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Encyclopedia > Structural failure
Mechanical failure modes
Rupture (engineering)
Thermal shock
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Structural failure refers to loss of the load-carrying capacity of a component or member within a structure or of the structure itself. Structural failure is initiated when the material is stressed to its strength limit, thus causing fracture or excessive deformations. The ultimate failure strength of the material, component or system is its maximum load-bearing capacity. When this limit is reached, damage to the material has been done, and its load-bearing capacity is reduced permanently, significantly and quickly. In a well-designed system, a localized failure should not cause immediate or even progressive collapse of the entire structure. Ultimate failure strength is one of the limit states that must be accounted for in civil engineering and structural design. This article is about engineering. ... For the hazard, see corrosive. ... Creep is the term used to describe the tendency of a material to move or to deform permanently to relieve stresses. ... In materials science, fatigue is the progressive, localised, and permanent structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic or fluctuating strains at nominal stresses that have maximum values less than (often much less than) the static yield strength of the material. ... For fractures in geologic formations, see Rock fracture. ... In physics, melting is the process of heating a solid substance to a point (called the melting point) where it turns into a liquid. ... Rupture, or ductile rupture describes the ultimate failure of tough ductile materials loaded in tension. ... Thermal shock and thermal loading refer to the disfuntion (and perhaps, crack) of a material due to the heating, especially non-stationary and non-uniform. ... In materials science, wear is the erosion of material from a solid surface by the action of another solid. ... Yield strength, or the yield point, is defined in engineering and materials science as the stress at which a material begins to plastically deform. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In engineering mechanics, deformation is a change in shape due to an applied force. ... Strength of materials is materials science applied to the study of engineering materials and their mechanical behavior in general (such as stress, deformation, strain and stress-strain relations). ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Limit state design (LSD) refers to a design methodology used in structural engineering. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... I NEED TO FUCK SOMEONE! I AM TIRED OF PORN! SOMEONE HELP ME! ...

Notable structural failures

Year Structure Location
1847 Dee bridge disaster Chester, England
1865 Steamboat Sultana boiler explosion Memphis, Tennessee
1879 Tay Rail Bridge Dundee, Scotland
1907 Quebec Bridge Quebec City, Canada
1919 Boston Molasses Disaster Boston, Massachusetts
1940 First Tacoma Narrows Bridge Tacoma, Washington, United States
1954 BOAC Flight 781, de Havilland Comet Mediterranean Sea off Elba
1966 BOAC Flight 911, Boeing 707 Near Mount Fuji, Japan
1968 Ronan Point collapse London, England
1978 Hartford Civic Center Hartford, Connecticut, United States
1979 Kemper Arena Kansas City, Missouri, United States
1981 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse Kansas City, Missouri, United States
1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123, Boeing 747 Mount Takamagahara in Gunma Prefecture, Japan
1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster Cape Canaveral, Florida, United States
1986 Hotel New World Disaster Little India near Serangoon Road, Singapore
1987 L'Ambiance Plaza collapse Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States
1993 Highland Towers collapse Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
1995 Sampoong Department Store collapse Seoul, South Korea
1996 TWA Flight 800, Boeing 747 Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York, United States
2000 Pier No. 34 Philadelphia, United States
2001 Versailles wedding hall collapse Jerusalem, Israel
2001 Collapse of the World Trade Center New York City, United States
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster Texas, United States
2004 Collapse of the Terminal 2E roof, Charles de Gaulle Airport Paris, France
2007 I-35W Mississippi River Bridge collapse Minneapolis, United States
2007 Bridge over Jiantuo River collapse during construction Hunan province, China
2007 collapse of Cần Thơ Bridge Tây Nam Bộ, Vietnam

