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Encyclopedia > Street
A city-centre street in Frankfurt, Germany
A residential street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
A residential street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

A street is a public thoroughfare in the built environment. It is a public parcel of land adjoining buildings in an urban context, on which people may freely assemble, interact, and move about. A street can be as simple as a level patch of dirt, but is more often paved with a hard, durable surface such as concrete, cobblestone or brick. Portions may also be smoothed with asphalt, embedded with rails, or otherwise prepared to accommodate non-pedestrian traffic. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x675, 157 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Street ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x675, 157 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Street ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2214 KB) Location: Hammond Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Date: February 27, 2005 Photographer: Pingswept File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Street Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2214 KB) Location: Hammond Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Date: February 27, 2005 Photographer: Pingswept File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Street Metadata This file contains additional... Public is of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; opposed to private; as, the public treasury, a road or lake. ... Mitchell Freeway in Perth, Western Australia For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... Public is of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; opposed to private; as, the public treasury, a road or lake. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit. ... For other uses, see Building (disambiguation). ... An urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Look up dirt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pavement in American English refers to the durable surface for an area intended to sustain traffic, which can be either vehicular traffic or foot traffic. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... A cobblestone-covered street Cobblestones are stones used in the pavement of early streets. ... An old brick wall in English bond laid with alternating courses of headers and Brick is an artificial stone made by forming clay into rectangular blocks which are hardened, either by burning in a kiln or sometimes, in warm countries, by sun-drying. ... Base layer of asphalt concrete in a road under construction. ... Rail tracks. ... Look up Pedestrian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The word “street” is still sometimes used colloquially as a synonym for “road,” but city residents and urban planners draw a crucial modern distinction: a road's main function is transportation, while streets facilitate public interaction.[1][2] Examples of streets include pedestrian streets, alleys, and city-centre streets too crowded for road vehicles to pass. Conversely, highways and motorways are types of roads, but few would refer to them as streets.[3][4] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... A pedestrian street is a street where pedestrian traffic is given partial or total priority over all other kinds of traffic. ... An Alley in Melbourne A gate to an alley in Annapolis, Maryland An alley or alleyway is a narrow, pedestrian lane found in urban areas which usually run between or behind buildings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ... Category: ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ...

Contents

Role in the built environment

The street is a relentlessly public environment, one of the few shared between all sorts of people. As a component of the built environment as ancient as human habitation, the street sustains a range of activities vital to civilization. Its roles are as numerous and diverse as its ever-changing cast of characters. The phrase built environment refers to the manmade surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places. ... Ancient history is the study of significant cultural and political events from the beginning of human history until the Early Middle Ages. ... Cities are a major hallmark of human civilization. ...


Streets can be loosely categorized as main streets and side streets. Main streets are usually broad with a relatively high level of activity. Commerce and public interaction are more visible on main streets, and vehicles may use them for longer-distance travel. Side streets are quieter, often residential in use and character, and may be used for vehicular parking. Main Street in Los Altos, California. ... Side Street is a film noir black-and-white film from 1950, directed by Anthony Mann and starring Farley Granger. ...


Circulation

Rue Saint-Jacques, a street in Montreal, 1910
Rue Saint-Jacques, a street in Montreal, 1910

Circulation, or less broadly, transportation, is perhaps a street's most visible use, and certainly among the most important. The unrestricted movement of people and goods within a city is essential to its commerce and vitality, and streets provide the physical space for this activity. Image File history File links St. ... Image File history File links St. ... This article is about the business concept. ... Category: ...


In the interest of order and efficiency, an effort may be made to segregate different types of traffic. This is usually done by carving a road through the middle for motorists, reserving sidewalks on either side for pedestrians; other arrangements allow for streetcars, trolleys, and even wastewater and rainfall runoff ditches (common in Japan and India). In the mid-20th century, as the automobile threatened to overwhelm city streets with pollution and ghastly accidents, many urban theorists came to see this segregation as not only helpful but necessary in order to maintain mobility. Le Corbusier, for one, perceived an ever-stricter segregation of traffic as an essential affirmation of social order — a desirable, and ultimately inevitable, expression of modernity. To this end, proposals were advanced to build "vertical streets" where road vehicles, pedestrians, and trains would each occupy their own levels. Such an arrangement, it was said, would allow for even denser development in the future. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sidewalk. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... This article refers to the mass transit vehicle running on rails. ... Wastewater is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. ... Run-off or runoff may refer to one of the following. ... Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, widely known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887– August 27, 1965), was a French Swiss born architect, famous for his contributions to what is now called modernism, or the International Style. ...


