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Encyclopedia > Studebaker
Studebaker
Slogan First by far with a post-war car
Former Type
Fate Merged
Successor Studebaker-Worthington Corp.
Founded 1852
Defunct 1967
Location South Bend, Indiana, United States
Industry Automobile
Products Vehicles
Mining Wagons
Key people Henry Studebaker, founder

Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. Originally, the company was a producer of industrial mining wagons, founded in 1852 and incorporated in 1868[1] under the name of the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company. While Studebaker entered the automotive business in 1902 with electric vehicles and 1904 with gasoline vehicles, it partnered with other builders of gasoline-powered vehicles until 1911. In 1913, Studebaker introduced the first gasoline-powered automobiles under its own “Studebaker” brand name. Acquired in 1954 by Packard Motors Company of Detroit, Michigan, Studebaker was a division of the Studebaker Packard Corporation from 1957 to 1962. In 1962, it reverted to its previous name, the Studebaker Corporation. While the company left the automobile business in 1966, Studebaker survived as an independent closed investment firm until 1967 when it merged with Worthington to become Studebaker-Worthington Corp. Image File history File links Lazystude. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Car redirects here. ... Vehicles are non-living means of transport. ... For other uses, see Wagon (disambiguation). ... Car redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Petrol redirects here. ... Petrol redirects here. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... For people named Packard, see Packard (surname). ... Detroit redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Studebaker-Packard Corporation was the entity created by the merger of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana and the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, in 1954. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

19th century wagonmaker

The Five Studebaker brothers
The Five Studebaker brothers

Henry Studebaker was a farmer, blacksmith, and wagon-maker who lived near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in the early 19th century. His blacksmith trade was a family occupation passed down since the days of living in the famous blade-making town of Solingen in Germany. The Studebakers migrated to America in 1736. By 1860, Henry had moved to Ashland, Ohio and taught his five sons to make wagons. They all went into that business as it grew westward with the country. Clement and Henry Studebaker Jr. became blacksmiths and foundrymen in South Bend. They first made metal parts for freight wagons and later expanded into the manufacture of complete wagons. John made wheelbarrows in Placerville, California, and Peter made wagons in Saint Joseph. The site of John's business is Chinas Historic Landmark #142.[citation needed] The first major expansion in their business came from their being in the right place to meet the needs of the California Gold Rush in 1849. Image File history File links Studebakerbrothers. ... Image File history File links Studebakerbrothers. ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Blacksmith (disambiguation). ... Gettysburg is a borough 38 miles (68 km) south by southwest of Harrisburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania, USA, of which it is the county seatGR6. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Müngstener Brücke, a railroad bridge between Solingen and Remscheid. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Ashland is a city in Ashland County, Ohio, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Clement Studebaker (1831-1901) was one of the brothers who founded what eventually became the Studebaker Corporation, an early manufacturer of automobiles. ... A foundry is a factory which produces castings of metal, both ferrous and non-ferrous. ... John Mohler Studebaker (1833-1917) was the American co-founder and later executive of what would become the Studebaker Corporation automobile company. ... A common wheelbarrow Older wheelbarrow Wheelbarrows on the Belomorkanal A wheelbarrow is a small one-wheeled, hand-propelled vehicle, designed to be pushed and guided by a single person using two handles to the rear. ... Placerville is the county seat of El Dorado County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


When the gold rush settled down, John returned to Indiana and bought out Henry's share of the business. They brought in their youngest brother, Jacob, in 1852. Expansion continued westward migration, but the next major decrease came from supplying wagons for the Union Army in the Civil War. After the war, they set a direction for the company. For other meanings, see Gold rush (disambiguation) A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ...


They reorganized into the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company in 1878, built around the motto of "Always give more than you promise."[citation needed] By this time the railroad and steamship companies had become the big freight movers in the east. They began supplying farmers and others with the means of transportation. Peter's business became a branch operation. 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...


During the height of westward migration and wagon train pioneering, half of the wagons were Studebakers. They made about a quarter of them, and manufactured the metal fittings to sell to other builders in Missouri for another quarter century. Wagon Train was a television series on NBC from 1957 to 1962 and on ABC from 1962 to 1965. ... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Studebaker Automobiles 1897-1966

Logo used by Studebaker for its cars produced between 1912 and 1934
Logo used by Studebaker for its cars produced between 1912 and 1934
Studebaker Speedster 1916
Studebaker Speedster 1916
Studebaker Touring 1916
Studebaker Touring 1916
Studebaker's Big Six Touring Car, from a 1920 magazine ad.
Studebaker's Big Six Touring Car, from a 1920 magazine ad.
Studebaker Seis Cilindros, walltile classic advert in Seville
Studebaker Phaeton
Studebaker Phaeton
A British imported, right hand drive, 1936 Studebaker 4 door sedan
A British imported, right hand drive, 1936 Studebaker 4 door sedan
Studebaker Bus 1938
Studebaker Bus 1938
Studebaker M16 52ATruck 1948
Studebaker M16 52ATruck 1948
Studebaker 4-Door Sedan
Studebaker 4-Door Sedan
1953 Studebaker Commander Starliner, showing the streamlined design of the 1950s Studebaker.
1953 Studebaker Commander Starliner, showing the streamlined design of the 1950s Studebaker.
Even as financial difficulties continued to mount in 1963, Studebaker offered a full range of models, including the Avanti, Hawk, Wagonaire and Lark based Cruiser, Commander, and Daytona convertible.
Even as financial difficulties continued to mount in 1963, Studebaker offered a full range of models, including the Avanti, Hawk, Wagonaire and Lark based Cruiser, Commander, and Daytona convertible.

