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Encyclopedia > Submarines
The USS Los Angeles (SNN 688) Source: http://www.hnn.navy.mil/Archives/030314/images_031403/originals/Los%20Angeles.JPG (from page http://www.hnn.navy.mil/Archives/030314/losangeles_031403.htm ) License: All Information on this site is public domain and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of...
The USS Los Angeles (SNN 688) Source: http://www.hnn.navy.mil/Archives/030314/images_031403/originals/Los%20Angeles.JPG (from page http://www.hnn.navy.mil/Archives/030314/losangeles_031403.htm ) License: All Information on this site is public domain and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of... Enlarge
USS Los Angeles

A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. Most major Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. Most nations which have coastlines have their own navies; a few landlocked countries also possess navies, often as... navies of the world employ submarines. Submarines are also used for marine and freshwater science and for work at depths too great for human divers. Another underwater device for use in underwater exploration and salvage is the A diving bell is a cable suspended watertight chamber, open at the bottom, that is lowered underwater to operate as a base or a means of transport for a small number of divers. Unlike a submarine it is not designed to move under the control of its occupants, nor to... diving bell.


Nuclear powered submarines and other large submarines are classed as ships, but are customarily referred to by their crews as " In the United Kingdom, a byway open to all traffic means a highway over which the public have a right of way for vehicular and all other kinds of traffic but which is used by the public mainly for the purpose for which footpaths and bridleways are used. (United Kingdom... boats". The term U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. U-47 returns to port after sinking HMS Royal Oak. The battlecruiser Scharnhorst is seen in the background. A U-boat (German: U-Boot) is any of the German submarines... U-Boat is somtimes used in english, which comes from the German name for a submarine, 'U-Boot', itself an abbreviation for Unterseeboot. Modern attack submarines, such as in the The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of slightly fewer than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over a half million men and women on active or ready reserve duty... US Navy are known as fast attack subs and generally operate in the hunter-killer role, and large subs carrying strategic nuclear missiles are known as boomers.


Submarines encompass one of the largest ranges in capabilities of any vessel. They range from a small two man vessel that could examine the sea floor for few hours all the way to largest submarines ever built, the Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: Commissioned: December 12, 1981 General Characteristics Length 175 m Beam 23 m Draft 12 m Displacement Surfaced: 23,200-24,500 tons Submerged: 33,800-48,000 tons Propulsion 2 pressurized-water nuclear reactors 2 propellers Complement 163 men Armament: 4 630 mm torpedo tubes... Typhoon class which can remain submerged for months and carry enough nuclear missiles to destroy hundreds of cities. There are a wide variety of specialized submarines such as rescue submarines like the U.S. Navy Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) - Mystic Arrival of the DSRV Avalon at Brest airport aboard a C-5 Galaxy cargo A U.S. Navy Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) performs rescue operations on submerged, disabled submarines of the U.S. Navy or foreign navies. Contents // 1 Features... DSRV or a tiny one person human powered sub intended for a competition between universities.

Contents

Nonmilitary submarines and submersibles

Non military submarines are usually much smaller than military submarines. Tourist submarines work mainly in tropical resort areas or other areas with clear water and good visibility. In 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996, there were over fifty private submarines operating around the world, serving approximately two million passengers that year. Most of these submarines carried between twenty-five and fifty passengers at a time and sometimes made ten or more dives per day. In design, these submarines borrow mainly from research subs, having large portholes for passengers' viewing and often placing significant mechanical systems outside the hull to conserve interior space. Nonetheless, even aboard tourist submarines the seating can be rather cramped. They are mainly battery-powered and are very slow.

http://www.cnrc.navy.mil/nucfield/media/ship%20gifs/ssnxxx.jpg This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is...
http://www.cnrc.navy.mil/nucfield/media/ship%20gifs/ssnxxx.jpg This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is... Enlarge
A USS Greeneville off the coast of Honolulu, Hawaii. The Los Angeles-class attack submarines (SSN) is the most numerous class of nuclear powered submarines built by any nation, and form the bulk of the U.S. attack submarine force as of 2004. They were preceded by the Sturgeon class and... Los Angeles class nuclear powered military submarine of the The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of slightly fewer than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over a half million men and women on active or ready reserve duty... U.S. Navy

Submersibles

In common usage, "submarine" means a ship which operates above and below the surface, untethered. Underwater vessels with limited mobility, intended to remain in one place during most of their use, such as those used for rescue, research or salvage purposes are usually called " A submersible is another name for a submarine, and is the normal term for civilian and non-combatant military designs, particularly midget submarines. Categories: Water-transport stubs | Submarines ... submersibles". Submersibles are typically transported to their area of operation by surface ships or large submarines.


In general, submersibles differ from submarines in that submersibles typically have shorter range, and operate underwater almost exclusively, having little function at the surface. Many submersibles operate on a "tether" or "umbilical", remaining connected to a Tender may mean: one of several types of boat or ship, all sharing the general function of servicing another type of air or sea vessel: seaplane tender - supplies and services seaplanes submarine tender - resupplies submarines motor torpedo boat tender - resupplies motor torpedo boats ships tender - used to transport people... tender, (a submarine, surface vessel or platform).


A A bathysphere is a spherical deep-sea diving submersible which is lowered into bodies of water with a cable. Bathyspheres have a variety of uses, usually including the study of underwater life. At extreme depths, the cable becomes unmanageable. Deeper dives must be performed by self_propelled vehicles such as the... bathysphere or The Bathyscaphe Trieste A bathyscape or bathyscaphe is a self-propelled deep-sea diving submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere suspended below a float filled with a buoyant liquid such as petrol. Auguste Piccard, inventor of the first bathyscaphe, composed the name bathyscaphe using the Greek... bathyscaphe is a type of submersible which lacks any self-propulsion. A predecessor of the bathysphere, the A diving bell is a cable suspended watertight chamber, open at the bottom, that is lowered underwater to operate as a base or a means of transport for a small number of divers. Unlike a submarine it is not designed to move under the control of its occupants, nor to... diving bell, consisted of a chamber, with an open bottom, lowered into the water


A fairly recent development, very small unmanned submersibles called "marine remotely operated vehicles" or MROVs are widely used today to work in water too deep or too dangerous for divers. For example, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) repair offshore Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petrus – rock and oleum – oil), mineral oil, or crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the... petroleum platforms and attach cables to sunken ships to hoist them. Such remotely operated vehicles are attached by a tether (a thick cable providing power and communications) to control center on a ship. Operators on the ship see video images sent back from the robot and may control its propellers and manipulator arm. The wreck of the Titanic may refer to: RMS Titanic, the British ocean liner which sank in 1912. Films made by the name of Titanic: Titanic, made in 1943, a German film directed by Werner Klingler and Herbert Selpin. Titanic, made in 1953, directed by Jean Negulesco. Titanic, the 1997 blockbuster, directed by James... Titanic was explored by such a vehicle, as well as by a manned vessel.


Military submarines

There are probably more military submarines in operation than any other type of submarine, though it is difficult to obtain exact figures because navies are secretive about their submarine fleets.


Submarines are useful to a military because they are difficult to locate and, when very deep below the surface, also more difficult to destroy. A great deal of attention in the design of a submarine is devoted to making its travel through the water silent to prevent its detection. As far as short-range attacks are concerned, this also allows them to approach their victim without being detected, then strike at close range.

Download high resolution version (1050x726, 237 KB)Larger version on the commons: commons:Image:USS Chicago (SSN 721) at periscope depth off Malaysia.jpg Submarine at periscope depth, PD image, US govt. source: The Pacific Ocean, July 24, 2001 — The Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Chicago (SSN 721...
Download high resolution version (1050x726, 237 KB)Larger version on the commons: commons:Image:USS Chicago (SSN 721) at periscope depth off Malaysia.jpg Submarine at periscope depth, PD image, US govt. source: The Pacific Ocean, July 24, 2001 — The Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Chicago (SSN 721... Enlarge
The Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Chicago (SSN 721) glides along at periscope depth in the western Pacific Ocean off the coast of Malaysia. U.S. Navy photo by Photographers Mate 1st Class Kevin H. Tierney. July 24, 2001 Career Awarded: 13 August 1981 Laid down: 5 January... USS Chicago at periscope depth off the coast of The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: West Malaysia, commonly known as Peninsular Malaysia/Malay Peninsula, shares a land frontier on the north with Thailand and is connected by a causeway and a bridge on... Malaysia. Submarines at Diagram of periscope. A periscope is an instrument for observation from a concealed position. In its simplest form it is a tube in each end of which are mirrors set parallel to each other and at an angle of 45° with respect to the line between them. It may be... periscope depth are easily detectable by overhead aircraft.

Modern submarines are usually cigar-shaped. This design, officially called a "teardrop hull", was patterned after the bodies of Whales are the largest species of exclusively aquatic placental mammals, members of the order Cetacea, which also includes dolphins and porpoises. They are the largest mammals, the largest vertebrates, and the largest known animals in the world. The term whale is ambiguous: it can refer to all cetaceans, to just... whales. It significantly decreases the hydrodynamic The word drag has several meanings: In physics, drag is a combination of aerodynamic or hydrodynamic forces. In computing, to drag is to click the mouse button and hold it down while moving the mouse. In music, to drag is to play slower than the indicated tempo. In drumming, a... drag on the sub, allowing the sub to go much faster than earlier designs. USS Albacore off the coast of Rhode Island Career Ordered: 24 November 1950 Laid down: 15 March 1952 Launched: 1 August 1953 Commissioned: 6 December 1953 Decommissioned: 9 December 1972 Fate: Donated as a Museum and Memorial Stricken: 1 May 1980 General Characteristics Displacement: 1240 tons light, 1540 tons full... USS Albacore was the first vessel to use a teardrop hull. With Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. The nuclear reactor is inside the dome-shaped containment building. A nuclear reactor is a device in which nuclear chain reactions are initiated, controlled, and sustained at a steady rate (as opposed to a nuclear explosion, where the chain reaction occurs in a split... nuclear power, submarines can remain submerged nearly all of the time, surfacing only rarely. Some generate nitrogen – oxygen – fluorine   O S       Full table General Name, Symbol, Number Oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16 (VIA), 2, p Density, Hardness 1.429 kg/m3, NA Appearance colorless Atomic properties Atomic weight 15.9994 g/mol Atomic radius... oxygen for the crew by This article is about the chemical process. Electrolysis is also a method of epilation. In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a method of separating bonded elements and compounds by passing an electric current through them. Contents // 1 Overview 2 Experimenters 3 First law of electrolysis 4 Second law of electrolysis... electrolysis of water.


