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Encyclopedia > Structure of the Australian Army
Australian Army

Components
Regular Force
Army Reserve
List of current regiments
Structure
Equipment
Weaponry and equipment
History
History of the Australian Army
Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
Personnel
List of senior officers
Officer rank insignia
Enlisted rank insignia

The Australian Army, as with many other armies of nations that were formerly part of the British Empire, is structured in a similar way to the British Army, with divisions and brigades as the main formations, subdivided into regiments and battalions. As with most military forces in the modern age, the main tactical formation is the battlegroup, formed around the HQ of either an infantry battalion or armoured regiment. The Australian Army is capable of fielding up to six battlegroups (one armoured and five infantry). The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (759x627, 145 KB)From [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... Following the federation of Australia in 1901, the six colonial militias were merged to form a national reserve army. ... The following is a list of regiments and corps of the Australian Army, as of 2005. ... Leopards operating A Bushmaster (left) and ASLAV (right) in Iraq Soldiers and a M113 M198 Howitzers firing during an exercise From left to right, a Chinook, Blackhawk and Tiger helicopter Fully equipped Australian infantrymen arrive in the Solomon Islands in December 2004 Australian soldiers and an ASLAV in Iraq A... // The Two Armies: Militia and Permanent forces 1870–1947 For more than 80 years after the first British settlement, the only professional soldiers in Australia were members of British Army garrisons. ... An ANZAC soldier gives water to a wounded Turk The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (popularly abbreviated as ANZAC) was originally an army corps of Australian and New Zealand troops who fought in World War I at Gallipoli, in the Middle East and on the Western Front. ... Chief of the Army in reverse chronological order Lieutenant General Peter Leahy, 28 June 2002 to present Lieutenant General Peter Cosgrove, July 2000 to 28 June 2002 Lieutenant General Frank Hickling, June 1998 to July 2000 Lieutenant General John Sanderson, June 1995 to June 1998 Chief of the General Staff... Australian Army Officers receive a commission that is personally signed by the Governor-General of Australia - acting on the Queens behalf. ... Like the British Army, the Australian Army does not use the term enlisted to describe its non-commissioned ranks. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... For a historical list of territories that constituted the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... At the top level, the structure of the British Army is headed by two main administrative top-level budgets - Land Command and the Adjutant-General. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... The battlegroup is the basic building block of an armys fighting formation. ...

Contents

Divisions and Brigades

Land Command is the authority responsible for the operations of Australian land forces, and has its headquarters in Sydney. In addition to its two divisions, there are a number of brigade sized formations and individual regiments under the direct command of LHQ. The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ...


Divisions

Below LHQ, there are two main formations within the Australian Army:

  • 1st Division - this is the main deployable formation, and contains the bulk of Australian regular forces. The divisional headquarters, located in Brisbane, has a secondary role as the Deployable Joint Force Headquarters (DJFHQ): during an operational deployment, DJFHQ is a joint formation, commanding units of the RAN and RAAF as well as the army. The 1st Division contains a total of four brigades.
  • 2nd Division - this is the main home defence formation, consisting mainly of reserve forces, with its HQ located in Sydney. It is divided into 5 brigades.

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The name 2nd Division has been used for two different units of the Australian Army. ...

Brigades

In addition, there are two brigade sized formations that are under the direct control of HQ Land Command - 1 Brigade is a formation of the Australian Army intended as its primary mechanised unit. ... The Australian 3rd Brigade is an infantry brigade. ... The Australian 4th Brigade is an Australian Army Reserve formation stationed in Victoria. ... 7th Brigade is a brigade of the Australian Army. ... The 9th Brigade is a Army Reserve formation of the Australian Army headquartered at Keswick, South Australia, incorporating units from Tasmania, South Australia and New South Wales. ...

  • 16 Brigade - this is responsible for the majority of the Australian Army Aviation Corps assets.
  • 17 Brigade - this is an integrated formation of logistic support units from various corps. This Brigade was designated the Logistic Support Force until May 2006.

From left to right, a Chinook, Blackhawk and Tiger helicopter The 16th (Aviation) Brigade currently commands most of the Australian Armys aviation units. ... The current Australian 17 Combat Service Support Brigade (or 17 CSS Brigade or simply 17 Brigade) is the home of the Australian Armys deployable logistics elements. ...