Studebaker experimented with powered vehicles as early as 1897, choosing electric over gasoline propulsion. While it attempted to manufacture its own electric vehicles from 1902 to 1912, the company entered into a distribution agreement with two manufacturers of gasoline powered vehicles, Garford of Elyria, Ohio, and the Everett-Metzger-Flanders (E-M-F) Company of Detroit. Beginning in 1904, Studebaker began making gasoline engined cars.[2] Studebaker Motors Logo used until the early 1930s This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Studebaker Motors Logo used until the early 1930s This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Studebaker Automobile, from advertisment in 1920 magazine This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Studebaker Automobile, from advertisment in 1920 magazine This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1953 Studebaker Commander, photographed by Matthew Brown (the uploader, User:Morven) May 25, 2003 at the Studebaker show in Anaheim, CA and released here under the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1953 Studebaker Commander, photographed by Matthew Brown (the uploader, User:Morven) May 25, 2003 at the Studebaker show in Anaheim, CA and released here under the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1963 Studebaker models (LtoR) Studebaker Avanti, Studebaker Hawk, Studebaker Wagonaire, and the Lark based Studebaker Cruiser, Studebaker Commander and Studebaker Daytona Convertible. ... 1963 Studebaker models (LtoR) Studebaker Avanti, Studebaker Hawk, Studebaker Wagonaire, and the Lark based Studebaker Cruiser, Studebaker Commander and Studebaker Daytona Convertible. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Petrol redirects here. ... An electric vehicle is a vehicle that is propelled by electric motors. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Old county building. ... The E-M-F Company (E-M-F were the initials of the three company founders: Everitt, Metzger, and Flanders) was an early American automobile company that produced automobiles from 1909 to 1912. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


Under the agreement with Studebaker, Garford would receive completed chassis and drivetrains from Ohio and then mate them with Studebaker built bodies, which were sold under the Studebaker-Garford brand name at premium prices. Eventually, Garford-built engines began to carry the Studebaker name. Garford also built cars under its own name, and by 1907 attempted to increase production at the expense of Studebaker. Once the Studebakers discovered this, John Moehler Studebaker enforced a primacy clause, forcing Garford back onto the scheduled production quotas. The decision to drop the Garford was made and the final product rolled off the assembly line by 1911, leaving Garford alone until it was acquired by John North Willys in 1913. Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Studebaker-Garford was an automobile produced jointly by the Garford Company of Elyria, Ohio and the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1904 through 1911. ... For other uses, see Engine (disambiguation). ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Modern car assembly line. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... John Willys, c. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Studebaker's marketing agreement with E-M-F was a different relationship, one John Studebaker had hoped would give Studebaker a quality product without the entanglements found in the Garford relationship, but this was not to be.


Under the terms of the agreement, E-M-F would manufacture vehicles and the Studebakers would distribute them through their wagon dealers. Problems with E-M-F made the cars unreliable, leading the public to say that E-M-F stood for "Every Morning Fix-it."[citation needed]or 'every man's folly'. Compounding the problems was the internal fighting between E-M-F's principal partners, Everett, Flanders and Metzger. Eventually, two partners left, leaving the bombastic Metzger to run the operation. J.M. Studebaker, unhappy with E-M-F's poor quality, gained control of the assets and plant facilities in 1910. To remedy the damage done by E-M-F, Studebaker paid mechanics to visit each unsatisfied owner and replace defective parts in their vehicles at a cost of US$1 million. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Look up Mechanic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Auto parts are components of automobiles. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Studebaker also began putting its name on new automobiles produced at the former E-M-F facilities as an assurance that the vehicles were well-built. In 1911, the company reorganized as the Studebaker Corporation. Car redirects here. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In addition to cars, Studebaker added a truck line, which later replaced the horse drawn wagons. In 1926, Studebaker became the first automobile manufacturer in the United States to open a controlled outdoor proving ground; in 1937 the company planted 5,000 pine trees in a pattern that when viewed from the air spelled "STUDEBAKER." The best selling North American pickup truck, the Ford F-Series. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... In 1937 Studebaker Corporation planted 5,000 trees at its proving grounds west of South Bend, Indiana. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ...


From the 1920s to the 1960s, the South Bend company originated many style and engineering milestones, including the classic 1929-1932 Studebaker President and the 1939 Studebaker Champion. During World War II, Studebaker produced the Studebaker US6 truck in great quantity and the unique M29 Weasel cargo and personnel carrier. After cessation of hostilities, Studebaker returned to building automobiles that appealed to average Americans. The 1920s they were sexy referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1958 to the end of 1974. ... A Spanish kilometre stone A milestone on the Boston Post Road in Harvard Square, Massachusetts, USA Slate milestone near Bangor, Wales A milestone or kilometre sign is one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road at regular intervals, typically at the side of the road or in... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Studebaker President was the premier model range for automobiles manufactured by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA) during the 1927-1942 model years. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Champion was an automobile series of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Studebaker US6 is a class of trucks manufactured by Studebaker during World War II, produced in the United States from 1941-1945 and in the Soviet Union beginning in 1942. ... // History Background We can look back now and say that Hitlers Germany was not as close to producing an atomic bomb as we thought but during the early part of WWII things did not look quite that way. ... Human Resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ...