These plans were never implemented comprehensively, a fact which today's urban theorists regard as fortunate for vitality and diversity. Rather, vertical segregation is applied on a piecemeal basis, as in depressed highways, elevated railways, common utility ducts, the extensive complex of underground malls surrounding Tokyo Station and the Otemachi subway station, the elevated pedestrian skyway networks of Minneapolis and Calgary, the underground cities of Atlanta and Montreal, and the multilevel streets in Chicago. A common utility duct, sometimes called a common utility conduit, is any structure - above, on, or below ground - that carries more than two types of public utility lines. ... Marunouchi side of Tokyo Station Tokyo Station ) is a train station located in the Marunouchi business district of Tokyo, near the Imperial Palace grounds and the Ginza commercial district. ... Yomiuri Shimbun headquarters Otemachi (大手町) is a district of Chuo Ward, Tokyo. ... A skyway is a path that is traversed without touching the ground. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Calgary is the largest city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Part of Montreals underground city, a concourse in Bonaventure metro station, showing directional signs leading to buildings accessible through the underground city An underground city is a network of tunnels that connect buildings, usually in the downtown area of a city. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Motto: Concordia Salus Coordinates: Country Canada Province Québec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area    - City 366. ... Service level South Water Street; there are three levels here Downtown Chicago, Illinois, both north and south of the Chicago River, has some double-decked and even a few triple-decked streets. ...


Transportation is often misunderstood to be the defining characteristic, or even the sole purpose, of a street. This has not been the case since the word "street" came to be limited to urban situations, and even in the automobile age, is still demonstrably false. A street may be temporarily blocked to all through traffic in order to secure the space for other uses, such as a street fair, a flea market, children at play, filming a movie, or construction work. Many streets are bracketed by bollards or Jersey barriers so as to keep out vehicles. These measures are often taken in a city's bushjhiest areas, the "destination" districts, when the volume of activity outgrows the capacity of private passenger vehicles to support it. A feature universal to all streets is a human-scale design that gives its users the space and security to feel engaged in their surroundings, whatever through traffic may pass. Among Seattles best known streetfairs are Bumbershoot, Folklife (both at the Seattle center), and the Fremont Summer Solstice Parade & street fair. ... A typical flea market shop, in Germany Swap meet redirects here. ... A bollard blocking a path at Princeton University. ... Jersey wall on the Woodrow Wilson Bridge near Washington, D.C. A Jersey barrier or Jersey wall separates lanes of traffic (often opposing lanes of traffic) with a goal of minimizing vehicle crossover in the case of accidents. ...


Vehicular traffic

Main article: Traffic
A street full of vehicles in Shanghai
A street full of vehicles in Shanghai
Image:KwangbokStreet.jpg
An empty street in Pyongyang

Despite this, the operator of a motor vehicle may (incompletely) regard a street as merely a thoroughfare for vehicular travel or parking. As far as concerns the driver, a street can be one-way or two-way: vehicles on one-way streets may travel in only one direction, while those on two-way streets may travel both ways. One way streets typically have signs reading "ONE WAY" and an arrow showing the direction of allowed travel. Most two-way streets are wide enough for at least two lanes of traffic. Nighttime traffic captured by a camera over several seconds. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 168 KB) Summary Shanghai traffic photo by Fumiko licensed under CC Licensing This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 168 KB) Summary Shanghai traffic photo by Fumiko licensed under CC Licensing This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ...


Which lane is for which direction of traffic depends on what country the street is located in. On broader two-way streets, there is often a center line marked down the middle of the street separating those lanes on which vehicular traffic goes in one direction from other lanes in which traffic goes in the opposite direction. Occasionally, there may be a median strip separating lanes of opposing traffic. If there is more than one lane going in one direction on a main street, these lanes may be separated by intermittent lane lines marked on the street pavement. Side streets often do not have center lines or lane lines. The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... On an expressway, motorway, or autobahn, the median (North American English) or central reservation (British English) is the strip of grass or the wall which separates opposing lanes of traffic. ...


