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Encyclopedia > Study abroad

Studying abroad is the act of a student pursuing educational opportunities in a foreign country. Typically classes taken while studying abroad award credits transferable to higher education institutions in the home country; however, students may pursue these opportunities at any age and may not require college credit. Students studying abroad may live in a dormitory or apartment with other students or with a "host family", a group of people who live in that country and agree to provide student lodging. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see Student (disambiguation). ... A typical American college dorm room Another typical not-so-clean college dorm room Watterson Towers, Illinois State University Potomac Hall, second-largest dormitory at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ... This article is about the structure. ...


Length of study can range from one week, usually during a domestic break, to an academic year.


Topics of study can vary. Some students choose to study abroad in order to learn a language from native speakers. Others may take classes in their academic major in a place that allows them to expand their hands-on experience (e.g. someone who’s studying marine biology studying abroad in Jamaica or a student of sustainable development living and studying in a remote village in Senegal). Still other students may study abroad in order to explore topics within the framework of a different educational system (e.g. a student of English who goes to the United States to study American literature). First language (native language, mother tongue) is the language a person learns first. ... An academic major, major concentration, concentration, or simply major is a mainly a U.S. and Canadian term for a college or university students main field of specialization during his or her undergraduate studies. ... Various species of reef fish in the Hawaiian Islands. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ...

Contents

History

In the USA, the act of studying abroad originated at the University of Delaware. In 1923, Professor Raymond W. Kirkbride sent a group of eight students to Paris, France. At the time, the concept of students studying in a different country was incredibly unconventional. Kirkbride's program was originally named the "Foreign Study Plan". For a period of time, study abroad was seen as an option primarily for foreign language students. Recently this has changed, and the scope of study abroad programs has increased greatly.[1] Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The University of Delaware (UD) is the largest university in the U.S. state of Delaware. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


Why students may study abroad

One of the most common reasons students study abroad is language immersion. Students wanting to learn a language will go to school in a country where that language is spoken, the theory being that immersion into an environment where a particular language is spoken is the best way to learn the language. Indeed, many schools require that students majoring in a foreign language study abroad. However, this is more often done through an exchange program (see below).


It could be as simple as students choosing to study abroad due to a feeling of wanderlust. For many, college is the ideal time to travel, because they do not have full adult responsibilities yet, and they can take advantage of the option of studying in a different country. In this sense, many see one's early twenties as formative years in one's life, and being immersed in the unfamiliar society and culture of another country can prove rewarding to young adults. Look up Wanderlust in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Another popular reason to study abroad is the desire of many to gain an understanding of the world around them.


Many students study abroad in an effort to expand their opportunities beyond those their home university offers. Strategically, study abroad offers many exciting benefits from high school students hoping to get into a prestigious university, to college learners pursuing reputable post graduate schools or professions. It may lead to scholarships, grants, and job opportunities to leading institutions or employment.


Study abroad versus exchange

Typically, institutes of higher education refer to Study Abroad programs as programs in which courses are taken (usually for academic credit) in a foreign environment. These could range from students taking courses at a foreign institutions either through direct enrollment or institutional exchange. Some programs, often referred to as "island programs" utilize the professors of the institution that is sending the students.


A Student exchange program implies that the student is being exchanged to the foreign university (and is therefore taking courses with local students taught by local faculty). These definitions, however, are not strictly adhered to. In fact, new terms are constantly being created and used to more accurately describe different types of programs/experiences (e.g. direct enrollment programs, immersion programs, (faculty-led) study trips, etc). A student exchange program is a program in which a student, typically in secondary or higher education, chooses to live in a foreign country to learn, among other things, language and culture. ...


Students can participate in a program through their home university, a study abroad organization, or directly through the foreign university.


Although some colleges and universities prefer their students to study abroad through their programs and credits are most easily transferred in such programs, this can be limiting. The study abroad companies are generally more flexible, can have more available options, and provide an opportunity to be involved in a group of students from all over the country. One extra available option that a study abroad company may offer that a university may not, is the ability to study during the summer in intensive language schools. These language schools focus only on teaching students a foreign language.