The Dee bridge after its collapse The Dee bridge disaster was a rail accident that occurred in 1847. ... , For the larger local government district, see Chester (district). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The steamboat Sultana was a Mississippi River paddlewheeler destroyed in an explosion on 27 April 1865, resulting in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. ... Memphis was the wife of Epaphus, the founder of Memphis, Egypt in Greek mythology. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... A view of the Tay Bridge from Dundee Tay Bridge, central section The Tay Bridge (sometimes unofficially the Tay Rail Bridge) is a railway bridge approximately two and a quarter miles (three and a half kilometres) long[1] that spans the Firth of Tay in Scotland, between the city of... For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The Quebec Bridge (Pont de Québec in French) in Canada crosses the lower Saint Lawrence River to the west of Quebec City, and Lévis, Quebec. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... Aftermath of the disaster The Boston Molasses Disaster, also known as the Great Molasses Flood or The Great Boston Molasses Tragedy, occurred on January 15, 1919, in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts in the United States. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Tacoma Narrows Bridge is a pair of mile-long (1600 meter) suspension bridges with main spans of 2800 feet (850 m), they carry Washington State Route 16 across the Tacoma Narrows of Puget Sound between Tacoma and the Kitsap Peninsula, USA. The first bridge, nicknamed Galloping Gertie, was opened... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... On 10 January 1954, BOAC Flight 781 a de Havilland Comet 1 (type DH-106), took off from Ciampino Airport in Rome, Italy en route to Heathrow Airport in London, England on the final leg of its flight from Singapore. ... This article is about the de Havilland Comet jet airliner. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994. ... BOAC flight 911 was a round-the-world flight operated by British Overseas Airways Corporation. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... Mount Fuji Mount Fuji , IPA: )  , is the highest mountain in Japan. ... Ronan Point after the gas explosion. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Hartford Civic Center is a sports and convention complex located in Hartford, Connecticut, USA owned by the City of Hartford and operated by Madison Square Garden Connecticut under contract with the Connecticut Development Authority. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... Kemper Arena American Royal Center is an 19,500 seat indoor arena in Kansas City, Missouri that has hosted NCAA Final Four basketball games, professional basketball and hockey teams, the 1976 Republican Convention, and is the ongoing host of the American Royal livestock show. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... View of the lobby floor, during the first day of the investigation The Hyatt Regency hotel walkway collapse was a major disaster that occurred on July 17, 1981 in Kansas City, Missouri, killing 114 people and injuring more than 200 others during a tea dance. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Japan Airlines Flight 123 was a Japan Airlines domestic flight from Tokyo International Airport to Osaka International Airport. ... The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ... Gunma redirects here. ... The iconic image of Space Shuttle Challengers smoke plume after its breakup 73 seconds after launch. ... Cape Canaveral is a city in Brevard County, Florida, USA. The population was 8,829 at the 2000 census. ... Hotel New World Collapsed The Hotel New World in Singapore collapsed on 15 March 1986, killing 33 people. ... Shophouses in Little India. ... Serangoon is a district situated in the central part of the city-state of Singapore, within the North East Region. ... The LAmbiance Plaza was one of the worst disasters in recent Connecticut history. ... Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region Greater Bridgeport Incorporated (town) 1821 Incorporated (city) 1836 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor John M. Fabrizi Area  - City 19. ... The Highland Towers collapse was an apartment building (condominium) collapse that occurred on December 11, 1993, in Taman Hillview, Ulu Klang, Selangor, Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - City 243. ... The Sampoong Department Store (삼풍백화점; 三豊百貨店) collapse was a structural failure that occurred on June 29, 1995 in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 800, a Boeing 747-131, N93119, crashed on July 17, 1996, about 20:31 EDT (00:31, July 18 UTC), in the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York. ... The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ... East Moriches is a census-designated place located in Suffolk County, New York. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Versailles wedding hall (Hebrew: A investigation of the event concluded that the event wasnt caused by a terrorist attack. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Ground Zero debris with markup showing building locations. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Space Shuttle Columbia disaster occurred on February 1, 2003, when the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated over Texas during re-entry into the Earths atmosphere, shortly before concluding its 28th mission, STS-107. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Charles de Gaulle International Airport (French: A roport de Roissy-Charles de Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), serving Paris, is one of Europes principal aviation centers, as well as Frances main international airport. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The I-35W Mississippi River bridge was an eight-lane, steel truss bridge that carried Interstate 35W across the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. ... “Minneapolis” redirects here. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Hainan, Henan, and Yunnan. ... The collapse of Cần ThÆ¡ Bridge was a severe accident during the construction of the Cần ThÆ¡ Bridge, Bình Minh District, VÄ©nh Long Province, opposite to Cần ThÆ¡, Tây Nam Bá»™, Vietnam. ...

See also

Catastrophic failure is a sudden and total failure of some system from which recovery is impossible. ... When any of beam or column fails the structure totally fails this is called structural collapse. ... . ... Porch collapse or Balcony collapse is a phenomenon typically associated with older multi-story apartment buildings that have wooden porch extensions on the front or rear of the building. ... Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate/function as intended, causing personal injury for example. ...

External links

  • [1]Japan Science and Technology Agency Failure Knowledge Database

  Results from FactBites:
Structural failure - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (174 words)
Structural failure refers to loss of the load-carying capacity of a component or member within the structure or of the structure itself.
Structural failure is initiated when the material is stressed to its strength limit, thus causing fracture or excessive deformations.
Ultimate failure strength is one of the limit states that must be accounted for in civil engineering.
  More results at FactBites »



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