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Encyclopedia > Subnational entity

Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. Confusingly, in countries that are not nation states, this may well mean that some or all "subnational" entities in reality are also national entities. Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... This article is about political regions. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... A nation-state is a specific form of state (a political entity), which exists to provide a sovereign territory for a particular nation (a cultural entity), and which derives its legitimacy from that function. ... One of the most influential doctrines in history is that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ...


Subnational entities are conceptually separate from dependent areas, in that the former are included in the core or mainland of the respective state. Dependent areas are territories that for some reason do not enjoy full independence or sovereignty as states. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ...

Contents


Designations

Some of the designations for subnational entities are:

Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of organization. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... An autonomous region or autonomous district is a subnational region with special powers of self-rule. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A bailiwick is the area of jurisdiction of a bailiff. ... The Channel Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. ... Since Austria is a federal republic according to the constitutional framework of Austrian politics, Austrias nine provinces are customarily referred to as States of Austria or Bundesländer, singular Bundesland. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... Sydney, Australia at Night. ... The city of Nelson stands on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand and is the administrative centre for Nelson Province. ... A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. ... The commune (in French: commune, word appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a gathering of people sharing a common life, from Latin communis, things held in common) is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... The island of Ireland has 32 counties, with Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland being nicknamed respectively the six counties and the twenty-six counties. ... A department is a part of a larger organization with a specific responsibility. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Bolivia is divided into nine departments (capitals in parentheses)- Departmento Beni (Trinidad) Departmento Chuquisaca (Sucre) Departmento Cochabamba (Cochabamba) Departmento La Paz (La Paz) Departmento Oruro (Oruro) Departmento Pando (Cobija) Departmento Potosí (Potosí) Departmento Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz) Departmento Tarija (Tarija) Each of the departments is subdivided into provincias. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect; consequentally, like that word, is its applied in English in relation to actual Prefects, whose title is just that (or the forms it takes in other, especially Romance, languages), in the broadest sense in... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... This article is about political regions. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Madagascar is divided into six provinces: Antananarivo province Antsiranana province Fianarantsoa province Mahajanga province Toamasina province Toliara province Categories: Lists of subnational entities | Madagascar | Provinces of Madagascar ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (Thai: จังหวัด, changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... Finland is divided into 20 regions (maakunta/landskap in Finnish/Swedish). ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 89 federal subjects (administrative units), 21 of which are republics: Constitutional Status Republics differ from other federal subjects in that they have the right to establish their own official language (Article 68 of the Constitution of Russia). ... For information on the fictional Shire of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings, see Shire (Middle-earth) A shire is an administrative area of Great Britain. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqÅ«; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeÅ«i) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... In some federations, a province (subnational entity) is called a state. ... A state of the United States (U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states, four of which officially favor the term commonwealth which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Australia, having a federal system of government, is divided into states and territories. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states, six union territories and the National Capital Territory. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution. ... Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: voievodat, Polish: województwo, Serbian: vojvodstvo or vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... The voivodship (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ...

Terms used in English-speaking countries

-1... A barangay also known as barrio (Filipino: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy) is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village,barrio, district, ward or town. ... A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... Sydney, Australia at Night. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A Despotate is a State ruled under a Despot/Despoina (in this context it should not be confused with Despotism). ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Division may mean: Division (mathematics), the opposite operation to multiplication. ... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ... A Local Council (LC, formerly Resistance Council -RC) is a form of local elected government within the districts of Uganda. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... A rural municipality is a form of municipality in the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... Following is a list of the regional county municipalites, territories, and newly amalgamated cities (villes) in the province of Quebec. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect; consequentally, like that word, is its applied in English in relation to actual Prefects, whose title is just that (or the forms it takes in other, especially Romance, languages), in the broadest sense in... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... This article is about political regions. ... Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... Reservation is something reserved. ... First Nations is the current title used by Canada to describe the various societies of the indigenous peoples, called Native Americans in the U.S. They have also been known as Indians, Native Canadians, Aboriginal Americans, Amer-Indians, or Aboriginals, and are officially called Indians in the Indian Act, which... A Band Society is the simplest form of human society. ... In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county, in Australia analogous. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... In some federations, a province (subnational entity) is called a state. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution. ...

Native terms

see: List of native terms for subnational entities This is a list of native terms for subnational entities. ...


Translation into English sometimes is difficult.


Compare:

  • Country (a national or supra-national entity)
  • Empire (a supra-national entity)
  • State (a national or supra-national entity)

Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ...

See also


This is a list of native terms for subnational entities. ... This is a list of current subnational entities, some of which may be states in the legal sense of the word, by country: See also: ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes based on ISO 3166-1 country codes. ... List of capitals of subnational entities covers currently the following national entities: #A-C: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Peoples Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, #D-F: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, #G-L: Germany, Hungary... This article provides a collection of the etymology of the names of subnational entities. ... This is a list of the most populous subnational entities in the world in order of population. ... This is a list of the largest subnational entities by area in square kilometres. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeūi) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of lists of unofficial regions by country: List of regions of Australia List of regions of Canada List of regions in India List of regions in Japan List of regions of the United States and historic regions of the United States List of traditional regions of...

Subnational entity
Banner | Borough | Burgh | Canton | Circuit | City | Commune | Community | County | Council | Croft | Department | District | Division | Duchy | Governorate | Hamlet | Municipality | Neighbourhood | Parish | Prefecture | Province | Region | Republic | State | Subdistrict | Territory | Town | Township | Village | Voivodship | Ward
Autonomous: banner | city | community | county | prefecture | province | region | republic | ward
Capital: district | territory
Civil: parish | township
County: borough
Federal: capital | dependencies | district | capital district | capital territory
local: council
Metropolitan: borough | county
National: capital district | capital territory
Rural: council | district | municipality
Residential: community
Urban: area (US: Urbanized Area) | district
edit See also: List of terms for subnational entities, List of subnational entities, Matrix of subnational entities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Subnational entity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (311 words)
Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters.
Confusingly, in countries that are not nation states, this may well mean that some or all "subnational" entities in reality are also national entities.
Subnational entities are conceptually separate from dependent areas so that the former are included in the core or mainland of the respective state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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