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Encyclopedia > Structural engineer

structural engineer is an engineering profession who practices structural engineering. Structural engineers inspect, analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems. Their work takes account mainly of technical, economic and environmental concerns, but they may also consider aesthetic and social factors. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Structural elements are used in structural analysis to simplify the structure which is to be analysed. ... The term structural system in structural engineering refers to load-resisting sub-system of a structure. ...


Typical structures designed by a structural engineer include buildings, towers stadia and bridges. Other infrastructure such as tunnels, earth retaining structures, large tanks, monuments, silos and mining structures, may also be designed by structural engineers. Some specialist areas of work include oil drilling platforms and associated infrastructure, ship building and aircraft design. Most structural engineers are employed in the construction industry, however there are also structural engineers in the aerospace, automobile and shipbuilding industries. In the construction industry, they work closely with architects, civil engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, quantity surveyors and construction managers. For other uses, see Building (disambiguation). ... Towers was a Canadian discount retail chain, which actually contained smaller shops within the large store. ... Telstra Stadium in Sydney, Australia is capable of being converted from a rectangular rugby football field to an oval for cricket and Australian rules football games This article is about the building type. ... A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ... A retaining wall is a structure to provide a barrier to downslope movement of soil, rock, or water. ... An architect is a person licensed in the art of planning, designing and overseeing the construction of buildings, or more generally, the designer of a scheme or plan. ... This is a list of civil engineers, people who were trained in or practiced civil engineering. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline that deals with the study and application of electricity and electromagnetism. ... In statistics, an estimator is a function of the observable sample data that is used to estimate an unknown population parameter; an estimate is the result from the actual application of the function to a particular set of data. ... Construction Management refers either to the study and practice of the managerial and technological aspects of the construction industry (including construction, construction science, construction management, and construction technology), or to a business model where one party to a construction contract serves as a construction consultant, providing both design and construction...


Structural engineers ensure that buildings or bridges are built to be strong enough and stable enough to resist environmental loading (e.g., gravity, wind, snow, rain, seismic (earthquake), earth pressure, and temperature loads). They also have to make the structures stiff enough to not deflect or vibrate beyond acceptable limits. Fatigue does not generally play a part in building design, but may be an important consideration for bridges and for aircraft design, or for other structures that may have a large number of stress cycles over their lifetimes - sign supports where the sign may be susceptible to wind vortex shedding and oscillations would be a good example. Consideration is also given to durability of materials against possible deterioration due to corrosion, freeze-thaw, and other environmental damage. An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ...

Contents

Education

The education of structural engineers is usually through a civil or architectural engineering degree with structural emphasis or through a structural engineering degree. The fundamental core subjects for structural engineering are strength of materials or solid mechanics, statics, dynamics, material science, numerical analysis and conceptual structural design. Reinforced concrete, composite structure, timber, masonry and structural steel designs are the general structural design courses that will be introduce in the next level of the education of structural engineering. The structural analysis courses which include structural mechanics, structural dynamics and structural failure analyses are designed to build up the fundamental analysis skills and theories for structural engineering students. At the senior year level or higher, prestressed concrete design, space frame design for building and aircraft, bridge engineering, civil and aerospace structure rehabilitation and other advanced structural engineering specializations are usually introduced. The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... An architectural engineer applies the skills of many engineering disciplines to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of buildings while paying attention to their impacts on the surrounding environment. ... Strength of materials is materials science applied to the study of engineering materials and their mechanical behavior in general (such as stress, deformation, strain and stress-strain relations). ... Solid mechanics is the branch of physics and mathematics that concern the behavior of solid matter under external actions (e. ... Statics is the branch of physics concerned with physical systems in static equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do not vary over time, or where components and structures are at rest under the action of external forces of equilibrium. ... In physics, dynamics is the branch of classical mechanics that is concerned with the effects of forces on the motion of objects. ... Materials science includes those parts of chemistry and physics that deal with the properties of materials. ... Numerical analysis is the study of approximate methods for the problems of continuous mathematics (as distinguished from discrete mathematics). ... Reinforced concrete at Sainte Jeanne dArc Church (Nice, France): architect Jacques Dror, 1926–1933 Reinforced concrete, also called ferroconcrete in some countries, is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Masonry in action; a Mason at work. ... Structural steel is steel construction material, a profile, formed with a specific shape and certain standards of chemical composition and strength. ... I NEED TO FUCK SOMEONE! I AM TIRED OF PORN! SOMEONE HELP ME! ... Structural analysis comprises the set of physical laws and mathematics required to study and predict the behavior of structures. ... Structural mechanics is the computation of deformations, deflections, and internal forces or stresses (Stress Equivalents) within structures, either for design or for performance evaluation of existing structures. ... // Structural Dynamics is a subset of structural analysis which covers the behaviour of structures when subjected to dynamic loading. ... Structural failure refers to loss of the load-carying capacity of a component or member within the structure or of the structure itself. ... Traditional reinforced concrete is based on the use of steel reinforcement bars, rebar, inside poured concrete. ... Simplified space frame roof with the half-octahedron highlighted in blue A space frame is a truss-like, lightweight rigid structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern. ...


Recently in the United States, there have been discussions in the structural engineering community about the knowledge base of structural engineering graduates. Some have called for a master's degree to be the minimum standard for professional licensing[1]. There is also growing support to establish a structural engineering undergraduate degree; some existed in the past, and one still exists at the University of California-San Diego. Many students who later become structural engineers major in civil, mechanical, or aerospace engineering degree programs, which typically do not emphasize structural engineering. Architectural engineering programs do offer structural emphases, and are often in combined academic departments with civil engineering. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... An architectural engineer applies the skills of many engineering disciplines to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of buildings while paying attention to their impacts on the surrounding environment. ...


Licensing

In the United States, structural engineers are licensed at the State level. In a few states, a Structural Engineering license is conferred after several years experience, and the passage of multiple exams[2].


In California, Washington, Nevada and a few other states, a Civil Engineering (CE or PE for Professional Engineer) license is usually the first step, which in itself requires at least two years, and in most states four, practical experience and the passage of at least one eight hour exam. After that milestone, two to three more years of specialized structural experience is necessary, then the passage of at least two more eight hour exams focusing solely on structures. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


In the United Kingdom, a licensed structural engineering profession called chartered structural engineer. The overall process toward this qualification can be straight away work through under the Institution of Structural Engineers after graduated from UK’s M.Eng degree or B.Eng with M.Sc top up degree without any initial license from other engineering disciplines. To qualify as a chartered structural engineer, a graduate needs to go through 4 years initial professional development to prepare for their professional review interview. After passing the interview, only the candidate is qualified to sit for 8 hours professional review examination. The election to chartered membership (MIStructE) is depending on the examination result. Candidate can register at Engineering Council of United Kingdom (ECUK) as Chartered Structural Engineer once he or she has been elected as Chartered Member.


See Also

List of structural engineers Famous Structural Engineers Structural engineer ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Structural engineering - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (392 words)
Structural engineering is a field of engineering that deals with the design of any structural system(s), the purpose of which is to support and resist various loads.
Most commonly structural engineers are involved in the design of buildings and nonbuilding structures, but also play an essential role in designing machinery where structural integrity of the design item is a matter of safety and reliability.
Typically, entry-level structural engineers may design simple beams, columns, and floors of a new building, including calculating the loads on each member and the load capacity of various building materials (steel, timber, masonry, concrete).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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