Ballooning labor costs (the company had never had an official United Auto Workers (UAW) strike and Studebaker workers and retirees were among the highest paid in the industry)[citation needed], quality control issues, and the new car sales war between Ford and General Motors in the early 1950s wreaked havoc on Studebaker's balance sheet. Professional financial managers stressed short term earnings rather than long term vision. There was enough momentum to keep going for another ten years, but stiff competition and price cutting by the Big Three doomed the enterprise. There was also a labor strike at the South Bend plant in 1962. [1] The United Auto Workers (UAW), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, officially the United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union, is one of the largest labor unions in North America, The UAW has approximately 540,000 active members and over 500,000 retired members in the United States, Canada... Retirement is the status of a worker who has stopped working. ... For the Jurassic 5 album, see Quality Control (album) In engineering and manufacturing, quality control and quality engineering are involved in developing systems to ensure products or services are designed and produced to meet or exceed customer requirements. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... FINANCIAL is the weekly English-language newspaper with offices in Tbilisi, Georgia and Kiev, Ukraine. ... In economics and business, the price is the assigned numerical monetary value of a good, service or asset. ... The Big Three automobile manufactures may refer to: The three major American (USA) automakers: Ford, General Motors, and the ex Chrysler Corporation operations of DaimlerChrysler. ...


Merger with Packard

Hoping to stem the tide of losses and bolster its market position, Studebaker allowed itself to be acquired by Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit. The merged entity was called the Studebaker-Packard Corporation. Studebaker's cash position was far worse than it led Packard to believe and, in 1956, the nearly bankrupt auto-maker brought in a management team from aircraft maker Curtiss-Wright to improve its finances.[citation needed] At the behest of C-W's president, Roy T. Hurley, the company became the American importer for Mercedes-Benz, Auto Union, and DKW automobiles and many Studebaker dealers sold those brands as well. In 1958, the Packard name was discontinued, although the company continued to bear the Studebaker-Packard name through 1962. For people named Packard, see Packard (surname). ... The phrase mergers and acquisitions or M&A refers to the aspect of corporate finance strategy and management dealing with the merging and acquiring of different companies as well as assets. ... The Studebaker-Packard Corporation was the entity created by the purchase of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, in 1954. ... For other uses, see Cash (disambiguation). ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... The Curtiss-Wright Corporation was once a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States, but has since become a component manufacturer, specializing in actuators, controls, valves, and metal treatment. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... Auto Union Logo 1936 Auto Union Wanderer Auto Union was a joint venture of four German automobile manufacturers, established in 1932 in Zwickau, Saxony, during the Great Depression. ... DKW Auto Union logotype Dampf-Kraft Wagen (German: steam-powered vehicle) or DKW is a historic car and motorcycle marque. ... A car dealership is a franchise that sells new cars, used cars or both, provides maintenance service for cars, stocks and sells parts, and processes warranty claims. ... Jan. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


With an abundance of tax credits in hand from years of financial losses, at the insistence of the company's banks and some members of the board of directors, Studebaker-Packard began diversifying away from automobiles in the late 1950s. While this was good for the corporate bottom line, it virtually guaranteed there would be little spending on Studebaker's automobiles. Within the Australian, Canadian, United Kingdom, and United States tax systems, a tax credit is an item which is treated as a payment already made towards taxes owed. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... Chairman of the Board redirects here. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ...


The automobiles that came after the diversification process began, including the ingeniously-designed compact Lark (1959) and even the Avanti sports car (1963), were based on old chassis and engine designs. The Lark, in particular, was based on existing parts to the degree that it even utilized the central body section of the company's 1953 cars, but was a clever enough design to be quite popular in its first year, selling over 150,000 units and delivering an unexpected $28 million profit to the automaker. The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe originally built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA between June of 1962 and December of 1963. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Hamilton, Ontario

On August 18, 1948, surrounded by more than 400 employees and a battery of reporters, the first vehicle, a blue Champion four-door sedan, rolled off of the Studebaker assembly line in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.[3] The company was located in the former Otis-Fenson military weapons factory off Burlington Street on Victoria Avenue North, which was built in 1941. Dr. Kavorkian. The Indiana-based Studebaker Corporation was looking for a Canadian site and settled on Hamilton because of its steel industry. The company was known for making automotive innovations and building solid, distinctive cars. 1950 was its best year, but the descent was quick. By 1954, Studebaker was in the red and merging with Packard, another troubled car manufacturer. In 1963, the company moved its entire car operations to Hamilton. The Canadian car side had always been a money-maker and Studebaker was looking to curtail disastrous losses. That took the plant from a single to second shift - 48 to 96 cars daily. is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... This article is about journalistic reporters. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ... Victoria Avenue, is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... For people named Packard, see Packard (surname). ... The following automobile manufacturers produce or have produced automobiles. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... “Second shift” redirects here. ...


The last car off the line was a turquoise Lark cruiser on March 16, 1966.[3] Studebaker officially announced the shutdown of its last car factory on March 4.[4] It was terrible news for the 700 workers who had formed a true family at the company, known for its employee parties and day trips. It was a huge blow to the city, too. Studebaker was Hamilton's 10th largest employer at the time.[3] For other uses, see Turquoise (disambiguation). ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ...


Non-Auto Businesses

Studebaker was involved in other areas of manufacture besides automobiles. The Franklin Appliance Company manufactured Home Appliances such as Refrigerators and such, until its sale to White Consolidated Industries [5].