A raised tower on top of a submarine accommodates the length of the Diagram of periscope. A periscope is an instrument for observation from a concealed position. In its simplest form it is a tube in each end of which are mirrors set parallel to each other and at an angle of 45° with respect to the line between them. It may be... periscope and electronics masts, which can include For other uses see: radio (disambiguation) Radio transmission diagram and electromagnetic waves Radio is a technology that allows the transmission of signals by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of light. Radio waves Radio waves are a form of electromagnetic radiation, and are created whenever a charged object... radio, This article is about the device. For the fictional character in M*A*S*H, see Corporal Walter (Radar) OReilly. This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. Radar is an acronym for radio detection and ranging... radar, Electronic warfare (EW) includes, but is not limited to, the following: Electronic countermeasures (ECM) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. Most ECM activity is in the form of jamming. Electronic protective measures (EPM) This includes all activities related to making... electronic warfare, and other systems. In many obsolete boat-shaped classes of submarines (see history, below), the Control Room, or "Conn", was located inside this tower, which was known as the "conning tower". Since that time, however, the Conn has been located within the main body of the submarine, and the tower is more commonly called the "sail" today. In another interpretation, "conning tower" comes from the The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English verb "to con", which means "to navigate", indicating the presence of navigational systems in the conning tower. The Conn should not be confused with the "bridge", which is a small, open platform set into the top of the sail used for visual observation while submarines operate on the surface. There may also be an additional closed platform below this with windows and their wipers for running under conditions of bad weather.

closeup of Image:USS Los Angeles (SSN 688), dockside at singapore.jpg, showing camouflaged masts This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file... Closeup of conning tower, showing diving planes, masts, and periscope.
Closeup of USS Los Angeles (SSN-688) Career Awarded: 8 January 1971 Laid down: 8 January 1972 Launched: 6 April 1974 Commissioned: 13 November 1976 Fate: Active in service as of 2005. Homeport: Pearl Harbor General Characteristics Displacement: 5700 tons light, 6072 tons full, 372 tons dead Length: 110.3 metres (362... USS Los Angeles' conning tower, showing diving planes, Anolis caroliensis: well camouflaged. Camouflage is the method which allows an otherwise visible organism or object to remain indiscernible from the surrounding environment. Examples include a tigers stripes and the fatigues of a modern soldier. Camouflage is a form of deception. Contents // 1 Natural Camouflage 2 Camouflage in military... camouflaged masts, and periscope.

Modern submarines use an An inertial navigation system measures the position and altitude of a vehicle by measuring the accelerations and rotations applied to the systems inertial frame. It is widely used because it refers to no real-world item beyond itself. It is therefore immune to jamming and deception. (See relativity and... Inertial guidance system for navigation while submerged, but drift error build up over time is unavoidable. To counter this, the Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. For other uses of the acronym GPS, see GPS (disambiguation). The Global Positioning System, usually called GPS (the US military refers to it as NAVSTAR GPS), is a satellite navigation system used for determining one... global positioning system will be occasionally used to obtain an accurate position. The periscope is only used occasionally, since the range of visibility below the sea is short.


A typical military submarine can have a crew of over one hundred. Their job is one of the most difficult assignments in the navy, because they must work in isolation for long periods, without much contact with their families, since submarines normally maintain radio silence to avoid detection. Operating a submarine is dangerous, even in peacetime; many submarines have been lost in accidents (see history, below).


Submarines have been in use for a long time, but as technology has improved, their role has changed drastically. The common feature has always been their stealth, cloaked by miles of ocean. Even with modern detection systems, submarines can still travel almost invisibly.


Types of military submarines

Military submarines come in three general types: ballistic-missile submarines, guided missile submarines and attack submarines.


Outside these categories may fall the many smaller A midget submarine ia a small submarine, typically with a one or two person crew and with no on-board living accommodation. Midget submarines normally work with mother ships from which they are launched and recovered, and which provide living accommodation for the crew and other support. Both military and... midget submarines, used for sabotage, espionage and secretive transport. North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... North Korea's submarine fleet, estimated as the fourth-largest in the world in the 1990s, consists largely of smaller vessels. Also outside these categories fall the Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II German The Type XIV U-boat was a modification of the Type IXD, designed to resupply other U-boats. They were nicknamed Milchkuh/Milchkühe (pl.) (milk cows). They had no offensive weaponry, only antiaircraft guns. In the middle part of World War II, the Milk Cows successfully allowed the smaller... milchkuh submarines: submersible supply vessels.


SSBNs

USS Michigan (SSBN-727) This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain. File history Legend...
USS Michigan (SSBN-727) This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain. File history Legend... Enlarge
The Ohio class submarine Career Awarded: 28 February 1975 Laid down: 4 April 1977 Launched: 26 April 1980 Commissioned: 25 May 1985 Status: Active in service as of 2005. Homeport: General Characteristics Displacement: 15280 tons surfaced, 16782 tons submerged Length: 560 feet Beam: 42 feet Draft: 38 feet Powerplant: Steam Turbine (Nuclear) Speed: 20... USS Michigan.

Polish missile wz. 8/K-14 (Scud-B) A ballistic missile is a missile, usually with no wings or fins, with a prescribed course that cannot be altered after the missile has burned its fuel, whereafter its course is governed by the laws of ballistics. In order to cover large... Ballistic missile submarines (or boomers, in American Slang is the non-standard use of words in a language of a particular social group, and sometimes the creation of new words or importation of words from another language. Slang is a type of sociolect aimed at excluding certain people from the conversation. Slang initially functions as encryption, so... slang) carry Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. Modern variants usually deliver multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) each of which carries a warhead and allows a single launched missile to strike a handful of targets. The first successful tests of... submarine-launched ballistic missiles, missiles armed with The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. A nuclear weapon is a weapon that derives its energy from nuclear reactions and has enormous destructive power—even the smallest nuclear weapons are much... nuclear weapons, for attacking strategic targets such as cities or A missile silo is a underground vertical cylindrical container for the storage and launching of ICBMs. They typically have the missile some distance under the surface, protected with a huge blast door on top. Until the 1960s ICBMs had been launched from surface bases. The Soviets used completely aboveground launchers... missile silos anywhere in the world. They are currently universally Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. The nuclear reactor is inside the dome-shaped containment building. A nuclear reactor is a device in which nuclear chain reactions are initiated, controlled, and sustained at a steady rate (as opposed to a nuclear explosion, where the chain reaction occurs in a split... nuclear-powered, to provide the greatest stealth and endurance. (The first Soviet ballistic missile submarines were diesel-powered.) They played an important part in The Cold War ( 1947- 1991) was the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between groups of nations practicing different ideologies and political systems. On one side was the Soviet Union and its allies, often referred to as the Eastern bloc. On the other side were the... Cold War mutual Deterrence is the method manipulating a persons action by negative motivational influences. Deterrence is a criminological theory. Deterrence is the idea that someone can be prevented from committing a crime by fear of the potential consequences. Deterrence is the primary theory of punishment in the United States legal system... deterrence, as both the United States and the Soviet Union had (or could contend to possess) the ability to conduct a retaliatory strike against the other nation in the event of a In nuclear strategy, first strike capability is a countrys ability to defeat another nuclear power by destroying its arsenal to the point where the attacking country can survive the weakened retaliation. Contents // 1 Theory 2 History 3 See also 4 External links Theory One reason that critics oppose missile... first strike. This comprised the strategy of Mutual assured destruction (MAD) is the doctrine of military strategy in which a full scale use of nuclear weapons by one of two opposing sides would result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender. It is based on the theory of deterrence according to which the deployment... Mutual Assured Destruction.


The U.S. has 18 The United States has 18 Ohio class submarines: 14 nuclear-powered SSBNs, each armed with 24 Trident II SLBMs; they are also known as Trident submarines, and provide the sea-based leg of the triad of the United States strategic deterrent forces 4 nuclear-powered SSGNs, each armed with 154... Ohio class submarines, of which 14 are The Trident missile is an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) which is armed with nuclear warheads and is launched from submarines (SSBNs), making it an SLBM. There are 14 active US Ohio class submarines and 4 UK Vanguard class submarines equipped with the two variants of Trident: the initial Trident-I... Trident II SSBN is the United States Navy Hull classification symbol for a fleet ballistic missile submarine. The SS denotes a submarine, the B denotes ballistic missile capability, and the N denotes nuclear power. It differs from SSN, attack submarine, which primary mission of the SSBN is nuclear detterence while hunter/killer... SSBNs, each carrying 24 SLBMs. The American The George Washington class of United States Navy submarine were the first ballistic missile submarines in the world. Together with the Ethan Allen, the Lafayette, the James Madison, and the Benjamin Franklin classes, they comprised the 41 for Freedom. The December 1959 commissioning of George Washington (SSBN-598), the class... George Washington-class "boomers" were named for "famous Americans" and the later Ohio class were named for states, with the exceptions that some of the "famous Americans" were foreigners and The USS Henry M. Jackson (SSBN-730) Career Ordered: 6 June 1977 Laid down: 19 January 1981 Launched: 15 October 1983 Commissioned: 6 October 1984 Fate: Active in service as of 2005. Homeport: Bangor, Washington General Characteristics Displacement: 15279 tons light, 16818 tons full, 1539 tons dead Length: 170.6... SSBN-730 gained the name of a Senator. The first four Ohio class vessels were equipped with Trident I, and are being converted to carry A Tomahawk cruise missile The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile with stubby wings. Introduced by General Dynamics in the 1970s, it was designed as a medium- to long-range, low-altitude aircraft that could be launched from a submerged submarine. It... Tomahawk guided missiles instead.


For Russia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Russia From Wikipedia The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja... Russia, see NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Ballistic Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Racetnaya Ballistecheskaya - PLARB) Hotel I (Project 658) 8 ships Hotel II (Project 658M) 7 ships (refitted from Project 658 ships) Yankee I (Project 667A) 34 ships Yankee II (Project 667AM, Navaga-M... List of NATO reporting names for ballistic missile submarines.

Download high resolution version (797x1057, 59 KB)HMS Renown (Resolution-class submarine). Used with permission of Navy-photos This image is copyrighted by the maintainer of the Web site http://www.navyphotos.co.uk/ and used with permission. The terms of the permission do not include third party use. User...
Download high resolution version (797x1057, 59 KB)HMS Renown (Resolution-class submarine). Used with permission of Navy-photos This image is copyrighted by the maintainer of the Web site http://www.navyphotos.co.uk/ and used with permission. The terms of the permission do not include third party use. User... Enlarge
The Resolution-class HMS Renown

The British Royal Navy Ensign The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. It operates a number of aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, fifteen nuclear submarines, and various other ships, as well as aircraft, and the UKs amphibious force: the Royal Marines. The Royal Navy is the largest navy in... Royal Navy possess a single class of four ballistic missile submarines known as the The Royal Navys Vanguard class of nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs), each armed with 16 Trident SLBMs, includes four boats: Vanguard (S28), Victorious (S29), Vigilant (S30), and Vengeance (S31), all built by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd. General characteristics Vanguard Class Submarine Displacement: 15,900 tons submerged Length: 149... Vanguard class. The Royal Navy's previous ballistic missile submarine class was the HMS Renown Resolution-class General Characteristics Displacement: 7,500 tons surfaced, 8,400 tons dived Length: 425 ft (130 m) Beam: 33 ft (10.1 m) Draught: 30 ft (9.1 m) Propulsion: One shaft, One Rolls-Royce PWR1 nuclear reactor, two English Electric steam turbines producing 15,000 shp... Resolution class which also consisted of four boats. The Resolutions, named after battleships to convey the fact they were the new The capital ships of a navy are its important warships; the ones with the heaviest firepower and armor. There is usually no formal criterion for the classification, but it is a useful concept when thinking about strategy, for instance to compare relative naval strengths in a theater of operations without... capital ships, were decommissioned upon Vanguard's entering service in the Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Years: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture 1... 1990s.


