FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Suburb" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Suburb
Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Suburbs are commonly defined as residential areas on the outskirts of a city or large town.[1] Most modern suburbs are commuter towns with many single-family homes. Many suburbs have some degree of political autonomy and most have lower population density than inner city neighborhoods. Mechanical transport, including automobiles, enabled the 20th century growth of suburbs, which tend to proliferate near cities with an abundance of adjacent flat land. [2] Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Suburbanisation is a term used by many to describe the current social urban dynamic operating within many parts of the developed world and is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ... For a suburb of a metropolitan area, see Suburb. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1569 KB) Summary Tract housing near Union, Kentucky from the air. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1569 KB) Summary Tract housing near Union, Kentucky from the air. ... Union is a city in Boone County, Kentucky, United States. ... “Cincinnati” redirects here. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey to travel to New York City A commuter town, is an urban community that is primarily residential, from which most of the workforce commute to a nearby metropolis to earn their livelihood. ... The term inner-city is often applied to the poorer parts at the centre of a major city. ...

Contents

Etymology

Definitions

The word is derived from the Old French "subb urbe" and ultimately from the Latin "suburbium," formed from "sub," meaning "under," and "urbis," meaning "city", therefore suburbis would mean under the city. Important people tended to live on hills near centers of commercial and political activity, while the lower classes often lived in marginal areas. "Under" in later usage sometimes referred variously to lesser wealth, political power, population, or population density. The first recorded usage, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, comes from Wycliffe in 1380, where the form "subarbis" is used. Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of...


In the United States, Canada and most of Western Europe the word "suburb" usually refers to a separate municipality, borough or unincorporated area outside a central town or city. This definition is evident, for example, in the title of David Rusk's book Cities Without Suburbs (ISBN 0-943875-73-0 ), which promotes metropolitan government; in the UK, much of this pattern dates to Margaret Thatcher's reforms of 1985. US colloquial usage sometimes shortens the term to "'burb" (with or without the apostrophe), and "The Burbs" first appeared as a term for the suburbs of Chicago. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... A metropolitan borough (or metropolitan district) is a type of local government district in England, covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... In the United States the term metropolitan government is most frequently used to describe a system of municipal government in which most or all of the functions of a government of a county are combined with those of its principal city. ... The Local Government Act 1985 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


This division is not as prevalent in Ireland and the United Kingdom, where "suburb" refers to residential neighbourhoods outside of the city centre. In Australia and New Zealand, the term "suburb" is also used by the postal service to mean an address subdivision. In Australia, the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density suburbs with close proximity to the city center, and the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area. Inner suburbs, such as Te Aro in Wellington, Prahran in Melbourne and Ultimo in Sydney, are usually characterised by higher density apartment housing and greater integration between commercial and residential areas. Dixon Street, looking towards Courtenay Place, in the heart of Te Aro Te Aro is an inner-city suburb of Wellington, New Zealand. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Prahran (pronounced puh-RAN), also known colloquially as Pran, is an inner city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... Ultimo is a suburb in central Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up integration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Suburbia

The term suburbia is frequently used to encapsulate the concept of suburbs as slices of tract-home nuclear family. Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Tract housing near Union, Kentucky. ... The term nuclear family developed in the western world to distinguish the family group consisting of parents (usually a father and mother) and their children, from what is known as an extended family. ...


After the rise of "Levittowns" across the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, many American teens born during those decades began to describe the inherently sanitized and disspiriting nature of American suburbs. Levittown is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...


The popular TV show The Wonder Years, which was set in the late 1960s and early 1970s, took place in an undisclosed suburb. In the very first episode, the show's narrator comments on the seeming sameness of suburbia, in the ending narration noting that despite the rows of identical houses and carports, within each one are people with unique stories and individual lives. The Wonder Years is an Emmy Award-winning American television dramedy created by Carol Black and Neal Marlens. ...


The concept of "suburbia" came to envelop this and other, sometimes endearing, idiosyncrasies of suburban life -- for example, 4th of July backyard barbecues. In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as the “Fourth of July,” “July Fourth”, the “Glorious Fourth”, or simply the “Fourth”) is a federal holiday commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... A barbecue in a public park in Australia A barbecue on a trailer at a block party in Kansas City Pans on the top shelf hold hamburgers and hot dogs that were grilled earlier when the coals were hot. ...


Popular culture largely recognized this concept during the 1980s and early 1990s. In Britain, television series such as The Good Life, Butterflies and The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin depicted suburbia as well-manicured but relentlessly boring, and its residents as either conforming their behaviour to this situation or going stir crazy through its regimented blandness. In America, similar but more violent themes could be found in the works of David Lynch, most notably Blue Velvet, which establishes a view of idealistic suburbia and then showcases a dark, depraved underworld. A distinctive depiction of American suburbs is Joe Dante's comedy film The 'Burbs from 1989, starring Tom Hanks and Carrie Fisher, in which the people living in the suburbs are portrayed as paranoiacs looking for adventure, which ends up in the explosion of one of their neighbors' houses in which they presume a huge number of dead bodies. The Oscar winning 1999 film American Beauty centers the life of two suburban families and their eventual downfalls. Popular culture, sometimes abbreviated to pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The good life is an ambiguous term for the life that one would like to live. ... Butterflies was a situation comedy written by Carla Lane and shown on BBC 2 between 1978 and 1983. ... The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin is a novel and British sitcom starring Leonard Rossiter in the title role. ... Stir crazy may mean: Stir Crazy (movie) Stir crazy (condition) Stir Crazy (restaurant) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Blue Velvet is an influential 1986 neo-noir mystery and thriller film written and directed by David Lynch. ... The Burbs is a 1989 black comedy directed by Joe Dante, starring, amongst others, Tom Hanks, Carrie Fisher, Corey Feldman, and Bruce Dern, and written by Dana Olsen The film pokes fun at suburban environments (particularly in the US), and their eccentric dwellers. ... American Beauty can refer to: A variety of rose: American Beauty rose American Beauty, a film starring Kevin Spacey, Annette Bening, Mena Suvari, and Thora Birch American Beauty, an album by the Grateful Dead American Beauty Rag, a classic ragtime composition by Joseph Lamb, published in 1913. ...


