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Encyclopedia > Stuart Parkin

Stuart Parkin FRS is a British experimental physicist at IBM's Almaden Research Center. The Fellowship of the Royal Society was founded in 1660. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: A page of links If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...

Born in Watford, Parkin received his BSc degree in physics and theoretical physics from Trinity College, University of Cambridge in 1977. He was elected to a research fellowship at the Cavendish Laboratory and obtained his doctorate in 1980. Parkin then worked for two years on a Royal Society European Exchange Fellowship at the Université Paris-Sud before joining IBM Research in 1982, originally working in superconducting materials, researching organic and ceramic high temperature superconductors. Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Plaque, at old site Entrance, old site, Free School Lane The Cavendish Laboratory is the University of Cambridges Department of Physics, and is part of the universitys School of Physical Sciences. ... For other uses, see Royal Society (disambiguation). ... The University of Paris-Sud (French: Université de Paris-Sud) is a branch of the University of Paris located in Orsay. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Superconductivity is a phenomenon occurring in certain materials at low temperatures, characterised by the complete absence of electrical resistance and the damping of the interior magnetic field (the Meissner effect. ...

Later he moved into the study of magnetic thin-film structures, and made important contributions to understanding of the Giant magnetoresistive effect in polycrystalline layers. Founding results of Fert The Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) is a quantum mechanical effect observed in thin film structures composed of alternating ferromagnetic and nonmagnetic metal layers. ...

For this and related work, Dr. Parkin shared both the American Physical Society’s International New Materials Prize in 1994 and the European Physical Society’s Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize in 1997. The American Physical Society was founded in 1899 and is the worlds second largest organization of physicists. ... The European Physical Society (EPS) is a non-profit organization whose purpose is to promote physics and physicists in Europe. ...

Parkin was named an IBM Fellow in 1999, and elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2000. An IBM Fellow is an appointed position at IBM made by IBM’s CEO. Typically only 4 or 5 IBM Fellows are appointed each year, at the annual Corporate Technical Recognition Event (CTRE) event in June. ... For other uses, see Royal Society (disambiguation). ...

External links

  • IBM Researcher Bio for Stuart Parkin
  • Redefining the Architecture of Memory - New York Times article dated 9/11/2007

  Results from FactBites:
Prize for the Industrial Application of Physics Winner - American Institute of Physics (431 words)
A native of the United Kingdom, Dr. Parkin received his B.A. degree (1977) and was elected a Research Fellow (1979) at Trinity College in Cambridge, England, and was awarded his Ph.D degree (1980) at the Cavendish Laboratory, also in Cambridge.
Parkin's work on magnetic multilayers led him to discoveries and understanding of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and oscillatory exchange coupling, phenomena critical to the development of practical GMR devices.
More recently, Parkin has exploited GMR in a new type of random access memory cell that is potentially ultrafast and that would retain stored data when a computer is shut down.
  More results at FactBites »



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