FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Styx (mythology)
The Greek Underworld
Residents:
Geography:
Famous inmates:
Related:

In Greek mythology, Styx (Στυξ) is the name of a river which formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld, Hades. It circles Hades nine times. The rivers Styx, Phlegethon, Acheron and Cocytus all converge at the center of Hades on a great marsh. The other important rivers of Hades are Lethe and Eridanos. In Greek mythology, the underworld indicates the kingdom of deaths. ... Persephone and Hades In Greek mythology, Persephone (Greek Περσεφόνη, PersephónÄ“) was the queen of the Underworld, the Kore or young maiden, and the daughter of Demeter— and Zeus, in the Olympian version. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Minos was a semi-legendary king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. ... In Greek mythology, Aeacus (Greek: Aiakos, bewailing or earth borne) was king in the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf. ... Rhadamanthus (also transliterated as Rhadamanthys or Rhadamanthos) in Greek mythology was a son of Zeus and Europa and brother of Minos, king of Crete and Sarpedon. ... In Greek mythology, Charon (Greek Χάρων, fierce brightness) was the ferryman of Hades. ... Cerberus - Watercolour by William Blake In Greek mythology, Cerberus or Kerberos (Greek Κέρβερος, Kerberos, demon of the pit), was the hound of Hades—a monstrous three-headed dog (sometimes said to have 50 or 100 heads) with a snake for a tail and serpentine mane. ... The Acheron is a river in the Epirus region of northwest Greece. ... In Greek mythology, Cocytus, meaning river of wailing (Greek kokutos, lamentation) was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. ... Tartarus, or Tartaros is a place of eternal torment and suffering, similar to the Hell of Christianity, Netherworld of Pagan religions, the Hindu Naraka, Judaic Gehenna, Chinese Di Yu, Islamic Jahannam, and Roman Paradise. ... In Classical Greek, Lethe (LEE-thee) literally means forgetfulness or concealment. The Greek word for truth is a-lethe-ia, meaning un-forgetfulness or un-concealment. In Greek mythology, Lethe is one of the several rivers of Hades. ... // For the band, see Elysium (band). ... In Greek mythology, the river Phlegethon ([river of] fire) was one of the five rivers of the underworld. ... The Asphodel Meadows is a section of the Ancient Greek underworld where indifferent and ordinary souls were sent to live after death. ... In Greek mythology Erebus (Έρεβος Erebos, Desert from eremos ) was a primordial god, the personification of darkness and shadow, which filled in all the corners and crannies of the world. ... This article is about the Greek myth. ... Sisyphus (Greek Σίσυφος; transliteration: Sísuphos; IPA: ), in Greek mythology, was a sinner punished in the underworld by being set to roll a huge rock up a hill throughout eternity. ... In Greek mythology Tantalus (Greek Τάνταλος) was a son of Zeus and the nymph Plouto (riches), not to be confused with the god of the underworld. ... In Greek mythology, the Titans (Greek Τιτάν, plural Τιτάνες) were a race of powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. ... The Oricoli bust of Zeus, King of the Gods, in the collection of the Vatican Museum. ... Greek religion is the polytheistic religion practiced in ancient Greece in form of cult practices, thus the practical counterpart of Greek mythology. ... The Oricoli bust of Zeus, King of the Gods, in the collection of the Vatican Museum. ... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... Earth (IPA: , often referred to as the Earth, Terra, the World or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, the river Phlegethon ([river of] fire) was one of the five rivers of the underworld. ... The Acheron is a river in the Epirus region of northwest Greece. ... In Greek mythology, Cocytus, meaning river of wailing (Greek kokutos, lamentation) was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... In Classical Greek, Lethe (LEE-thee) literally means forgetfulness or concealment. The Greek word for truth is a-lethe-ia, meaning un-forgetfulness or un-concealment. In Greek mythology, Lethe is one of the several rivers of Hades. ... The river Eridanos (or Eridanus) is an imagined river of Greek mythology whose name has been adopted by paleogeographers to describe the real ice age river that ran in the bed of the Baltic Sea, see Eridanus (geology). ...


Styx is guarded by Phlegyas, who passes the souls from one side to another of the river. In other versions, Phlegyas guards Phlegethon, another of the main rivers of Hades. Phlegyas, son of Ares and Chryse, King of the Lapiths in Greek mythology was father of Ixion and Coronis, one of Apollos lovers. ...