In 1994, playwright Eric Bogosian wrote and directed the play subUrbia, which focused on suburban twentysomethings with no real life goals or direction reacting to the return of a high school friend who had become famous. The play was made into a low-budget, independent film in 1997, with Richard Linklater at the directorial helm and featured up-and-coming actors Steve Zahn, Parker Posey, Ajay Naidu, and Giovanni Ribisi in lead roles. Eric Bogosian Eric Bogosian (born on April 24, 1953) is an American actor, playwright, monologist, and novelist. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Suburb. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Richard Rick Linklater (born July 30, 1961, in Houston, Texas) is an Academy Award nominated American film director and writer. ... Steven James Zahn (born November 13, 1967) is an American comedian and actor of both film and stage. ... For the African-American television actress, see Parker McKenna Posey. ... Ajay Naidu Ajay Naidu (born 12 February 1972 in Evanston, Illinois) is an American actor of Indian ancestry. ... Antonino Giovanni Ribisi (born December 17, 1974) is an American actor. ...


Etymology: According to dialogue in the 1984 movie Suburbia (no relation to the Bogosian version) [2] ,'subtopia' is a neologism made by combining suburb and utopia. Not to be confused with Entomology, the scientific study of insects. ... This article is about the year. ...


Components

Suburban development can be classified into 5 simple components, each separated from one another and homogenous in nature. [citation needed]

  • Housing subdivisions, also known as clusters or pods. Subdivisions are sometimes referred to as villages or towns, although this term is misleading as a village provides a full spectrum of environments while a subdivision provides only dwellings. They usually consist of single family homes placed on small plots of land, or large compounds of apartment buildings with residual parking lots in between them. Many subdivisions are surrounded by walls on all sides, creating barriers from other subdivisions and from retail or offices. Some are gated communities with their own security forces and gatehouses to prevent non-residents from entering. Most subdivisions are surrounded on all sides by large volume, high-speed collector roads, to handle to concentration of traffic due to the lack of through streets inside the subdivision itself.
A Wal-Mart in Virginia, a typical big-box retail strip.
A Wal-Mart in Virginia, a typical big-box retail strip.
  • Strip malls, shopping centers, Big-box stores, retail parks, and power centres. These areas are exclusively for retail space and automobile parking. They usually consist of clusters of boxy, unadorned buildings of various sizes behind a parking lot. Where setbacks are wide, signs that identify the stores in the strip are usually large, illuminated, and nearer to the road than to the store.
An office park in Broomfield, Colorado, USA
  • Office parks, also known as business parks or corporate campuses. Derived from the modernist architectural vision of the building standing free in a parklike setting, these areas usually contain 4-12-story buildings surrounded by parking lots or parking structures. They differ from many traditional-style office spaces in containing only offices or factories and no retail space or residences. Most have no cafeteria facilities. Lunch hour requires either a packed lunch or a trip in the car. Office parks are usually located near off ramps of major freeways.
A typical suburban school in Littleton, Colorado
A typical suburban school in Littleton, Colorado
  • Civic institutions. These are the public buildings where citizens gather for civic functions: town halls, churches, schools, etc. In suburban areas, these buildings generally look very similar to strip centers: large, undecorated boxes sitting in the center (or sitting behind) of very large parking lots. This is in stark contrast to traditional towns, where civic buildings are placed in prominent, central locations and are highly decorated, serving as neighborhood focal points. They are typically very large in size and serve very large geographical areas, beyond the reach of most pedestrians.
Subdivision in Calgary, Alberta, surrounded by large arterial roads.
Subdivision in Calgary, Alberta, surrounded by large arterial roads.
  • Roadways. Miles of pavement connect of the aforementioned components together. Since a single piece of suburbia only serves one type of activity, roadways are very important, as they are the only way of getting to the various things a person needs in a given day. Suburban roadways are typically much wider than in towns, with multiple lanes and few, if any, sidewalks. Roads in this type of environment are usually designed to serve only automobiles, not pedestrians or cyclists.

Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ... Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 783 KB) Exterior of a Wal-Mart Supercenter in Madison Heights, Virginia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 783 KB) Exterior of a Wal-Mart Supercenter in Madison Heights, Virginia. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Example of a small strip mall. A strip mall (also called a plaza) is a shopping center where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A retail park is a grouping of three or more retail warehouses with associated car parking. ... A Power Centre is an unenclosed shopping centre that usually contains three or more big box retailers and various smaller retailers (usually located in plazas) with a common parking area shared among all the retailers. ... Image File history File links Broomfield_colorado_interlocken_offices. ... Image File history File links Broomfield_colorado_interlocken_offices. ... The City and County of Broomfield lies in the northwestern tier of the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area in the State of Colorado. ... An industrial park is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... Image File history File links Aerial Shot of Columbine High School in 1999 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links Aerial Shot of Columbine High School in 1999 This work is copyrighted. ... The City of Littleton is a home rule municipality located in the Denver Metropolitan Area of the State of Colorado. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 431 pixelsFull resolution (1950 × 1050 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 431 pixelsFull resolution (1950 × 1050 pixel, file size: 2. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Mountain road with hairpin turns in the French Alps For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ...