Special Operations Command

Special Operations Command is a command formation of equal status to the other commands in the ADF, but is drawn exclusively from the Army. It is a brigade sized formation responsible for all of Australia's special forces assets. SOCOMD Badge Wyvern with Acies Acuta Soldiers from Special Operations Command during a demonstration held for the Media in May 2003 The Special Operations Command (SOC) is the newest branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF). ... For other uses of the term, see Special forces (disambiguation). ...


SOCOMD consists of:

The Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) is a Special Forces regiment modelled on the original British SAS and also drawing on the traditions of the Australian World War II Z Special Force commando unit, as well as the Independent Companies which were active in the South Pacific during the same... The 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment or 4 RAR (Cdo), is one of the battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment and is one of three combat capable groups within the Australian Special Operations Command (the other two being the SASR and 1st Commando Regiment). ... 1st Commando Regiment is a mixed regular and reservist commando regiment of the Australian Army. ... The Incident Response Regiment (IRR) forms part of Special Operations Command (Australia). ...

Units of the Regular Army

Armour

Within the Royal Australian Armoured Corps are a total of four regular regiments, one of which is formed of a single squadron. The Royal Australian Armoured Corps (RAAC) is the overall umbrella grouping of Regular Army and Army Reserve regiments equipped with armoured vehicles in the Australian Army. ...

1st Armoured Regiment is an armoured regiment of the Australian Army, and is the senior regiment of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps. ... An ASLAV from 2nd Cavalry Regiment with Australian soldiers in East Timor in 1999. ... The 2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) is a regiment of the Australian Army, part of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps. ... 3rd/4th Cavalry Regiment is an armoured regiment of the Australian Army, and is third in seniority in the Royal Australian Armoured Corps. ...

Infantry

Regular Infantry

The regular infantry was formed in 1948 from elements of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) and is composed primarily of battalions of a single large regiment, the Royal Australian Regiment. This consists of six battalions in four different roles: A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) is the main regular infantry formation in the Australian Army. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ...

The Royal Australian Regiment provides a total of five battlegroups for deployment; the 4th Battalion, because of its specialist role, is included as part of Australia's special forces. Soldiers from 1 RAR arive in the Solomon Islands in December 2004 Members of 1RAR undergoing a training exercise. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR) is an Australian light infantry battalion. ... Soldiers from 3 RAR during an exercise in 2004. ... An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... The 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment or 4 RAR (Cdo), is one of the battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment and is one of three combat capable groups within the Australian Special Operations Command (the other two being the SASR and 1st Commando Regiment). ... In military science, the term commando can refer to an individual, a military unit or a raiding style of military operation. ... Soldiers and a M113 from 5/7 RAR during an exercise in 2003. ... Mechanized infantry are infantry troops that use armoured fighting vehicles for transport and as heavy weapons support in combat. ... 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (6 RAR) is part of the Australian Army. ... The battlegroup is the basic building block of an armys fighting formation. ...


NB: 5th/7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment will be split to form two independent battalions; 5RAR and 7RAR with one to be based in Adelaide the other to remain in Darwin. Both of these will be utilised in the mechanised infantry role. 8th/9th RAR will also be reformed and based in South East Queensland in the light infantry role. [1] The 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (5 RAR) was a regular infantry battalion of the Australian Army. ... The 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (7 RAR) was a regular infantry battalion of the Australian Army. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 8th/9th Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (8/9 RAR) was an Australian Army infantry battalion. ... South East Queensland is the region of the State of Queensland, Australia that contains most of that states population. ...


Regional Force Surveillance

In addition to the regular infantry, within the Australian Army are three battalion sized Regional Force Surveillance Units. These are dedicated reconnaissance units based in the north and west of Australia: The Regional Force Surveillance Units (RFSUs) are specialised units of the Australian Army responsible for patrolling northern Australia. ...

Area of Operations The NORFORCE (North-West Mobile Force) is a regiment of the Australian Army. ... Area of Operations The Pilbara Regiment is a regiment of the Australian Army which is infantry based, but has a significantly different role than a standard infantry unit. ... Area of Operations The Far North Queensland Regiment is a regiment of the Australian Army which is infantry based, but has a significantly different role than a standard infantry unit. ...

Special Forces

There is also the special forces element of the infantry. Special Operations has its own command structure, under which comes the two commando units (4 RAR and 1st Commando Regiment), as well as the dedicated special forces unit:

This article needs cleanup. ...