The most independent form of studying abroad is directly enrolling in the foreign university. Some foreign universities offer classes with other students studying abroad or some offer their regular courses with the native students. However, the student should be very independent and have a good knowledge of the language in the country.


The financial aspects and expense of studying abroad varies widely. Sometimes, direct enrollment in a foreign university may be less expensive than participating in a home-university run program. Some programs offered through a home university can be substantially less expensive due to fee negotiations and tuition waivers as a result of reciprocity agreements.


Necessary steps to study abroad

Though requirements vary by institution, several steps must be taken in order to study abroad. The first step is to identify a program of interest. Application procedures differ between programs. Students wishing to study abroad must also obtain the necessary travel documents (see below). Documents include a passport, visa, and often certain medical releases. Obtaining visas can be a time consuming process involving lots of paperwork. It is best to begin the visa process well in advance to avoid delays and problems.


Students may also have to make their own lodging arrangements. Some schools maintain residences in foreign countries or at host universities. Other programs may require a student to provide his or her own accommodations. Most students know where they will be staying when they depart, but some students make temporary living arrangements from home and seek a more permanent residence upon arrival. Arranging for a place to live in a foreign country can be made difficult by such problems as language barriers, students' inability to see apartments in person, and differing procedures regarding contracts, deposits, and payments. However, the internet makes remote apartment finding easier, and is thus a good place to start. Advice from other students who have previously studied in the location is also very useful.


Another important step is to learn about the destination, in order to be aware of any potentially jolting differences. Thus, many study abroad programs include compulsory orientation sessions for students that address many of the possible difficulties that will be faced while the students are abroad.


Study Abroad Consultants

In different countries students wishing to study abroad seek help with study abroad consultants. Study Abroad consultants have contracts with different universities and colleges in different countries, so these consultants act as representatives of these institutions. The role of these consultants is to give details about course, fee structures, fee payments procedures, scholarships options of intended institution and they also guide about visa process of the intended country.


Financial aid for American students studying abroad

Student loans in the U.S.
Regulatory framework
Higher Education Act of 1965
US Dept of Education
FAFSA Cost of attendance
Distribution channels
Federal Direct Student Loan Program
FFELP
Loan products
Perkins · Stafford
PLUS · Consolidation Loans

Private student loan While included in the term financial aid higher education loans differ from scholarships and grants in that they must be paid back. ... The Higher Education Act of 1965 (Pub. ... The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from... The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (known as FAFSA), is a form that can be filled out annually by current and anticipating university students (both undergraduate and graduate) and sometimes their parents in the United States to determine their eligibility for federal student financial aid (including grants, loans, and... Cost of attendance is a term used in educational finance in the United States, and refers to the estimated full and reasonable cost of completing a full year as a full-time student. ... The William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program is a United States Department of Education program that markets, originates, and disburses loans for higher education (including Stafford, Perkins, and PLUS loans). ... The Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) is a United States Department of Education program that provides for private organizations to market, originate, and service federally guaranteed loans, such as Stafford and PLUS loans to students and their parents. ... A Federal Perkins Loan, or Perkins Loan, is a need-based student loan offered by the U.S. Department of Education to assist American college students in funding their post-secondary education. ... A Stafford Loan is a student loan offered to students enrolled in American institutions of higher education to help finance their education. ... PLUS (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students) Loans are loans offered to parents of students enrolled full-time at American institutions of higher education. ... In the United States both the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) and the Federal Direct Student Loan Program (FDLP) include consolidation loans that allow students to consolidate Stafford Loans, PLUS Loans, and Federal Perkins Loans into one single debt. ... A private student loan is a financing option for higher education in the United States that can either supplement or replace federally guaranteed loans such as Stafford loans, Perkins loans and PLUS loans. ...

