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Encyclopedia > Submarine launched ballistic missile

Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. Modern variants usually deliver multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) each of which carries a warhead and allows a single launched missile to strike a handful of targets. The first successful tests of a submarine-based launch platform were by German U-boats in World War II using a submarine towed launch platform. These and other early SLBM systems required vessels to be surfaced when they fired missiles, but after World War 2, launch systems were quickly adapted to allow underwater launching. In September of 1955, the Soviets were the first country in the world to launch a ballistic missile from a submarine.

Ballistic missile submarines have been of great strategic importance for the USA and Soviet Union since the Cold War, as they can hide from satellite surveillance and fire their nuclear weapons without much warning, even close to the opponent's coast.

Specific types of SLBMs include:

Specific types of ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) include:

See also

ICBM, nuclear navy, nuclear warfare, nuclear strategy, submarine, submarine-launched missile, Strategic triad, vertical launching system

External link

List of missiles

Air-to-air missile (AAM) | Surface-to-air missile (SAM) | Cruise missile | Anti-ship missile (AShM) | Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) | Wire-guided missile
Ballistic missile | Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) | Submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM) | Anti-ballistic missile (ABM) | Anti-satellite weapon



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