History

The growth of suburbs was facilitated by the development of zoning laws, redlining and various innovations in transport. After World War II availability of FHA loans stimulated a housing boom in American suburbs. In the older cities of the northeast U.S., streetcar suburbs originally developed along train or trolley lines that could shuttle workers into and out of city centers where the jobs were located. This practice gave rise to the term bedroom community or dormitory, meaning that most daytime business activity took place in the city, with the working population leaving the city at night for the purpose of going home to sleep. A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... For the automotive term, see redline. ... FHA loan is a federal assistance mortgage loan in the United States insured by the Federal Housing Administration. ... A streetcar suburb is a community whose growth was mostly shaped by the coming of the electric streetcar or tram. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ...


The growth in the use of trains, and later automobiles and highways, increased the ease with which workers could have a job in the city while commuting in from the suburbs. In the United Kingdom, railways stimulated the first mass exodus to the suburbs. The Metropolitan Railway, for example, was active in building and promoting its own housing estates in the north-west of London, consisting mostly of detached houses on large plots, which it then marketed as "Metro-land". [3] As car ownership rose and wider roads were built, the commuting trend accelerated as in North America. This trend towards living away from towns and cities has been termed the urban exodus. Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... Metropolitan steam locomotive Metro-land (or Metroland) refers, broadly speaking, to the suburban areas north-west of London, in the counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Middlesex, served by the Metropolitan Railway, an independent company until absorbed by the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) in 1933. ... Rural exodus is a term used to describe the migratory patterns that normally occur in a region following the mechanisation of agriculture. ...


Zoning laws also contributed to the location of residential areas outside of the city centre by creating wide areas or "zones" where only residential buildings were permitted. These suburban residences are built on larger lots of land than in the urban city. For example, the lot size for a residence in Chicago is usually 125 feet (38 m) deep, while the width can vary from 14 feet (4 m) wide for a row house to 45 feet (14 m) wide for a large standalone house. [citation needed] In the suburbs, where standalone houses are the rule, lots may be 85 feet (26 m) wide by 115 feet (35 m) deep, as in the Chicago suburb of Naperville. [citation needed] Manufacturing and commercial buildings were segregated in other areas of the city. Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Incorporated City in 1890. ...


Increasingly, more people moved out to the suburbs, known as suburbanisation. Moving along with the population, many companies also located their offices and other facilities in the outer areas of the cities. This has resulted in increased density in older suburbs and, often, the growth of lower density suburbs even further from city centers. An alternative strategy is the deliberate design of "new towns" and the protection of green belts around cities. Some social reformers attempted to combine the best of both concepts in the Garden city movement. [4] Suburbanization is a term used by many to describe the current residential living situation in the United States, and it is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ... For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... Ebenezer Howards 3 magnets diagram which addressed the question Where will the people go?, the choices being Town, Country or Town-Country The garden city movement is an approach to urban planning that was founded in 1898 by Ebenezer Howard in England. ...


In the United States, urban areas have often grown faster than city boundaries since the 18th century. Until the 1900s, new neighborhoods usually sought or accepted annexation to the central city to obtain city services. In the 20th century, however, many suburban areas began to see independence from the central city as an asset. In some cases, African Canadian suburbanites saw self-government as a means to keep out people they considered undesirable, such as immigrants and African Americans. Federal subsidies for suburban development accelerated this process as did the practice of redlining by banks and other lending institutions.[5] Cleveland, Ohio is typical of many American central cities; its municipal borders have changed little since 1922, even though the Cleveland urbanized area has grown many times over.[citation needed] Several layers of suburban municipalities now surround cities like Cleveland, Chicago and Philadelphia. Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... Black Canadian is a term used to identify a Canadian of African descent. ... Map of the world with countries colored according to their immigrant population as a percentage of total population: Immigration is the movement of people from one nation-state to another. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... A subsidy is generally a monetary grant given by government in support of an activity regarded as being in the public interest. ... For the automotive term, see redline. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ...


While suburbs had originated far earlier, the suburban population in North America exploded after World War II. Returning veterans wishing to start a settled life moved en masse to the suburbs. Between 1950 and 1956 the resident population of all US suburbs increased by 46%. [citation needed] Levittown developed as a major prototype of mass-produced housing. During the same period of time, African-Americans were rapidly moving north for better jobs and educational opportunities than they could get in the segregated South, and their arrival in Northern cities en masse further stimulated white suburban migration, a phenomenon known as white flight. [citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Levittown is the name of some places in the United States of America: Levittown, New York Levittown, Pennsylvania There is also a Levittown, Puerto Rico, and there was, for a time, a Levittown, New Jersey, but the latter has reverted to its previous name of Willingboro Township, New Jersey. ... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racially mixed inner-city neighborhoods to predominantly white suburbs and exurbs. ...


In the U.S., 1950 was the first year that more people lived in suburbs than elsewhere. (1) In the U.S, the development of the skyscraper and the sharp inflation of downtown real estate prices also led to downtowns being more fully dedicated to businesses, thus pushing residents outside the city centre. By 1980 this was often perceived as undesirable, extending travel times and adding to people's sense of isolation and fear in central areas outside trading hours. (before roughly 7AM and after roughly 6PM.) [citation needed] Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality. ...


Suburbia worldwide

In Canada

Suburban housing developments near Markham, Ontario.

Urban development in Canada has largely paralleled development in the United States. After World War II, large bedroom communities of single-family homes and shopping centers sprouted on the outskirts of Canadian cities. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2000x1490, 938 KB) Summary An aerial view of housing developments near Markham, Ontario Photo by IDuke, November 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2000x1490, 938 KB) Summary An aerial view of housing developments near Markham, Ontario Photo by IDuke, November 2005. ... Map showing Markhams location in York Region Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Regional Municipality York Region Communities Buttonville, Thornhill, German Mills, Milliken, Unionville Settled 1794 Incorporated 1972 (town) Government  - Mayor Frank Scarpitti  - Deputy Mayor Jim Jones  - Regional Councillors Jack Heath, Tony Wong, Gordon Landon  - MPs Susan Kadis (LPC) - Thornhill...