The gods respected the Styx and swore binding oaths by it. Zeus swore to give Semele whatever she wanted and was then obliged to follow through, resulting in her death. Helios similarly promised Phaëton whatever he desired, also resulting in his death. Gods that did not follow through on such an oath had to drink from the river, causing them to lose their voices for nine years. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving In Greek mythology, Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Ζεύς Zeús, genitive... In Greek mythology, Semele, daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia, was the mother of Dionysus (the god and his votaries were both identified as Bacchus) by Zeus. ... Helios in his chariot In Greek mythology the sun was personified as Helios or Helius (Greek Ἥλιος / ἥλιος). Homer often calls him Titan and Hyperion. ... The fall of Phaeton, Johann Liss, beginning of 17th century. ...


According to some versions, Styx had miraculous powers and could make someone immortal. Achilles may have been dipped in it in his childhood, acquiring invulnerability, with exception of his heel, which was held by his mother in order to submerge him. His exposed heel thus became known as Achilles' heel, a metaphor for a weak spot in modern meaning. Immortality (or eternal life) is the concept of existing for a potentially infinite, or indeterminate, length of time. ... The Wrath of Achilles, by François-Léon Benouville (1821–1859) (Musée Fabre) In Greek mythology, Achilles, also Akhilleus or Achilleus (Ancient Greek ) was a hero of the Trojan War, the central character and greatest warrior of Homers Iliad, which takes for its theme, not the War... An Achilles’ heel is a fatal weakness in spite of overall strength, actually or potentially leading to downfall. ...


Styx was primarily a feature in the afterworld of Greek mythology, but has been described as a feature present in the hell of Christianity as well, notably in The Divine Comedy. The ferryman Charon is in modern times commonly believed to have transported the souls of the newly dead across this river into the underworld, though in the original Greek and Roman sources, as well as in Dante, it was the river Acheron that Charon plied. Dante put Phlegyas over the Styx and made it the fifth circle of Hell, where the wrathful and sullen are punished by being perpetually drowned in the muddy waters. Medieval illustration of Hell in the Hortus deliciarum manuscript of Herrad of Landsberg (about 1180) Hell, according to many religious beliefs, is a place or a state of pain and suffering. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelinos fresco. ... In Greek mythology, Charon (Greek Χάρων, fierce brightness) was the ferryman of Hades. ...


In ancient times the Styx was said to be the river that marked the boundary between Ukraine and Russia, near the Ukrainian town of Kerch. Ukraine was on the side representing life, Russia on the side representing death. Kerch (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: , Old East Slavic: Кърчевъ) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, is an important industrial, transport and tourist centre of Ukraine. ...

Contents

Goddess

Enlarge
Styx, etching by Gustave Doré, 1861

Styx is also the name of a primordial goddess who represented that river, and was the only female river. She was a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. With Pallas, she was the mother of Zelus, Nike, Cratos and Bia (and sometimes Eos). Image File history File links Doré_-_Styx. ... Image File history File links Doré_-_Styx. ... Doré photographed by Felix Nadar. ... In the Hispanic and alien world-view, Oceanus (Greek , Okeanos), was the world-ocean, which they believed to be an enormous river encircling the world. ... Tethys can refer to: Tethys the titaness of Greek mythology Tethys the natural satellite of Saturn The Tethys Ocean existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia before the opening of the Atlantic Ocean on Earth. ... Pallas Athena. ... This Zelos is the Greek personification. ... In Greek mythology, Nike (Greek Νίκη, pronounced /nike/ NEE-keh, meaning Victory) , was a goddess who personified triumph. ... In Greek mythology, Cratos (strength) was a son of Styx and Pallas, brother of Nike, Bia and Zelus. ... In Greek mythology, Bia (force) was the personification of force, daughter of Pallas and Styx. ... Eos, by Evelyn De Morgan (1850 - 1919), 1895 (Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC): for a Pre-Raphaelite painter, Eos was still the classical pagan equivalent of an angel Eos (dawn) was, in Greek mythology, the Titan goddess of the dawn, who rose from her home at the edge of...


Styx supported Zeus in the Titanomachia- she was the first to rush to his aid. For this reason her name was given the honor of being a binding oath for the gods. In Greek mythology, the Titanomachy, or War of the Titans, was the eleven-year series of battles fought between the two races of deities long before the existence of mankind: the Titans, fighting from Mount Othrys, and the Olympians, who would come to reign on Mount Olympus. ...