Parking for vehicles

Many streets, especially side streets in residential areas, have an extra lane's width on either or both sides for parallel parking. Most minor side streets allowing free parallel parking do not have pavement markings designating the parking lane. Main streets more often have parking lanes marked. Some streets are too busy or narrow for parking on the side. Sometimes parking on the sides of streets is allowed only at certain times. Curbside signs often state regulations about parking. Some streets, particularly in business areas, may have parking meters into which coins must be paid to allow parking in the adjacent space for a limited time. There may be parking lane markings on the pavement effectively designating which meter a parking space corresponds to. Other parking meters work on a credit card and ticket basis; parked cars display a ticket dispensed by a curbside printing meter. Some streets have enough width and light enough traffic to allow angle parking. Side Street is a film noir black-and-white film from 1950, directed by Anthony Mann and starring Farley Granger. ... Parallel parking is a method of parking a vehicle in line with other parked cars. ... Main Street in Los Altos, California. ... A traditional style parking meter A parking meter is a device used to collect money in exchange for the right to park a vehicle in a particular place for a limited amount of time. ...


Pedestrian traffic and vehicular amenities

Where vehicular traffic is allowed on a street, traffic and parking regulatory signs are often placed near the sides. Bordering the driving/parking sides of many urban streets, there are curbs. Usually, there are strips of land beyond the driving/parking parts of the streets owned by the government entity owning the streets. Sidewalks are often located on these public land strips beyond the curbs on one or usually both sides of the street. There may be an unpaved strip of land between the vehicle-drivable part of the street and the sidewalk on either side of the street, which can be called the parkway or tree lawn. Grass and trees are often grown there for landscaping the sides of the street. Alternatively, there may be openings in wider sidewalks in which trees grow. Streets are often lighted at night with streetlights, which are typically located far overhead on tall poles. Beyond these public strips of land are bordered the front of lots commonly owned by private parties. A German Autobahn overhead direction sign A U.S. warning sign indicating that drivers who do not wish to exit immediately should merge left, and a prohibitory No Stopping sign A Traffic sign in Road construction image Most countries erect signage, known as traffic signs or road signs, at the... A curb or kerb is the edge where a raised sidewalk, road median, or road shoulder meets an unraised street or other roadway. ... A sidewalk. ... A tree lawn, also called a nature strip or devils strip in some areas, is a small area, often planted with trees and grass, between a street and the sidewalk of that street. ... Natural vegetaton dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae, True grasses include most plants grown as cereals, for pasture, and for lawns. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening efforts in the gestalt, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of... A streetlight in front of a red sky at night A street light, also known as a light standard, is a raised light on the edge of a road, turned on or lit at a certain time every night. ... In real estate, a lot is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner(s). ...


Practically all public streets in Western countries and the majority elsewhere (though not in Japan; see Japanese addressing system) are given a street name or at least a number to identify them and any addresses located along the streets. Alleys typically do not have names. The length of a lot of land along a street is referred to as the frontage of the lot. The Japanese addressing system is used to identify a specific location in Japan. ... Abbey Road in London A street name or odonym is an identifying name given to a street. ... Look up address in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Alley in Melbourne A gate to an alley in Annapolis, Maryland An alley or alleyway is a narrow, pedestrian lane found in urban areas which usually run between or behind buildings. ...


Interaction

Streets assume the role of a town square for its regulars. Jane Jacobs, an economist and prominent urbanist, wrote extensively on the ways that interaction among the people who live and work on a particular street--"eyes on the street"--can reduce crime, encourage the exchange of ideas, and generally make the world a better place. A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. ... Jane Jacobs Jane Jacobs, OC , O.Ont (May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) was an American-born Canadian writer and activist. ... Mass surveillance is the pervasive surveillance of an entire population, or a substantial fraction thereof. ...