France operates a The Force de frappe (French: Deterrence, literally Striking Force) is the designation of what used to be a triad of air, sea and land based French Nuclear Forces, part of the Military of France. It was designed in the 1950s by General de Gaulle, mainly as a mean to ensure... force de frappe including a nuclear ballistic submarine fleet made up of one SSBN Career Length 130 m Displacement 9,000 tons (submerged) Complement 115 men Power Plant One PWR Power 16,000 shp Speed 25 knots Armament 16 M4 MSBS (Mer Sol Balistique Strategique) nuclear missiles four 533 mm torpedo tubes ECAN torpedoes SM-39 Exocet The Redoutable class submarine is a ballistic... Redoutable class and three SSBNs of the Career Ordered: Laid down: June 1989 (Triomphant) Launched: March 1994 Commissioned: March 1997 General Characteristics Complement: 96 men and 15 officers Surfaced displacement 12640 t Submerged displacement 14335 t Length 138m Maximal width 12,50m Height 10,60m Main engine Pressurised water K15 nuclear reactor (150MW) ; turboreductor system ... Triomphant class. One additional SSBN of the Triomphant class is under construction.


The The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as China. Since its founding in 1949, it has been led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.3... People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army Navy's SLBM inventory is relatively new. China launched its first nuclear armed submarine in April 1981. The PLAN currently has 5 Hans at 5,000 tons displacement and 1 Xia at roughly 8,000 tons displacement. The Type 91 is outfitted with 6 SLBM launching tubes and the Type 92 is equipped with 12. China's SLBM program is built around its JL-1 inventory. The Chinese Navy is estimated to have 24 JL-1s. The JL-1 is basically a modified DF-21.


The PLAN plans to replace its JL-1 with an unspecified number of the longer ranged, more modern JL-2s. Deployment on the JL-2 reportedly began in late 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Years: 2000 2001 2002 - 2003 - 2004 2005 2006 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan... 2003.

USS Greeneville (SSN 772) in Dry Dock This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. public domain image US govt source: File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete...
USS Greeneville (SSN 772) in Dry Dock This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. public domain image US govt source: File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete... Enlarge
The Los Angeles class attack submarine USS Greeneville off the coast of Honolulu, Hawaii. Career Awarded: 14 December 1988 Laid down: 28 February 1992 Launched: 17 September 1994 Commissioned: 16 February 1996 Status: Active in service as of 2005. Homeport: Pearl Harbor General Characteristics Displacement: 6000 tons light, 6927 tons full, 927 tons dead Length: 110... USS Greeneville in dry dock, showing typical cigar-shaped hull.

Attack boats

Submarines designed for the purpose of attacking merchant ships or other warships are known as "fast attacks", "hunter-killers", "fast boats", or "fleet submarines". They typically carry A modern torpedo, historically called a self propelled torpedo, is a self-propelled guided projectile that (after being launched above or below the water surface) operates underwater and is designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. Torpedoes are weapons that may be launched from submarines, surface... torpedoes for attacking naval vessels, For the British underground rock band, see Subroc (band) A Subroc was a type of submarine launched rocket intended for use as an anti-submarine weapon. It was designed to be a similar in size and shape to a standard torpedo so that it could be fired from a submarine... SUBROCs for attacking distant submarines, and today they generally carry A Tomahawk cruise missile A cruise missile is a guided missile which uses a lifting wing and most often a jet propulsion system to allow sustained flight. Cruise missiles are, in essence, unmanned aircraft. They are generally designed to carry a large conventional or nuclear warhead many hundreds of miles... cruise missiles for attacking land-based targets or shipping. On American submarines, cruise missiles can be fired horizontally through a submarine's torpedo tubes, or, on newer vessels, via specially designed Categories: Stub ... vertical launching cells. The former has a drawback of reducing the available torpedoes a submarine can carry, while the latter has the drawback of only being able to be reloaded by a A submarine tender is a type of ship that supplies and supports submarines. Submarines are relatively small compared to most oceangoing vessels, and generally do not have the ability to carry large amounts of food, fuel, torpedoes, and other supplies, nor to carry a full array of maintenance equipment and... submarine tender or by returning to port. The The Soviet Naval ensign The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally Naval military forces of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. Often... Soviet Navy also developed several types of missile attack submarine, which carried a heavy load of antisurface missiles, at a time when most attack submarines used torpedoes only.


Attack submarines use a much wider variety of propulsion systems. The majority use the same diesel-electric combination developed early in the (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th century, many use nuclear power, and a growing number use some other form of air-independent propulsion such as A fuel cell is an electrochemical device similar to a battery, but differing from the latter in that it is designed for continuous replenishment of the reactants consumed; i.e. it produces electricity from an external fuel supply as opposed to the limited internal energy storage capacity of a battery... fuel cells or The Stirling engine is a type of hot air engine, invented in 1816 by the Rev. Robert Stirling who sought to create a safer alternative to the steam engines of the time, whose boilers often exploded due to the high pressure of the steam and the primitive materials of the... Stirling engines. All of the attack submarines of the United States use nuclear power.


All American attack submarines (that had actual names rather than just alphanumeric designators) were named for "denizens of the deep" until the USS Greeneville off the coast of Honolulu, Hawaii. The Los Angeles-class attack submarines (SSN) is the most numerous class of nuclear powered submarines built by any nation, and form the bulk of the U.S. attack submarine force as of 2004. They were preceded by the Sturgeon class and... Los Angeles class, which are named for cities—with the exceptions of a few named for politicians, the Contents // 1 Seawolf (SSN-575) Class 2 Seawolf (SSN-21) Class 2.1 General Characteristics 2.2 Ships Seawolf (SSN-575) Class The second nuclear-powered submarine, USS Seawolf (SSN-575), which served from the early 1950s through 1987, was unique, and so can be considered the lead boat of... Seawolf class, which received the traditional name for the first, a state name for the second and a Presidential name for the third (and last), and now the USS Virginia (SSN-774) The Virginia-class attack submarines (SSN) are the first U.S. submarines to be designed for battlespace dominance across a broad spectrum of regional and littoral missions. They complement the Seawolf classs capabilities for open-ocean, blue water missions, and are slated to replace the... Virginia class, where the first six are named after states.


Until the 1980s, Russian attack submarines were designed around the concept of Anti-Surface Warfare so they tended to be fast and noisy. Due to well-placed spies Russia learned that NATO naval forces could track them quite easily and redesigned their submarines in to quieter "Hunter Killers". The The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. In the USSR, they were produced under Project 671. Victor-class subs featured a teardrop shape, which allowed them to travel at high... Victor III was the first class of Russian submarine to be built with this new mentality, armed with torpedoes, subrocs, cruise and supersonic missiles they posed a significant threat to NATO sea power. Today Russian Two Akula Class Submarines, type uncertain, in port Contents // 1 Overview 2 Current status 2.1 Akula-I submarines 2.2 Akula-I Improved submarines 2.3 Akula-II submarines 3 General characteristics Overview Project 971 Shchuka-B (Akula-class submarine in NATO code), is a nuclear-powered attack submarine... Akula, Sierra, and Graney class submarines continue its design and are respected as some of the finest submarines in the world.

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A Trafalgar-class submarine

Just before the Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Years: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture 1... 1990s, the Royal Navy consisted of diesel and nuclear powered submarines but, due to the end of the Cold War, defence cuts saw the RN submarine fleet became all-nuclear, presently consisting of the The Royal Navys Swiftsure-class of nuclear fleet submarines (SSNs) is the older of the two classes of attack submarine in service with the RN. It originally contained six boats, but HMS Swiftsure was decommissioned in 1992 due to damage suffered to the pressure hull during trials. HMS Splendid... Swiftsure and Trafalgar class submarine on surface The Trafalgar class submarines are, until the introduction of the Astute class, the Royal Navys most advanced nuclear fleet submarines (SSNs). The Trafalgar class includes seven boats: Trafalgar (S107), Turbulent (S87), Tireless (S88), Torbay (S90), Trenchant (S91), Talent (S92), and Triumph (S93). It is... Trafalgar class submarines, the latter named after the The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the mizen starboard shrouds of the Victory by J. M. W. Turner (oil on canvas, 1806–1808) Battle of Trafalgar Conflict Napoleonic Wars Date 21 October 1805 Place Cape Trafalgar Result Decisive British victory Combatants United Kingdom France, Spain Commanders The Viscount... Battle of Trafalgar. The boats are armed with torpedoes, The AGM-84 Harpoon is a US all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile system. Harpoon uses active radar guidance and low-level, sea-skimming cruise trajectory to improve survivability and effectiveness. The missile is capable of being launched from surface ships, submarines, or (without the booster) from aircraft... Harpoon anti-ship missiles and many are now armed with the Tomahawk cruise missile, which is fired from their torpedo tubes. The RN intends to have all of its attack submarines armed with the Tomahawk by 2008 is a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 2005 2006 2007 _ 2008 _ 2009 2010 2011 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s _ 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century _ 21st century _ 22nd century 2008 in rail transport Contents // 1 Predicted events 1.1... 2008. During the The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called... Kosovo War, Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: October 5, 1979 Commissioned: Decommissioned: Fate: Struck: General Characteristics Displacement: Length: Beam: Draught: Propulsion: Speed: Range: Complement: Armament: Aircraft: Motto: The HMS Splendid (S106) is a nuclear powered submarine of the Swiftsure class. HMS Splendid was launched at Barrow on October 5, 1979, by Lady... HMS Splendid became the first RN submarine to fire a Tomahawk in anger. The expected replacement of those classes is the BAE SYSTEMS Artist Impression When completed, the Astute class will comprise the largest nuclear-powered attack submarines of the Royal Navy. As the Swiftsure-class submarines aged, the Royal Navy began to design their replacements. The original design called for large submarines designed for blue-water operations. Feasibility studies began... Astute-class submarine, but delays have seen the expected launch of the first A class, HMS Astute (S119) is the lead ship of her class of nuclear-powered attack submarines. She was laid down on January 31, 2001, 100 years to the day since the keel was laid down for USS Holland, the first modern submarine. Astute is the second submarine of the Royal Navy... HMS Astute, moved to Years: 2006 2007 2008 - 2009 - 2010 2011 2012 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century 2009 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. Contents // 1 Predicted Events 1.1 January 1.2 Feburary 1.3 March 1.4... 2009. Royal Navy submarines classes, including ballistic missile submarines, are letter-based; thus, all boats of the Swiftsure class begin with the letter S and the Trafalgars, the letter T. Though this has been the way with all Royal Navy submarines, they were originally designated alphanumerically, such as Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: July 9 1902 Commissioned: Decommissioned: Fate: Lost 1911. Wreck rediscovered 1989. Struck: General Characteristics Displacement: 190 tons surfaced 207 tons submerged Length: 103.25 feet (31 m) Beam: 11.9 feet (3.6 m) Draught: Propulsion: 16 cylinder Wolseley 450 hp (336 kW) gasoline engine... HMS A1 of the The A class was the Royal Navys first class of British-built submarines. Thirteen were built by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness between 1902 and 1905. While there was considerable variation amongst the boats of the class, they were generally around 100 ft (30 m) long and displaced around... A-class of 1903 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 1903 From Wikipedia 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since... 1903.


