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Encyclopedia > Stylus

Contents

Modern stylus, used with touch-screens on electronic devices such as the Nintendo DS and personal digital assistants
Modern stylus, used with touch-screens on electronic devices such as the Nintendo DS and personal digital assistants
Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century.
Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century.

A stylus (plural: styli or styluses) is a writing utensil. The word is also used for a computer accessory (PDAs). It usually refers to a narrow elongated staff, similar to a modern ballpoint pen. Many styluses are heavily curved to be held more easily. This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... Image File history File links DS0074_1_lq. ... Image File history File links DS0074_1_lq. ... NDS redirects here. ... User with Treo (PDA with smartphone functionality) Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers, but have become much more versatile over the years. ... Download high resolution version (452x1333, 16 KB)Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century. ... Download high resolution version (452x1333, 16 KB)Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century. ... Writing is the process of inscribing characters on a medium, with the intention of forming words and other larger language constructs. ... User with Treo (PDA with smartphone functionality) Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers, but have become much more versatile over the years. ... Ballpoint pen, disassembled (top) and complete (bottom) A ballpoint pen (also eponymously known in British English as a biro and pronounced bye-row in Britain but sometimes bee-row elsewhere), is a modern writing instrument. ...


Styli were first used by the ancient Mesopotamians in order to write in cuneiform, usually made out of reeds that grew on the sides of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and in marshes and down to Egypt where the Egyptians used styluses from sliced reeds with sharp points. Cuneiform was entirely based on the "wedge-shaped" mark that the end of a cut reed made when pushed into a clay tablet, hence the name "cuneiform" from Latin cuneus = "wedge". Cuneiform redirects here. ... Binomial name Phragmites australis (Cav. ... The Tigris is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq. ... For the song River Euphrates by the Pixies, see Surfer Rosa. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... Small tablets made out of clay were used from late 4th millennium BC onwards as a writing medium in Sumerian, Mesopotamian, Hittite, and Minoan/Mycenaean civilizations. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Look up wedge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Function

Styli were used from classical times until the nineteenth century to write on wax tablets (tabulae), which were used for various purposes, from secretaries' notes to recording accounts. Some wax-tablets have been preserved in waterlogged deposits, for example in the Roman fort at Vindolanda on Hadrian's Wall. One end of such styli was pointed for writing and the other was flattened into a broad shape for erasing. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Waterlogging is a verbal noun meaning the saturation of such as ground or the filling of such as a boat with water. ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... Vindolanda was a Roman auxiliary fort located at Chesterholm, just south of Hadrians Wall in northern England, near the border with Scotland, guarding the Roman road from the River Tyne, to the Solway Firth, now known as the Stanegate. ... Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of modern-day England. ...


Use in Arts

Styli are used in various arts and crafts still. Example situations: rubbing off dry transfer letters, tracing designs onto a new surface with carbon paper, and hand embossing. Styli are also used to engrave into materials like metal or clay. Dry transfer is a term used to describe decals which can be applied without the use of water or other solvent. ... A sheet of carbon paper, coating side down. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... This article is about metallic materials. ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ...


Use in music recording and reproduction

Main article: Magnetic cartridge
Osmium-tipped stylus for jukebox using shellac 78rpm records, 1940s
Osmium-tipped stylus for jukebox using shellac 78rpm records, 1940s
a gramophone cartridge with stylus for use on vinyl records
a gramophone cartridge with stylus for use on vinyl records

In the sound recording industry, a stylus is a phonograph or gramophone needle used to play back sound on gramophone records, as well as to record the sound indentations on the master record. A magnetic cartridge is a device used for the playback of gramophone records on a turntable or phonograph. ... Package for phonograph needle or stylus, 1940s. ... Package for phonograph needle or stylus, 1940s. ... General Name, Symbol, Number osmium, Os, 76 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 6, d Appearance silvery, blue cast Standard atomic weight 190. ... A Zodiac jukebox A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ... For the post-punk band, see Shellac (band). ... © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group. ... Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... Tonearm redirects here. ... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ...


Several technologies were used to record the sounds, beginning with wax cylinders. The harder the material used, the harder the stylus had to be. The latter stylus for vinyl records were made out of Sapphire or diamond. The earliest method of recording and reproducing sound was on phonograph cylinders. ... For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the mineral. ...