Studebaker also owned and manufactured STP, Gravely Tractor, Onan Electric Generators, and Clarke Floor Machine. STP is a brand name and trade name for the automotive additives and performance division of the Clorox Corporation. ... Gravely Tractor, of Brillion, Wisconsin is a manufacturer of outdoor power lawn and garden implements which was established in early 20th century. ... Look up generator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Exit from auto business

Nothing that was tried in the years following the Lark's debut proved enough to stop the financial bleeding. The company produced its last car in South Bend in December 1963, selling its Avanti brand, tooling and plant space to Leo Newman and Nate Altman, who owned a Studebaker dealership in South Bend. Newman and Altman revived the car in 1965 under the brand name Avanti II. They likewise purchased the rights and tooling for Studebaker's trucks (which were never again built after Studebaker fulfilled its remaining orders in early 1964), along with the company's vast stock of parts and accessories. For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe originally built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA between June of 1962 and December of 1963. ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA in 1963 and 1964. ...


Automotive production was consolidated at the company's last remaining production facility in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, where Studebaker produced cars until March, 1966 under the leadership of Gordon Grundy. Grundy tried very hard to turn a profit on his operation, and he succeeded to some degree. Consolidation is the act of merging many things into one. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


However, the company's directors felt that the small profits that Grundy was producing were not enough to justify continued investment. Studebaker left the automobile business on March 16, 1966 after a turquoise and white Cruiser sedan rolled out the door.


After the final closure, Studebaker turned its focus to the company's myriad of profitable, wholly owned subsidiaries. Profit is what is gained, after costs are accounted for. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ...


Many of Studebaker's dealers either closed, took on other automakers' product lines, or converted to Mercedes-Benz dealerships following the closure of the Canadian plant. This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ...


Studebaker's proving grounds were acquired by its former supplier, Bendix Corporation, which later donated the grounds for use as a park to the St. Joseph County, Indiana, parks department. As a condition of the donation, the new park was named Bendix Woods. The grove of 5,000 trees planted in 1937 that spelled out the company name still stand and have proven to be a popular topic on such satellite photography sites as Google Earth [2]. Today, the former proving ground is owned by Robert Bosch GmbH and it continues to be active some 80 years after it was built. Its General Products Division, which handled defense contracts, was acquired by Kaiser Industries and continues to this day as AM General. The Bendix Corporation was founded in 1924 by the inventor Vincent Bendix. ... A Donation is a gift given, typically to a cause or/and for charitable purposes. ... St. ... A Donation is a gift given, typically to a cause or/and for charitable purposes. ... In 1937 Studebaker Corporation planted 5,000 trees at its proving grounds west of South Bend, Indiana. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Satellite imagery consists of photographs of Earth or other planets made from artificial satellites. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... Proving Ground is a term for a military installation or reservation where weapons or other military technology are experimented or tested, or where military tactics are tested. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Kaiser Motors, a subsidiary of Kaiser Industries, was a manufacturer of automobiles in the United States from 1946 - 1963 based in Willow Run, Michigan (USA). ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ...


After 1966, Studebaker continued to exist as a closed investment group, with income derived from its numerous diversified units including STP, Gravely Tractor, Onan Electric Generators, and Clarke Floor Machine. Studebaker was acquired by Wagner Electric in 1967. Subsequently, Studebaker was then merged with the Worthington Corporation to form Studebaker-Worthington. The Studebaker name disappeared from the American business scene in 1979, when McGraw-Edison acquired Studebaker-Worthington. McGraw-Edison was itself purchased in 1985 by Cooper Industries, which sold off its auto-parts divisions to Federal-Mogul some years later. Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... STP is a brand name and trade name for the automotive additives and performance division of the Clorox Corporation. ... Gravely Tractor, of Brillion, Wisconsin is a manufacturer of outdoor power lawn and garden implements which was established in early 20th century. ... Look up generator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... This article is about the year. ... Cooper Industries NYSE: CBE is an american company based on Houston, Texas. ... Federal-Mogul Corporation is a major automotive parts supplier based in Southfield, Michigan, USA. Currently operating under Chapter 11 reorganization, Federal-Mogul employs some 41,000 people in 24 countries. ...


Revival attempts

In 2003, the owners of the Studebaker XUV trademark, Avanti Motor Corp. (based in Villa Rica, Georgia), announced a Studebaker-branded SUV, the XUV, for production that fall. A demonstration model appeared at the Chicago Auto Show. General Motors sued, claiming infringement of the trade dress of its Hummer model. In 2004, the parties announced a settlement after a redesign of the XUV concept, but owner Michael Kelly decided to retire and announced an auction of the Avanti company. It was not publicly announced whether there were bidders or a sale, and there were no further public announcements made regarding any such sale. However, it appears that Avanti is producing vehicles again, as the company announced a 2006 model-year line.[citation needed] The company produces a limited run of only 150 vehicles per year. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... Villa Rica is a city in Carroll County, Georgia, United States. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... The Jeep testdrive hill at the 2005 Chicago Auto Show The Chicago Auto Show is held annually in February at Chicagos McCormick Place convention complex. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Trade dress refers to features of the visual appearance of a product or its packaging (or even the facade of a building such as a restaurant) that may be registered and protected from being used by competitors in the manner of a trademark. ... Hummer is a brand of off-road vehicles sold by General Motors, also known as GM. The H1 version is based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, or Humvee). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely. ... An auctioneer and her assistants scan the crowd for bidders An auction is a process of buying and selling goods by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the winning bidder. ... General public redirects here. ... Bidding is an offer (often competitive) of setting a price one is willing to pay for something. ...


