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Encyclopedia > Subcompact car
AMC Gremlin
AMC Gremlin

A subcompact car is an automobile in a vehicle size class smaller than a compact car but larger than a city car (and known as superminis in Europe). This is also known as the B-segment class. Such cars usually have four or more seats and in North America, subcompacts are usually considered to be those cars that have a wheelbase of 2.54 metres (100 inches) or less or between 85 ft³ (2400 L) and 99 ft³ (2800 L) of interior volume (though popular usage of the term frequently ignores these boundaries). Subcompacts/superminis are most commonly sold in Europe and Japan where they enjoy enormous popularity, and are reasonably popular in North America despite people often preferring American and Asian sedans. 1974 AMC Gremlin Photographer: Bob DuHamel File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1974 AMC Gremlin Photographer: Bob DuHamel File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... North America Vehicle size classes in use in North America categorise automobiles by their relative lengths and volumes. ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Urban car. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ...


In North America, this type of car was first seen in the 1950s with the introduction of the Nash Metropolitan and a number of imported models notably the Volkswagen Beetle and various small British cars. The subcompact did not see wide adoption until the 1970s with the introduction of such cars as the Ford Pinto and Chevrolet Vega, which were produced by American automakers in response to the growing popularity of small imported cars especially from Volkswagen, Nissan-Datsun, and Toyota. Today numerous models of subcompacts are sold, including the Toyota Yaris, the Nissan Versa, the Honda Fit, the Scion xA, the Kia Rio, the Chevrolet Aveo, and the Hyundai Accent. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... The Ford Pinto was an American subcompact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company, first introduced in 1971, and built through the 1980 model year. ... The Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Toyota Motor Corporation ), or Toyota is a Japanese multinational corporation and the worlds largest automaker by sales revenue as of 2007[3]. Together with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu, the company was the worlds second largest auto company by revenue of $179 billion and total vehicle production, most... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ... Versa is the North American name for this vehicle, see Nissan Tiida for article The Nissan Versa is a new subcompact car from Nissan starting with the 2007 model year in North America. ... The Honda Fit is a five-door hatchback automobile produced by Honda of Japan, that was first introduced in June 2001. ... Scion xA is a subcompact car sold in the United States by Toyotas brand Scion. ... The Kia Rio is a subcompact car produced by the South Korean automaker Kia Motors and introduced in August 2000 for the 2001 model year. ... It has been suggested that Daewoo Kalos and Daewoo Gentra be merged into this article or section. ... The Hyundai Accent (sold in some regions as the Verna) is a subcompact car produced in South Korea, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. ...


In 1971, Ford and GM introduced their subcompact models, with AMC's Gremlin having been the first introduced in April 1970. Notably, the Gremlin did not fit the mold of the typical subcompact, which was powered by a 4 cylinder engine, but was an abbreviated AMC Hornet, which was a compact car. Of the four large American companies that were making cars at that point, only Chrysler did not develop a domestic subcompact car, electing instead to import models produced by its British and Japanese affiliates (the Plymouth Cricket and Dodge Colt respectively). Chrysler would not have a domestic subcompact until the 1978 Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon twins. Ford later added its European supermini, the Ford Fiesta, to its North American lineup for the 1978 model year, but it was only available for three years until the larger sized Ford Escort replaced both the Fiesta and the Pinto. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... 1970 AMC Hornet coupe The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... The Plymouth Cricket was a subcompact automobile sold by the Plymouth division of Chrysler Corporation in the American market from 1971-1973. ... The Dodge Colt and the similar Plymouth Champ and Plymouth Colt, were compact cars sold by Dodge and Plymouth from 1970 to 1994. ... Plymouth Horizon The Dodge Omni and the similar Plymouth Horizon were front wheel drive subcompact cars introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation in North America in 1978. ... The Dodge Omni and similar Plymouth Horizon was a front-drive, subcompact car introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation in North America in 1978. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ... The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ...


Although they were all strong sellers in their time, none of the early domestic subcompacts are well thought of today, with the AMC Gremlin, Ford Pinto and Chevrolet Vega placing 4th, 3rd and 2nd, respectively, in Car Talk's "Worst Car of the Millennium" contest. The 'winner' was another subcompact, the Yugo. The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... The Ford Pinto was an American subcompact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company, first introduced in 1971, and built through the 1980 model year. ... The Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... Car Talk is a radio talk show broadcast weekly on National Public Radio stations throughout the United States and elsewhere. ... The Zastava Koral / Yugo 45 and family are vehicles produced by the Zastava corporation, both for local use in the production country of Serbia and for export around the world. ...


However, some luxurious subcompacts like the Mercedes-Benz A-Class are not sold in the US, but they are for example, sold in Mexico. 2004 Mercedes-Benz W169 A200 The Mercedes-Benz A-Class (popularly known as the Baby Benz) is a small family car produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz. ...


Popularity in other countries

Subcompacts are more popular in developing countries not because of their size, but of their cheaper price. For example, Volkswagen has always had a large presence in Brazil, and is one of the mainstream manufacturers there. Brazil had developed its own Volkswagen cars, based on German Volkswagen models. Examples of these are the Volkswagen Golf, Polo and Fox. Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in North America) is a compact car / small family car manufactured by Volkswagen. ... The Volkswagen Polo is a supermini-sized car manufactured by Volkswagen of Germany. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The term "subcompact" has also changed in some countries as some sedan versions of these are still called subcompacts. A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ...


Argentina designs and produces sedan versions of subcompacts like the Volkswagen Polo, Renault Clio Sedán and the Chevrolet Corsa Sedán. These subcompacts are exported to other countries for example Mexico. General Motors builds its Opel Corsa in Mexico as the Chevrolet Chevy C2. That means previous generation of Corsa (Chevy, with a facelift Chevy C2) and the Brazil version are sells in the same dealer. The Volkswagen Polo is a supermini-sized car manufactured by Volkswagen of Germany. ... The Opel Corsa is a supermini that has been produced by General Motors European subsidiary Opel since 1983. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or GMC is the worlds 2nd largest auto company by sales revenue (Behind Toyota)[1] and has been the worlds largest automaker by unit sales from 1931 to 2006, longer than any other automaker. ...


See also

This is a list of current automobile models by type. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle size class be merged into this article or section. ... Mini SUV is a class of small sport utility vehicles which are more or less under 4,15 m long. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... North America Vehicle size classes in use in North America categorise automobiles by their relative lengths and volumes. ...

External links

  • Official US government car size class definitions
  • Subcompactcars.com
  • B-Segment.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Compact car - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (267 words)
Compact car is a largely North American term denoting an automobile smaller than a midsize car, but larger than a subcompact car.
Although compact cars had been made in the United States before, the modern compact class is considered to have begun in 1959 and 1960, when the Rambler American, Studebaker Lark, Chevrolet Corvair, Ford Falcon, and Plymouth Valiant all appeared in rapid succession.
Within a few years after that, the compacts had given rise to a new class called the pony car, named after the Ford Mustang, which was built on the Falcon chassis.
Interesting Engineering Event (2919 words)
The gas tank was placed behind the rear differential housing of the car, allowing bolts that were protruding from the differential to penetrate the gas tank upon a collision from behind.
In the second case of modifying the car a piece of steel was placed in-between the rear differential and the gas tank.
In Fords analysis the cost of fixing the car, and the cost of paying for deaths and injuries due to the problem of the car were compared.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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