Identity

Much as a string in a jar can precipitate a beautiful, delicate crystal, a street can serve as the catalyst for neighborhood culture and solidarity. New OrleansBourbon Street is famous not only for its active nightlife but also for its role as the center of the city’s French Quarter. Similarly, the Bowery has at various times been New York City's theater district, red-light district, skid row, restaurant supply district, and the center of the nation's underground punk scene. Madison Avenue and Fleet Street are so strongly identified with their respective most famous types of commerce, that their names are sometimes applied to firms located elsewhere. Other streets mark divisions between neighborhoods of a city. For example, Yonge Street divides Toronto into east and west sides, and East Capitol Street divides Washington, D.C. into north and south. Quartz crystal Copper(II) sulfate and iodine crystal Synthetic bismuth crystal Insulin crystals Gallium, a metal that easily forms large single crystals A huge monocrystal of potassium dihydrogen phosphate grown from solution by Saint-Gobain for the megajoule laser of CEA. In chemistry and mineralogy, a crystal is a solid... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Catalysis. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Solidarity (Polish:  ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny SamorzÄ…dny ZwiÄ…zek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The famous sign of Bourbon Street in New Orleans. ... Nightlife is the collective term for any entertainment that is available and more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning. ... French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. ... The Bowery is a well-known street in Manhattan that more or less marks the boundary between Chinatown and Little Italy on one side and the Lower East Side on the other—running from Chatham Square in the south to Astor Place in the north. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The De Wallen red-light district in Amsterdam A red-light district is a neighborhoooood where prostitution and other businesses in the sex industry flourish. ... The American term skid row or skid road is used to refer to a rundown or dilapidated urban area. ... One of the most influential doctrines in history is that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with distinct sets of behavior and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. ... Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City which carries northbound one-way traffic. ... Fleet Street in 2005 Fleet Street is a famous street in London, England, named after the River Fleet. ... A sign for Yonge Street at the intersection with Maitland Street. ... East Capitol Street is a major street that divides the northeast and southeast quadrants of Washington, D.C. It runs eastward from the United States Capitol all the way to the DC-Maryland border. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Federal District District of Columbia Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D) City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack Evans...


Streets also tend to aggregate establishments of similar nature and character. East 9th Street in Manhattan, for example, offers a cluster of Japanese restaurants, clothing stores, and cultural venues.[5] In Washington, D.C., 17th Street and P Street are well-known as epicenters of the city's (relatively small) gay culture.[6] This phenomenon is the subject of urban location theory in economics. Location Theory is a sub-discipline of economics and geography that seeks to explain the spatial distribution of economic activity. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of valuable goods and services. ...


As distinct from other spaces

A road, like a street, is often paved and used for travel. However, a street is characterized by the degree and quality of street life it facilitates, whereas a road serves primarily as a through passage for road vehicles or (less frequently) pedestrians. Buskers, beggars, boulevardiers, patrons of sidewalk cafés, peoplewatchers, streetwalkers, and a diversity of other characters are habitual users of a street; the same people would not typically be found on a road. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ximen station, one of the stations of Metro Taipei. ... Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ... Look up Pedestrian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A street musician with accordion in Bremen A performance comprises an event in which generally one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for the benefit of another group of people (the viewer or viewers, or audience). ... Beggars in Samarkand, 1905 Begging includes the various methods used by persons to obtain money, food, shelter, or other necessities from people they encounter during the course of their travels. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... Desmond Morris (born January 24th, 1928) is most famous for his work as a zoologist and ethologist. ... Street prostitution is a common scenario for prostitution. ...


In rural and suburban environments where street life is rare, the terms "street" and "road" are frequently considered interchangeable. Still, even here, what is called a "street" is usually a smaller thoroughfare, such as a road within a housing development feeding directly into individual driveways. In the last half of the 20th century these streets often abandoned the tradition of a rigid, rectangular grid, and instead were designed to discourage through traffic. This and other traffic calming methods provided quiet for families and play space for children. Adolescent suburbanites find, in attenuated form, the amenities of street life in shopping malls where vehicles are forbidden. Rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ... Driveway to a farm A driveway is a type of private road for local access to one or a small group of structures, and maintained by an individual or group. ... Traffic calming is a set of strategies used by urban planners and traffic engineers which aim to slow down or reduce traffic, thereby improving safety for pedestrians and bicyclists as well as improving the amenity of the street for residents and visitors. ... A shopping mall (or simply mall), shopping center, or shopping arcade is a building or set of buildings that contain stores, and has interconnecting walkways enabling visitors to easily walk from store to store. ...