Today the role of these Attack boats has changed considerably since the end of the The Cold War ( 1947- 1991) was the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between groups of nations practicing different ideologies and political systems. On one side was the Soviet Union and its allies, often referred to as the Eastern bloc. On the other side were the... Cold War. U.S. fast boats no longer prowl the deep oceans in the hunt for the elusive Soviet, instead their job today is that of providing cruise missile support, early warning and intelligence gathering, harbor mine clearing, Special Operation Warfare team delivery, and others. The Virginia class was specifically designed for this multiple-mission capability in mind.

Download high resolution version (700x1045, 119 KB)Drawing of Bushnells turtle Credit: OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP) Origin: http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/nurp/nur09503.htm This image is a work of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration employee, taken or made during the course of the person...
Download high resolution version (700x1045, 119 KB)Drawing of Bushnells turtle Credit: OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP) Origin: http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/nurp/nur09503.htm This image is a work of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration employee, taken or made during the course of the person... Enlarge
A cross-section sketch of Bushnell's Turtle

History of submarines

Prehistory of submarines and the first submersibles

A far ancestor for a submarine is probably a (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. During this period, the power of England and the United Provinces increased; while that of Spain and Portugal declined. Similarly, the power... 17th century Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and... Ukrainian This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan of Turkey. Painted by Ilya Repin from 1880 to 1891. Cossack (Polish Kozak; plural, Kozacy, Russian Kazak (Казак); plural, Kazaki (К... Cossack A first class tourist riverboat High speed planing riverboat High speed hydrofoil riverboat Local passenger transport craft Riverboat specialized for cargo truck transport Self propelled gravel barge M.V. Splendid China layout A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. While a ferryboat is often... riverboat called chaika that was used underwater for Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. It is part of combat intelligence. Compare to counterintelligence. It is often referred to as recce (British & Commonwealth) or recon (USA). The associated verb is reconnoiter (reconnoitre in British English... reconnaissance and See: espionage, urban exploration, entryism, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. tactical shooter game called Infiltration (additional information about InfiltrationMod). An attempt to sneak across a border, or into a guarded place, often to carry out violent attack - such as shooting. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... infiltration missions. Chaika could be easily capsized and submerged so that the Crew, the first regular Czech international comic magazine started publication in 1997. It was meant to be published every two months (which worked out in the first year), but it started having long breaks afterward. Officially publication ended 2003 with Crew 21. It ran for quite some time under the... crew was able to breathe underneath (like in modern A diving bell is a cable suspended watertight chamber, open at the bottom, that is lowered underwater to operate as a base or a means of transport for a small number of divers. Unlike a submarine it is not designed to move under the control of its occupants, nor to... diving bell) and propel the vessel by walking on the bottom of river. Special plummets (for submerging) and pipes for additional breathing have been used.


The first submersible for which there is reliable information that it was really built, is the one constructed in Years: 1617 1618 1619 - 1620 - 1621 1622 1623 Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s - 1620s - 1630s 1640s 1650s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1620 in literature 1620 in science Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the... 1620 by Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel (Alkmaar, 1572 - London, November 7, 1633) was a Dutch inventor. Drebbel only had elementary education; he had no university education. In 1604, King James I of England received Drebbel at his court in England. He is chiefly famous for his invention, in 1619, of a microscope with... Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel, a Dutchman in the service of James VI and I King of England, Scotland and Ireland James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. He... James I. It was propelled by means of oars. The precise nature of the type is a matter of some controversy, some claiming it was merely a bell towed by a boat. There were two improved types, tested below the surface of the Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Contents // 1 Other Thames Rivers 2 Other Thames places 3 Other uses of the... Thames between 1620 and Years: 1621 1622 1623 - 1624 - 1625 1626 1627 Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s - 1620s - 1630s 1640s 1650s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1624 in literature 1624 in science Events The Netherlands establish a trading colony at Kaohsiung on Taiwan. Thirty Walloon families settle in the New Netherland colony. Oslo... 1624.


Though the first submersible vehicles were tools for exploring under water, it did not take long for inventors to recognize their military potential. The strategic advantages of submarines were set out by Bishop John Wilkins. John Wilkins (January 1, 1614 - November 19, 1672) was an English churchman, Bishop of Chester from 1668 until his death. He was born at Fawsley, Northamptonshire, and educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (then Magdalen Hall). He was ordained and became vicar of his home town of Fawsley in... John Wilkins of This article is about Chester in England. For other towns named after Chester see Chester (disambiguation). Chester is the county town of Cheshire in the north-west of England, close to the border with Wales. It is one of the best-preserved walled cities in the country. It is situated... Chester in Mathematicall Magick in Years: 1645 1646 1647 - 1648 - 1649 1650 1651 Decades: 1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1648 in literature 1648 in science Contents // 1 Events 1.1 Ongoing events 2 Births 3 Deaths Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years... 1648.

  1. Tis private: a man may thus go to any coast in the world invisibly, without discovery or prevented in his journey.
  2. Tis safe, from the uncertainty of Tides, and the violence of Tempests, which do never move the sea above five or six paces deep. From Pirates and Robbers which do so infest other voyages; from ice and great frost, which do so much endanger the passages towards the Poles.
  3. It may be of great advantages against a Navy of enemies, who by this may be undermined in the water and blown up.
  4. It may be of special use for the relief of any place besieged by water, to convey unto them invisible supplies; and so likewisefor the surprisal of any place that is accessible by water.
  5. It may be of unspeakable benefit for submarine experiments.

The first submarine

The first submarine, and first military submarine was the A cross-section sketch of Bushnells Turtle. The Turtle was the first American submarine, invented in 1776 by David Bushnell as a means of attaching explosive charges to ships in a harbor. Named for its shape, the Turtle resembled a large clam as much as a turtle; it was... Turtle, a hand-powered spherical contraption designed by the American David Bushnell (1742 - 1824) was a United States inventor during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with creating the first submarine ever used in combat, known as the Turtle. Categories: Stub | 1742 births | 1824 deaths | U.S. inventors ... David Bushnell that was designed to accommodate a single man. It was the first verified submarine, capable of independent underwater operation and movement, and the first to use screws for propulsion. During the The American Revolutionary War ( 1775– 1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. The war, which eventually widened far beyond British North America, resulted in the overthrow of British rule in... American Revolutionary War, Turtle attempted and failed to sink a British warship, About fifteen ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Eagle, after the eagle. (A careening hulk of 894 tons named Eagle is recorded as purchased in 1592 and sold in 1683, but was not a commissioned ship.) The first Eagle was the French ship Aigle, captured in... HMS Eagle in New York, New York redirects here. For alternate meanings, see New York, New York (disambiguation). Midtown Manhattan, 2003. New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the largest city in the United States, and the worlds most important center for global finance and communications. The city... New York harbor on September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). There are 115 days remaining. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... September 7, Years: 1773 1774 1775 - 1776 - 1777 1778 1779 Decades: 1740s 1750s 1760s - 1770s - 1780s 1790s 1800s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1776 in art 1776 in literature 1776 in music 1776 in science List of state leaders in 1776 List of religious leaders in 1776 This article is... 1776.


In Years: 1797 1798 1799 - 1800 - 1801 1802 1803 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1800 in art 1800 in literature 1800 in music 1800 in science 1800 in sports List of state leaders in 1800 List of religious leaders in 1800... 1800, Robert Fulton demonstrated to the French, and then to the British, how to destroy ships with his human-powered submarine Nautilus was the first practical submarine, commissioned by Napoleon and designed by the American inventor Robert Fulton, then living in France. Launched in 1800, it was made of copper sheets over iron ribs, 6.5 m long with a conning tower for observation. It used rudders for vertical and... Nautilus using a mine, but none of the governments showed any interest.

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Early Submarines

During the Military history of Canada Military history of the United Kingdom Military history of the United States Conflict War of 1812 Date 1812–1815 Result Status quo ante bellum (A Stalemate) Combatants United States of America United Kingdom Strength 100,000 50,000 Casualties 12,000 5,000 The North... War of 1812, in Years: 1811 1812 1813 - 1814 - 1815 1816 1817 Decades: 1780s 1790s 1800s - 1810s - 1820s 1830s 1840s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1814 in art 1814 in literature 1814 in science 1814 in music 1814 in sports List of state leaders in 1814 List of religious leaders in 1814... 1814 Silas Halsey lost his life while using a submarine in unsuccessful attack on a British warship stationed in New London harbor.


Submarines in the American Civil War

During the Military history of the United States Conflict American Civil War Date 1861– 1865 Place Principally in the southern United States; also in eastern, central and southwestern regions Result Defeat of seceding CSA Battles of the American Civil War Combatants United States of America USA flag 1861– 1863. 34... American Civil War, the Union was the first to field a submarine. Alligator was the first The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of slightly fewer than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over a half million men and women on active or ready reserve duty... U.S. Navy sub and the first sub to feature compressed air and an air filtration system. She was the first submarine to carry a diver lock which allowed a diver to exit to plant electrically-detonated mines on enemy ships. Initially powered by oars, she was later converted to a screw-propeller. With a crew of 20, she was larger than Confederate submarines. Alligator was 47 feet (14.3 meters) long and about 4 feet (1.2 meters) in diameter. She was lost in a storm off An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse Cape Hatteras is a cape on the coast of North Carolina. It is the point that protrudes the furthest to the southeast along the northeast-to-southwest line of the Atlantic coast of North America, making it a key point for navigation... Cape Hatteras on April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. April Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... April 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1860 1861 1862 - 1863 - 1864 1865 1866 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1863 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial... 1863 while uncrewed and under tow to its first combat deployment at Charleston.


The For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) Confederate States of America (Confederate Flag) (Confederate Seal) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861... Confederate States of America fielded several human-powered submarines including The CSS Hunley on the pier CSS H.L. Hunley was a submarine of the Confederate States Navy that demonstrated both the advantages and the dangers of undersea warfare. Hunley was the first submarine to engage and sink a warship. Contents // 1 History 2 The wreck 3 The crew 4... CSS Hunley. The first Confederate submarine was the 30-foot long Pioneer which sank a target Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner is a type of sailing ship characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. Schooners were first used by the Dutch in the 16th or 17th century, and further developed in North America from the time of the... schooner using a towed mine during tests on Lake Pontchartrain is the second largest salt-water lake in the United States, and the largest lake in southeastern Louisiana. Lake Pontchartrain is roughly oval in shape, about 40 miles wide from east to west, and measures about 25 miles from north to south. The south shore of Lake Pontchartrain... Lake Pontchartrain but she was not used in combat. She was scuttled after New Orleans was captured and in 1868 was sold for scrap.