However, Canada has far fewer suburban municipalities than the U.S. does. Many large cities, such as Winnipeg, Calgary and Ottawa, extend all the way to, and even include the countryside. However, the fact that literal boundaries of suburbs are not present in Canada does not in any way eliminate suburbs per se. The boundaries of Canadian cities are under the jurisdiction of the Provinces and the Provinces have imposed city-suburb mergers. The Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver areas still have suburban municipalities, although their suburban areas are generally grouped into fewer cities than is typical in the U.S. Ontario created a "metropolitan" government for the Toronto area in 1954, but the urbanized area has since grown well beyond it. For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ...


Today, Toronto has some of the largest suburban municipalities in North America, with more than three quarters of a million people living in Mississauga alone. Many Toronto suburbs have significantly improved on the suburban philosophy, adding a downtown to many suburban centres (Markham, Brampton, Scarborough, North York etc.) In 1998 the governmental structure was reorganized to include many of these formerly independent suburbs into the Greater Toronto Area (see Greater Toronto Area). For the First Nation, see Mississaugas. ... Map showing Markhams location in York Region Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Regional Municipality York Region Communities Buttonville, Thornhill, German Mills, Milliken, Unionville Settled 1794 Incorporated 1972 (town) Government  - Mayor Frank Scarpitti  - Deputy Mayor Jim Jones  - Regional Councillors Jack Heath, Tony Wong, Gordon Landon  - MPs Susan Kadis (LPC) - Thornhill... Nickname: Location in the Region of Peel, in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Peel Incorporation 1853 (village)   1873 (town)   1974 (city) Government  - Mayor Susan Fennell  - Governing Body Brampton City Council (click for members)  - MPs Navdeep Bains, Colleen Beaumier, Ruby Dhalla, Gurbax Malhi  - MPPs Vic Dhillon... Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1 January 1850 (township)   1 January 1967 (borough) Incorporated Amalgamation June 1983 (city) 1 January 1998 Government  - Mayor David Miller (Toronto Mayor)  - Governing Body Toronto City Council  - MPs John Cannis, Jim Karygiannis, Derek Lee, John McKay, Dan McTeague, Tom Wappel  - MPPs Bas Balkissoon, Lorenzo Berardinetti... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... A map of Torontos Census Metropolitan Area, which contains a large portion of the Greater Toronto Area. ...


In the United States

Typically, many post-World War II American suburbs have been characterized by: Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

  • Lower densities than central cities, dominated by single family homes on small plots of land, surrounded at close quarters by very similar dwellings.
  • Zoning patterns that separate residential and commercial development, as well as different intensities and densities of development. Daily needs are not within walking distance of most homes.
  • Subdivisions carved from previously rural land into multiple-home developments built by a single real estate company. These subdivisions are often segregated by minute differences in home value, creating entire communities where family incomes and demographics are almost completely homogenous.
  • Shopping malls and strip malls behind large parking lots instead of a classic downtown shopping district.
  • A predominantly white, increasingly diverse, middle- or upper-class population, with a few exceptions (e.g., Ford Heights, Illinois, a predominantly black working-class suburb of Chicago, and Inglewood, California, also a predominately black and Latino suburb of Los Angeles).
  • A road network designed to conform to a hierarchy, including culs-de-sac leading to larger residential streets, in turn leading to large collector roads, in place of the grid pattern common to most central cities and pre-World War II suburbs.
  • Ready access to large, multi-lane freeways or tollways
  • Limited or no access to public transit
  • The importance of public space reduced in favor of private property
  • Sometimes a lower crime rate than a comparable urban neighborhood
  • Schools considered "better" than inner-city schools
  • Governance split between local town governments and homeowners associations (especially in newer developments)
  • More wildlife habitat than is found in the city, and more areas set aside as nature preserves.
  • All or most homes in the suburbs are built to reduce costs; homes can be built from homogenous, pre-determined plans, or entire neighborhoods can be color-coordinated if desired.
  • Retail and office buildings designed as minimalist "big box" structures, with little or no exterior decoration and few (if any) windows
A suburban development in San Jose, California.
A suburban development in San Jose, California.

Some suburban areas have developed their own large clusters of office and retail buildings, usually in a business park setting. These areas, such as Tysons Corner, Virginia, Parsippany, New Jersey & Pontiac, MI, are sometimes referred to as "edge cities", a term invented by journalist Joel Garreau. Edge cities differ from traditional downtowns in that they are completely automobile-centric rather than providing options for walking, bicycles, or public transportation. Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... The Mall, an out-of-town shopping centre at Patchway, near Bristol, England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably with Caucasian American[3] and within the United States simply white[4]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ... This article is about the socio-economic class from a global vantage point. ... Upper class refers to the group of people at the top of a social hierarchy. ... Incorporated Village in 1949. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Statue of a coal miner in Charleston, WV, USA. Working class is a term used in academic sociology and in ordinary conversation. ... Nickname: Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Established 1888 Incorporated February 14, 1908 Government  - Mayor Roosevelt F. Dorn Area  - City  9. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... A street hierarchy is a system of urban design that completely separates through automobile traffic from developed areas. ... Accidentally created cul-de-sac in Carrer Pare Mariana (Father Mariana St. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... A homeowners association, (or, as they are known in the industry, community association[1]) is an organization comprised of all owners of units[2] in a common interest development, and is given authority to enforce the covenants, conditions, and restrictions and managing the common amenities of the development. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1314, 846 KB) This photo is a cropped version of South San Jose. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1314, 846 KB) This photo is a cropped version of South San Jose. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... Tysons Corner is an unincorporated place located in Fairfax County, Virginia, near Washington, DC. Recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place, the community had a total population of 18,540 as of the 2000 census. ... Parsippany-Troy Hills Township is a township located in Morris County, New Jersey. ... Pontiac is a city located in Oakland County, Michigan. ... Edge City is an American term for a relatively new concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area, in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi-rural community. ... Joel Garreau (born 1948) is a journalist and author. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ...


