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Encyclopedia > Student newspaper
Front page view of student newspaper The Daily Toreador.
Front page view of student newspaper The Daily Toreador.

A student newspaper is a newspaper run by students of a university, high school, or middle school. These papers traditionally cover local and, primarily, school or university news. Working for one's high school newspaper is sometimes an extracurricular activity, but often, journalism classes are offered. Journalism students learn about the journalistic profession and also produce the paper. Some schools have a basic class in which students only learn about newspapering, and a class that produces the newspaper. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 333 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 872 pixel, file size: 148 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Front page sample scan of Texas Tech Universitys student paper, The Daily Toreador. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 333 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 872 pixel, file size: 148 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Front page sample scan of Texas Tech Universitys student paper, The Daily Toreador. ... The Daily Toreador is the student newspaper for Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas. ... Freshman Year redirects here. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Extracurricular activities are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Student press in the United States of America

First Amendment protections for student media in the United States

Student press in the United States is protected in part by United States Supreme Court decisions such as Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District and Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, and numerous other decisions, including those at the regional and state levels. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Holding The First Amendment, as applied through the Fourteenth, did not permit a public school to punish a student for wearing a black armband as an anti-war protest, absent any evidence that the rule was necessary to avoid substantial interference with school discipline or the rights of others. ... Holding The Court held that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection than independent student expression or newspapers established (by policy or practice) as forums for student expression. ...


Some states have laws which enhance the U.S. Constitution in protecting student expression. For a more detailed review of state and national student press rights, see the Student Press Law Center's site here.


High school vs. college student press rights

Hazelwood and Tinker offer conflicting versions of student free expression. Student-directed publications may indeed be considered open or limited public forums for student expression, offering students freedom of expression under both Hazelwood and Tinker. Forum is a United States constitutional law term that describes a government-owned property which is open to public expression and assembly. ...


Hazelwood, for example, does not say administrators must prior review or censor their papers. In fact, journalism education organizations, like the Journalism Education Association, argue that prior review has no legitimate educational merit and is only a tool leading to censorship. Censorship is defined as the removal and/or withholding of information from the public by a controlling group or body. ...


Under certain limited conditions and situations presented by Hazelwood, school administrators may be permitted prior review of (mostly high school) student publications.


Until June 2005, the Hazelwood standard was not considered to apply to public college and university newspapers, a decision most recently affirmed in the 2001 appeals court decision in Kincaid v. Gibson. However, in June 2005, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled, in Hosty v. Carter, that the Hazelwood standard could apply to student publications that were not "designated public forums," and in February 2006 the Supreme Court declined to hear the students' appeal. At this time, the Hosty decision applies only in the states of Illinois (including Chicago), Indiana and Wisconsin. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries  Atlas  Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked...


In response to the Kincaid decision, the California State Legislature passed AB 2581, which extended existing state-level statutory protection of high school student journalists to college and university students.[1] The bill was signed into law by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and took effect on Jan. 1, 2007. Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ...


Controversy over alleged censorship actions has led some student newspapers to become independent organizations, such as The Daily Californian of the University of California, Berkeley in 1971, The Independent Florida Alligator of the University of Florida in 1973, and The Cavalier Daily of the University of Virginia in 1979. The Daily Californian (or Daily Cal) is an independent, student-run newspaper that serves the University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Independent Florida Alligator is the daily student newspaper of the University of Florida. ... The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is a public land-grant, space-grant, research university located in Gainesville, Florida. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... The Cavalier Daily is the fully independent student-run newspaper at the University of Virginia, founded in 1890. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


Cartoons controversy in student publications

Further information: Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy

Gair rhydd courted controversy when, on 4 February 2006, it reproduced the cartoons, originally printed in Jyllands-Posten, depicting the Prophet Muhammad. The issue was withdrawn from publication within a day of being released, the editor and two other student journalists were suspended, and a public apology published in the next issue. The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, as they were first published in Jyllands-Posten in September 2005. ...   (English: The Morning Newspaper The Jutland Post), commonly shortened to Jyllands-Posten or JP, is a Danish daily broadsheet newspaper. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


In the same month, two editors of the Daily Illini, the independent student newspaper of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, were suspended after deciding to publish six of the twelve cartoons. Editor-in-chief Acton Gorton was later fired; the reason originally given by the paper's board of directors was that Gorton did not alert other editors to his decision, although it was later discovered that several of those editors did know about the plan in the hours leading to the paper's publication. The Daily Illini is an independent, student-run newspaper published for the community of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), is the largest campus in the University of Illinois system. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ...


However, student publications took a lead role in reprinting the Muhammad cartoons, often accompanying them with explanatory editorials. No fewer than 16 student newspapers and magazines in the United States, and a handful in other countries, ran one or more of the offending caricatures. An editorial is a statement or article by a news organization (generally a newspaper) that expresses an opinion rather than attempting to simply report news. ...


Student press in Canada

Many student newspapers in Canada are truly independent from their universities and student unions. Such autonomous papers are funded by student fees won by referendums, as well as advertising, and are run democratically by their staffs, with no faculty interference.


About 70 of Canada's student newspapers belong to a co-operative and newswire service called the Canadian University Press, which holds conferences, has correspondents across the country, is run democratically by its member papers, and fosters a sense of community among Canadian student journalists. In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... The current version of the Canadian University Press logo, from the CUP web site. ...