The XUV was joined for 2006 by the Studebaker XUT, a pickup version that is similar in concept to the Chevrolet Avalanche, although it is not known if the XUT has the same type of "mid-gate" that allows the expansion of the cargo area into the passenger cabin. The best selling North American pickup truck, the Ford F-Series. ... The Chevrolet Avalanche is Chevrolets sport utility truck. ... A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ...


By March 2007, Avanti Motor Corp. had stopped using the Studebaker XUV name and had removed all references to the XUV from its website. (See the link below.) Avanti may have halted use of the name to keep from having conflict with the Studebaker Motor Co., but there is no official word on this matter. Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ...


In 2002, Studebaker Motor Co. of Texas was founded, Studebaker Motor Co. Inc. being listed with the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (USDOT/NHTSA).[citation needed] There have been articles about the company, including one that appeared on page 38 of the December 2006 issue of AMD/American Motorcycle Dealer magazine.[citation needed] Another article appeared in the December 2006 issue of the motorcycle magazine Iron Works, entitled "Stud Stude" (page 98).[citation needed] Also see: 2002 (number). ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transportation. ... The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, often pronounced nit-suh) is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government, part of the Department of Transportation. ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ...


Based on information from the company’s website and other sources, it appears that Studebaker Motor Co. is in the development stages with its vehicles. In a more recent company release, the company announced that it will locate its corporate headquarters in the San Antonio metropolitan area. Entity at the top of a corporation to take full responsibility for the overall success of the corporation, ensures Corporate Governance. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On the company website, Tom Raines is listed as president and Co-Chairman of Studebaker Motor Co. and Ric Reed is listed as Chief Executive Officer and Co-Chairman. Chief Executive redirects here. ...


Corporate survivor

The remains of the auto maker still exist as Studebaker-Worthington Leasing, a subsidiary of State Bank of Long Island (amex: STB), which provides leasing services for manufacturers and resellers of business products and industrial products.[6] This article is about the island in New York State. ... AMEX or AmEx has multiple meanings, including American Stock Exchange American Express, a global financial firm. ... This article or section should include material from Tenancy agreement A lease is a contract conveying from one person (the lessor) to another person (the lessee) the right to use and control some article of property for a specified period of time (the term), without conveying ownership, in exchange for... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ...


Products

see also List of Studebaker vehicles The following list consists of automotive models produced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1899 to 1963 and Studebaker Canada LTD. from 1964 through the spring of 1966. ...


Studebaker automobile models

Studebaker eased their way into the automobile market after the turn of the century, introducing an electric car in 1902 and Gasoline-powered Studebakers came in 1904, produced by the Garford Company in Ohio, marketed under the name Studebaker-Garford. ... 1920 advertisement for the Studebaker Big Six touring car The Studebaker Big Six, also known as the Model EG was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1918 and 1926. ... Ad for the 1923 Studebaker Special Six from the Saturday Evening Post The Studebaker Special Six was a car built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1927. ... 1921 Studebaker Light Six The Studebaker Light Six was a car built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1927. ... Studebaker Light Four touring car The Studebaker Light Four was an automobile poroduced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1919. ... The Studebaker President was the premier model range for automobiles manufactured by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA) during the 1927-1942 model years. ... Studebaker Dictator 4-Door Sedan 1937 1937 Studebaker Dictator coupe in the collection of the Studebaker National Museum. ... The Champion was an automobile series of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studebaker Land Cruiser was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA). ... 1958 Studebaker Scotsman was advertsied as inexpensivly priced car for those who wanted a big car feel. The Scotsman was an automobile series of the Studebaker Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana that was produced for model years 1957 and 1958. ... 1935 Commander roadster. ... The Studebaker Conestoga was an all steel station wagon produced from 1954 to 1955 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA). ... 1955 Studebaker Speedster Studebaker Speedster was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana produced only during the 1955 model year. ... The Studebaker-Packard Hawk series were cars produced by the merged Studebaker-Packard corporation between 1956 and 1964. ... 1956 Studebaker Golden Hawk The Studebaker Golden Hawk was a two-door pillarless hardtop coupe type car produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1956 and 1958. ... Studebaker Silver Hawk The Studebaker Silver Hawk was an automobile produced between 1957 and 1959 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studebaker Sky Hawk was a pillarless two-door hardtop coupe produced by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation for the 1956 model year only. ... The Studebaker Flight Hawk was the lowest-priced model in the four-model Hawk family sports car line introduced by Studebaker in 1956. ... The Studebaker Power Hawk was a two-door pillared coupe manufactured by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation for the 1956 Model Year only. ... Studebaker Silver Hawk The Studebaker Silver Hawk was an automobile produced between 1957 and 1959 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... 1962 Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk The Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk (or GT Hawk), a sporty coupe-type car sold between 1962 and 1964, was the final development of the Studebaker companys Hawk series that began with the Golden Hawk of 1956. ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... 1963 Studebaker Wagonaire The Studebaker Wagonaire was a station wagon produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1963 to 1966. ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe originally built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA between June of 1962 and December of 1963. ...

Studebaker trucks

The Studebaker Coupe Express was a pickup truck, produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1937 and 1940. ... The Studebaker US6 is a class of trucks manufactured by Studebaker during World War II, produced in the United States from 1941-1945 and in the Soviet Union beginning in 1942. ... // History Studebaker Takes The Job It was decided to have an American automobile manufacturer named Studebaker design and build the now highly classified top secret snow machine. ... The Studebaker Transtar was a heavy duty line of commercial trucks produced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1956 to 1963. ... The Studebaker Champ was a light-duty pickup truck produced by the Studebaker Corporation from 1960 to 1964. ...