CSS Hunley was used for attacking the North's ships, which were blockading the South's seaports. The submarine had a long pole on the front, upon which was attached an explosive charge. The sub was to sneak up to an enemy vessel, attach the explosive, move away, and then detonate. It was extremely hazardous to operate, and had no air supply other than what was contained inside the main compartment. On two occasions, the sub sank; on the first occasion half the crew died and on the second, the entire eight-man crew perished. On February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 316 days remaining (317 in leap years). February Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... February 18, Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864 Hunley sank Career Launched: 20 November 1861 Commissioned: 29 August 1862 Fate: Sunk in battle, 17 February 1864 General Characteristics Displacement: 1240 tons Length: 207 feet (63 m) Beam: 38 feet (11.6 m) Draught: 8 ft 7 in (2.6 m) Propulsion: Sail Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h) Complement: 160... USS Housatonic in the Charleston Harbor, the first time a submarine successfully sank another ship, though she sunk in the same engagement shortly after signaling her success. Another Confederate submarine was lost on her maiden voyage in Lake Pontchartrain; she was found washed ashore in the 1870s and is now on display at the Louisiana State Museum. Submarines did not have a major impact on the outcome of the war, but they did portend their coming importance to naval warfare and increased interest in their use in naval warfare.


Developments in Submarines in the late 1800s

Source of image Ictineo II replica at the harbour of Barcelona taken on October 2003 Author: Flemming Mahler Larsen, http://netfactory.dk/ Original source: http://pix.netfactory.dk/2003-10/PA200015 Copyright status released under the GFDL - in response to the boilerplate request for permission, Flemming said: I do know...
Source of image Ictineo II replica at the harbour of Barcelona taken on October 2003 Author: Flemming Mahler Larsen, http://netfactory.dk/ Original source: http://pix.netfactory.dk/2003-10/PA200015 Copyright status released under the GFDL - in response to the boilerplate request for permission, Flemming said: I do know... Enlarge
A replica of Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol (September 28, 1819 - September 6, 1885) was the inventor of the mechanically driven submarine. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Ictineo I 3 Ictineo II 4 References Biography This engineer, artist and intellectual was born in Spain, in the Catalan city of... Monturiol's wooden Ictineo II stands near For other uses, see Barcelona (disambiguation). Coat of arms of Barcelona Flag of Barcelona Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Spain (41º 23 N, 2º 11 E). It is in the comarca... Barcelona harbour

The first mechanically powered submarine was the Peroxide has three distinct meanings: Contents // 1 Colloquial meaning 2 Organic chemistry 3 Inorganic chemistry 4 See also 5 External links Colloquial meaning In common usage, peroxide is an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH or H2O2) sold for use as a disinfectant or mild bleach. The usual peroxide of... peroxide driven Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol (September 28, 1819 - September 6, 1885) was the inventor of the mechanically driven submarine. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Ictineo I 3 Ictineo II 4 References Biography This engineer, artist and intellectual was born in Spain, in the Catalan city of... Ictineo II, launched in Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864 by Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol (September 28, 1819 - September 6, 1885) was the inventor of the mechanically driven submarine. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Ictineo I 3 Ictineo II 4 References Biography This engineer, artist and intellectual was born in Spain, in the Catalan city of... Narcís Monturiol. This submarine was originally built to ease the harvest of A coral reef can be an oasis of marine life. Corals are gastrovascular marine cnidarians (phylum Cnidaria; class Anthozoa) existing as small anemone-like polyps, typically forming colonies of many individuals. The group includes the important reef builders known as hermatypic corals, found in tropical oceans, and belonging to the... coral.

Download high resolution version (844x1200, 118 KB)Drawing for a Submarine Boat, 09/09/1902. This is the printed patent drawing for a submarine boat invented by John P. Holland. From the National Archives. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has...
Download high resolution version (844x1200, 118 KB)Drawing for a Submarine Boat, 09/09/1902. This is the printed patent drawing for a submarine boat invented by John P. Holland. From the National Archives. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has... Enlarge
Patent drawing for a submarine boat invented by John P. Holland, 09/09/1902.

In 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). Table of contents // 1 Events 1.1 January - April 1.2 May - August 1.3 September - December 1.4 Unknown date 2 Births 3 Deaths Events January - April January 6 - The inauguration of the Musikverein ( Vienna). January 10... 1870, writer Jules Verne. Photo by Félix Nadar (1820-1910). Jules Verne (February 8, 1828—March 24, 1905) was a French author and a pioneer of the science fiction genre. Verne was noted for writing about space, air, and underwater travel long before they were possible. Contents // 1 Early years... Jules Verne published the Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. There are exceptions (or, at least, some unusual examples) to this general definition. Contents // 1 Scope 2 The Term 3 Types of science fiction... science fiction classic Front page of Vingt Mille Lieues Sous les Mers 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (or Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea) is a classic science fiction novel by Jules Verne, published in 1870 under the title Vingt mille lieues sous les mers. Spoiler warning: Plot or ending details follow... 20,000 Leagues under the Sea, which concerns the adventures of a maverick inventor in Nautilus, a submarine more advanced than any that existed at that time. The fictional story inspired inventors to build more advanced submarines.


In Years: 1876 1877 1878 - 1879 - 1880 1881 1882 Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1879 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1879, a Manchester curate, the Reverend George William Garrett (1852-1902) was born at Moss Side in Manchester, England, the son of a Church of England clergyman. He attended Manchester Grammar School, then studied Chemistry and General Science at Owens College (also in Manchester) before attending Trinity College, Dublin. He was appointed assistant master at the... George Garrett built the steam-powered ' Resurgam (Latin for I will rise again) was the first sea-going mechanically powered submarine put to sea. Resurgam II was launched at Liverpool 26 November 1879. It sank 25 February 1880 near Rhyl in Wales, without loss of life, while being towed to Portsmouth. The wreck was discovered in... Resurgam' at This article is about Birkenhead in northwest England. For other meanings of the word and places with this name, see Birkenhead (disambiguation) Birkenhead is a town on The Wirral, Merseyside, on the left bank of the River Mersey, opposite Liverpool. The first Mersey ferry began operating from Birkenhead in 1150... Birkenhead. Garrett intended to demonstrate the 12 metre long vehicle to the British Navy at Portsmouth, but had mechanical problems, and while under tow the submarine was flooded and sank off North Wales.


The first submarine built in series, however, was human-powered. It was the submarine of the Polish inventor Stefan Drzewiecki—50 units were built in Years: 1878 1879 1880 - 1881 - 1882 1883 1884 Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1881 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1881 for Russian government. In 1884 the same inventor built an electric-powered submarine. In 1899, the French steam and electric submarine Narval introduced the classic twin-hull design, with an inner hull inside an outer hull.


The A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. Scotland, the Isle of Man and Wales are visible to the east. Ireland is located west of the European landmass, which is part of the continent of Eurasia. Ireland (Éire in Irish) is the... Irish inventor John Philip Holland (February 29, 1840 - August 12, 1914) was the engineer who developed the first true submarine accepted by the U.S. Navy He was born in Liscanor, County Clare, Ireland and his brother Michael was active in the Fenian Brotherhood and introduced the inventor to the revolutionary group... John Holland had better luck, and designed and built several quite successful Petrol (gasoline in the United States and Canada) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. The term gasoline is the common usage within the oil industry, even within companies that are not American. Often the term mogas (short for motor... gasoline- and electric powered submarines. Some of his vessels were purchased by the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States, the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom, the Imperial Russian Navy, and Japan (disambiguation). 日本国 (Nihon/Nippon-koku)  listen? ( Flag of Japan) ( Imperial Seal) Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total (2004 est.)  - Density Ranked... Japan, and commissioned into their navies.


The Spanish inventor Isaac Peral built a practical submarine in 1888, but despite of the success of the trials, the Spanish Navy scrapped the project.


Some submarines were also designed and built in France in the 1890s.


Many more submarines were built subsequently by various inventors, but they were not to become effective weapons until the 20th century.


Late 1800s to World War I

This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. This article includes information collected from the Naval Historical Center. Picture of USS Plunger (SS-2) [later named A-1] File history Legend: (cur...
This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. This article includes information collected from the Naval Historical Center. Picture of USS Plunger (SS-2) [later named A-1] File history Legend: (cur... Enlarge
USS Plunger, launched in 1902

The turn of century era marked a pivotal time in the development of submarines, with a number of important technologies making their debut, as well as the widespread adoption and fielding of submarines by a number of nations. This article is about the fuel. For other uses see diesel (disambiguation). Diesel is a product used as a fuel in a diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel, and perfected by Charles F. Kettering. Contents // 1 Petrodiesel 2 Biodiesel 3 Uses 4 See also 5 External links Petrodiesel One can... Diesel electric propulsion would become the dominant power system and things such as the periscope would become standardized. Large numbers of experiments were done by countries on effective tactics and weapons for submarines, all of which would culminate in them making a large impact on coming World War I.


In 1895, John Holland is the name of several notable persons in history: John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (1352?–1400), was half-brother to Richard II of England and second husband of Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of John of Gaunt. John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter (1395–1447), was the... John Holland designed submarines that, for the first time, made use of internal combustion engine power on the surface and electric battery power for submerged operations. The French submarine Aigette in 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). Years: 1901 1902 1903 - 1904 - 1905 1906 1907 Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1904 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and... 1904 further improved the concept by using a diesel rather than a gasoline engine for surface power.


Submarines during the World Wars

The first time military submarines had significant impact on a war was in Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I. Forces such as the U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. U-47 returns to port after sinking HMS Royal Oak. The battlecruiser Scharnhorst is seen in the background. A U-boat (German: U-Boot) is any of the German submarines... U-boats of The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany saw action in the The First battle of the Atlantic (1914–1918) was a naval campaign of World War I, largely fought in the seas around the British Isles and in the Atlantic Ocean. The United Kingdom relied heavily on imports to feed its population and supply its war industry; the German navy... First Battle of the Atlantic. The U-boats' ability to function as practical war machines relied on new tactics, their numbers, and submarine technologies such as combination This article is about the fuel. For other uses see diesel (disambiguation). Diesel is a product used as a fuel in a diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel, and perfected by Charles F. Kettering. Contents // 1 Petrodiesel 2 Biodiesel 3 Uses 4 See also 5 External links Petrodiesel One can... diesel/ The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. Electricity is a property of certain subatomic particles (e.g. electrons / protons) which couples to electromagnetic fields and causes attractive and repulsive forces between them. Electricity gives rise to one of the four fundamental forces of nature, and is a conserved property... electric power system that had been developed in the preceding years. More like submersible ships than the submarines of today, U-boats operated primarily on the surface using regular engines, submerging occasionally to attack under battery power. They were roughly triangular in cross-section, with a distinct A keel is a large beam around which the hull of a ship is built. The keel runs in the middle of the ship, from the bow to the stern. The word keel is also sometimes used to refer to a rigid, flat piece of material anchored to the lowest... keel, to control rolling while surfaced, and a distinct bow. The sinking of the An ocean liner is a large passenger ship, most typically a motorized vessel that undertakes longer voyages on the open sea primarily for the purpose of transporting people from one place to another. Ocean liners were the primary mode of intercontinental travel for over a century, from the mid-19th... ocean liner RMS Lusitania RMS Lusitania was an ocean liner of the Cunard Steamship Lines. It was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on May 7, 1915, on her 202nd crossing of the Atlantic; an incident that played a role in the USAs entry into World War I. Contents // 1... RMS Lusitania by a U-boat was a major factor in bringing the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States of America into the war.


