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Encyclopedia > Strategy

A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, most often "winning". Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand by its nature of being extensively premeditated, and often practically rehearsed. An objective or goal is a personal or organizational desired end point in development. ... Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) are the collective name for methods for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ...


The word derives from the Greek word stratēgos, which derives from two words: stratos (army) and ago (ancient Greek for leading). Stratēgos referred to a 'military commander' during the age of Athenian Democracy. The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA // – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... The speakers platform in the Pnyx, the meeting ground of the assembly where all the great political struggles of Athens were fought during the Golden Age. Here Athenian statesmen stood to speak, such as Pericles and Aristides in the 5th century BC and Demosthenes and Aeschines in the 4th...

Contents

Interpretation

Strategy is adaptable by nature rather than a rigid set of instructions. The simplest explanation of this is the analogy of a sports scenario. If a football team were to organize a plan in which the ball is passed in a particular sequence between specifically positioned players, their success is dependent on each of those players both being present at the exact location, and remembering exactly when, from whom and to whom the ball is to be passed; moreover that no interruption to the sequence occurs. By comparison, if the team were to simplify this plan to a strategy where the ball is passed in the pattern alone, between any of the team, and at any area on the field, then their vulnerability to variables is greatly reduced, and the opportunity to operate in that manner occurs far more often. This manner is a strategy.


Strategy may be practiced by the strong or by the weak. But the practice of strategy by the weak or the underdog was excluded from philosophical discourse by Aristotle, who dismissed it as 'the way of thinking of women and the vanquished.'


Application

Originally confined to military matters, the word has become commonly used in many disparate fields, such as:

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [oeko], house, and νέμω [nemo], distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources through measurable variables. ... Geostrategy is a subfield of geopolitics. ... Grand strategy is military strategy considered at the level of the movement and use of an entire nation state or empires resources. ... This article is about real and historical warfare. ... Strategy serves as the foundation of a marketing plan. ... In finance, a trading strategy (see also trading system) is a predifined set of rules to apply. ... A Technology strategy (as in Information technology) is a planning document that explains how information technology should be utilized as part of an organizations overall business strategy. ... In the fields of strategic management, marketing strategy, and operational strategy, digital strategy is the process of specifying an organizations vision, initiatives and processes in order to deploy their online assets (as of 2007, these include: web sites, mini-sites, mobile sites, digital audio and video content, rich Internet... In game theory, a players strategy, in a game or a business situation, is a complete plan of action for whatever situation might arise; this fully determines the players behaviour. ... This article seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ...

Noted Texts On Strategy

The nature of historic texts differs greatly from area to area, and given the nature of strategy itself, there are some potential parallels between various forms of strategy (noting, for example, the popularity of the Art of War as a business book). Each domain generally has its own foundational texts, as well as more recent contributions to new applications of strategy. Some of these are: The Art of War (Chinese: 孫子兵法 sūn zi bīng fǎ) was a Chinese military text written during the 6th century BC by Sun Tzu. ...