Studebaker body styles

The Starlight coupe was a unique 2-door body style offered by Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA) from 1947 to 1952 in its Champion and Commander model series. ... The Studebaker Coupe Express was a pickup truck, produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1937 and 1940. ...

Affiliated automobile marques

  • E-M-F Independent auto manufacturer that marketed cars through Studebaker wagon dealers 1909-1912
  • Erskine (automobile) Brand of automobile produced by Studebaker
  • Packard 1954 merger partner of Studebaker
  • Pierce-Arrow Acquired by Studebaker in the late 1920s
  • Rockne Brand of automobile produced by Studebaker in the early 1930s
  • Mercedes-Benz Distributed through Studebaker dealers 1958-1966
  • Studebaker-Garford, Studebaker-bodied cars
  • Tincher An early independent builder of luxury cars financed by Studebaker investment
  • Studillac, an automobile combining a Studebaker body and a Cadillac engine made in the mid-1950s

The E-M-F Company (E-M-F were the initials of the three company founders: Everitt, Metzger, and Flanders) was an early American automobile company that produced automobiles from 1909 to 1912. ... The Erskine was an American automobile brand produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1927 to 1930. ... For people named Packard, see Packard (surname). ... 1919 Pierce-Arrow advertisement The Pierce-Arrow was a Buffalo, New York (United States) based manufacturing company from 1901 to 1938. ... The Rockne was an American automobile brand produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1931 - 1933. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... Studebaker-Garford was an automobile produced jointly by the Garford Company of Elyria, Ohio and the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1904 through 1911. ... Tincher was a brand of automobile produced between 1903-1906 in Chicago, Illinois, and between 1907 and 1909 in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studillac was a car made by combining a Cadillac engine with a hard-top Studebaker Starliner from 1953 to 1955. ...

References in popular culture

  • In the 2004 tribute album to Warren Zevon, his son Jordan Zevon performs a never-before published song about a Studebaker, entitled ... "Studebaker".
  • In "Batman: The Animated Series", Bruce Wayne rides in a Studebaker.
  • In the three-film "Back to the Future" series, the Statler brothers of Hill Valley started selling fine horses in 1885. By 1955, the descendants of the Statlers were selling Studebaker automobiles and light trucks. In 1985, the Statler family business was a Toyota dealership.
  • In 1979's The Muppet Movie, Fozzie and Kermit drive part-way to California in Fozzie's uncle's 1951 Studebaker Commander. Fozzie, driving through the forest, comments "Ah, a bear in his natural habitat -- a Studebaker!" One of the two cars used in the original filming is currently housed in the Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana.
  • The popular early 1960s TV show "Mr. Ed" was sponsored by Studebaker Corporation. In an early form of product placement, Studebakers were seen prominently throughout the show.
  • A long-running joke on the TV show Golden Girls is that Dorothy Zbornak once became pregnant in the back of a Studebaker.
  • One of Nathan Detroit's lines in the original Broadway musical Guys and Dolls refers to garage owner Joey Biltmore getting "stabbed by a Studebaker".
  • Frank Zappa's mock rock-opera "Billy the Mountain" (from Just Another Band from L.A.) features a superhero called Studebacher Hoch (pronounced "Studebaker Hawk")
  • In the 1990s Nickelodeon TV show "Doug", one of Doug's friends is named "Chalky Studebaker".
  • In the TV show "Happy Days", Mr. Cunningham (played by Tom Bosley) trades in his DeSoto for a 1962 Studebaker Lark during the 1982 season. The car appeared in the opening credits until the show's cancellation in 1984.
  • The company is also mentioned in Billy Joel's history themed song "We Didn't Start the Fire".
  • British art-rock band Roxy Music's 1972 debut single "Virginia Plain" contains the lyrics, "Where my Studebaker takes me / That's where I'll make my stand"
  • In Hunter S. Thompson's novel Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas, he notes that, in 1971, LSD is the "Studebaker of the drug market."
  • The elderly couple in the comic strip, "Pickles" drive what appears to be a 1950s-era Studebaker Commander.
  • In a 2006 episode of the SciFi Channel's tv show "The Lost Room," the character Detective Joe Miller drove a 1960s model Studebaker Champ pickup. The scene was very short.
  • In Wanda Nevada, a 1979 film starring Peter Fonda and Brooke Shields, the two leads drove around in a 1949 to 1952 model bullet-nosed Studebaker coupe (possibly a Champion or Commander).
  • In the video game "The Godfather," there appears to be a Studebaker President-type vehicle that the player can hijack. It is the fastest car in the game. There also appears to be a Studebaker truck that can be hijacked.
  • In an episode of "Eight Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter," the grandpa brings home a Studebaker for the young boy to fix up with him.
  • In the 1998 movie The Newton Boys, the Newton brothers are seen driving around in a 1920s Studebaker.
  • In the 1973 film American Graffiti John Milner asks a group of girls cruising in a Studebaker if anyone wants to ride with him. (He ends up with "Judy's sister" Carol (Mackenzie Phillips).