Nymph

Styx is also the name of a naiad nymph whose river was the most holy and sacred, and to swear on it was the most holy oath a God could make. Her name meant literally Hateful. She and the goddess are often held to be the same figure. --65. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Popular Culture

  • The band Styx is named after it.
  • The river on which the song The River by The Tea Party takes place is the Styx and is referred to as a "she" in acknowledgement of river's female persona.
  • In the show Veronica Mars there is a bar called The River Styx run by the drug lord Fitzpatricks.
  • In The Simpsons episode, Tales from the Public Domain, Homer crosses the River Styx while in the land of Homer's tale, with the band Styx playing one of their hits, Lady, to which Homer exclaims the line, "Oh, this is truly hell!".
  • In the Futurama episode "The Devil's Hands are Idle Playthings," the Robot Devil sings that in Hell, "Styx is a river, and not just a band."
  • In the computer game Planescape:Torment, the River Styx has the same properties that the Greeks ascribed to Lethe, causing complete forgetfullness in anyone who drinks from the river's waters.
  • It is said that Captain Kaku Tomeo, commander of the aircraft carrier Hiryu after making the decision to remain on board his sinking ship, was informed that there was still money left in the vessel and was inquired as to what to do with it, to which he reportedly replied "Leave where it is, we'll need it to cross the River Styx."
  • In Guild Wars: Nightfall a river of souls that flows in the Realm of Torment was most definitely inspired by it.
  • In the game Kingdom Hearts 2, Hades says 'Styx and stones...' in response to a threat.
  • Californian band I Am Ghost's album Lovers' Requiem has a track called "Crossing the River Styx."
  • In the videogame Soul Calibur III, the character Cervantes de Leon has a pair of swords named Styx, as well as other pair named Phlegethon, obvious references to these rivers as Cervantes is a cursed pirate who died and came back from hell.
  • In the videogame Zork: Grand Inquisitor a mandatory quest involves passing the Styx with Charon as the oarsman. It cost two zorkmids for each trip. However, he only needs to be done once because the player can leave Hell by casting a spell.
  • The band Fear Before the March of Flames has a song titled "Consequences David,You'll Meet Your Fate in the Styx" off of their album Art Damage.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Tea Party was a Canadian rock band with blues, progressive rock and Middle Eastern influences. ... Veronica Mars is a critically acclaimed American teen drama/mystery-neo-noir series which premiered on UPN on September 22, 2004, airing its first two seasons on the network before changing to The CW Television Network on October 3, 2006. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Tales from the Public Domain is the fourteenth episode of The Simpsons thirteenth season. ... Homer Jay Simpson (born c. ... Homer (Greek HómÄ“ros) was a legendary early Greek poet and aoidos (singer) traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lady is another huge hit from Styx. ... Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen for the Fox Network. ... “The Devil’s Hands are Idle Playthings” is the 18th and final episode in season 4 of the TV series Futurama. ... Robotology is a fictional religion in the animated TV series Futurama. ... In Classical Greek, Lethe (LEE-thee) literally means forgetfulness or concealment. The Greek word for truth is a-lethe-ia, meaning un-forgetfulness or un-concealment. In Greek mythology, Lethe is one of the several rivers of Hades. ... Hiryu (Japanese: 飛龍, meaning flying dragon) was a Soryu-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... I Am Ghost is a post-hardcore band from Long Beach, California, formed in late 2004. ... Lovers Requiem is the second album by the post-hardcore band I Am Ghost. ... Soul Calibur III ) is the sequel to Soul Calibur II and is the fourth overall installment in the Soul series of fighting games. ... Cervantes de Leon (セルバンテス・デ・レオン Cervantes de Leon) is a fictional character designed for the Soul Series of fighting games. ... In Greek mythology, the river Phlegethon ([river of] fire) was one of the five rivers of the underworld. ... Categories: Stub | 1997 computer and video games | Interactive fiction | Mac OS games | PC games | Zork ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero   Planetfall Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar... Fear Before the March of Flames (sometimes abbreviated as FBTMOF) is an experimental metalcore band that resides in Aurora, Colorado. ... Art Damage, released in September, 2004, is the sophomore album from the mathcore/metalcore band Fear Before The March Of Flames. ...

See also

Rasa () means moisture, humitidy in Vedic Sanskrit, and appears as the name of a western tributary of the Indus in the Rigveda (verse 5. ... The Sanzu River (三途の川 Sanzu-no-kawa) is the Japanese Buddhist version of the River Styx. ...

External link

  • the Styx entry at the Theoi.Com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Styx (mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (557 words)
Styx is guarded by Phlegyas, who passes the souls from one side to another of the river.
Styx was primarily a feature in the afterworld of Greek mythology, but has been described as a feature present in the hell of Christianity as well, notably in The Divine Comedy.
Styx supported Zeus in the Titanomachia- she was the first to rush to his aid.
Greek mythology N-Z - All About Turkey (3951 words)
In Greek mythology, Peirithous was a King of the Lapiths and a son of Ixion and Dia.
In Greek mythology, Proteus was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Acrisius.
In Greek mythology, Xuthus was a son of Helen by the nymph Orseis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m