In other countries

The working class suburb Tensta north of Stockholm, Sweden.
The working class suburb Tensta north of Stockholm, Sweden.

In many parts of the globe, however, suburbs are economically poor areas, inhabited by people sometimes in real misery, keeping them at the limit of the city borders for economic or social reasons like the impossibility of affording the (usually higher) costs of life in the town. An example in the developed world would be the banlieues of France, or the concrete suburbs of Sweden which are comparable to the inner cities of the US. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1929x1530, 719 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Suburb ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1929x1530, 719 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Suburb ... Tensta is a working-class suburb of Stockholm. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Banlieue is the French word for outskirts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term inner-city is often applied to the poorer parts at the centre of a major city. ...


In the UK, the government is seeking to impose minimum densities on newly approved housing schemes in parts of southeast England. The new catchphrase is 'building sustainable communities' rather than housing estates. However, commercial concerns tend to retard the opening of services until a large number of residents have occupied the new neighbourhood.


In the Third World, such slum areas are often irregularly built or managed, with individualistic, unregulated building and other forms of social or legal disorder. It has been said that this would be sometimes a case of spontaneous or psychological apartheid. In some cases inhabitants just live off the waste materials produced by the city (like, increasingly, around new African towns) and usually in such situations suburbs and houses are roughly built, often not even in the traditional building materials, as seen for example in the bidonvilles. Often nomads settle their camps in suburbs. The occupiers of more industrialised or longer-lasting homes may refer to such suburbs as "shanty towns". A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Shanty towns (sometimes called bidonvilles) or the academic term informal settlements, are units of irregular low-cost and self-constructed housing built on terrain seized and occupied illegally — usually on lands belonging to third parties, most often located in the periphery of the cities. ... Kazakh nomads in the steppes of the Russian Empire, ca. ... Shanty towns are units of irregular low-cost and self-constructed housing built on terrain seized and occupied illegally -- usually on lands belonging to third parties, most often located in the urban periphery of the cities. ...


In the illustrative case of Rome, Italy, in the 1920s and 1930s, suburbs were intentionally created ex novo in order to give lower classes a destination, in consideration of the actual and foreseen massive arrival of poor people from other areas of the country. Many critics have seen in this development pattern (that was circularly distributed in every direction) also a quick solution to a problem of public order (keeping the unwelcome poorest classes - together with criminals, in this way better controlled - comfortably remote from the elegant "official" town). On the other hand, the expected huge expansion of the town soon effectively covered the distance from the central town, and now those suburbs are completely engulfed by the main territory of the town, and other newer suburbs were created at a further distance from them. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... In urban planning, the notion of public order refers a city containing relatively empty (and orderly) spaces; which allow for flexibility in redesiging the citys layout; such perceptions played an important role in the establishments of suburbs. ...


Traffic flows/flaws

A traditional street grid shown at bottom, with a suburban cul-de-sac street system at the top.

Contrary to popular belief, suburbs typically have more traffic congestion and longer travel times than traditional neighborhoods.[6] Only the traffic within the short streets themselves is less. This is due to three factors: almost-mandatory automobile ownership due to poor suburban bus systems, longer travel distances and the hierarchy system, which is less efficient at distributing traffic than the traditional grid of streets. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the musical group, see Cul de Sac (group). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... A Volvo articulated bus in contract service for Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia, operated by Virginia Overland Transportation, an urban-suburban bus line, in 2003 A transit bus (also known as a commuter bus) in the United States is usually operated by an urban-suburban bus line, a governmental... A street hierarchy is a system of urban design that completely separates through automobile traffic from developed areas. ... Look up grid in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the suburban system (sometimes also called a "sprawl network"), most trips from one component to another component requires that cars enter a collector road, no matter how short or long the distance is. This is compounded by the hierarchy of streets, where entire neighborhoods and subdivisions are dependent on one or two collector roads. Because all traffic is forced onto these roads, they are often heavy with traffic all day. If a traffic accident occurs on a collector road, or if road construction inhibits the flow, then the entire road system may be rendered useless until the blockage is cleared. The traditional, "grown" grid, in turn, allows for a larger number of choices and alternate routes. An collector road is a low or moderate-capacity road which is below a highway or arterial road level of service. ... An collector road is a low or moderate-capacity road which is below a highway or arterial road level of service. ...


Suburban systems of the sprawl type are also quite inefficient for cyclists or pedestrians, as the direct route is usually not available for them either. This encourages car trips even for distances as low as several hundreds of meters (which may have become up to several kilometres due to the road network). Improved sprawl systems, though retaining the car detours, possess cycle paths and foot path connecting across the arms of the sprawl system, allowing a more direct route while still keeping the cars out of the residential and side streets. For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Look up Pedestrian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up as the crow flies in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... This article or section should include material from Cycle path debate Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... Urban sprawl (also called suburban sprawl and Los Angelization) describes the growth of a metropolitan area, particularly the suburbs, over a large area. ...


Notable suburbs

Many suburbs have become famous in their own right. This can be either due to the wealth and prestige associated with the suburb, or because of an event occurring in, or a person or group originating from, the suburb.