If a road connects places, then a street connects people. One may "hit the road" to see the wonders of the worldJack Kerouac famously chronicled one such journey—but the latest bling will "hit the streets" before it ever appears on a road. It is "on the street" where one hears an interesting rumor, where one bumps into an old acquaintance, where one acquires smarts. One seldom sees a "road" vendor except of fresh produce, or a "road" performer. You'll never find yourself on a long "street" to nowhere or under assault by a violent "road" gang, hence politicians seldom view with alarm the prevalence of "crime in the roads". The street, not the road is home to the homeless unless they are hoboes, and even Kerouac's hero finally returned to find his friends on a New York street. The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world, the name of a list of the most impressive achievements of ancient civilizations in the east of the Mediterranean world. ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, artist, and part of the Beat Generation. ... On the Road book cover On the Road is a novel by Jack Kerouac, published by Viking Press in 1957. ... Bling Bling is a 1999 hit hip-hop song by The B.G., featuring his Cash Money labelmates Juvenile, Lil Wayne, Turk, Baby, and Mannie Fresh. ... A rumor (U.S.) or rumour (Commonwealth countries, please see American and British English spelling differences) is a piece of purportedly true information that circulates without substantiating evidence. ... Streetwise has a number of different meanings: wisdom in a particular subject; knowledge of youth culture, also called Street; practical knowledge, as opposed to ivory tower or bookish knowledge, knowledge on how to succeed through life, or generally how to avoid the pitfalls; it can be used in a euphemistic... A performance artist dressed as a hobo Hobo is a term that refers to a subculture of wandering homeless people, particularly those who make a habit of hopping freight trains. ...


A town square or plaza is a little more like a street, but a town square is rarely paved with asphalt and may not make any concessions for through traffic at all. A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. ... Base layer of asphalt concrete in a road under construction. ...


Nomenclature

Main article: Street name
Abbey Road, London
Abbey Road, London

There is a haphazard relationship, at best, between a thoroughfare's function and its name. For example, London's Abbey Road serves all the vital functions of a street, despite its name, and locals are more apt to refer to the "street" outside than the "road". A desolate road in rural Montana, on the other hand, may bear a sign proclaiming it "Davidson Street", but this does not make it a "street" except in the original sense of a paved road. Abbey Road in London A street name or odonym is an identifying name given to a street. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1286x860, 133 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Abbey Road Studios Zebra crossing Street Abbey Road (street) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1286x860, 133 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Abbey Road Studios Zebra crossing Street Abbey Road (street) ... Abbey Road street sign from Westminster, London Abbey Road is a throroughfare located in the borough of Camden and the City Of Westminster in London. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In the United Kingdom many towns will refer to their main thoroughfare as the High Street (in the United States it would be called the Main Street — however, occasionally "Main Street" in a city or town is a street other than the de facto main thoroughfare), and many of the ways leading off it will be named "Road" despite the urban setting. Thus the town's so-called "Roads" will actually be more streetlike than a road. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Main Street. ... Main Street in Los Altos, California. ...


Some streets may even be seen as highways. Hurontario Street in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, is commonly referred to as " Highway 10" — even though such a highway designation no longer officially exists. This is probably due to the fact that the street is a a modern suburban arterial that was urbanized after decades of having the status and function a true highway, so people continued to use the number because of force of habit. Hurontario Street is a roadway running in Ontario Canada between Lake Ontario at Port Credit and Lake Huron at Collingwood. ... Motto: Pride in our past, Faith in our future Area: 288. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24... Ontario provincial highway 10 is a Ontario provincial highways in Ontario, Canada. ...


In some other English-speaking countries, such as New Zealand and Australia, cities are often divided by a main "Road," with "Streets" leading from this "Road", or are divided by thoroughfares known as "Streets" or "Roads" with no apparent differentiation between the two. In Auckland, for example, the main shopping precinct is around Queen Street and Karangahape Road. Schematic map of Auckland. ... Queen Street in downtown Auckland Queen Street, Auckland, New Zealand, is the major commercial thoroughfare of the countrys main population centre. ... Located close to the central business district of the city of Auckland, New Zealand - Karangahape Road (also known as K Road) is one of Aucklands most colourful places. ...


Streets have existed for as long as humans have lived in permanent settlements (see civilization). However, modern civilization in much of the New World developed around transportation provided by motor vehicles. In some parts of the English-speaking world, such as North America, many think of the street as a thoroughfare for vehicular traffic first and foremost. In this view, pedestrian traffic is incidental to the street's purpose; a street consists of a thoroughfare running through the middle (in essence, a road), and may or may not have sidewalks along the sides. Cities are a major hallmark of human civilization. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sidewalk. ...


