exclude the sea vessel, or even just sub) is any of various sandwiches made on a long roll split lengthwise, especially those including meat, cheese, lettuce, tomato, and various condiments, sauces or salad. ...


In 2006, the first kosher Subway restaurant in the United States opened in a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. Fogle, who is Jewish, was in attendance at the opening. "With slight modifications, such as no pork-based products, and the use of soy-based cheese, the menu is virtually identical to that of any other Subway restaurant." [10]. Since then, kosher Subways have opened in New York, Los Angeles, Kansas City, and Baltimore[11] and plans have been announced for Milwaukee, Boston, and one inside the JCC in West Bloomfield, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.[12] Some of these locations serve soy cheese, but most don't serve any form of cheese at all. The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Jared S. Fogle (born December 1, 1977 in Indianapolis, Indiana), also known as The Subway Guy, is a spokesman employed by Subway Restaurants in its television advertising campaign. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... This article is about the state. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... A Jewish Community Center is a general recreational, social and fraternal organization serving the Jewish community in a number of cities. ... West Bloomfield Township is a charter township in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


All Subway restaurants in Muslim countries serve a halal menu. There are also at least two Subway restaurants in the United States that do the same, and a growing number in the United Kingdom. The success of these stores has been mixed, but has resulted in plans to open more in certain areas.[13] Halal (حلال, alāl, halaal) is an Arabic term meaning permissible. In the English language it most frequently refers to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. ...


Subway also offers items other than sandwiches; breakfast items include such baked goods as bagels, egg & sausage sandwiches, and as of July and August 2006, "personal pizzas" are available in select markets to their menu. The personal pizzas are made upon order (as with their sandwiches) and heated "in less than 90 seconds" (cooking for 85 seconds) as advertised on televised commercials. Breakfast and pizza items are only available in some stores.


In 2008, Subway began to offer Five Dollar ($5) Foot-long submarine sandwiches as a limited time only promotion. The fanatical response however, prompted Subway to make A Five Dollar ($5) Foot-long Everyday Value Menu that includes 8 footlong sandwiches; Spicy Italian, Cold Cut Combo, Tuna, BLT, Black Forest Ham, Meatball, Veggie Delite, & Oven Roasted Chicken as a permanent menu item.


Advertising

Subway uses the advertising slogan "Eat Fresh" to explain how every sandwich is made on freshly baked bread, using fresh ingredients, in front of the customer to their exact specification, by employees who Subway terms "Subway Sandwich Artists".


Beginning in November 2007, Subway's US commercials feature the Peter Griffin character from Family Guy in which he extols the virtues of its new Subway Feast sandwich.[14] Subway has also used instant win competitions based on the game Scrabble as promotional tools. This article is about the Family Guy character. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... The verb to scrabble also means to scratch, scramble or scrape about: see Wiktionary:scrabble. ...


Sub Club

Sub Club Cards and Sub Club stamps
Sub Club Cards and Sub Club stamps

For many years, Subway restaurants offered a customer rewards program called the "Sub Club". Customers would receive special stamps with the purchase of a sandwich, earning one stamp for a six-inch sandwich and two for a foot-long; small cards called "Sub Club Cards" were also provided for customers to paste the stamps onto and keep them collected in an orderly fashion. Originally, stamps were redeemable for a free standard sandwich (charges for extras such as double meat or extra cheese still applied) with no other purchase required—twelve stamps for a free six-inch, and twenty-four stamps for a free foot-long. A Sub Club for kids was also established, with one stamp earned for every children's Value Meal purchased, ultimately earning a free children's meal for eight stamps. Later, the regular Sub Club was altered to eight stamps earning a free six-inch, and sixteen stamps for a free foot-long, with the added condition that a 21 ounce or larger drink must be purchased to redeem the stamps. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1884 KB) check usage: [1] [2] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Subway (restaurant) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1884 KB) check usage: [1] [2] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Subway (restaurant) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera...


In early June 2005, Subway announced that the popular customer rewards program would be phased out due to counterfeiting. Another reason, which was not stated by the company, for the discontinuation of the program was that there was a large amount of internal theft of stamps by Subway employees and affiliates, including the sale of rolls of the stamps online at places such as eBay. Officially the Sub Club program has been discontinued in the US and Canada by Doctor's Associates[15], but additional markets have also made local decisions to discontinue the program. Currently the Sub Club program is still in use in some countries and territories such as Poland, El Salvador, Finland, Germany, Guatemala, Mainland China(Some stores), Taiwan and Brazil.[citation needed] In many stores, the Sub Club promotion is still advertised on the cash register marquee to this day with "Join the Sub Club" This article is about the online auction center. ... ...


