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Encyclopedia > Style guide
An "Identity Standards Manual" page—for the graphic design branch of corporate identity design and branding.
An "Identity Standards Manual" page—for the graphic design branch of corporate identity design and branding.

Publishing house style guides outline standards for design and writing for a specific publication or organization. Some focus on graphic design, covering such topics as typography and white space. Web site style guides focus on a publication's visual and technical aspects, prose style, best usage, grammar, punctuation, spelling, and fairness. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (2550 × 1650 pixel, file size: 437 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (2550 × 1650 pixel, file size: 437 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Corporate Visual Identity Management be merged into this article or section. ... A brand includes a name, logo, slogan, and/or design scheme associated with a product or service. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ...


Some modern style guides are for the general public, tending to focus on language over visual presentation. Although style guides do not directly address a writer's voice, some writers think them too restrictive. Like language, many style guides change with time; for example, the stylebook of the Associated Press is updated yearly. The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...

Contents

Academia and publishing

Publishers' style guides establish house rules for language usages, such as spelling, italics, and punctuation; consistency is the major purpose of these style guides. They are rulebooks for writers, ensuring consistent language. Authors are asked or required to use a style guide in preparing their work for publication; copy editors are charged with enforcing the publishing house's style. A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Copy editing is the process of an editor making formatting changes and other improvements to text. ...


University style guides are particularly rigorous in the preferred source citation style; their use is required of scholars submitting research articles to academic journals.


General interest

The general public is the audience for some style guides; these may adopt the approaches of publishing houses and newspapers. Others, such as Fowler's Modern English Usage (3rd edition), report how language is practiced in a given area and outline how phrases, punctuation, and grammar are actually used. Since they are for the general public, they cannot require one form of a word or phrase instead of another, though they may make strong recommendations; anyone interested in writing in a standard form of language may use such style guides. A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, often referred to simply as Fowlers Modern English Usage, or Fowler, is a style guide to British English usage, authored by Henry W. Fowler. ...


To have an idea of how this approach is used, consider what Robert Burchfield, and observers, have stated about Fowler's. On the one hand, Burchfield states, "Linguistic correctness is perhaps the dominant theme of this book", but he also states, "I believe that 'stark preachments' belong to an earlier age of comment on English usage". Indeed, John Updike, writing in The New Yorker magazine, said: "To Burchfield, the English language is a battlefield upon which he functions as a non-combatant observer." Robert William Burchfield (January 27, 1923 - July 5, 2004) was a scholar, writer, and lexicographer. ...


Specialized guides

Some organizations other than the aforementioned ones produce style guides for either internal or external use. For example, communications and public relations departments of business and nonprofit organizations have style guides for their publications (newsletters, news releases, Web sites), and organizations advocating for social minorities establish what they believe to be fair and correct language treatment of their audiences.


Graphic design style guides

Many publications (notably newspapers) use graphic design style guides to demonstrate the preferred layout and formatting of a published page. They often are extremely detailed in specifying, for example, which fonts and colours to use. Such guides allow a large design team to produce visually consistent work for the organization. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Layout, in publishing, is the process of arranging editorial content, advertising, graphics and other information in a manner that creates an effective presentation. ... Look up format in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In typography, a typeface is a co-ordinated set of character designs, which usually comprises an alphabet of letters, a set of numerals and a set of punctuation marks. ...


Examples of style guides

International standards

Several basic style guides for technical and scientific communication have been defined by international standards organizations. These are often used as elements of and refined in more specialized style guides that are specific to a subject, region or organization. Some examples are: A standards organization, also sometimes referred to as a standards body, a standards development organization or SDO (depending on what is being referenced), is any entity whose primary activities are developing, coordinating, promulgating, revising, amending, reissuing, interpreting, or otherwise maintaining standards that address the interests of a wide base of...

  • ISO 8 — Presentation of periodicals
  • ISO 18 — Contents lists of periodicals
  • ISO 31Quantities & units
  • ISO 214 — Abstracts for publication & documentation
  • ISO 215 — Presentation of contributions to periodicals & other serials
  • ISO 690 — Bibliographic references — Content, form & structure
  • ISO 832 — Bibliographic references — Abbreviations of typical words
  • ISO 999 — Index of a publication
  • ISO 1086 — Title leaves of a book
  • ISO 2145 — Numbering of divisions & subdivisions in written documents
  • ISO 5966 — Presentation of scientific & technical reports
  • ISO 6357 — Spine titles on books & other publications
  • ISO 7144 — Presentation of theses & similar documents
  • ISO 9241Ergonomics of Human System Interaction
  • EN-15038:2006 — Draft European Standard for Translation Services Annex D (informative)

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... International Standard ISO 31 (Quantities and units, International Organization for Standardization, 1992) is the most widely respected style guide for the use of units of measurement, and formulas involving them, in scientific and educational documents worldwide. ... A physical quantity is either a quantity within Physics that can be measured (e. ... The definition, agreement and practical use of units of measurement have played a crucial role in human endeavour from early ages up to this day. ... ISO 690 is an ISO standard, that specifies the elements to be included in bibliographic references to published monographs and serials, to chapters, articles, etc. ... International standard ISO 2145 defines a typographic convention for the numbering of divisions and subdivisions in written documents. It applies to any kind of document, including manuscripts, books, journal articles, and standards. ... A technical report (also: scientific report) is a document that describes the progress or results of technical or scientific research, or the state of a technical or scientific research problem. ... Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of separate sheets of paper or other material. ... It has been suggested that Thesis statement be merged into this article or section. ... ISO 9241 is a standard for usability. ... Ergonomics (or human factors) is the application of scientific information concerning humans to the design of objects, systems and environment for human use (definition adopted by the International Ergonomics Association in 2007). ...