North America

Perhaps the best-known American suburb is Beverly Hills, California, a wealthy suburb of Los Angeles. Other well-known suburbs include Shaker Heights, near Cleveland, which was one of the first planned garden communities in the U.S.; the North Shore area above Chicago; the Grosse Pointe region of Michigan, near Detroit; the Main Line suburbs of Philadelphia; Long Island, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York Fairfield County, Connecticut, where most towns are suburbs of New York City (much of the lower Hudson River Valley in New York is also a suburb of New York City); much of Northern New Jersey, with New York City and cities in North Jersey across the river serving as employment centers; Redmond, Washington, home of Microsoft and Nintendo's American division, near Seattle; and Arlington, Virginia outside Washington, DC. “Beverly Hills” redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... Historically, the North Shore referred to the area serviced by the now defunct Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, which ran along Lake Michigans western shore between Chicago and Milwaukee from 1896 until 1963. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... This article is about the incorporated city of Grosse Pointe. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... For the New Jersey Transit (formerly Erie Railroad) Main Line, see Main Line (NJ Transit). ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love endure Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country Commonwealth County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... Yonkers, just north of New York City in Westchester County, is the fourth largest city in the U.S. state of New York, with a population of 196,086 (according to the 2000 census). ... Westchester County is a primarily suburban county with about 940,000 residents located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Fairfield County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image of the Hudson River taken by NASA. View of the Hudson River in 1880s showing Jersey City View of the Hudson River from Battery Park, New York The Goldman Sachs Tower looms above the skyline of downtown Jersey City, New Jersey, overlooking the Hudson River. ... “NY” redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Metropolitan statistical areas and divisions of New Jersey; counties shaded in blue hues are in the New York City metro; counties shaded in green hues are in the Philadelphia metro. ... Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... ...


Because of different local government patterns, suburbs of one city may be bigger than a central city in another area. The most-populous suburb in the United States is Mesa, Arizona near Phoenix, with an estimated population of 447,541 in 2006 — more than Cleveland, Miami, or Minneapolis.[citation needed] Virginia Beach, with a population of around 450,000 is the largest city in the state of Virginia; some would consider it a suburb of Norfolk, because the urban core of its region is in Norfolk.[citation needed] Canada's largest suburb, Mississauga, Ontario, has nearly 700,000 people, greater than Vancouver, Boston, Massachusetts, and Washington, D.C., and is itself the sixth largest city in Canada. Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Miami-Dade Incorporated July 28, 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-Commissioner Plan  - Mayor Manny Diaz (I)  - City Manager Pedro G. Hernandez  - City Attorney Jorge L. Fernandez  - City Clerk Priscilla Thompson Area  - City  55. ... “Minneapolis” redirects here. ... Location in the Commonwealth o Virginia. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... For the First Nation, see Mississaugas. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... “Boston” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Some suburbs swell so fast that they take over the politics of the counties they are built in. This happened in the 1990s to three suburbs in Florida: The Villages, Palm Bay and Deltona.[citation needed] For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... The Villages is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place, the largest such location by population in Sumter County, Florida. ... Palm Bay is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... Deltona is a city located in southwestern Volusia County, Florida. ...


Australia

In Australia, many of the most famous suburbs are associated with sport, however the majority of these suburbs are unknown outside of Australia, unlike U.S. suburbs such as Beverly Hills.


The popularity of Australian Rules Football, and the tradition of naming the club after the suburb or city in which it is based, has led to several inner suburbs of Melbourne becoming well-known throughout the country. These clubs include St. Kilda, Collingwood, Carlton, Essendon, Richmond and Hawthorn. Most of these areas have other attractions, but none, with the possible exception of St. Kilda, would be a household name without the football club. High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... The St. ... Collingwood Football Club, nicknamed The Magpies, is an Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League. ... Carlton Football Club, nicknamed The Blues, is the sixth oldest Australian rules football club and the third oldest club in the Australian Football League. ... Essendon Football Club, nicknamed The Bombers, is an Australian rules football club that is part of the Australian Football League. ... Richmond Football Club, nicknamed The Tigers, is an Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League. ... Hawthorn Football Club, nicknamed The Hawks, are an Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League (AFL). ...


In the north-eastern states of New South Wales and Queensland, the homes of National Rugby League teams play a similar role. “NSW” redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. ...


The Brisbane suburb of Woolloongabba is famous as the location of the city's cricket ground, known colloquially as The Gabba. For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Woolloongabba is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia located 1km south of the Brisbane CBD. Experts are divided regarding the Aboriginal meaning of the name, preferring either whirling waters (woolloon and capemm) or fight talk place (woolloon and gabba). ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ...


The Sydney suburbs of Bondi and Manly, and the beaches of the same names, are known as the origin of surf lifesaving. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Bondi is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... Manly is a suburb in Local Government Area of Manly Council on Northern Beaches of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... Surf Ski Carnival in Alexandra Heads. ...


In Melbourne, Albert Park is known as the home of the Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit. Albert Park is an inner city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia in the City of Port Phillip. ... The Melbourne Grand Prix Circuits pit building. ...