Modern use

Today, the term stylus often refers to an input method usually used in PDAs, graphics tablets, Tablet PCs, and UMPCs. In this method, a stylus that secretes no ink touches a touch screen instead of a finger to avoid getting the natural oil from one's hands on the screen. Styli are also used with the Nintendo DS handheld gaming device, which has two screens, the bottom one being touch-sensitive. User with Treo (PDA with smartphone functionality) Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers, but have become much more versatile over the years. ... A Wacom Graphire4 graphics tablet. ... A Tablet PC is a notebook- or slate-shaped mobile computer. ... The Ultra-Mobile PC (abbreviated UMPC), previously known by its codename Project Origami, is a specification for a small form factor tablet PC. It was developed as a joint development exercise by Microsoft, Intel, and Samsung, among others. ... Nintendo DS Touch screen A touch screen is an input/output device that allows the user to interact with the computer by touching the display screen. ... NDS redirects here. ...


A stylus may also be used to scribe a recording into smoked foil or glass. In various instruments this method may be used instead of a pen for recording as it has the advantage of being able to operate over a wide temperature range, does not clog or dry prematurely, and has very small friction in comparison to other methods. These characteristics were useful in certain types of early seismographs and in recording barographs used in determining sailplane altitude records. Seismographs (in Greek seismos = earthquake and graphein = write) are used by seismologists to record seismic waves. ... A barograph is a recording aneroid barometer. ... Gliders are un-powered heavier-than-air aircraft. ...


The sharpest stylus possible has a single atom at its tip. Such styli are used in scanning tunneling microscopes. Properties For other meanings of Atom, see Atom (disambiguation). ... Image of reconstruction on a clean Au(100) surface. ...


Etymology

The word stylus along with the word "style" came from the Latin word stilus meaning: "a stake; a pointed instrument, used by the

Several Styluses. (L to R) PalmPilot Professional, Fossil Wrist PDA, Nokia 770, Audiovox XV6600, HP Jornada 520, Sharp Zaurus 5500, Fujitsu Lifebook P-103
Several Styluses. (L to R) PalmPilot Professional, Fossil Wrist PDA, Nokia 770, Audiovox XV6600, HP Jornada 520, Sharp Zaurus 5500, Fujitsu Lifebook P-103

romans, for writing upon wax tablets". [1] The spelling was influenced by the Greek word στυλος meaning "column" or "pillar". According to the 1875 London Dictionary of Greek & Roman Antiquities a Stilus is "an object tapering like an architectural column; a metal instrument resembling a pencil in size and shape, used for writing or recording impressions upon waxed tablets. It signifies: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 397 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,260 × 1,618 pixels, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 397 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,260 × 1,618 pixels, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


"An iron instrument (Ov. Met. IX.521; Martial, XIV.21), resembling a pencil in size and shape, used for writing upon waxed tablets (Plaut. Bacch. IV.4.63; Plin. H.N. XXXIV.14). At one end it was sharpened to a point for scratching the characters upon the wax (Quintil. i.1 §27), while the other end being flat and circular served to render the surface of the tablets smooth again, and so to obliterate what had been written. Thus, vertere stilum means to erase, and hence to correct, as in the well-known precept saepe stilum vertas (Hor. Sat. 1.10.72; Cic. Verr. II.41)."


References

  1. ^ University of Notre Dame online latin dictionary (http://archives.nd.edu/latgramm.htm)

See also

Look up Stylus in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
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PalmOne™ Tungsten™ E Deluxe Stylus with ink pen.
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Stylus announced in June 2006 it had negotiated an agreement with a major oil and gas company to farmin on their 30,300 acres (47 sections) of undeveloped fee title, freehold and crown lands in the Monarch area south of Champion, Alberta.
Stylus Exploration Inc. ("Stylus Exploration"), a private company, and Kinloch Resources Inc. ("Kinloch"), a publicly traded company, merged their business and operations through a plan of arrangement whereby Stylus Exploration and Kinloch amalgamated effective March 1, 2005 to create Stylus.
Stylus' determination of these measurements may not be comparable to that reported by other companies.
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