Il Principe (The Prince) is a political treatise by the Florentine public servant and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli. ... Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (May 3, 1469 – June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher, musician, poet, and romantic comedic playwright. ... The Arthashastra (more precisely Arthaśāstra) is a treatise on statecraft and economic policy which identifies its author by the names Kautilya[1] and Viṣṇugupta,[2] who are traditionally identified with the Mauryan minister Cāṇakya. ... Chānakya (Sanskrit: चाणक्य) (c. ... i love orange pekoe tea!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ... This article is about real and historical warfare. ... The Art of War is a Chinese military treatise written during the 6th century BC by Sun Tzu. ... Sun Tzu (孫子 also commonly written in pinyin: Sūn Zǐ) was the author of The Art of War, an influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy (for the most part not dealing directly with tactics). ... Strategikon (6th century) is a manual of war by Byzantine emperor Maurice I; it is moreover a practical manual, a rather modest elementary handbook, in the words of its introduction, for those devoting themselves to generalship. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... A solidus of Maurikios reign. ... This follis by Leo VI bears the Byzantine Emperors official title, BASILEVS ROMEON, Emperor of the Romans; translation of text: Leo, by the grace of God, King of Romans Leo VI the Wise or the Philosopher (Greek: Λέων ΣΤ΄, Leōn VI, Armenian: [1]), (September 19, 866 – May 11, 912) was Byzantine... Neo Gomanism Manifesto Special - On War Vom Kriege (complete text available here) is a book on war and military strategy by Prussian general Carl von Clausewitz, written mostly after the Napoleonic wars, between 1816 and 1830, and published posthumously by his wife in 1832. ... Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz (IPA: ) (June 1, 1780[1] – November 16, 1831) was a Prussian soldier, military historian and influential military theorist. ... The military historian Basil Liddell Hart. ... “Mao” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840–December 1, 1914) was a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [oeko], house, and νέμω [nemo], distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources through measurable variables. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and conform with our NPOV policy, this article or section may require cleanup. ... John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB (pronounced cains, IPA ) (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946) was a British economist whose ideas, called Keynesian economics, had a major impact on modern economic and political theory as well as on many governments fiscal policies. ... Strategic management is the process of specifying an organizations objectives, developing policies and plans to achieve these objectives, and allocating resources so as to implement the plans. ... ... Michael Eugene Porter is an American academic focused on management and economics. ... Professor Henry Mintzberg, OC , OQ , Ph. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Strategy Safari (FT Prentice Hall, 2002), subtitled A Guided Tour Through the Wilds of Strategic Management by Henry Mintzberg, Bruce Ahlstrand and Joseph Lampel is an overview of the full field of academic and business studies of strategy, based on a previous lecture series by Mintzberg. ... Professor Henry Mintzberg, OC , OQ , Ph. ... Bruce Ahlstrand is a senior faculty member in the Business Administration program at Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario. ... Marcel Detienne (born 1935) is a Belgian historian and specialist in the study of ancient Greece. ... Jean-Pierre Vernant, born 4 January 1914 in Provins, France, French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece and particularly Greek mythology. ... Metis can refer to a number of things: Metis was a Titaness and the first wife of Zeus. ...

See also

Look up strategy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) are the collective name for methods for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... Morphological analysis (or General Morphological Analysis) is a method developed by Fritz Zwicky (1967, 1969) for exploring all the possible solutions to a multi-dimensional, non-quantified problem complex. ... Nuclear strategy involves the development of doctrines and strategies for the production and use of nuclear weapons. ... A plan is a proposed or intended method of getting from one set of circumstances to another. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Poker strategy is a complex subject. ... Chess is one of the most well-known and played strategy games of all time. ... Strategic planning is an organizations process SCREW YOU, RILEY of defining its strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy, including its capital and people. ... The city heart of Rotterdam after being terror bombed by Germany in 1940, the ruin of the (now restored) Laurens Kerk is the only building that reminds people of Rotterdams medieval architecture. ... The dynamic model of strategy is a way of understanding how strategic actions occur. ... Companies that compete by selling similar products (or even substitutes) to the same group of customers constitute an industry. ... Synergy (from the Greek synergos, συνεργός meaning working together, circa 1660) refers to the phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents. ... In tennis, a player uses different strategies that both enhance his own strengths and exploit his opponents weaknesses in order to gain the advantage and win more points. ... Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ...

Notes

External Links

  • for Strategic Innovation, see http://www.zooz.co.il/eng/marketing_article11.shtml
  • for underdog strategy, see http://www.lakeheadu.ca/~polisci/index.html
  • for strategy vs tactics, see Article on Strategy Vs Tactics

  Results from FactBites:
 
Military strategy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4056 words)
In the environment of the grand strategy, the military component is largely reduced to operational strategy -- the planning and control of large military units such as corps and divisions.
The practice of strategy was advanced by generals such as Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman, all of whom had been influenced by the feats of Napoleon (Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was said to have carried a book of Napoleon's maxims with him).
The strategy he formulated was the Schlieffen Plan, defending in the east while concentrating for a decisive victory in the west, after which the Germans would go on to the offensive in the east.
Strategy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, as differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand.
A strategy is typically an idea that distinguishes a course of action by its hypothesis that a certain future position offers an advantage for acquiring some designated gain.
The nature of historic texts differs greatly from area to area, and, while there are some potential parallels between various forms of strategy (noting, for example, the popularity of the Art of War as a business book), each domain generally has its own foundational texts, a brief mention of some of these follows:
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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