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Encyclopedia > Subdivisions of Russia
Federal subjects of the Russian Federation
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Federal subjects of the Russian Federation

Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. Image File history File links Russia-Subdivisions. ... Image File history File links Russia-Subdivisions. ...

Contents


Federal subjects

Main article: Federal subjects of Russia

Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: субъе́кт(ы); English transliteration: subyekt(y)). These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). However, they do differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy. Most of the autonomous districts, while federal subjects in their own right, are at the same time part of other federal subjects (Chukotka is an exception). Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... A federation (Latin: foedus, covenant) is a state comprised of a number of partially self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ... The Federation Council of Russia (Совет Федерации, Soviet Federatsii, Federal Soviet) is the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (parliament of the Russian Federation), according to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: , tr. ...


Federal districts

Main article: Federal districts of Russia

All of the subjects are grouped into seven federal districts (федера́льные округа́, sing. федера́льный о́круг, federalnyye okruga, sing. federalny okrug), each administered by a governor appointed by the President of Russia. All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Flag of the President of Russia The President of Russia (ru: Президент России) is the highest position within the Government of Russia. ...


Economic regions

Main article: Economic regions of Russia

For economic and statistical purposes the federal subjects are also grouped into eleven economic regions (экономи́ческие райо́ны, sing. экономи́ческий райо́н, ekonomicheskiye rayony, sing. ekonomichesky rayon). Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ...


Lower level subdivisions

The federal subjects are further subdivided (level 2):

  • Districts (райо́н(ы), rayon(y)). This is somewhat similar to the counties of the United States.
  • Cities/towns (города́, sing.: го́род, goroda, sing: gorod) and urban settlements (посёлки городско́го ти́па, sing.: посёлок городско́го ти́па, posyolki gorodskogo tipa, sing.: posyolok gorodskogo tipa) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject.
  • Autonomous districts (автоно́мные округа́, sing.: автоно́мный о́круг, avtonomnyye okruga, sing.: avtonomny okrug) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject (even though they are considered subdivisions of the lower level, they have a status of federal subjects themselves).

Level 3 subdivisions include: See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...

  • Selsovets (сельсове́т(ы), selsovet(y)) (rural councils).
  • Towns and urban/rural settlements under the jurisdiction of the district.
  • City/town districts.
  • Urban settlements districts.

Selsoviet or selsovet (Russian: сельсове́т, short for се́льский сове́т), literally: rural soviet, was the lowest level administrative subdivision, similar to rural district, in rural areas in Soviet Union. ...

Translation

Russian Russian transliterated English Time
Губерния Guberniya Governorate historic
Край Krai Territory (Region)
Область Oblast Province
Автономная область Avtonomnaya oblast Autonomous province
Округ Okrug District
Автономный округ Avtonomny okrug Autonomous district
Федеральный округ Federalny okrug Federal district
Сельский округ Selsky okrug Rural district
Военный округ Voyenny okrug Military district
Район Raion/Rayon Region (District, Britannica:Sector)
Внутригородской район Vnutrigorodskoy rayon City district
Экономический район Ekonomichesky rayon Economic region
Национальный район Natsionalny rayon National district
Республика Respublika Republic
Автономная республика Avtonomnaya respublika Autonomous republic historic
Совет Soviet Council historic
Сельсовет Selsoviet Rural council, rural district

Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ... A governorate is a subnational entity. ... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution (from the word terra, meaning land). In politics, a territory is an area of land under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... This article is about political regions. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... An autonomous region or autonomous district is a subnational region with special powers of self-rule. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ... Military district (Russian: вое́нный о́круг (voyenny okrug)) is a territorial association of military units, formations, military schools, and various local military establishments. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... There are two main meanings to the word soviet: Soviet (council) means a council of workers. ... A council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ... Selsoviet or selsovet (Russian: сельсове́т, short for се́льский сове́т), literally: rural soviet, was the lowest level administrative subdivision, similar to a rural district, in rural areas in the Soviet Union. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ...

See also

This article covers the history of the administrative division of Russia from 1708 to 1743. ... Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... Types of settlements in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ...

External link

  • ((Russian)) Official website of the Federal Cadaster Center of Russia—Administrative maps of Russia


Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 January 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On 1 January 2008, Ust-Orda Buryatia will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On 1 July 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga

  Results from FactBites:
 
Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Russia (3317 words)
The easternmost point in Russia is Big Diomede Island (Ostrova Ratmanova); the westernmost, the boundary with Poland on a 60-km-long (40-mi-long) spit of land separating the Gulf of Gdańsk from the Vistula Lagoon.
Russia saw its economy contract severely for five years, as the executive and legislature dithered over the implementation of reforms and Russia's industrial base faced a serious decline.
Russia is fairly sparsely populated and has extremely low average population density due to its enormous size; population is densest in the European part of Russia, in the Ural Mountains area, and in the south-eastern part of Siberia.
Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5782 words)
Russia won the War of 1877-1878, forcing the Ottoman Empire to recognize the independence of Romania, Serbia and Montenegro and autonomy of Bulgaria.
Russia saw its comparatively developed centrally planned economy contract severely for five years, as the executive and the legislature dithered over the implementation of reforms and Russia's aging industrial base faced a serious decline.
Population is densest in the European part of Russia, in the Ural Mountains area, and in the south-western parts of Siberia; the south-eastern part of Siberia that meets the Pacific Ocean, known as the Russian Far East, is sparsely populated, with its southern part being densest.
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