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Encyclopedia > Strait of Hormuz
Historical map of the area (1892)
Historical map of the area (1892)
Map Of Strait of Hormuz
Map Of Strait of Hormuz
Satellite image

The Strait of Hormuz (Arabic: مضيق هرمز‎, Persian: تنگه هرمز‎) is a narrow, strategically important stretch of ocean between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest. On the north coast is Iran (Persia) and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman. Map Of Strait of Hormuz from http://www. ... Map Of Strait of Hormuz from http://www. ... Map Of Strait of Hormuz from http://www. ... Map Of Strait of Hormuz from http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x738, 101 KB) Estreito de Ormuz, de. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x738, 101 KB) Estreito de Ormuz, de. ... The Arabic language ( ), or simply Arabic ( ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Persian, (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ«), is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The worlds oceans as seen from the South Pacific Ocean Oceans (from Okeanos in Greek, the ancient Greeks noticing the strong current that flowed off Gibraltar and assuming it was a great river) cover almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth, and nearly half of the... The Gulf of Oman is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf. ... It has been suggested that Persian Gulf States be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... The Musandam peninsula is a region of Oman that is separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ...


The strait at its narrowest is 21 miles wide [1], having two 1-mile-wide channels for marine traffic separated by a 2-mile-wide buffer zone [2], and is the only sea passage to the open ocean for large areas of the petroleum exporting Persian Gulf States. Some 20 percent of the world's oil supply passes through the strait every day.[3]. This is roughly 25 percent of the world’s daily oil production. [4] Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... The Arabian Gulf States, also called the Gulf States (which may cause a confusion with the Gulf States of the United States, which are those along the Gulf of Mexico), are the countries in Southwest Asia or the Middle East which border the Arabian Gulf. ...

Contents

Etymology

The opening to the Persian Gulf was described, but not given a name, in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, a 1st-century mariner's guide: The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (Periplus Maris Erythraei ) is a Greek periplus, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along East Africa and India. ...

Ch.35. At the upper end of these Calaei islands is a range of mountains called Calon, and there follows not far beyond, the mouth of the Persian Gulf, where there is much diving for the pearl-mussel. To the left of the straits are great mountains called Asabon, and to the right there rises in full view another round and high mountain called Semiramis; between them the passage across the strait is about six hundred stadia; beyond which that very great and broad sea, the Persian Gulf, reaches far into the interior. At the upper end of this Gulf there is a market-town designated by law called Apologus, situated near Charax Spasini and the River Euphrates.

There are two opinions about the etymology of this name. In popular belief the derivation is from the name of the Persian God هرمز Hormoz (a variant of Ahura Mazda). Compare the Pillars of Hercules at the entrance to the Mediterranean. Scholars, historians and linguists derive the name "Ormuz" from the local Persian word هورمغ Hur-mogh meaning datepalm. In the local dialects of Hurmoz and Minab this strait is still called Hurmogh and has the aforementioned meaning. Ahura Mazda is the Avestan language name for an exalted divinity of ancient proto-Indo-Iranian religion that was subsequently declared by Zarathustra (Zoroaster) to be the one uncreated creator of all. ... The Pillars of Hercules Monument at Jews Gate, Gibraltar The Pillars of Hercules is the ancient name given to the promontories that flank the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. ... Persian, (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ«), is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...


Events

Operation Praying Mantis

On 18 April 1988, the U.S. Navy waged a one-day battle against Iranian forces in and around the strait. The battle, dubbed Operation Praying Mantis by the U.S. side, was launched in retaliation for the 14 April mining of the USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58). U.S. forces sank two Iranian warships and as many as six armed speedboats in the engagement. Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... --> USS (FFG-58) is one of the final vessels in the United States Navys Oliver Hazard Perry class of guided missile frigates. ...


The downing of Iran Air 655

Main article: Iran Air Flight 655

On July 3, 1988, 290 people were killed when an Iran Air Airbus A300 passenger jet was shot down over the strait by the United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes. There is still lingering controversy about the event, considered among the most controversial tragedies in aviation history. Iran Air Flight 655 (IR655) was a commercial flight operated by Iran Air that flew from Bandar Abbas, Iran to Dubai. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Iran Air DC-3 Iran Air is Irans flag carrier airline. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... USN redirects here. ... A guided missile is a military rocket that can be directed in flight to change its flight path. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, launched in 1992. ... The fourth USS Vincennes (CG-49) is a U.S. Navy Ticonderoga class AEGIS guided missile cruiser. ... Iran Air Flight 655 (IR655) was a commercial flight operated by Iran Air that flew from Bandar Abbas, Iran to Dubai. ... First flight, December 17, 1903 Aviation or air transport refers to the activities surrounding human flight and the aircraft industry. ...


See also

Abu Musa or Gap-Sabzu (in Persian ابوموسی) is an island in the eastern Persian Gulf that now belongs to Iran. ... This is a list of Irans islands: Coastal islands Caspian Sea Ashooradeh archipelago Ashooradeh island Persian Gulf Abu Musa island Buneh island Dara island Farsi island Forur Bozorg island Forur Koochak island Forurgan island Greater and Lesser Tunbs Hendurabi island Hengam island Hormuz island Jonobi island Khark island Kish... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] For maritime law in general see Admiralty law. ...

External links

Coordinates: 26°34′N 56°15′E The Federation of American Scientists is a non-profit organization dedicated to the proper use of science and technology for the benefit of mankind. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Strait of Hormuz (138 words)
Strait separating the Persian Gulf to the west and the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea to the east.
The strait touches Iran to the north and Oman to the south (the peninsula of Musandam).
The strait of Hormuz is of great strategical importance, as it is the only sea route through which oil from Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, as well as most of United Arab Emirates, can be transported.
Hormuz, Strait of: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (717 words)
The Strait of Hormuz (Arabic: مضيق هرمز‎, Persian: تنگه هرمز) is a narrow, strategically important stretch of ocean between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest.
On the north coast is Iran (Persia) and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.
The strait at its narrowest is 21 miles wide [1], having two 1-mile-wide channels for marine traffic separated by a 2-mile-wide buffer zone [2], and is the only sea passage to the open ocean for large areas of the petroleum exporting Persian Gulf States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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