The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... This article is about the first film in the Back to the Future trilogy. ... The set of the Hill Valley courthouse at the Universal Studios backlot Hill Valley is a fictional Californian town that serves as the setting of the Back to the Future trilogy and its animated spin-off series. ... Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the automaker. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Muppet Movie is the first of a series of live-action musical feature films starring Jim Hensons Muppets. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 Commander roadster. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1958 to the end of 1974. ... Mister Ed was a popular US television comedy show that aired on CBS from 1961-1966. ... Wikibooks [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject: Marketing Product placement advertisements are promotional ads placed by marketers using real commercial products and services in media, where the presence of a particular brand is the result of an economic exchange. ... The Golden Girls title card. ... Information Age 55 Date of birth 1929 Occupation Substitute Teacher Family Sophia Petrillo, mother Salvadore Petrillo, father Gloria, sister Phil, brother Angelo, uncle Angela, aunt Papa Angelo, grandfather Mama, grandmother Spouse(s) Stanley Zbornak (1946-1984) Lucas Hollingsworth (1992-) Children Michael Zbornak Kate Zbornak Relatives Angela Petrillo, aunt Angelo Petrillo... Guys and Dolls is a musical, with the music and lyrics written by Frank Loesser and book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows, based on The Idyll Of Miss Sarah Brown, a short story by Damon Runyon. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Billy the Mountain is a Frank Zappa song, first made available on the album Just Another Band from L.A. in 1972. ... Just Another Band from L.A. is an album by The Mothers, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article is about the TV channel. ... This article is about the series. ... For other uses, see Happy Days (disambiguation). ... Thomas Edward Bosley (born October 1, 1927) is an American actor. ... DeSoto Logo, used in the 1950s The DeSoto (sometimes De Soto) was a brand of automobile based in the United States, marketed by the Chrysler Corporation from 1928 to 1961. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... We Didnt Start the Fire is a song by Billy Joel that makes reference to a catalog of headline events during his lifetime, from March 1949 to 1989, when the song was released on his album Storm Front. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Virginia Plain is a song written in 1972 by Bryan Ferry. ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... Wanda Nevada is a 1979 film starring Peter Fonda and Brooke Shields. ... Peter Henry Fonda (born February 23, 1940) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Brooke Christa Camille Shields[1] (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress and supermodel. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub | Crimes | Terrorism | IT ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Newton Boys is a 1998 dramatic film based on the true story of a family of bank robbers from Uvalde, Texas. ... The 1920s they were sexy referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... For the music soundtrack based on the film, see 41 Original Hits from the Soundtrack of American Graffiti. ... Mackenzie Phillips, as Julie Cooper on One Day at a Time. ...