Canada

Newspapers

  • CP Stylebook: Guide to newspaper style in Canada maintained by the Canadian Press. ISBN 0920009387.
  • The Globe and Mail Style Book: Originally created to help writers and editors at the Globe and Mail present clear, accurate, and concise stories. ISBN 0771056850

The Canadian Press (CP) is a Canadian news agency established in 1917 as a vehicle to permit Canadian newspapers of the day to exchange their news and information. ...

United Kingdom

General

Journalism A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, often referred to simply as Fowlers Modern English Usage, or Fowler, is a style guide to British English usage, authored by Henry W. Fowler. ... A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, often referred to simply as Fowlers Modern English Usage, or Fowler, is a style guide to British English usage, authored by Henry W. Fowler. ... Henry Watson Fowler (10 March 1858 – 26 December 1933) was an English schoolmaster, lexicographer and commentator on the usage of English. ... The Kings English is a book on English usage and grammar. ... Henry Watson Fowler (10 March 1858 – 26 December 1933) was an English schoolmaster, lexicographer and commentator on the usage of English. ... Francis George Fowler (1871–1918), familiarly known as F.G. Fowler, was an English writer on English language, grammar and usage. ... Harts Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford is a reference book and style guide first published in 1893. ... Plain Words is a style guide for British English written in 1948 by Sir Ernest Gowers, and expanded and reissued in 1954 as The Complete Plain Words (ISBN 0140511997). ... Sir Ernest Gowers (1880 - 1966) was a British civil servant, now best known for work on style guides for the writing of the English language. ... Eric Honeywood Partridge (February 6, 1894-June 1, 1979) was a noted lexicographer of the English language, and particularly of its slang. ...

This article is an overview article about the Crown chartered British Broadcasting Corporation formed in 1927. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ...

United States

In the United States, the two most widely-used style guides are the Chicago Manual of Style and the Associated Press stylebook. Most newspapers base their styles upon the Associated Press, but also have their own style guides for local terms and individual preferences. The Elements of Style, by Strunk and White, is considered a classic style guide for the general public, and remains a popular book in high schools and college bookstores. Bill Walsh, in "Lapsing into a Comma" and at his Web site, The Slot, addresses contemporary conundrums such as nonstandard orthography in names, as in "Yahoo!" for the Internet portal. As of 2000, Walsh's popular The Curmudgeon's Stylebook is no longer on-line. The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a highly regarded style guide for American English, dealing with questions of style, manuscript preparation, and, to a lesser degree, usage. ... AP Stylebook, 2004 edition The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law, usually called the AP Stylebook, is the primary style and usage guide for most newspapers and newsmagazines in the United States. ... The Elements of Style, 2000 edition. ... The orthography of a language specifies the correct way of writing in that language. ... “Yahoo” redirects here. ...

General

Books and general interest The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a style guide for American English published by the University of Chicago (from which it receives its name). ... Amazon. ... The Elements of Style, 2000 edition. ... William Strunk Jr. ... Elwyn Brooks White (July 11, 1899, Mount Vernon, New York – October 1, 1985, North Brooklin, Maine) was a leading American essayist, author, humorist, poet and literary stylist. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... William Bill McGuire Bryson, OBE, (born December 8, 1951) is a best-selling American-born author of humorous books on travel, as well as books on the English language and on scientific subjects. ...

  • The Chicago Manual of Style; University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0-226-10403-6 (15th edition, hardcover, 2003). Margaret Mahan wrote the preface, but is not credited as editor.
  • The Classics of Style; The American Academic Press; ISBN 0-9787282-0-3, 2006. This book contains writing guidance from Strunk, Emerson, Whitman, Poe, and other writers.

Web sites The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a style guide for American English published by the University of Chicago (from which it receives its name). ... The American Academic Press is a small academic press located in Cleveland, Ohio. ...

Newspapers OSNews is a computing news site with a focus on operating systems and their related technologies that launched in 1997. ...

Government AP Stylebook, 2004 edition The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law, usually called the AP Stylebook, is the primary style and usage guide for most newspapers and newsmagazines in the United States. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage is a style guide (copyright 1999) by Allan M. Siegal and William G. Connolly. ...

Law

The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...