Germany again put submarines to devastating effect in the The Second Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign of World War II, running from 1939 right through to the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, and was at its height from mid-1940 through to about the end of 1943. The naval battle pitted Nazi Germany... Second Battle of the Atlantic in Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, such as attempting but ultimately failing to cut of Britain's supply routes. Although the U-boats had been updated in the intervening years, the major innovation was improved communications, facilitated with the famous This article is the part of the series on the Enigma cipher machine. edit this box Enigma machine    Enigma rotor details Cryptanalysis of the Enigma    Perforated sheets    Bomba    Bombe Ultra In the history of cryptography, the Enigma was... Enigma cypher machine. This allowed for mass-attack Tactics is the collective name for methods of winning a small-scale conflict, performing an optimization, etc. This applies specifically to warfare, but also to economics, trade, games and a host of other fields such as negotiation. Tactics and Strategy are often confused. Tactics are the actual means used to... tactics in what popularly became known as a " This article describes the system of submarine warfare. For other meanings, see wolfpack. The term wolf pack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by the submarines of the United States Navy against Japanese shipping in the Pacific Ocean and by the U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during... wolf pack", although the German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern German Official status Official language... German term, Rudel, did not specify wolves. After putting to sea, the U-boats could be quickly amassed into a formidable striking force. Germany attempted to maintain a blockade against the United Kingdom, a nation reliant on imports for food and industry. Churchill redirects here. For other uses, see Churchill (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG, OM, CH, FRS ( November 30, 1874 – January 24, 1965) was a British statesman, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II. At various times an author... Winston Churchill wrote that the U-boat threat was the only thing that ever gave him cause to doubt the Allies' eventual victory.


During Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, the Japanese intended their submarines to be scouts. The submarines were fast, large, could operate over 100 days and many carried an aircraft with them. However, early models were not very maneuverable under water, could not dive very deep, and lacked This article is about the device. For the fictional character in M*A*S*H, see Corporal Walter (Radar) OReilly. This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. Radar is an acronym for radio detection and ranging... radar. (Later in the war units that were fitted with This article is about the device. For the fictional character in M*A*S*H, see Corporal Walter (Radar) OReilly. This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. Radar is an acronym for radio detection and ranging... radar were in some instances sunk due to the ability of US radar sets to detect their emissions. For example, Batfish (SS-310), at Muskogee, OK. Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: 6 May 1943 Commissioned: 21 August 1943 Decommissioned: 1 November 1969 Struck: 28 February 1972 Fate: Museum ship in Muskogee, OK General Characteristics Displacement,   Surfaced:   Submerged: 1,526 tons (1550 t), 2,424 tons (2460 t) Length... Batfish (SS-310) sunk three such equipped submarines in the span of four days.) By the end of the war, the submarines were instead being used to transport supplies to island garrisons.

USS Wahoo (SS 238) from US government source, public domain image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 22:39...
USS Wahoo (SS 238) from US government source, public domain image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 22:39... Enlarge
Career Ordered: Laid down 28 June 1941 Launched 14 February 1942 Commissioned 15 May 1942 Fate Sunk 11 October 1943 Struck 6 December 1943 General Characteristics Displacement 1525 tons surfaced, 2424 tons submerged Length 311 feet 10 inches Beam 27 feet 4 inches Draft 15 feet 2 inches Speed 20... USS Wahoo
USS Grayback (SS 208) from US government source, public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 22:43, 18...
USS Grayback (SS 208) from US government source, public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 22:43, 18... Enlarge
The USS Grayback Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: 31 January 1941 Commissioned: 30 June 1941 Fate: sunk by Japanese Stricken: General Characteristics Displacement: 1475 tons Length: 307 feet 2 inches Beam: 27 feet 3 inches Draft: 13 feet 3 inches Speed: 20.9 knots surfaced, 8.75 knots submerged Complement... USS Grayback

Meanwhile the US used their submarines to attack Cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship that carries goods and materials from one port to another. Thousands of cargo carriers ply the worlds seas and oceans each year; they handle the bulk of international trade. Cargo ships are usually specially designed for the task, being equipped... merchant shipping, their submarines destroying more Japan (disambiguation). 日本国 (Nihon/Nippon-koku)  listen? ( Flag of Japan) ( Imperial Seal) Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total (2004 est.)  - Density Ranked... Japanese shipping than all other weapons combined. While the British and Japanese also fielded attack submarines, they were used in fleet actions where they were almost useless due to their low speeds.


Diesel-fuelled submarines needed air to run their diesel engines, thus they carried very large Four double-A batteries In science and technology, a battery is a device that stores energy and makes it available in an electrical form. Although such storage in an electrostatic form is practical in some specialized uses, batteries usually consist of electrochemical devices such as one or more galvanic cells... batteries for submerged travel. These batteries limited the speed and range of the submarines while submerged. The Swimmers snorkel A snorkel is a tube about a 30 cm / 12 inches long, usually J-shaped, fitted with a reasonably comfortable mouthpiece, and constructed of rubber or plastic. It is used for breathing air from the water surface with mouth and nose submerged, either during a surface swim... schnorkel was used to allow German submarines to run just under the surface, attempting to avoid detection visually and by This article is about the device. For the fictional character in M*A*S*H, see Corporal Walter (Radar) OReilly. This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. Radar is an acronym for radio detection and ranging... radar. The German navy experimented with engines that would carry Properties General Name Hydrogen peroxide Chemical formula H2O2 Appearance Colourless liquid Physical Atomic mass 34.0 amu Melting point 272.6 K (-0.4 °C) Boiling point 423 K (150 °C) Density 1.4 ×103 kg/m3 or 1.24 g/ml Solubility miscible Thermochemistry ΔfH0gas -136.11 kJ... hydrogen peroxide to allow diesel fuel to be used while submerged, but technical difficulties made this infeasible. On the other side, the Allies experimented with a variety of detection systems, including chemical sensors to " The term smell may refer to one of the following articles: Olfaction - The sense of smell, that is, the ability to perceive odors Odor - the object being perceived by the sense of olfaction See also Wiktionary:Smell This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... smell" the exhaust of submarines.


Modern submarines

In the Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace, and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture, religion 1.6 Others 2 People 2.1 World leaders 2.2 Entertainers 2.3 Sports figures 3 See also 4 External Links Events and trends Technology... 1950s, Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. The nuclear reactor is inside the dome-shaped containment building. A nuclear reactor is a device in which nuclear chain reactions are initiated, controlled, and sustained at a steady rate (as opposed to a nuclear explosion, where the chain reaction occurs in a split... nuclear power partially replaced diesel-electric propulsion in those nations with access to nuclear technology. Equipment was also developed to extract nitrogen – oxygen – fluorine   O S       Full table General Name, Symbol, Number Oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16 (VIA), 2, p Density, Hardness 1.429 kg/m3, NA Appearance colorless Atomic properties Atomic weight 15.9994 g/mol Atomic radius... oxygen from sea water. These two innovations gave submarines so equipped the ability to remain submerged for weeks or months, and enabled previously impossible voyages such as Nautilus, retired, heads for home on May 8, 2002, after preservation by Electric Boat. Career Awarded: 2 August 1951 Laid down: 14 June 1952 Launched: 21 January 1954 Commissioned: 30 September 1954 Fate: retained by Navy as museum Stricken: 3 March 1980 General Characteristics Displacement: 2980 tons light, 3520 tons... USS Nautilus's crossing of the North pole beneath the Arctic ice cap in 1958. Most of the naval submarines built since that time in the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia have been powered by nuclear fission reactors. Use of nuclear power instead of fossil fuel enables submarines to travel around the world submerged and essentially hidden for months at a time. The most limiting factors in the length of time staying submerged now are food supply and willingness of the crew to remain in the space-limited submarine.


While the greater endurance and performance from nuclear reactors mean that nuclear submarines are the norm, conventional diesel-electric submarines have continued to be produced by both nuclear and non-nuclear powers. Conventional submarines are cheaper to build. When running on batteries they are often quieter than nuclear submarines, giving a tactical advantage.


During the The Cold War ( 1947- 1991) was the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between groups of nations practicing different ideologies and political systems. On one side was the Soviet Union and its allies, often referred to as the Eastern bloc. On the other side were the... Cold War, the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States of America and the The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик... Soviet Union maintained large submarine fleets that engaged in cat-and-mouse games; Russia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Russia From Wikipedia The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja... Russia continues this tradition today. The Soviet Union suffered the loss of at least four submarines during this period: Two submarines of the Soviet Navy have been designated K-129. The Golf II class (project 629A) K-129 was a diesel-electric ballistic missile submarine lost at sea and partially salvaged using the Glomar Explorer. The Delta III (project 667BDR, Kalmar) class K-129 was a nuclear-powered ballistic... K-129 was lost in 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 Undated 1.2 January 1.3 February 1.4 March 1.5 April 1.6 May 1.7 June 1.8 July 1.9 August 1.10 September 1... 1968, K-8 was a November class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet. On 13 October 1960, K-8 suffered a rupture of a steam generator tube, releasing reactor coolant into the engine room and seriously exposing 13 crewmen to ionizing radiation. On 8 April 1970, K-8 suffered fires in... K 8 in 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1967 1968 1969 - 1970 - 1971 1972 1973 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1970 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science Other topics... 1970, AndPossiblyCaptionHere Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: Commissioned: 31 December 1971 Decommissioned: Fate: sunk by seawater leak into missile tube Homeport: Gadzhievo Stricken: General Characteristics Displacement: 7766 tons surfaced, 9300 tons submerged Length: 129.8 metres (425 feet 10 inches) Beam: 11.7 metres (38 feet 5 inches) Draught: 8.7... K -219 in 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1983 1984 1985 - 1986 - 1987 1988 1989 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1986 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1986, and The Soviet submarine K-278 Komsomolets was a prototype of a new deep-diving class of nuclear attack submarines. This class was known in the Soviet Union as Project 685 or Plavnik. It was known in the west by its NATO reporting name Mike. On April 7, 1989, after thirty... Komsomolets (the only Mike class submarine) in 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1986 1987 1988 - 1989 - 1990 1991 1992 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1989 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1989 (which held a depth record among the military submarines—1000 m). Many other Soviet subs, such as insert caption here Career Ordered: Laid down: 17 October 1958 Launched: 8 April 1959 Commissioned: 30 April 1961 Decommissioned: 1991 Fate: In October 2003 it was announced that scrapping would start at the Nerpa Shipyard soon Stricken: General Characteristics Displacement: 4030 tons surfaced, 5000 tons submerged Length: 114 meters (374... K-19 were badly damaged by fire or radiation leaks. The United States lost two nuclear submarines during this time: Career Ordered: 15 January 1958 Laid down: 28 May 1958 Launched: 9 July 1960 Commissioned: 3 August 1961 Fate: Lost during deep diving tests, 9 April 1963 Stricken: 16 April 1963 General Characteristics Displacement: 3540 tons light, 3770 tons submerged Length: 279 feet (85 m) Beam: 32 feet (9.7... USS Thresher and Career Ordered: 31 January 1957 Laid down: 20 August 1958 Launched: 29 December 1959 Commissioned: 29 July 1960 Decommissioned: Fate: Lost by storm or perils of the sea Stricken: 30 June 1968 General Characteristics Displacement: 2880 tons light, 3075 tons full, 195 tons dead Length: 76.8 meters (252 feet... Scorpion.