Combat Support Arms

Artillery

The Royal Australian Artillery has four active regiments, with another forming, within the regular army: UBIQUE (Everywhere) and QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT (Whither Right And Glory Lead) The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery is descended from the original colonial artillery units prior to Australias federation. ...

The 1st Field Regiment is a close support regiment attached to the 7th Brigade at Enoggera Barracks in Queensland. ... The M198 Howitzer during the Persian Gulf War The M198 howitzer is a medium-sized, towed artillery piece. ... The 16th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery is an Australian Army regiment. ... Rapier Type surface to air Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform vehicle Target aircraft History Builder British Aerospace Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK Variants ? Number built ? Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... A winter firing of the RBS 70 during an exercise in Boden, Sweden in March 2001. ... The 20th Surveillance and Target Acquisition Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery is an Australian Army Regiment which is currently being raised. ...

Engineers

The Royal Australian Engineers has a total of five regular regiments, plus a number of independent squadrons. Of these, three are ordinary combat engineer regiments (the equivalent of Field Regiments in the Royal Engineers), each of which is attached to a brigade. The fourth provides support for Land Headquarters (LHQ) and the fifth is the specialist engineering support unit to the Special Operations Command. The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. ...

  • 1 Combat Engineer Regiment - 1 Brigade
  • 2 Combat Engineer Regiment - 7 Brigade
  • 3 Combat Engineer Regiment - 3 Brigade
  • 6 Engineer Support Regiment - LHQ
  • Incident Response Regiment - SOC

There is a further regular unit, which consists of the army's consultative engineers, who are responsible for the planning and drafting of the engineering projects undertaken by the CERs.

  • 19 Chief Engineer Works

The Reserve units of the Royal Australian Engineers mirrors the structure of the regular units. Each CER is attached to a Reserve brigade. The Reserve units also provide support to the regular units as required.


Signals

Within the Royal Australian Corps of Signals, there are two regiments and a number of individual squadrons, which provide communications for formations at brigade level and above: The Royal Australian Corps of Signals (RASIGS) keeps every part of the Australian Army in touch. ...

  • Regiments
    • 1 Joint Support Unit (DJHQ/1 Division) (formerly 1 Signal Regiment)
    • 7 Signal Regiment (Electronic Warfare)
  • Squadrons
    • 103 Signal Squadron (3 Command Support Regiment) - 3 Brigade
    • 104 Signal Squadron (1 Command Support Regiment) - 1 Brigade
    • 110 Signal Squadron - LHQ
    • 126 Signal Squadron - 4th (Commando) Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 130 Signal Squadron - Logistic Support Force
    • 139 Signal Squadron (7 Command Support Regiment) - 7 Brigade
    • 145 Signal Squadron - 17 Brigade
    • 152 Signal Squadron - Special Air Service Regiment

Brigade signals squadrons are amalgamated with military police and HQ units into Combat Support Regiments, assigned to specific brigades.


Aviation

Australian Army Aviation consists of 16 Brigade (Aviation) which contains two regiments: From left to right, a Chinook, Blackhawk and Tiger helicopter The 16th (Aviation) Brigade currently commands most of the Australian Armys aviation units. ...

5 Aviation Regiment was formed from 9 Squadron and 35 Squadron of the Royal Australian Air Force when the role of battlefield helicopters was transferred to the Army from the Air Force. The Australian 1st Aviation Regiment is an Australian Army aviation unit and part of the 16th (Aviation) Brigade. ... A S-70 Blackhawk and a CH-47 Chinook from the 5th Aviation Regiment operating from a United States Navy ship during an exercise in 2005 The Australian 5th Aviation Regiment is an Australian Army aviation unit. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ...


Combat Service Support

With the regular army are a number of corps that make up the 'Combat Service Support Corps':

  • Royal Australian Corps of Transport
  • Australian Army Catering Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Medical Corps
    • 1 Health Support Battalion
    • 2 Health Support Battalion
    • 3 Health Support Battalion
  • Australian Army Psychology Corps
    • 1 Psychology Unit
  • Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Dental Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps
  • Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
  • Royal Australian Corps of Military Police
    • 1 Military Police Battalion
  • Royal Australian Army Pay Corps
  • Australian Army Band Corps
  • Australian Army Legal Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Education Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Chaplains Department
  • Australian Army Intelligence Corps
    • 1 Intelligence Battalion
  • Australian Army Public Relations Service

These Corps provide the vital support to the combat arms ensuring they have all the support necessary for them to execute their mission. No one unit in any Army is able to conduct its mission without support from a wide range of Combat Support and Combat Service Support units. The Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps (RAAOC) is the Corps within the Australian Army concerned with supply and administration. ...