Academic

For a summary and comparison of academic style guides, see Style Manuals and Writing Guides by the CSULA University Library. In scientific publishing, a paper is a scientific article that is published in a scientific journal. ... This article is about the journal as a written medium. ... The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a learned society (professional association) based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. ... In scientific publishing, a paper is a scientific article that is published in a scientific journal. ... This article is about the journal as a written medium. ... The American Medical Association (AMA) is the largest association of medical doctors in the United States. ... The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed. ... The American Psychological Association (APA) is a professional organization representing psychology in the US. It has around 150,000 members and an annual budget of around $70m. ... The American Sociological Association (ASA), founded in 1905, is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the discipline and profession of sociology by serving sociologists in their work and promoting their contributions. ... In scientific publishing, a paper is a scientific article that is published in a scientific journal. ... The Council of Science Editors (CSE) is the organization that publishes Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, an influential style guide for scientific papers. ... The Lancet is one of the oldest and most respected peer-reviewed medical journals in the world, published weekly by Elsevier, part of Reed Elsevier. ... In scientific publishing, a paper is a scientific article that is published in a scientific journal. ... The MHRA Style Guide (formerly the MHRA Style Book) is a widely-used style guide for academic essays and publications in the arts and humanities published by the Modern Humanities Research Association. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... The humanities are those academic disciplines which study the human condition using methods that are largely analytic, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural and social sciences. ... The Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA) is an international organisation that aims to encourage and promote advanced study and research of humanities. ... The Modern Language Associations (MLA) style manual is an academic style guide. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... The humanities are those academic disciplines which study the human condition using methods that are largely analytic, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural and social sciences. ... The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Fifth Edition The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of literature and literary criticism. ... The American Political Science Association, founded in 1903, serves more than 15,000 members in more than 80 countries, bringing a variety of services to political scientists both inside and outside academic institutions. ... Turabian is the popular name of a format for the writing style of research papers (such as the arrangement and punctuation of footnotes and bibliographies). ... The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a style guide for American English published by the University of Chicago (from which it receives its name). ... California State University, Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L.A., CSULA, or CSLA) is a public university, part of the California State University system. ...


Computer industry (software and hardware)

  • Read Me First! A Style Guide for the Computer Industry; Sun Technical Publications/Prentice Hall; ISBN 0-13-142899-3 (2nd edition, 2003). Provides comprehensive guidelines for documenting computer products, from writing about web sites to legal guidelines, from writing for an international audience, to developing a documentation department.
  • Microsoft Manual of Style for Technical Publications; Microsoft Press; ISBN 0-7356-1746-5 (3rd Bk&CD edition, 2003). Provides a style standard for technical documentation, including: use of terminology; conventions, procedure, and design treatments; and punctuation and grammar usage.

The Microsoft Manual of Style for Technical Publications (MSTP) is a style guide published by Microsoft. ...

Graphic design style guides

The Spokesman-Review is a daily newspaper based in Spokane, Washington, and is the citys only daily publication. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...

See also

Look up stylebook in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... The Elements of Style, 2000 edition. ... An English writing style is a way of using the English language. ... Diction, in its original and primary meaning, is the term for a writer or speakers distinctive choices in vocabulary and style of expression. ... Some English words are often used in ways that are contentious among writers on usage and other prescriptivists. ... For the rules of English grammar, see English grammar and Disputes in English grammar. ... In linguistics, prescription is the laying down or prescribing of normative rules for the use of a language. ... The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ... Proper spelling is the writing of a word or words with all necessary letters and diacritics present in an accepted standard order. ...

External links

Style guides for American English

Style guide for Australian English

  • Queensland Government Style Guide

Style guides for British English

Style guide for Canadian English The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ...

Style guides for international organizations

  • International Telecommunications Union English-language style guide (Microsoft Word format)
  • WHO English Style Guide (PDF format)
  • EU Interinstitutional Style Guide

Style guide for medical journal articles

Miscellaneous

  • Stylebook advice: Tips on creating, revising and using style guides; report from a conference session by the American Copy Editors Society
  • Style Matters: What the AP Isn't Telling You, research on style guides by Beth Hughes, United States
  • Web style guide, by Patrick J. Lynch and Sarah Horton, United States.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NYPL: Style Guide (352 words)
This Style Guide for the Branch Libraries of the New York Public Library explains the markup and design requirements for all Branch Libraries web projects, along with various standards and best practices.
Style Sheets must be linked in a way that accommodates the capabilities of new and old browsers.
This guide was made possible by Federal Library Services and Technology Act funds, awarded to The New York State Library by the Federal Institute of Museum and Library Services.
What Is MLA Style? (219 words)
For an authoritative explanation of MLA style, see the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (for high school and undergraduate college students) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (for graduate students, scholars, and professional writers).
The style recommended by the association for preparing scholarly manuscripts and student research papers concerns itself with the mechanics of writing, such as punctuation, quotation, and documentation of sources.
MLA style is commonly followed not only in the United States but in Canada and other countries as well; Japanese translations of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers appeared in 1980, 1984, and 1988, and a Chinese translation was published in 1990.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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