See also

Studebaker Canada Ltd. ... A rare and historic Bechuanaland Border Police canteen token. ... // The following data show the automobile manufacturers which produce or have produced automobiles, and some data on their relative sizes. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... Harold Vance on the cover of the February 2, 1953 edition of Time Magazine Harold Sines Vance (1890–1959) was an American automobile company executive and government official, notable for being chairman and president of the Studebaker Corporation and for his four year term on the Atomic Energy Commission, where... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1219, 929 KB) Summary Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana; opened November, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1219, 929 KB) Summary Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana; opened November, 2005. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ German heritage biography: Studebaker Brothers. Retrieved on 2007-02-06.
  2. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.178.
  3. ^ a b c The Hamilton Spectator- Souvenir Edition page MP45 (Saturday June 10, 2006). "The Hamilton Memory Project; STUDEBAKER". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-06.
  4. ^ Johnson, Dale. "The last days of Studebaker", The Toronto Star, 2006-03-04. Retrieved on 2007-02-06. 
  5. ^ White Consolidated Industries Inc. - Company History
  6. ^ Peter Kang. "Eye On Stocks For Tuesday, Oct. 29, 1929", Forbes, October 27, 2004. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The following list consists of automotive models produced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1899 to 1963 and Studebaker Canada LTD. from 1964 through the spring of 1966. ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe originally built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA between June of 1962 and December of 1963. ... 1920 advertisement for the Studebaker Big Six touring car The Studebaker Big Six, also known as the Model EG was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1918 and 1926. ... The Champion was an automobile series of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... 1935 Commander roadster. ... The Studebaker Conestoga was an all steel station wagon produced from 1954 to 1955 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA). ... Studebaker eased their way into the automobile market after the turn of the century, introducing an electric car in 1902 and Gasoline-powered Studebakers came in 1904, produced by the Garford Company in Ohio, marketed under the name Studebaker-Garford. ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... Studebaker Dictator 4-Door Sedan 1937 1937 Studebaker Dictator coupe in the collection of the Studebaker National Museum. ... Studebaker Silver Hawk The Studebaker Silver Hawk was an automobile produced between 1957 and 1959 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studebaker Flight Hawk was the lowest-priced model in the four-model Hawk family sports car line introduced by Studebaker in 1956. ... 1962 Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk The Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk (or GT Hawk), a sporty coupe-type car sold between 1962 and 1964, was the final development of the Studebaker companys Hawk series that began with the Golden Hawk of 1956. ... 1956 Studebaker Golden Hawk The Studebaker Golden Hawk was a two-door pillarless hardtop coupe type car produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1956 and 1958. ... The Studebaker Power Hawk was a two-door pillared coupe manufactured by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation for the 1956 Model Year only. ... Studebaker Silver Hawk The Studebaker Silver Hawk was an automobile produced between 1957 and 1959 by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studebaker Sky Hawk was a pillarless two-door hardtop coupe produced by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation for the 1956 model year only. ... The Studebaker Land Cruiser was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA). ... 1960 Studebaker Lark convertible was advertised extensivly; the airborne womens handkerchiefs mimicked the cars stylized lark in flight insignia. ... Studebaker Light Four touring car The Studebaker Light Four was an automobile poroduced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1919. ... 1921 Studebaker Light Six The Studebaker Light Six was a car built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1927. ... The Studebaker President was the premier model range for automobiles manufactured by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA) during the 1927-1942 model years. ... 1958 Studebaker Scotsman was advertsied as inexpensivly priced car for those who wanted a big car feel. The Scotsman was an automobile series of the Studebaker Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana that was produced for model years 1957 and 1958. ... Ad for the 1923 Studebaker Special Six from the Saturday Evening Post The Studebaker Special Six was a car built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1927. ... 1955 Studebaker Speedster Studebaker Speedster was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana produced only during the 1955 model year. ... 1921 Studebaker Light Six The Studebaker Light Six was a car built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1918 to 1927. ... 1963 Studebaker Wagonaire The Studebaker Wagonaire was a station wagon produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1963 to 1966. ... The Studebaker Champ was a light-duty pickup truck produced by the Studebaker Corporation from 1960 to 1964. ... The Studebaker Coupe Express was a pickup truck, produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1937 and 1940. ... The E Series was a series of trucks produced by the Studebaker Corporation, originally to be called the Studebaker Transtar, that was brought out in 1955. ... The M Series Truck was an automobile truck designed in the late 1930s by the Studebaker Corporation. ... // History Background We can look back now and say that Hitlers Germany was not as close to producing an atomic bomb as we thought but during the early part of WWII things did not look quite that way. ... 1958 Studebaker Scotsman was advertsied as inexpensivly priced car for those who wanted a big car feel. The Scotsman was an automobile series of the Studebaker Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana that was produced for model years 1957 and 1958. ... The Studebaker Transtar was a heavy duty line of commercial trucks produced by the Studebaker of South Bend, Indiana from 1956 to 1963. ... The Studebaker US6 is a class of trucks manufactured by Studebaker during World War II, produced in the United States from 1941-1945 and in the Soviet Union beginning in 1942. ... The Studebaker-Packard Corporation was the entity created by the purchase of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, in 1954. ... Studebaker Canada Ltd. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... In 1937 Studebaker Corporation planted 5,000 trees at its proving grounds west of South Bend, Indiana. ... Automatic Drive was the trade name for Studebaker Corporation’s first automatic transmission, designed in conjunction with Borg-Warners Detroit Gear division. ... Gravely Tractor, of Brillion, Wisconsin is a manufacturer of outdoor power lawn and garden implements which was established in early 20th century. ... Hill-Holder is a name for the mechanism invented by Studebaker that holds the brake until the clutch is at the friction point, making it easier to start up hills from a stop in manual transmission automobiles. ... The Starlight coupe was a unique 2-door body style offered by Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA) from 1947 to 1952 in its Champion and Commander model series. ... STP is a brand name and trade name for the automotive additives and performance division of the Clorox Corporation. ... 1956 sales brochure for Clipper automobiles Clipper was a stand alone make of automobile produced by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation in 1955-1956 for the 1956 model year only. ... The E-M-F Company (E-M-F were the initials of the three company founders: Everitt, Metzger, and Flanders) was an early American automobile company that produced automobiles from 1909 to 1912. ... The Erskine was an American automobile brand produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1927 to 1930. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... For people named Packard, see Packard (surname). ... In 1946, Packard applied Clipper styling to all its post-war models The Packard Clipper was a model of the Packard Motors Company from 1941 to 1954, and the Studebaker-Packard Corporation for 1955 and 1957. ... 1919 Pierce-Arrow advertisement The Pierce-Arrow was a Buffalo, New York (United States) based manufacturing company from 1901 to 1938. ... The Rockne was an American automobile brand produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1931 - 1933. ... SPA Truck Company (S-P-A) was a manufacturer of trucks, which was owned and operated by Studebaker Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Pierce-Arrow of Buffalo, New York. ... Studebaker-Garford was an automobile produced jointly by the Garford Company of Elyria, Ohio and the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1904 through 1911. ... Tincher was a brand of automobile produced between 1903-1906 in Chicago, Illinois, and between 1907 and 1909 in South Bend, Indiana. ... Sherwood Harry Egbert (1920-1969) served as president of the Studebaker-Packard Corporation and Studebaker Corporation from 1961 to 1963. ... Albert Russel Erskine (January 24, 1871 – July 1, 1933) was an American businessman. ... Raymond Loewy standing on one of his designs, the Pennsylvania Railroads S1 steam locomotive. ... James J. Nance, (b. ... Brooks Stevens (1911-1995) was an industrial designer, as well as automotive designer, graphic designer, and stylist. ... Clement Studebaker (1831-1901) was one of the brothers who founded what eventually became the Studebaker Corporation, an early manufacturer of automobiles. ... John Mohler Studebaker (1833-1917) was the American co-founder and later executive of what would become the Studebaker Corporation automobile company. ... Harold Vance on the cover of the February 2, 1953 edition of Time Magazine Harold Sines Vance (1890–1959) was an American automobile company executive and government official, notable for being chairman and president of the Studebaker Corporation and for his four year term on the Atomic Energy Commission, where...

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THE STUDEBAKER STORY (714 words)
Studebaker would also be the only manufacturer to successfully switch from horse-drawn to gasoline powered vehicles.
Studebaker eased their way into the automobile market after the turn of the century, introducing an electric car in 1902.
Studebaker sold automobiles under the EMF and Flanders names until 1913; from thereafter, all new cars carried the Studebaker name.
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