Sponsorship

Subway is the corporate sponsor for two NASCAR Sprint Cup series stock car races: the Subway Fresh Fit 500, held at Phoenix International Raceway; and the Subway 500, held at Martinsville Speedway. In addition, Subway has been the primary sponsor of the NASCAR Sprint Cup number 16 car, driven by Greg Biffle. Biffle has appeared in advertising for Subway along with his Crew Chief Doug Richert. In 2007, Tony Stewart has appeared with Jared Fogel in ads, and he has driven his #20 Home Depot Toyota with Subway primary sponsorship in the 2008 Subway Fresh Fit 500. Previously, Subway had sponsored Jeff Purvis' #51 car in at least one race in 2001. They also sponsor a pro-cycling team, and Gretna Football Club This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The Sprint Cup is a Group 1 United Kingdom flat racing horse race for those horses aged three years and above run over a distance of 6 furlongs at Haydock Park during September. ... This article is about the sport of stock car racing. ... The Subway Fresh 500 is a NASCAR Nextel Cup stock car race held at Phoenix International Raceway in Avondale, Arizona. ... Phoenix International Raceway, or just PIR, is a one mile tri-oval race track located in Avondale, Arizona. ... The Subway 500 is a NASCAR Nextel Cup stock car race held at the Martinsville Speedway in Martinsville, Virginia. ... Martinsville Speedway is an International Speedway Corporation owned NASCAR stock car racing track located in Martinsville, Virginia. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The Sprint Cup is a Group 1 United Kingdom flat racing horse race for those horses aged three years and above run over a distance of 6 furlongs at Haydock Park during September. ... Gregory Jack Biffle (born December 23, 1969 in Vancouver, Washington) is a NASCAR NASCAR Sprint Cup Cup Series driver. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other persons named Tony Stewart, see Tony Stewart (disambiguation). ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD) is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products and services. ... Toyota Motor Corporation ) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and currently is the worlds largest automaker. ... The Subway Fresh Fit 500 is a NASCAR Nextel Cup stock car race held at Phoenix International Raceway in Avondale, Arizona. ... Jeff Purvis (born February 19, 1959 in Clarksville, Tennessee) is a race car driver in NASCARs Busch Series. ... This article is about the year 51. ... This article is about the year. ... Gretna Football Club is a Scottish football club from Gretna, near Annan, Dumfries and Galloway and promoted to the Scottish Premier League in the 06/07 season. ...


Controversies

Criticism

The 2001 book Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser criticizes Subway's franchising policies. It claims that in the 1990s, Subway was involved in many legal disputes with franchisees, usually over encroachment (overly aggressive expansion, in which two restaurants are so close in location that they end up competing with one another). For the film, see Fast Food Nation (film). ... Eric Schlosser (born 1959) is an American journalist and author. ...


The book blames the "Development Agents" who are given the task of growing the company regionally. They retain a percentage of the franchise fee for their local area, and so it is in their best interest to saturate markets with Subway restaurants in a region, despite the effect it will have on that region's Subway locations. Although this may lead to lower profits per Subway location, it leads to overall higher profits in the region, and therefore higher profits for the entire chain and the Development Agent.


On February 2, 2007 KNXV-TV with the help of the Arizona Department of Weights and Measures, reported that three Subway sandwiches, nominally each 3-foot (91 cm) long, were only 2 feet 8 inches (81 cm), 2 feet 8¼ inches (82 cm), and 2 feet 8½ inches (83 cm) long. The maximum variance in length allowed in that state is 3%, which on a 3-foot sub is 1.08 inches (2.7 cm). Upon further study, the report showed that the box designed to store Subway's 3-foot sandwiches were only 2 feet 10¾ inches (88 cm) in length; shorter than the maximum allowable variance. In response to the report, Subway stated that they are currently in the process of reevaluating their advertising, promotional, training and packaging materials with regard to the specific or implied length of Giant Subs and are taking steps to advise their franchisees to only discuss with customers the approximate number of expected servings and not a specific length of measurement.[16] is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... KNXV is the ABC television affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


In January, 2008, Subway started an essay contest, which excluded home schooled children. Straight from the contest page:


ELIGIBILITY. Contest is open only to legal residents of the United States who are currently over the age of 18 and have children who attend elementary, private or parochial schools that serve grades PreK-6. No home schools will be accepted.


Controversy has started from this contest, and letters have been written by people in the home school community to both Subway and Scholastic Inc. (sponsor).[citation needed]


Franchise relations

In addition to its corporate positioning as a more health-conscious restaurant, much of Subway's rapid growth can be attributed to its uncommon business model. Unlike most franchisers, the parent company does not operate any restaurants. Local franchisees operate the stores, and in most markets Subway enters into a contract with a franchisee to be its Development Agent for that market. The Development Agent is then responsible for developing new locations, evaluating stores on at least a monthly basis, and assisting franchisees with whatever needs they may have. DAI takes an 8% royalty on all net sales from each store, while between 3 and 5% (depending on market) of net sales go into a fund, the Subway Franchisee Advertising Fund Trust, also known as SFAFT which is operated by a board of directors voted on by Subway Franchisees. Contrary to other major franchisers, Subway's parent company does not make any contribution towards advertising the chain. Franchising (from the French franchir: vt to clear an obstacle or difficulty)[1] refers to the method of practicing and using another persons philosophy of business. ...


