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Encyclopedia > Stranraer
Stranraer
Gaelic - An t-Sròn Reamhar
Scots - Stranraer
Population 10,851 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NX055605
Council area Dumfries and Galloway
Lieutenancy area Wigtown
Constituent country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Stranraer
Postcode district DG9
Dial code 01776
Vehicle code SA-SJ (Glasgow)
Police Dumfries and Galloway
Fire Dumfries and Galloway
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament Dumfries and Galloway
Scottish Parliament Galloway and Upper Nithsdale
European Parliament Scotland
List of places: UKScotland

Stranraer (An t-Sròn Reamhar in Gaelic) is a town in the south of Scotland in the west of the region of Dumfries and Galloway and in the county of Wigtownshire. It is best known as a ferry port connecting Scotland with Belfast in Northern Ireland. Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Scots refers to the Anglic varieties spoken in parts of Scotland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (553x933, 177 KB) Summary Based on Image:Scotland (Location) Template (HR). ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas of Scotland which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils which have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997 (as chosen by Na h-Eileanan an Iar) of being known... Dumfries and Galloway (Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh in Gaelic) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... Wigtownshire is a small traditional county in the south west of Scotland. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The DG postcode area, also known as the Dumfries postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Annan, Canonbie, Castle Douglas, Dalbeattie, Dumfries, Gretna, Kirkcudbright, Langholm, Lockerbie, Moffat, Newton Stewart, Sanquhar, Stranraer and Thornhill in Scotland. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... In the United Kingdom, all motor-powered road vehicles, including cars (but excepting the official cars of the reigning monarch) have had to carry registration plates (more commonly known as number plates) since 1904. ... The following are the vehicle number plate identifiers used in Great Britain since the 2001 changes to British vehicle number plates. ... Map showing the council areas of Scotland with Dumfries and Galloway highlighted. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Dumfries and Galloway Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue sercvice for the area of Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Dumfries and Galloway is a constituency of in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Galloway and Upper Nithsdale is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of burghs in Scotland List of cities in the United Kingdom Lists of places within Scottish regions List of places in Orkney List of places in Shetland List of places in the Borders region of Scotland List of places in the Central region of Scotland List of places in... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Dumfries and Galloway (Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh in Gaelic) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. ... Wigtownshire is a small traditional county in the south west of Scotland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Northern Ireland County: District: Belfast UK Parliament: Belfast North Belfast South Belfast East Belfast West European Parliament: Northern Ireland Dialling Code: 028, +44 28 posttown = Belfast Postal District(s): BT1-BT17, BT29 (part of), BT58 Area: 115 km² Population (2001) Website: www. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...

Contents

Geography and administration

Stranraer & the shores of Loch Ryan, as seen from the North Eastern end of the town
Stranraer & the shores of Loch Ryan, as seen from the North Eastern end of the town

Stranraer lies on the shores of Loch Ryan on the northern side of the isthmus joining the Rhins of Galloway to the mainland. The name comes from the Scottish Gaelic "An t-Sròn Reamhar" meaning literally "The Fat Nose", but which more prosaically might be rendered as "the broad headland". Image File history File links Stranraer_from_NE.jpg Summary Photograph of Stranraer as viewed from extreme north east of town, taken from A77 looking back across the town and shores of Loch Ryan. ... Image File history File links Stranraer_from_NE.jpg Summary Photograph of Stranraer as viewed from extreme north east of town, taken from A77 looking back across the town and shores of Loch Ryan. ... Loch Ryan is a Scottish sea loch that furnishes a natural sheltered anchorage for ships. ... The Isthmus of Panama connects North and South America. ... The Rhins of Galloway (known locally simply as The Rhins) is a hammer-head peninsula in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Sròn is the Gaelic word for nose and is the name of some hills in the Scottish Highlands. ...


Stranraer is one of the administrative centres of the region.


Stranraer is the main capital for western Dumfries and Galloway (Mid Galloway)


It is the main employer this side of the region for places like; Drummore, Port Patrick, Leswalt, Cairn Ryan and as far east as Creetown (Newton Stewart & Wigtown)It also house most of the commercial, industrial and residentual in the area, second highest in the area next to Dumfries.


History

The Castle of St. John is a medieval tower house, built around 1500 by the Adairs of Kilhilt. It has been used as a home, a court, a prison and a military garrison, the latter during the Killing Times in the 1680s. Stranraer became a burgh of barony in 1596 and a royal burgh in 1617. The Castle of St. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Clononey castle in Co. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events and Trends The Treaty of Ratisbon between France and England in 1684 ended the Age of Buccaneers. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ...


Stranraer and its surrounding area saw a significant amount of activity during the Second World War, as it became a focus for anti U-boat work. Flying boats operated from the area to attempt to secure the waters of the North Channel and the south western coast of Scotland, with both areas seeing almost all Britain’s shipping imports pass through those seas en-route to the Clyde or the Mersey. Indeed the flying boat Supermarine Stranraer is named after the town. Winston Churchill himself departed from Stranraer in a Boeing Flying boat on the night of the June 25 1942, when making his second visit of the war to the USA.
Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The North Channel is the stretch of water which separates Ireland from Scotland. ... The Supermarine Stranraer marked the end of biplane flying-boat devlopment for the Royal Air Force. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Present day