Largest suburbs worldwide

The following is a table of the largest incorporated suburbs worldwide, with over 800 thousand people. Only census data is listed. (Except cities that require exact records of birth/death/move registration such in Japan, and Brazil which estimates all its cities annually)

Rank City Population Metropolitan Area Nation source
1 Bekasi 1,931,976 Greater Jakarta, Jabotabek Indonesia Indonesia Census 2000
2 Ecatepec de Morelos 1,688,258 Greater Mexico City Mexico Mexico Census 2005 CONAPO
3 Tangerang 1,488,666 Greater Jakarta, Jabotabek Indonesia Indonesia Census 2000
4 Depok 1,353,249 Greater Jakarta, Jabotabek Indonesia Indonesia Census 2000
5 Kawasaki 1,342,232 Greater Tokyo Area Japan Japan Oct 2006
6 Guarulhos 1,283,253 Greater São Paulo Brazil Brazil IBGE Estimate 2006 [3]
7 Thana 1,261,517 Greater Mumbai India India Census 2001
8 Kalyan 1,193,266 Greater Mumbai India India Census 2001
9 Saitama 1,182,000 Greater Tokyo Japan Japan Census 2005
10 Caloocan 1,177,604 Metro Manila Philippines Ph Census 2002
11 Zapopan 1,155,790 Greater Guadalajara Mexico Mexico Census 2005 CONAPO
12 Nezahualcóyotl 1,140,528 Mexico City Mexico Mexico Census 2005 CONAPO
13 Faridabad 1,055,938 Greater Delhi India India Census 2001
14 Suwon 1,033,829 Greater Seoul S. Korea S. Korea NSO Estimate [4]
15 Haora 1,008,704 Greater Kolkata India India Census 2001
16 Pimpri 1,006,417 Greater Pune India India Census 2001
17 Seongnam 977,166 Greater Seoul S. Korea S. Korea NSO Estimate [5]
18 São Gonçalo 973,372 Greater Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil IBGE Estimate 2006 [6]
19 Ghaziabad 968,521 Greater Delhi India India Census 2001
20 Chiba 930,388 Greater Tokyo Japan Japan Oct 2006
21 Goyang 886,000 Greater Seoul S. Korea S. Korea NSO Estimate [7]
22 Shubra al Khaymah 870,716 Greater Cairo Egypt Egypt Census 1996
23 Bucheon 866,000 Greater Seoul S. Korea S. Korea NSO Estimate [8]
24 Duque de Caxias 855,010 Greater Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil IBGE Estimate 2006 [9]
25 Nova Iguaçu 844,583 Greater Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil IBGE Estimate 2006 [10]
26 Sakai 832,287 Greater Osaka Japan Japan Oct 2006
27 Naucalpan de Juárez 821,442 Greater Mexico City Mexico Mexico Census 2005 CONAPO
28 São Bernardo do Campo 803,906 Greater São Paulo Brazil Brazil IBGE Estimate 2006 [11]

Indonesia and India census populations are from citypopulation.de Bekasi is a city to the east of Jakarta, Indonesia in the Jabotabek region. ... Jabotabek, or Jabodetabek is the term given to the metropolitan area surrounding Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Seal of the municipal government Ecatepec de Morelos is a municipio in the the State of México, its seat is San Cristóbal Ecatepec de Morelos. ... Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, oficially called Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México or ZMCM (Metropolitan Zone of Mexico City) in Mexico. ... Map of Tangerang Tangerang is a city 20 kilometers west of Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jabotabek, or Jabodetabek is the term given to the metropolitan area surrounding Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Depok is a city adjacent to the south of Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jabotabek, or Jabodetabek is the term given to the metropolitan area surrounding Jakarta, Indonesia. ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... Map of Japan with the Greater Tokyo Area highlighted The Greater Tokyo Area is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of most of the Japanese prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Tokyo (at the center). ... Guarulhos is the 2nd largest city in São Paulo state, Brazil and a suburb of São Paulo city itself. ... A simulated-colour satellite image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (centre), and the coastal towns of Santos and São Vicente (below). ... Thana may refer to the following: The former name of Thane, a city in Maharashtra, India. ... MumbaÄ« (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India and the world, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on the west coast of Maharashtra. ... Kalyan (Marathi: कल्याण) is a city in the part of the Konkan (or Kokan) region included in Maharashtra state, and a major railway junction in the vicinity of Mumbai, India. ... MumbaÄ« (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India and the world, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on the west coast of Maharashtra. ... Saitama ) is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture in Japan. ... The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the prefectures of Tokyo, Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ... Caloocan City (in Filipino Kalookan) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Metropolitan Manila (Filipino: Kalakhang Maynila) or the National Capital Region (NCR) (Filipino: Pambansang Punong Rehiyon) is the greater metropolitan area of the city of Manila, the national capital and largest city in the Philippines. ... Zapopan is a municipality in the Mexican state Jalisco, and is part of the Guadalajara metropolitan area. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... , Faridabad   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a major industrial city and population center in Haryana state, northern India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Suwon (Suwon-si) is the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. ... Look up Seoul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Haora is a town in Haora district in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Pimpri is a town near Pune in Maharashtra, India. ... , Pune (IPA: , Marathi: पुणे) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Statistics Location map Seongnam is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Look up Seoul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: ã and ç. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Sao Goncalo. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Chiba (千葉市 Chiba-shi) is the capital city of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ... The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the prefectures of Tokyo, Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ... Goyang is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Look up Seoul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Shubra al Khaymah is a city in northern Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Bucheon City Hall. ... Look up Seoul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Duque de Caxias is a city in southeast Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Nova Iguaçu Nova Iguaçu is a city in southeast Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Sakai (堺市; -shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... ÅŒsaka-Kōbe-Kyōto is a metropolitan area that is centered on the cities of Osaka in the Osaka prefecture, Kobe in the Hyogo prefecture, and Kyoto in the Kyoto prefecture. ... An aerial shot of the Satélite Towers —one of the most important symbols of Naucalpan— taken from a helicopter. ... Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, oficially called Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México or ZMCM (Metropolitan Zone of Mexico City) in Mexico. ... Nickname: The Automobile Capital Coordinates:  - Mayor William Dib (PSB) Area    - City 407. ... This article is about the city. ...


Census data is self-evident as it is published extensively, census dates for all nations are available here and national statistical agencies here.