In an even narrower sense, some may think of a street as only the vehicle-driven and parking part of the thoroughfare. Thus, sidewalks and tree lawns would not be thought of as part of the street. A mother may tell her toddlers "Don't go out into the street, so you don't get hit by a car." Underground parking garage at the University of Minnesota. ... A sidewalk. ... A tree lawn, also called a nature strip or devils strip in some areas, is a small area, often planted with trees and grass, between a street and the sidewalk of that street. ...


Among urban residents of the English-speaking world, the word appears to carry its original connotations (i.e. the facilitation of traffic as a prime purpose, and "street life" as an incidental benefit). For instance, a New York Times writer lets casually slip the observation that automobile-laden Houston Street is "a street that can hardly be called 'street' anymore, transformed years ago into an eight-lane raceway that alternately resembles a Nascar event and a parking lot." [1] Published in the paper's Metro section, the article evidently presumes an audience with an innate grasp of the modern urban role of the street. To the readers of the Metro section, vehicular traffic does not reinforce, but rather detracts from, the essential "street-ness" of a street. Houston Street is a large thoroughfare running east - west through the downtown area of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, one block south of 1st Street. ...


At least one map has been made to illustrate the geography of naming conventions for thoroughfares; street, avenue, boulevard, circle, and other suffixes are contrasted against one another.[7]


Etymology

Street has its origins in the latin strata (meaning "paved road"). Its original use, in Old English applied the word to Roman roads such as Ermin Street, Watling Street, etc. Later it acquired a dialectical meaning of "straggling village", which were often laid out on the verges of Roman Roads. In the middle ages, a road was a way people travelled, with ""street"" applied specifically to paved ways[8]. Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... The Roman Era is a period in Western history, when ancient Rome was the center of power of the world around the Mediterranean Sea, where Latin was the lingua franca. ... Ermin Street (not to be confused with Ermine Street, which is further east) is one of the great Roman Roads of Britain. ... The modern Watling Street crossing the Medway at Rochester near the Roman and Celt crossings Watling Street is the name given to a British ancient trackway which was first used by the Celts mainly between the modern cities of Canterbury and St Albans. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


See also

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The phrase built environment refers to the manmade surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places. ... Street reclaiming is the process of converting streets for non-car use. ... Roads can be pedestrian-friendly by measures such as: no other traffic allowed; in addition poles may prevent cars from entering low speed limit for other traffic wide pavements pedestrian crossings, especially with priority for pedestrians restrictions on advertising material cluttering shopping streets a partial or full roof to protect... German Woonerf or living street (Dan Burden) A living street (also known as a home zone, and by the Dutch name woonerf) is a street in which, unlike in most streets, the needs of car drivers are secondary to the needs of users of the street as a whole. ... A pedestrian street is a street where pedestrian traffic is given partial or total priority over all other kinds of traffic. ... It has been suggested that Pedestrian street be merged into this article or section. ... An urban car is a car designed to be used in city traffic. ... Street furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed on streets and roads for various purposes, including benches, bollards, post boxes, phone boxes, streetlamps, street lighting, traffic lights, traffic signs, bus stops, grit bins, tram stops, taxi stands, public lavatories, fountains and memorials, and waste receptacles. ... A sign for Yonge Street at the intersection with Maitland Street. ... Parliament Street is a 50m long street in Exeter, England, which links the High Street to Waterbeer Lane and dates from the 14th century. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
HBO: K Street (536 words)
K Street stars political spinners James Carville and Mary Matalin, playing themselves in quasi-fictional circumstances: they run a start-up D.C. lobbying and consultancy firm.
K Street's most flabbergasting moment of cause/effect collapse took place in the first episode when Howard Dean is initially shown being coached by Carville and Paul Begala and later appears on an actual television broadcast delivering the joke Carville had placed in his mouth.
K Street stars an unlikely mix of actors and real-life consultants, including husband-and-wife James Carville and Mary Matalin.
Encyclopedia4U - Sesame Street - Encyclopedia Article (1121 words)
Sesame Street is an educational television program for young children, which led the way for many of the modern edutainment style shows.
Sesame Street is produced by Sesame Workshop, formerly known as the Children's Television Workshop or CTW.
History of Sesame Street The original format of the show called for the humans to be shown in plots on the street, intermixed with the segments of animation, live action shorts and Muppets.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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