Well-known Canadian student newspapers include The Martlet, the Ubyssey and The Peak in British Columbia; The Gateway in Alberta; The Sheaf in Saskatchewan; The Manitoban in Manitoba; The Charlatan, The Varsity and the Excalibur in Ontario; the Link and the McGill Daily in Quebec; The Brunswickan in New Brunswick; the Gazette in Nova Scotia, and the Muse in Newfoundland and Labrador and The Gazette at the University of Western Ontario in London , Ont. The Martlet is a weekly student newspaper at the University of Victoria in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The Peak is the independent student newspaper at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, a suburb of Vancouver. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... The Gateway is the student newspaper at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... The Sheaf is a student run newspaper serving the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan since 1912. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: The Strength of Many Peoples) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area  Ranked... The Manitoban is the official student newspaper at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... // Summary The Charlatan is the name of the student campus newspaper (ISSN 0315-1859) published at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario by a non-profit corporation, Charlatan Publications Inc. ... The Varsity, located on North Avenue The Varsity is a restaurant chain, iconic in the modern culture of Atlanta, Georgia. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... The Brunswickan is the official student newspaper at the University of New Brunswick located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Official languages English, French (the only constitutionally bilingual province in the country) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson - Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 10 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st... The Gazette is a major English-language daily newspaper produced out of Montreal, Quebec. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ...


Student press in the United Kingdom

An example cover from the University of London Union's editorially independent newspaper, London Student.

Student newspapers in the UK are often given a constitutionally-guaranteed editorial independence from the universities and student unions whose students they represent, although the majority are financially dependent on their Students' Union. The most successful (in terms of student media awards) include: The Oxford Student (University of Oxford), Cherwell (University of Oxford), gair rhydd (Cardiff University), The Beaver (London School of Economics), Leeds Student (University of Leeds), yorkVision (University of York), The Steel Press (University of Sheffield), The Saint (University of St Andrews), Varsity and The Cambridge Student (University of Cambridge). Examples of British student newspapers that are financially as well as editorially independent from their respective student unions are Cherwell, Varsity, The Saint, The Defender (University of Lincoln), and The Founder (Royal Holloway). Since they are not part of their Students' Union at all, their independence is given a stronger guarantee than other papers who rely on their unions for funding and consequently cover stories with that in mind. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... University of London Union. ... London Student is the newspaper of the University of London Union. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... A students union, student government, student leadership, student council, or students association is a student organization present in many elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges and universities. ... The Oxford Student is a newspaper produced by and for members of the University of Oxford; it is known locally as The OxStu. ... Cherwell newspaper is a student newspaper published by and for students of Oxford University. ... gair rhydd (free word in Welsh) is the official student newspaper of Cardiff University. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Leeds Student is Britains biggest weekly student newspaper, published free every Friday during term-time and distributed around the University of Leeds, Leeds, England. ... Vision (also known as yorkVision and York Student Vision) is a student newspaper catering for students at the University of York. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Saint is a newspaper written by, and aimed at, students of the University of St Andrews in Scotland. ... Varsity is the older of Cambridge Universitys main student newspapers (The Cambridge Student is the other, younger, one). ... The Cambridge Student (TCS) is the younger of Cambridge Universitys main student newspapers (Varsity is the other). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...



In 2003, The National Student, the UK's first independent national student newspaper was launched. However, many students' unions refuse to permit its distribution in their buildings as it competes with their publications for advertising revenue. The National Student is the independent, free, national publication for higher education students in the United Kingdom consisting of The National Student newspaper and The National Student Magazine. ...


Student press in Australia

University student newspapers in the Australia are usually independent of university administration yet are connected with or run by the student representative organisation operating at the campus. Editors tend to be elected by the student body on a separate ticket to other student representatives and are paid an honourarium, although some student organisations have been known to employ unelected staff to coordinate the production of the newspaper. For a list of student newspapers in Australia see * List of University Newspapers Listed are student newspapers/college and university newspapers. ...


Controversy surrounding Australian student press

Australian student newspapers have courted controversy since their inception. One of the more notorious of these controversies involved the publication of an article which allegedly incited readers to shoplift. The July edition of the magazine was banned by the Office of Film and Lifterature Classication following a campaign by conservative talkback radio hosts and other media to have the material banned. The four editors of the July 1995 edition of La Trobe University student magazine Rabelais were subsequently charged with publishing, distributing and depositing an objectionable publication. An objectional publication was defined in this case, as one that incites criminal activity. [1] The editors lodged an appeal, which led to a protracted four-year court case. The appeal was eventually defeated by the full bench of the Federal Court, who refused the editors application to appeal to the High Court of Australia. [2] The charges were eventually dropped in March 1999.


Notes

  1. ^ Nadya Haddad, ‘Rabble-rousing and Rabelais: fear of lawless shoplifting students’ (1998) 8(2) Polemic 32 at 33.
  2. ^ Federal Court of Australia, Annual report 1997 – 1998, Chapter 2, The Work of the Court, 2.2 Decisions of Interest

See also

Wikibooks
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Listed are student newspapers (college, university, and high school newspapers). ... The Society for Collegiate Journalists (SCJ) is an American honor society for student journalists. ... The current version of the Canadian University Press logo, from the CUP web site. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Student newspaper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (827 words)
A student newspaper is a newspaper run by students of a university, high school, or middle school.
About 70 of Canada's student newspapers belong to a co-operative and newswire service called the Canadian University Press, which holds conferences, has correspondents across the country, is run democratically by its member papers, and fosters a sense of community among Canadian student journalists.
Student newspapers in the UK are also largely independent of the universities and student unions whose students they represent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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