References

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster Online
  2. ^ The Fractured Metropolis: Improving the New City, Restoring the Old City, Reshaping the Region By Jonathan Barnett
  3. ^ LONDON`S METROLAND
  4. ^ Garden Cities of To-Morrow
  5. ^ Comeback Cities: A Blueprint for Urban Neighborhood Revival By Paul S. Grogan, Tony Proscio. ISBN 0813339529. Published 2002. Page 142.

    "Perhaps suburbanization was a 'natural' phenomenon--rising incomes allowing formerly huddled masses in city neighborhoods to breathe free on green lawn and leafy culs-de-sac. But, we will never know how natural it was, because of the massive federal subsidy that eased and accelerated it, in the form of tax, transportation and housing policies." Suburbanisation is a term used by many to describe the current social urban dynamic operating within many parts of the developed world and is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ... Accidentally created cul-de-sac in Carrer Pare Mariana (Father Mariana St. ...

  6. ^ [1]
  • Baumgartner, M. P. The Moral Order of a Suburb. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
  • Baxandall, Rosalyn and Elizabeth Ewen. Picture Windows: How the Suburbs Happened. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
  • Blakely, Edward J. and Mary Gail Snyder. Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1997.
  • Bruegmann, Robert. Sprawl: A Compact History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
  • Duany, Andrés and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk. Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream. New York: North Point Press, 2000.
  • England, Robert E. and David R. Morgan. Managing Urban America, 1979.
  • Fava, Sylvia Fleis. "Suburbanism as a Way of Life." American Sociological Review 21 no. 1 (February 1956): 34-37.
  • Fishman, Robert. Bourgeois Utopia: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia. New York: Basic Books, 1987.
  • Fogelson, Robert M. Bourgeois Nightmares: Suburbia, 1870-193'. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.
  • Gans, Herbert J. The Levittowners: Ways of Life and Politics in a New Suburban Community. New York: Pantheon, 1967.
  • Gruenberg, Sidonie Matsner. "The Challenge of the New Suburbs." Marriage and Family Living 17 no. 2 (May 1955): 133-137.
  • Hayden, Dolores. Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth, 1920-2000. New York: Pantheon Books, 2003.
  • Hope, Andrew. "Evaluation the Significance of San Lorenzo Village, A Mid-20th Century Suburban Community." CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 2 (Summer 2005): 50-61.
  • Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
  • Katz, Peter, ed. The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.
  • Kelly, Barbara. Expanding the American Dream: Building and Rebuilding Levittown. Albany, NY: State University of Albany Press, 1993.
  • Kruse, Kevin M, and Thomas J. Sugrue, editors. The New Suburban History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
  • Kunstler, James Howard. The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.
  • Lewis, Robert (2001) "Manufacturing Montreal: The Making of an Industrial Landscape, 1850 to 1930" Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • McKenzie, Evan. Privatopia: Homeowner Associations and the Rise of Residential Private Government. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1994.
  • Morton, Marian. "The Suburban Ideal and Suburban Realities: Cleveland heights, Othio, 1860-2001." Journal of Urban History 28 no. 5 (September 2002) 671-698,
  • Muller, Peter O. Contemporary Suburban America. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1981.
  • Mumford, Louis. The Culture of Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1938.
  • Putman, Robert D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
  • Rybczynski, Witold. "How to Build a Suburb." The Wilson Quarterly 19 no. 3 (Summer 2005): 114-126.
  • Rybczynski, Witold (Nov. 7, 2005). "Suburban Despair". Slate.
  • Smith, Albert C. & Schank, Kendra (1999). "A Grotesque Measure for Marietta". Journal of Urban Design 4 (3).
  • Warner, Sam Bass. Streetcar Suburbs: The Process of Growth in Boston, 1870-1890. Cambridge. Mass., 1962.
  • Winkler, Robert. Going Wild: Adventures with Birds in the Suburban Wilderness. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2003.
  • __________. "All the World's a Mall: Reflections on the Social and Economic Consequences of the American Shopping Center." The American Historical Review 101 no. 4 (October 1996): 1111-1121.

Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ...

See also

Boomburb is a neologism for a large, rapidly growing suburban city that remains essentially suburban in character even as it reaches populations more typical of urban core cities. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey to travel to New York City A commuter town, is an urban community that is primarily residential, from which most of the workforce commute to a nearby metropolis to earn their livelihood. ... Edge City is an American term for a relatively new concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area, in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi-rural community. ... It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ... The inner suburbs of a city are generally the most populous areas of metropolitan area in the United States. ... Microdistrict, or microraion (Russian: ; Chinese: 小区; Pinyin: Xiǎoqū), is a residential compound—a primary structural element of the residential area construction used in the Soviet Union, other former Warsaw pact countries, and the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... A streetcar suburb is a community whose growth was mostly shaped by the coming of the electric streetcar or tram. ... The Urban Rural Fringe (or urban hinterland) can be described as the landscape interface between town and country [1], or alternatively as the transition zone where urban and rural uses mix and often clash. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Suburb Living: Real Estate, Schools, Neighborhoods Nationwide (190 words)
Settling down in a suburb community is a popular way to retreat from the hustle and bustle of city dwelling.
These residential areas are often times filled with nice, quiet neighborhoods located near shopping malls and schools, park and recreational spaces, and provide access to trains, freeways or other transport systems, commuting you to the nearby city if need be.
You will also find helpful resources and direct contact information for a real estate agent who specializes in placing clients in a suburb community that best suits their personal and financial needs.
suburb. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (1119 words)
Suburbs have existed in various forms since antiquity, when cities typically were walled and the villages outside them were inferior in size and status.
However, the modern notion of the quiet, unspoiled outskirts as a retreat for the wealthy urbanite is in evidence as early as the 6th cent.
Migration from the central city to the suburbs was encouraged by a succession of technological advances in transportation throughout the 19th and well into the 20th cent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m