Ceremonial

The Federation Guard is a tri-service unit that provides ceremonial guards and gun salutes. The Federation Guard is a tri-service ceremonial unit made up of members from the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army, and Royal Australian Air Force. ...


In addition, ceremonial music support for the Army and public is provided from the Australian Army Band Corps (AABC). These bands are located in capital cities, such as Australian Army Band Sydney. Cemeronial duties for the Australian Parliament/Government and the Governor-General in Canberra are provided by the Royal Military College Band, Duntroon. AABC bands are also attached to serving combat units, such as the Band of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, or the Regimental Band of the 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers. They primarily undertake ceremonial and entertainment duties, with some minor regimental support functions.


Units of the Army Reserve

Armour (Reserve)

The 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers is a current Australian Army Reserve Reconnaissance Regiment. ... The 4th/19th Prince of Waless Light Horse is a regiment of the Australian Army. ... CambridgeBayWeather 09:44, 27 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

Infantry (Reserve)

The Army Reserve infantry regiments of the Australian Army have a proud heritage dating back over almost one hundred and fifty years, including service in the Boer War, WWI and WWII.

The Royal New South Wales Regiment is a reserve infantry regiment of the Australian Army based in the state of New South Wales. ... Hat badge of the Royal Queensland Regiment The Royal Queensland Regiment (RQR) is a reserve infantry formation in the Australian Army based in the state of Queensland. ... Colour patch of the 25th/49th Battalion Royal Queensland Regiment This article deals with the First AIF/CMF/Militia/Army Reserve units known as the 25th/49th Battalion. ... Colours of the 10th Battalion and 27th Battalion RSAR and hat colour patch The Royal South Australia Regiment is a reserve regiment of the Australian Army consisting of a single battalion, the 10th/27th Battalion, part of the 9th Brigade. ... The Royal Tasmania Regiment is an infantry regiment within the Australian Army consisting of a single battalion. ... The Royal Victoria Regiment is the infantry regiment of 4 Brigade, the Australian Army Reserve brigade of Victoria. ... 1st Commando Regiment is a mixed regular and reservist commando regiment of the Australian Army. ...

Artillery (Reserve)

  • 2/10 Medium Regiment - M198 Howitzer, L119 Light Gun
  • 3 Field Regiment - M2A2 Field Gun
  • 6/13 Field Regiment - M2A2 Field Gun
  • 7 Field Regiment - L119 Light Gun
  • 23 Field Regiment - L119 Light Gun

Engineers (Reserve)

  • 4 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 5 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 8 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 9 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 11 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 13 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 21 Construction Regiment
  • 22 Construction Regiment

Signals (Reserve)

  • Regiments
    • 8 Signal Regiment - 2nd Division
  • Squadrons
    • 108 Signal Squadron (4 Command Support Regiment) - 4 Brigade
    • 109 Signal Squadron (13 Command Support Regiment) - 13 Brigade
    • 141 Signal Squadron (11 Command Support Regiment) - 11 Brigade
    • 142 Signal Squadron (5 Command Support Regiment) - 5 Brigade
    • 144 Signal Squadron (9 Command Support Regiment) - 9 Brigade
    • 155 Signal Squadron (8 Command Support Regiment) - 8 Brigade
    • 301 Signal Squadron - 1st Commando Regiment

  Results from FactBites:
 
Structure of the Australian Army information - Search.com (1258 words)
The Australian Army, as with many other armies of nations that were formerly part of the British Empire, is structured in a similar way to the British Army, with divisions and brigades as the main formations, subdivided into regiments and battalions.
The regular infantry was formed in 1948 from elements of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) and is composed primarily of battalions of a single large regiment, the Royal Australian Regiment.
The Royal Australian Regiment provides a total of five battlegroups for deployment; the 4th Battalion, because of its specialist role, is included as part of Australia's special forces.
Australian Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (740 words)
The Australian Army is commanded by the Chief of the Army (CA), who is responsible to the Chief of the Defence Force (CDF).
The army is being organised so that it can deploy a number of battlegroups, consisting of infantry, armour, artillery etc in the correct proportions relavent to each type of mission.
The Ranks of the Australian Army are based on the ranks of the British Army, and carry mostly the same actual insignia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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