SFAFT is in legal battles with Subway over their excessive spending of advertising funds on things other than advertising.


Among lawyers, Subway has become well-known for its aggressiveness in enforcing the arbitration clauses in its franchise agreements. One case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled for the company.[17]. For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Arbitration is a legal technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, wherein the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons (the arbitrators or arbitral tribunal), by whose decision (the award) they agree to be bound. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...


Global locations

Examples of Subway's international operations:
(Listed alphabetically by region)

Africa Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Drive-thru Subway, Sydney, Australia Author: Bandwagonman 07:06, 16 April 2007 (UTC) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Drive-thru Subway, Sydney, Australia Author: Bandwagonman 07:06, 16 April 2007 (UTC) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 291 KB) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 291 KB) self made I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Subwayrestaurant. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Subwayrestaurant. ... Puerto Vallarta is a Mexican resort city situated on the Pacific Oceans Bahía de Banderas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1004 KB) Summary A Subway restaurant in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1004 KB) Summary A Subway restaurant in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

Asia Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

Australasia Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ...

Caribbean Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... West Indies redirects here. ...

Europe Image File history File links Flag_of_Aruba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Middle East Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gibraltar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...

North America Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... North American redirects here. ...

South America Image File history File links Flag_of_Belize. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Subway publication (2007). SUBWAY® Chain Facts. Subway Restaurants. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
  2. ^ Joe Bramhall. McDonald's Corporation. Hoovers.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  3. ^ Joe Bramhall. YUM! Brands, Inc.. Hoovers.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  4. ^ Subway UK publication. About Us. Doctor's Associates. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  5. ^ Doctor's Associates Inc. - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information
  6. ^ Subway franchisees sue over advertising fund - Jul. 28, 2006
  7. ^ 2008 Franchise 500. Entrepreneur Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-02-24. “If there were an international language of business, it would be franchising. Customers worldwide have proven franchising has universal appeal.”
  8. ^ 2008 Fastest Growing Franchises. Entrepreneur Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
  9. ^ 2008 Fastest Growing Global Franchises. Entrepreneur Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
  10. ^ http://www.pr.com/press-release/13250
  11. ^ Kosher Subway opens to rave reviews. Kansas City Jewish Chronicle.
  12. ^ Glatt kosher Subway list. TiyulTalk. Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  13. ^ Subway goes halal. the Manchester Evening News (Manchester, England) (2007-03-08). Retrieved on 2008-02-24. “SANDWICH chain Subway is to open two Halal-only stores in Manchester.”
  14. ^ Gail Schille (2007-11-17). Subway in 'Family Guy' promotion. the Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved on 2008-02-24. “Fox's "Family Guy" has lined up its first national quick service restaurant promotion with Subway Restaurants, which will air a TV spot featuring the show's Peter Griffin and will promote the hit animated series online and in more than 22,000 locations.”
  15. ^ (2008) SUBWAY Operations Manual, 2008, Doctor's Associates, 17.25. 
  16. ^ Joe Ducey (2007-06-26). Sub-Standard. KNXV-TV (Phoenix, Arizona). Retrieved on 2008-04-08. “His [Dennis Ehrhard] office [Phoenix Dept. of Weights and Measures] recently warned Subway, for shorting a customer and the ABC 15 Investigators found Subway was the biggest offender in our test.” Video
  17. ^ Doctor's Associates, Inc. v. Casarotto, 517 U.S. 681 (1996)

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Further reading

Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Subway Restaurants
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Subway (restaurant) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2235 words)
Subway also offers items other than sandwiches; breakfast items include such baked goods as bagels, and as of July and August 2006, the chain has recently added "personal pizzas" to their menu, which are made upon order (as with their sandwiches) and heated "in 90 seconds" as advertised on televised commercials.
Subway is also criticised by health-food specialists, who claim that Subway sells 'trick food' and hides the fact that many of its food items contain high levels of calories, fooling customers by the "less than 6 grams of fat" signs commonly shown in ads or in stores worldwide.
Subway is also criticised for their new method of cutting their bread in one piece method as opposed to the old 2 piece V shaped canyon method of cutting the subs.
Subway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (126 words)
Subway (rail), underground railway, also known as a metro, underground, U-Bahn
Subway (underpass), an underground walkway, usually a tunnel
Subway (canyoneering), a canyon in Zion National Park
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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