Amendments made in 1992 to the Higher Education Act of 1965, TITLE VI, SEC. 601-604[2] in the U.S. ruled that students can receive financial aid for study abroad if they are enrolled in a program that is approved by their home institution and would be eligible to receive government funding without regard to whether the study abroad program is required as a part of the student's degree. Federal law also states that financial aid can cover all "reasonable" costs for a study abroad program, including: The Higher Education Act of 1965 (Pub. ...

  • Round-trip transportation for the approved program
  • Tuition and fees for the program
  • Living costs incurred during the program
  • Passport and visa fees
  • Health insurance

To get government aid, students must complete the Federal Application for Student Aid (FAFSA). Funds are awarded by the United States Department of Education. As long as the issuing institution pre-approves the credit to be earned abroad, federal aid can be used toward study abroad programs. Student financial aid refers to funding intended to help students pay education expenses including tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, etc. ... The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (known as FAFSA), is a form that can be filled out annually by current and anticipating university students (both undergraduate and graduate) and sometimes their parents in the United States to determine their eligibility for federal student financial aid (including grants, loans, and... The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from...


Eligibility criteria for U.S. government aid

  • Be enrolled in an eligible (Title IV) institution as a regular student seeking a degree or certificate (This is your home institution, not the overseas school/institution.)
  • Be a citizen of the United States with a valid Social Security number
  • Have a high school diploma or a General Education Development (GED) certificate
  • If you are a male, you must be registered for Selective Service
  • Have a result of Eligible or Partially Eligible on question 35 (drug-related conviction) of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)

Forms of government aid

A Stafford Loan is a student loan offered to students enrolled in American institutions of higher education to help finance their education. ... PLUS (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students) Loans are loans offered to parents of students enrolled full-time at American institutions of higher education. ... Perkins Loans are student loans offered by the United States Federal Government to US college students with financial need. ... The Pell Grant program is a type of post-secondary, educational federal grant program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. ...

Other financing options

Private student loans

Private student loans are not guaranteed by a government agency, but generally offer higher loan limits, grace period with no payments due until after graduation, and base availability on credit history vs. financial need. Private loans are a good option: This article needs cleanup. ... Credit history or credit report is, in many countries, a record of an individuals or companys past borrowing and repaying, including information about late payments and bankruptcy. ...

  • If federal financial aid doesn't cover all study abroad tuition, living arrangements, and/or transportation costs
  • If a student is not eligible for federal financial aid
  • If a student is not currently enrolled in a U.S. college or university

Scholarships

Scholarships are offered by a number of organizations and foundations. Scholarships, like government grants, can be highly competitive, because students aren't required to repay the money awarded. Because of this uncertainty, it is not the most reliable method for paying for study abroad. Research into available scholarships and private grants should be initiated well in advance of a student's planned travel date, and/or private or government aid should also be sought. This article is about scholarship (noun) and scholarship as a form of financial aid. ...


References

External links

  • Studying abroad at the Open Directory Project
  • Annotated list of selected study abroad web sites from the University of Michigan
  • Study language abroad, information page for Danish youth considering studying abroad, Center Validering
The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Study abroad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (981 words)
Studying abroad is the act of a student pursuing educational opportunities in a foreign country.
Students studying abroad may live in a dormitory or apartment with other students or with a "host family", a group of people who live in that country and agree to provide student lodging.
Typically, institutes of higher educations refer to Study Abroad programs as programs in which courses are taught in a foreign environment by their own professors, whereas a Student exchange program implies that the student is being exchanged to the foreign university (and is therefore taking courses with local students taught by local faculty).
Study Abroad Guide: Preparations and All Needed Information (1603 words)
Studying abroad may be that defining moment in your education that will change your life.
You may study abroad to earn upper division credits in your major field or you may be overseas to earn some of your core or general education hours your freshman year.
Your study abroad advisor is the most experienced international education counselor for your needs; they can assess your desires and know the limitations or regulations of your college.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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