Download high resolution version (1065x803, 79 KB)HMS Conqueror (S48) possibly returning home from the Falklands War in 1982 (seems to be a Jolly Roger on the tower, The British Naval tradition is to fly a Jolly Roger when returning to port when the sub made a kill at sea...
Download high resolution version (1065x803, 79 KB)HMS Conqueror (S48) possibly returning home from the Falklands War in 1982 (seems to be a Jolly Roger on the tower, The British Naval tradition is to fly a Jolly Roger when returning to port when the sub made a kill at sea... Enlarge
HMS Conqueror was a Churchill-class nuclear powered submarine that served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1990. She was built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead. As of 2004, she was the only nuclear powered submarine to have engaged an enemy ship with torpedoes, sinking the cruiser General Belgrano... HMS Conqueror

The United Kingdom employed nuclear-powered submarines against Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentina in 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Years: 1979 1980 1981 - 1982 - 1983 1984 1985 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1982 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and... 1982 during the two nations' HMS Conqueror returning from the war. Military history of Argentina Military history of the United Kingdom Conflict Falklands War Date March 19 - June 14, 1982 Place Falkland Islands and South Sandwich Islands Result United Kingdom retains possession of the islands. Combatants Argentina United Kingdom Strength Geographical advantage Tactical and experience... dispute over the The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands. The capital Port Stanley is on East Falkland. Sovereignty of the islands is also claimed by Argentina... Falkland Islands. The sinking of the antiquated cruiser The Belgrano as she was in 1941 as the USS Phoenix passing Battleship row at Pearl Harbor The ARA General Belgrano was an Armada Republica Argentina cruiser sunk with significant loss of life in a controversial incident during the Falklands War. It was the first ship ever sunk by a... ARA General Belgrano by HMS Conqueror was a Churchill-class nuclear powered submarine that served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1990. She was built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead. As of 2004, she was the only nuclear powered submarine to have engaged an enemy ship with torpedoes, sinking the cruiser General Belgrano... HMS Conqueror was the first sinking by a nuclear-powered submarine in wartime.


Major submarine incidents

Main Article: Major submarine incidents


Since submarines have been actively deployed, there have been several incidents involving submarines which were not part of major combat. Most of these incidents were during the Cold War, but some are more recent. Since the year This page is about the year 2000. See 2000 AD for the UK comic book, Number 2000 for other uses. 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000 there have been 7 major naval incidents involving submarines. There were two Russia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Russia From Wikipedia The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja... Russian submarine incidents, and in both cases the submarines in question were lost, along with three The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States submarine incidents, one The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. China  listen? ( Traditional: 中國; Simplified: 中国; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo) is a nation located chiefly in continental East... Chinese incident, and one Canada is an independent sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. Bordering the United States, its territorial claims extend north into the Arctic Ocean as far as the North Pole. Canada is a federation of ten provinces... Canadian incident.


Submarine propulsion

Until the advent of Nuclear marine propulsion is propulsion of a ship powered by a nuclear reactor. Contents // 1 History 2 Nuclear Naval Fleets 3 Civil Vessels 4 Power plants 5 External links History Work on nuclear marine propulsion started in the 1940s, and the first test reactor started up in USA in 1953... nuclear marine propulsion, most (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th century submarines used batteries for running underwater and Petrol (gasoline in the United States and Canada) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. The term gasoline is the common usage within the oil industry, even within companies that are not American. Often the term mogas (short for motor... gasoline (petrol) or This article is about the fuel. For other uses see diesel (disambiguation). Diesel is a product used as a fuel in a diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel, and perfected by Charles F. Kettering. Contents // 1 Petrodiesel 2 Biodiesel 3 Uses 4 See also 5 External links Petrodiesel One can... diesel engines on the surface and to recharge the batteries. Early boats used gasoline but this quickly gave way to diesel because of the greatly reduced flammability of diesel. The diesel-electric submarine became the standard means of propulsion. Initially the diesel or gasoline engine and the electric motor were on the same shaft which also drove a propeller with clutches between each of them. This allowed the engine to drive the electric motor as a generator to recharge the batteries and also propel the submarine if required. The clutch between the motor and the engine would be disengaged when the boat dived so that the motor could be used to turn the propeller. The motor could have more than one armature on the shaft — these would be electrically coupled in series for slow speed and parallel for high speed (known as "group down" and "group up" respectively).


In the Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture, religion 1.6 Others 2 People 2.1 World leaders 2.2 Entertainers 2.3 Sports figures Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission... 1930s the principle was modified for some submarines designs, particularly those of the The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of slightly fewer than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over a half million men and women on active or ready reserve duty... U.S. Navy and the British U-class. The engine was no longer attached to the motor/propeller drive shaft but drove a separate generator which would drive the motors on the surface and/or recharge the batteries. This allowed much more flexibility, for example the submarine could travel slowly on the surface whilst the engines were running at full power to recharge the batteries as quickly as possible. Despite this flexibility, battery/diesel submarines are required to surface frequently to recharge the batteries, as the diesel engines require oxygen from the atmosphere.


There were other power sources tried—oil-fired steam turbines powered the British "K" class submarines built during the Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... First World War and in following years but these were not very successful. This was selected to give them the necessary surface speed to keep up with the British battle fleet.


Steam power was resurrected in the Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace, and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture, religion 1.6 Others 2 People 2.1 World leaders 2.2 Entertainers 2.3 Sports figures 3 See also 4 External Links Events and trends Technology... 1950s with the advent of the nuclear-powered steam turbine driving a generator which is now used in all large submarines. By removing the requirement for atmospheric oxygen these submarines can stay submerged indefinitely so long as food supplies remain (air is recycled and water Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. Known since antiquity, the concentration of alcohol by the application of heat to a fermented liquid mixture is perhaps the oldest form of distillation (see distilled beverages). However, the technique is now widely used for a variety... distilled from the ocean). These vessels nevertheless always have a small battery and diesel engine/generator installation for emergency use should the reactor have to be shut down.


Anaerobic is a technical word which literally means without air. The presence or absence of air, or more precisely the presence or absence of oxygen in the air, affects various chemical and biological reactions. One example is that wood which is totally immersed in water does not rot - the process... Anaerobic propulsion was employed by the first mechanically driven submarine Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol (September 28, 1819 - September 6, 1885) was the inventor of the mechanically driven submarine. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Ictineo I 3 Ictineo II 4 References Biography This engineer, artist and intellectual was born in Spain, in the Catalan city of... Ictineo II in Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864. Ictineo's engine used a chemical mix containing a Peroxide has three distinct meanings: Contents // 1 Colloquial meaning 2 Organic chemistry 3 Inorganic chemistry 4 See also 5 External links Colloquial meaning In common usage, peroxide is an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH or H2O2) sold for use as a disinfectant or mild bleach. The usual peroxide of... peroxide compound, that generated heat for steam propulsion while at the same time solved the problem of nitrogen – oxygen – fluorine   O S       Full table General Name, Symbol, Number Oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16 (VIA), 2, p Density, Hardness 1.429 kg/m3, NA Appearance colorless Atomic properties Atomic weight 15.9994 g/mol Atomic radius... oxygen renovation in an A container that is hermetic is closed so that not even air can reach its contents. For example a tin (or can). Etymology This word comes from the Greek god and mythological alchemist Hermes Trismegistus. He was known to possess a magic ability to seal (with spells) treasure chests so... hermetic container for breathing purposes. The system wasn't employed again until -1... 1940 when the German Navy tested a system employing the same principles, the Hellmuth Walter (August 26, 1900 – December 16, 1980) was a German engineer who pioneered research into rocket engines and gas turbines. His most noteworthy contributions were rocket motors for the Messerschmitt Me 163 and Bachem Ba 349 interceptor aircraft, JATO units used for a variety of Luftwaffe aircraft during... Walter WWII era ship propulsion turbine A turbine is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a fluid flow. The simplest turbines have one moving part, a rotor-blade assembly. Moving fluid acts on the blades to spin them and impart energy to the rotor. Early turbine examples are windmills and... turbine, on the experimental V.80 submarine and later on the naval U.791 submarines. At the end of the Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... Second World War the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... British and Russians experimented with Properties General Name Hydrogen peroxide Chemical formula H2O2 Appearance Colourless liquid Physical Atomic mass 34.0 amu Melting point 272.6 K (-0.4 °C) Boiling point 423 K (150 °C) Density 1.4 ×103 kg/m3 or 1.24 g/ml Solubility miscible Thermochemistry ΔfH0gas -136.11 kJ... Hydrogen Peroxide/Kerosine engines which could be used both above and below the surface. The results were not encouraging enough for this technique to be adopted at the time, although the Russians deployed a class of submarines with this engine type code named Quebec by NATO, they were considered a failure. Today several navies, notably The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Sweden now use Air-Independent Propulsion boats which substitute liquid nitrogen – oxygen – fluorine   O S       Full table General Name, Symbol, Number Oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16 (VIA), 2, p Density, Hardness 1.429 kg/m3, NA Appearance colorless Atomic properties Atomic weight 15.9994 g/mol Atomic radius... oxygen for hydrogen peroxide.


Most small modern commercial submarines which are not expected to operate independently just use batteries which can be recharged by a mother-ship following every dive.


