FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Straw" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Straw
Bales of straw
Bales of straw
bundles of rice straw
bundles of rice straw
Pile of straw bales, sheltered under a tarpaulin
Pile of straw bales, sheltered under a tarpaulin

Straw is an agricultural byproduct, the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. Straw makes up about half of the yield of a cereal crop such as barley, oats, rice, rye or wheat. In times gone by, it was regarded as a useful by-product of the harvest, but with the advent of the combine harvester, straw has become more of a burden, almost a nuisance to farmers. Image File history File links Strohräder. ... Image File history File links Strohräder. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Rice_straw. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Rice_straw. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2496x1674, 858 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Straw ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2496x1674, 858 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Straw ... This article is about cereals in general. ... A nutrient is either a chemical element or compound used in an organisms metabolism or physiology. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... A by-product is a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction, and is not the primary product or service being produced. ... Look up Harvest in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A postage stamp of a combine honors Russian agriculture. ...


However, straw can be put to many uses, old and new.


Uses of straw

  • Biofuels
    • The use of straw as a carbon-neutral energy source is increasing rapidly, especially for biobutanol.
  • Bedding humans or livestock
    • The straw-filled mattress, also known as palliasse, is still used in many parts of the world.
    • It is often sold as bedding and food for small animals, but this often leads to injuries to mouth, nose and eyes as straw is quite sharp.
  • Animal feed
    • Straw may be fed as part of the roughage component of the diet to cattle that are on a near maintenance level of energy intake. It has a low digestible energy and nutrient content. The heat generated when microorganisms in a herbivore's gut digest straw can be useful in maintaining body temperature in cold climates. However, due to the risk of injuries, hay is a much better alternative.
  • Thatching
    • Thatched roofs are becoming increasingly popular, and the skills of a master thatcher are once again in demand.
  • Packaging
    • Straw is resistant to being crushed and therefore makes a good packing material. A company in France makes a straw mat sealed in thin plastic sheets.
    • Straw envelopes for wine bottles have become rarer, but are still to be found at some wine merchants.
  • Paper
    • Straw can be pulped to make paper.
  • Archery targets
    • Heavy gauge straw rope is coiled and sewn tightly together. This is no longer done entirely by hand, but is partially mechanised.
  • Horse collars
    • Working horses are making a comeback, and there is a need for horse collars stuffed with good quality rye straw. Being a "long straw filler" is a highly skilled job.
  • Construction material: bricks / cob
    • In many parts of the world, straw is used to bind clay and concrete. This mixture of clay and straw, known as cob, can be used as a building material. There are many recipes for making cob.
    • When baled, straw has excellent insulation characterics. It can be used, alone or in a post-and-beam construction, to build straw bale houses.
  • Rope
    • Rope made from straw was used by thatchers, in the packaging industry and even in iron foundries.
  • Straw plait for the hatting industry
    • Until about 100 years ago, thousands of women and children in England were employed in the straw hat making industry. These days the straw plait is imported.
  • Basketry
    • Bee skeps and linen baskets are made from coiled and bound together continuous lengths of straw. The technique is known as lip work.
  • Horticulture
    • Straw is used in cucumber houses and for mushroom growing.
    • In Japan, certain trees are wrapped with straw to protect them from the effects of a hard winter as well as to use them as a trap for parasite insects.
    • It is also used in ponds to 'soak up' algae.
    • The soil under strawberries is covered with straw to protect the ripe berries from dirt.
    • Straw also makes an excellent mulch.
Belarusian Straw Bird
Belarusian Straw Bird
  • Erosion control
    • Burned area emergency response
    • Ground cover
    • In-stream check dams

For articles on specific fuels used in vehicles, see Biogas, Bioethanol, Biobutanol, Biodiesel, and Straight vegetable oil Sugar cane can be used as a biofuel. ... Butanol (butyl alcohol) is a higher alcohol with a 4 carbon atom structure and a general formula of C4H10O. There are 4 different isomeric structures for butanol (refer to box). ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Fodder growing from barley In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, including cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. ... Stacked hay in Romania Haystacks on stilts in Paddy fields, North Kanara, India Hay is dried grass or legumes cut, stored, and used for animal feed, particularly for grazing animals like cattle, horses, goats and sheep. ... A thatched pub (The Williams Arms) at Wrafton, near Braunton, North Devon, England “thatch” redirects here. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... A blank sheet of paper Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... It has been suggested that Primitive Archery be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Cob building dated 1539 in Devon, England. ... A round baler A baler is a piece of farm machinery that is used to compress a cut, raked, crop (such as hay or straw) into bales and bind the bales with twine. ... Further detailed information formerly in this article was moved to Wikibooks in May 2006 Straw-bale construction is a building method that uses straw bales as structural elements, insulation, or both. ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... A straw hat is a large brimmed hat that is woven out of straw. ... Four styles of household basket. ... Domesticated Western honey bees are kept in beehives. ... Four styles of household basket. ... Horticulture (Latin: hortus (garden plant) + cultura (culture)) is classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... Binomial name L. The cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family Cucurbitaceae, which includes squash, and in the same genus as the muskmelon. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... - Species 20+ species; see text The strawberry (Fragaria) is a genus of plants in the family Rosaceae, and the fruit of these plants. ... In agriculture and gardening, mulch is a protective cover placed over the soil, primarily to modify the effects of the local climate. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 650 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1487 × 1372 pixel, file size: 330 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 650 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1487 × 1372 pixel, file size: 330 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Look up Decoration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Corn dollies are a form of straw work associated with harvest customs. ... Straw marquetry is a craft very similar to that of wood marquetry except that straw replaces the wood veneer. ... Terraces, conservation tillage, and conservation buffers save soil and improve water quality on this Iowa farm. ... Debris Rack (NRCS) Burned area emergency response (BAER) is an emergency risk management reaction to post wildfire conditions that pose risks to human life and property or could further destabilize or degrade the burned lands. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Straw - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (540 words)
Straw is an agricultural byproduct, the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed.
Straw may be fed as part of the roughage component of the diet to cattle that are on a near maintenance level of energy intake.
Straw is used in cucumber houses and for mushroom growing.
Your Home Technical Manual - 3.4e Construction Systems - Straw Bale (3606 words)
Straw is derived from grasses and is regarded as a 'renewable' building material since its primary energy input is solar and it can be grown and harvested.
Straw bales are inherently low in embodied energy but most are produced by fossil-fueled machinery, they are tied together by plastic twine and may end up being transported over hundreds of kilometres.
A straw bale wall requires footings with a similar load carrying capacity to that required for a masonry wall, although a straw wall is generally much lighter (one mud brick weighs about the same as a straw bale).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m