Stranraer, as viewed from Gallowhill
Stranraer, as viewed from Gallowhill

Stranraer is best known as a ferry port connecting Scotland with Belfast (and previously with Larne) in Northern Ireland. In 2003 Stena Line announced plans to transfer its operations to a new port at Old House Point, north of Cairnryan. Later Stena and P&O announced an agreement to share Cairnryan port. The move north is part of an effort to shorten the journey time of the Stena HSS service (High-speed Sea Service) and increase sailings from four to five per day. The HSS, a high-speed catamaran, is obliged to slow considerably when in Loch Ryan and Belfast Lough due to the large wake which it produces at higher speeds. The sailing time from Cairnryan to Stranraer is approximately ten minutes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2605x813, 1503 KB) Summary Panoramic view of Stranraer, Scotland, composed from photos taken from Gallowhill, summer 2000, by User:SFC9394 and originally uploaded as Image:Stranraer Scotland Panorama. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2605x813, 1503 KB) Summary Panoramic view of Stranraer, Scotland, composed from photos taken from Gallowhill, summer 2000, by User:SFC9394 and originally uploaded as Image:Stranraer Scotland Panorama. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Northern Ireland County: District: Belfast UK Parliament: Belfast North Belfast South Belfast East Belfast West European Parliament: Northern Ireland Dialling Code: 028, +44 28 posttown = Belfast Postal District(s): BT1-BT17, BT29 (part of), BT58 Area: 115 km² Population (2001) Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Stena Line is one of the worlds largest ferry operators, with ferry services around the UK and Scandinavia. ... Cairnryan is a small Scottish village overlooking Loch Ryan and is notable today for its large modern ferry port, operated by P&O, which links Scotland with Larne in Northern Ireland. ... The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company or P&O is a shipping line which started in 1840 after the Peninsular Steam Navigation Company won the British Admiralty contract to carry the mail overseas in 1837. ... HSS 1500 Stena Explorer leaving Holyhead en route to Dún Laoghaire The High-speed Sea Service, or Stena HSS is the name commonly given to type of high-speed craft operated by the Stena Shipping Line. ... It has been suggested that Catamaran History be merged into this article or section. ... Loch Ryan is a Scottish sea loch that furnishes a natural sheltered anchorage for ships. ... Belfast Lough (Loch Lao in Irish) is a large intertidal sea lough situated at the mouth of the River Lagan on the east coast of Northern Ireland. ...


The town is the home of Stranraer F.C., the local semi-professional football team who play at Stair Park. Next season they will be playing in the Scottish Third Division after being beaten by East Fife in this season's Scottish Second Division play offs. Stranraer FC are a football team currently playing in the Scottish Football League. ... The Scottish Football League Third Division is the third highest division of the Scottish Football League and the fourth highest overall in the Scottish football league system. ... East Fife F.C. are a Scottish football team currently playing in the Scottish Football League. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The Old Town Hall, built in 1776, now houses Stranraer Museum with its displays of Victorian Wigtownshire and the town's polar explorers, Sir John Ross and his nephew James Clark Ross. City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Engraving of Ross Sir John Ross (June 24, 1777 – August 30, 1856) was a British rear admiral and Arctic explorer. ... Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a British naval officer and explorer. ...


Stranraer has five primary schools and one secondary school (Stranraer Academy). The 'Academy', as it is referred to, is a comprehensive school consisting of two 1960's modernist buildings and one ultra modern. The New Building has excellent physical education facilities. The school has around 1100 pupils, 90 members of staff and serves both the town itself and the surrounding villages and rural populations. The original Stranraer Academy was opened in 1845 on the site of the present John Niven Campus. ... A Comprehensive school is a type of school providing secondary level education in England or Wales. ... Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all area of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ...


At this present day Stranraer lies as Dumfries and Galloways Second Largest town (or as locals call it, 'toon/the toon') with a population spurring of nearly 13,000+ compared to that of the next town Annan (nearly 8,000). It is currently undergoing redevlopment in the South Central Area (known as Dick's Hill, Ochtralure and the southern part of Liddesdale into the Gallow Hills)


Many people in the region and districts of Carrick and Ayrshire in the north reckon in years to come, Stranraer will overcome the current capital of Dumfries reference population and industry. This is shown by its radical development in the last ten years and it is ever more possible for Stranraer to turn into an Administrative center of its own, if not, Dumfries & Galloway


Culture

A reference to Stranraer is made in the song Cap In Hand by The Proclaimers, in which they say that the town's football team could "lose less if it signed Hibs' goalie." The Proclaimers are a Irish band composed of identical twins Charlie and Craig Reid. ... Hibernian Football Club (informally known as Hibs) are a Scottish professional football club based in Leith, north Edinburgh. ...


Reference

  • Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (number 82) - 1:50,000 scale (1.25 inches to 1 mile).

Coordinates: 54.90125° N 5.03503° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Stranraer Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland (550 words)
Stranraer is the largest settlement in south west Scotland.
At about this time Stranraer was reached by a military road built from Dumfries to allow easier access to Portpatrick, then the main port for Ireland.
In the 1970s PandO moved their services from Stranraer to a new terminal built nearer the mouth of Loch Ryan at Cairnryan and in 2000 the SeaCat fast catamaran service from Belfast was switched from Stranraer to Troon.
Stranraer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (580 words)
Stranraer (An t-Sròn Reamhar in Gaelic) is a town in the south of Scotland in the west of the region of Dumfries and Galloway and was formerly in the county of Wigtownshire.
Stranraer became a burgh of barony in 1596 and a royal burgh in 1617.
Stranraer and its surrounding area saw a significant amount of activity during the Second World War, as it became a focus for anti u-boat work.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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