An experimental propulsion system for submarines is the A Magnetohydrodynamic drive or MHD propulsor, is a method proposed for propelling seagoing vessels. An electric current is passed through seawater in the presence of an intense magnetic field. Functionally, the seawater is the moving, conductive part of an electric motor. Pushing the water out the back accelerates the vehicle... Magnetohydrodynamic drive which has no moving parts and would be extremely quiet, ideal for military use. This system was popularised in the book (and subsequent movie), For the Bolshevik October Revolution, see October Revolution. For the tractor factory in Stalingrad, see Battle of Stalingrad. The Hunt for Red October, Tom Clancys first novel, appeared in 1984. The story follows the intertwined adventures of Soviet submarine captain Marko Ramius, and a CIA analyst named Jack Ryan... The Hunt for Red October, written by This article is about Tom Clancy the novelist; for the member of the Irish folk band The Clancy Brothers, see Tom Clancy (singer) Tom Clancy Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. (born April 12, 1947), who writes under the name Tom Clancy, is an American author of political thrillers heavily based on... Tom Clancy. However, although surface ships have been built with this propulsion system, no known submarine yet uses it.


Submarine movies

Main article: Submarine film is a subgenre of war film which takes place in a submarine below the surface of the ocean. Films of this subgenre typically focus on a small but determined crew of submariners battling against not only their enemies, but also the extreme pressure of being underwater (as their... Submarine film

A special genre of submarine movies has developed. Submarines are popular subjects for films due to the danger, drama and claustrophobia of being on a submarine, and the suspense of the cat-and-mouse game of submarine or anti-submarine warfare.


See also

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. File links The following pages link to this file: Abu Dhabi Abraham Lincoln Australia Adolf Hitler Andorra Anatomy Asia Albert Einstein Asterales Automobile Aircraft Alexander Graham Bell Apple Computer American Civil War Ancient Egypt Asteraceae Alps...
The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Files uploaded to this repository can be used as local files by other projects on the Wikimedia servers, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks and Wikinews... Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to:

General

  • There are two major types of submarines in the United States Navy: ballistic missile submarines and attack submarines. Ballistic subs have a single, strategic mission: carrying nuclear submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Attack submarines have several tactical missions, including sinking ships and subs, launching cruise missiles, and gathering intelligence. Contents // 1... Submarines in the United States Navy
  • Timeline of underwater technology (Several centuries BC: Relief carvings made at this time show Assyrian soldiers crossing rivers using inflated goatskin floats. Several modern authors have wrongly said that the floats were crude breathing sets and that they show frogmen in action.) 1300 or earlier: Persian divers using diving goggles... Timeline of underwater technology
  • A midget submarine ia a small submarine, typically with a one or two person crew and with no on-board living accommodation. Midget submarines normally work with mother ships from which they are launched and recovered, and which provide living accommodation for the crew and other support. Both military and... Midget submarine
  • A submersible is another name for a submarine, and is the normal term for civilian and non-combatant military designs, particularly midget submarines. Categories: Water-transport stubs | Submarines ... Submersible
  • A semi-submersible or semisubmersible is a watercraft that is designed with a large portion of its volume (bulk) underwater. Unlike a submarine it never is entirely underwater in normal seas. Contents // 1 Types and Applications 1.1 Tourist Underwater Viewing 1.2 Deep Sea Ocean Studies 1.3 Military... Semi-submersible
  • U.S. Navy Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) - Mystic Arrival of the DSRV Avalon at Brest airport aboard a C-5 Galaxy cargo A U.S. Navy Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) performs rescue operations on submerged, disabled submarines of the U.S. Navy or foreign navies. Contents // 1 Features... Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle
  • Modern Naval Tactics It is tempting to regard modern naval combat as the purest expression of tactics. There is no cover, there are no civilians and the area of combat is level and flat. This is not, however, the truth. The presence of land, changing water depths, weather, detection and... Modern Naval tactics
  • Because electromagnetic radiation such as normal radio communication cannot travel through thick conductors such as salt water, communication with submarines when they are submerged is a difficult technological task which requires specific techniques and devices. In many cases, the obvious solution is to surface and raise an antenna above the... Communication with submarines
  • Big Red: Three Months On Board a Trident Nuclear Submarine (ISBN 0553263501)
  • Quiznos submarine sandwich A submarine sandwich (or just submarine where context would exclude the sea vessel, or even just sub) is any of various sandwiches made on a long roll split lengthwise, especially those including meat, cheese, lettuce, tomato, and various condiments, sauces or salad. Because the meat is... Submarine sandwich, named for its submarine-like shape
  • A submarine simulator, or subsim for short, is a computer game in which the player commands a submarine. The usual form of the game is to go on a series of missions, each of which features a number of encounters where the goal is to sink surface ships and to... Submarine simulator, a computer game genre
  • Eight nuclear submarines have sunk as a consequence of either accident or extensive damage: two from the United States, four from the Soviet Navy, and two from the Russian Navy. All sank as a result of accident with the exception of K-27, which was scuttled in the Kara Sea... List of sunken nuclear submarines
  • Depth Charge used by U.S. Navy later in World War II The depth charge is the oldest anti-submarine weapon. A concept of a dropping mine was first discussed in 1911, and the idea was developed into practicality when the Royal Navys Commander in Chief, Sir George Callaghan... Depth charge and A boilermaker, also known as a depth charge, is a cocktail consisting of a shot of whiskey, or vodka, and a glass of beer. The whiskey and beer are both typically, though not necessarily, of American production, with an inexpensive bourbon or a Tennessee Whiskey favored for the shot, and... Depth charge (cocktail)
  • Nuclear navy, or nuclear powered navy consists of ships powered by relatively small onboard nuclear reactors known as naval reactors. Ships carrying nuclear weapons are nowadays always also nuclear powered, but not all nuclear-powered ships carry nuclear weapons. The United States Navy has the worlds greatest nuclear fleets... nuclear navy

Articles on specific vessels

  • insert caption here Career Ordered: Laid down: Launched: 25 January 1969 Deployed: 27 October 1969 Homeport: Groton, Connecticut General Characteristics Displacement: 400 tons Length: 45 meters (150 feet) overall, 29.3 meters (96 feet 1 inch) pressure hull Diameter: 3.8 meters (12 feet 6 inches) Maximum beam (at stern... Nerwin (NR-1)
  • In World War II Vesikko was a submarine of the Finnish Navy, built by the Chrichton-Vulcan shipyard in Turku. It served as a direct prototype for German Class A II submarines. Vesikko was one of five submarines to serve the Finnish navy. The other four were of the so... Vesikko
  • For other ships of the Polish Navy named ORP Orzeł see: ORP Orzeł (disambiguation) ORP Orzeł Career Ordered: Laid down: August 14, 1936 Launched: January 15, 1938 Commissioned: February 2, 1939 Decommissioned: June 11, 1940 Fate: missing, presumably sunk Current position: unknown General Characteristics Displacement: 1.110... ORP Orzeł
  • Contents // 1 Nautilus 2 US Naval ships named Nautilus 2.1 12-gun schooner 1799 2.2 76-foot survey schooner 1838 2.3 First military submarine Nautilus 1911 2.4 66-foot patrol/escort 1917 2.5 USS Nautilus/USS O-12 1918 2.6 Second military submarine USS... Ships named Nautilus
  • This is a list of Royal Navy submarines, arranged chronologically. Dreadnought Porpoise-class Porpoise Narwhal Finwhale Cachalot Sealion Walrus Grampus Rorqual Oberon-class Oberon Onslaught Orpheus Odin Otter Olympus Oracle Ocelot Otus Opposum Opportune Osiris Onyx Valiant-class Valiant Warspite Resolution-class Resolution Repulse Renown Revenge Churchill-class Churchill Conqueror... List of submarines of the Royal Navy
  • Ships of the United States Navy aircraft carriers airships amphibious assault shipping auxiliaries battleships cruisers destroyers destroyer escorts escort carriers frigates patrol vessels mine warfare vessels sailing frigates ships of the line submarines This is a list of submarines of the United States Navy, listed both by hull number and... List of submarines of the United States Navy
  • Soviet aircraft carrier Ulyanovsk Contents // 1 Corvettes 2 Frigates 3 Destroyers 4 Cruisers 5 Amphibious assault 6 Battlecruisers 7 Battleships 8 Aircraft carriers/Aviation cruisers 9 Submarines 9.1 SS/SSK 9.2 SSB 9.3 SSG 9.4 SS (Auxiliary) 9.5 SSN 9.6 SSBN 9.7 SSGN... List of Soviet submarines
  • Unterseeboot 2 (1906) (1935) Unterseeboot 4 Unterseeboot 19 Unterseeboot 20 (1912) (1936) Unterseeboot 27 Unterseeboot 28 Unterseeboot 32 Unterseeboot 47 (1938) Unterseeboot 74 Unterseeboot 81 Unterseeboot 96 Unterseeboot 110 Unterseeboot 123 (1918) (1940) Unterseeboot 155 Unterseeboot 166 Unterseeboot 190 Unterseeboot 234 Unterseeboot 238 Unterseeboot 413 (1942) Unterseeboot 429 Unterseeboot 459... List of U-boats
  • Kaiko (deepest submarine dive)

Articles on specific submarine classes

  • This is a list of submarine classes Contents // 1 Submarine classes of Australia 2 Submarine classes of Canada 3 Submarine classes of France 4 Submarine classes of Germany 5 Submarine classes of Great Britain 6 Submarine classes of Japan 7 Submarine classes of the Netherlands 8 Submarine classes of Singapore... List of submarine classes
  • This is a list of submarine classes of the Royal Navy. Royal Navy lists Aircraft carriers Amphibious assault shipping Battlecruisers Battleships Corvettes and sloops Cruisers Destroyers Escort carriers Fast patrol boats Frigates Minesweepers Monitors Submarines Survey vessels Fleet bases Air stations Aircraft wings Fleets Squadrons and flotillas Contents // 1 Petrol... List of submarine classes of the Royal Navy
  • Submarines in the Soviet Navy were developed by numbered projects, which sometimes but not always were given names. During the Cold War, NATO nations referred to these classes by NATO reporting names, based on intelligence data, which did not always correspond perfectly with the projects. See: List of NATO reporting... List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes
  • Submarines of the United States Navy are built in classes, using a single design for a number of boats. Minor variations occur as improvements are incorporated into the design, so later boats of a class may be more capable than earlier. Also, boats are modified, sometimes extensively, while in service... List of United States submarine classes

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
USS Blueback Submarine (394 words)
After 31 years of service in the U.S. Navy throughout the Pacific Ocean, and appearing in the movie The Hunt for Red October, the Blueback is now on permanent display at OMSI.
The Blueback is a Barbel class submarine, the first battle-ready class of subs to use the tear drop hull design.
Discover what daily life was like aboard the US Navy's last fast-attack submarine as you explore the control room, peer through a periscope, and check out the engine room of the USS Blueback.
Submarine - MSN Encarta (900 words)
Submarines of the 1700s and early 1800s were larger in size than their predecessors, but were still primitive hand-powered ships, with rudimentary and often ineffective explosive weapons.
Periscopes, which enabled submariners to view the surface waters while remaining shallowly submerged, were added to submarines in the mid-1800s.
Submarines are valued for their ability to roam undetected in the ocean, and many navies operate submarine fleets.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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