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Encyclopedia > Stop motion
A stop motion animation of a moving coin.

Stop motion (or frame-by-frame) animation is a general term for an animation technique which makes a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own. The object is moved by extremely small amounts between individually photographed frames, creating the illusion of movement when the series of frames are played as a continuous sequence. Clay figures are often used in stop motion animations, known as claymation, for their ease of repositioning. Software applications such as Stop Motion Pro, istopmotion and monkeyjam have made the technique popular among young filmmakers. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Clay animation is one of many forms of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is deformable, i. ... Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly to a task that the user wishes to perform. ... Stop Motion Pro is a Stop Motion animation software compatible with Microsoft Windows. ...

Contents

Technique

The original 1933 King Kong was one of the earliest and most famous uses of stop motion.

It is central to the techniques used on popular children's shows such as Gumby and most of the films of Claymation producer Will Vinton and his associates. Clay animation can take the style of "freeform" clay animation where the shape of the clay changes radically as the animation progresses, such as in the work of Eliot Noyes Jr and Church of the Subgenius co-founder Rev. Ivan Stang's animated films, or it can be "character" clay animation where the clay maintains a recognizable character throughout a shot, as in Art Clokey's and Will Vinton's films. Image File history File linksMetadata Kong_vs_T-Rex. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kong_vs_T-Rex. ... King Kong is a landmark 1933 Hollywood horror-adventure film in black-and-white about a gigantic prehistoric gorilla named Kong. ... Gumby and Pokey This article is about the animated character. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... J. R. Bob Dobbs The Church of the SubGenius is a group that satirizes religion, conspiracy theory, UFOs and popular culture originally based in Dallas, Texas, which gained prominence in the 1980s and 1990s subculture, with a large presence on the Internet. ... Rev. ... Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


One variation of clay animation is strata-cut animation in which a long bread-like loaf of clay, internally packed tight and loaded with varying imagery, is sliced into thin sheets, with the camera taking a frame of the end of the loaf for each cut, eventually revealing the movement of the internal images within. Pioneered in both clay and blocks of wax by German animator Oskar Fischinger during the 1920s and 30s, the technique was revived and highly refined in the mid-90s by David Daniels, an associate of Will Vinton, in his mind-numbing 16-minute short film Buzz Box. Clay animation is one of many forms of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is deformable, i. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Oskar Fischinger (1900-1967) was an abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter. ...


A final clay animation technique, and blurring the distinction between stop motion and traditional flat animation, is called clay painting (which is also a variation of the direct manipulation animation process mentioned below) where clay is placed on a flat surface and moved like "wet" oil paints as on a traditional artistic canvas to produce any style of images, but with a clay 'look' to them. Pioneering this technique was one-time Vinton animator Joan Gratz, first in her Oscar-nominated film The Creation (1980) and then in her Oscar-winning Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase filmed in 1992. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... One of then many forms of stop motion, but certainly blurring the distinction between stop motion and regular flat (drawing or cel) animation. ...


A variation of this technique was developed by another Vinton animator, Craig Bartlett, for his series of "Arnold" short films, also made during the 90s, in which he not only used clay painting, but sometimes built up clay images that rose off the plane of the flat support platform, toward the camera lens, to give a more 3-D stop-motion look to his films. Gratz has also collaborated with other animators such as Portland, Oregon's Joanna Priestly to produce films that animated 3-D objects on the flat animation table. An example is Priestly's Candy Jam film, also from the mid-90s, which can also be defined as object animation (defined below). Craig Bartlett (b. ... One of many forms of stop motion animation. ...


Method and variants

Stop motion is used to produce the animated movements of any non-drawn objects, including toys, blocks and dolls. This is known as object animation. One of many forms of stop motion animation. ...


Stop motion is also the means for producing pixilation, the animation of a living human being or animal, seen in whole or in part. Examples are the films of Mike Jittlov such as his The Wizard of Speed and Time short film (1980) and feature film of the same name (1987-9), the startling French 1989 short Gisele Kerozene by Eisa Cayo and Jan Kunen, and some of the work of Scottish pioneer animator Norman McLaren. Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. ... Mike Jittlov is the creator of many inventive movies using stop-motion animation, also known as pixilation. ...


One unusual (and certainly an exacting and laborious) stop motion technique is called pinscreen animation, first developed in Europe in the 1920s and refined in later decades by various animators working for the National Film Board of Canada. Pinscreen animation consists of thousands (or even millions) of pins evenly placed on a screen, able to be pushed and/or pulled through the screen, from both sides of the screen. Using a system of rollers, brayers, and other tools, various pins are pushed in and/or out of the screen to varying degrees, all carefully controlled. With lights set up at 90 degree angles to the screen, the shadows of extended pins fall on the heads of more retracted pins, creating a variety of silhouetted images that are animated frame-by-frame as various pins are carefully pushed in and/or out of the screen. An example of this is the 1976 National Film Board of Canada short, Mindscape. Pinscreen animation makes use of a screen filled with movable pins, which can be moved in or out by pressing an object onto the screen. ... The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ...


A variation of stop motion (and possibly more conceptually associated with traditional flat cel animation and paper drawing animation, but still technically qualifying as stop motion) is graphic animation which is the animation of photographs (in whole or in parts) and other non-drawn flat visual graphic material. Examples are Frank Mouris' 1973 Oscar-winning short film Frank Film and Charles Braverman's Braverman's Condensed Cream of Beatles (1972). GRAPHIC ANIMATION is a variation of stop motion (and possibly more conceptually associated with traditional flat cel animation and paper drawing animation, but still TECHNICALLY qualifying as stop motion) consisting of the animation of photographs (in whole or in parts) and other NON-DRAWN flat visual graphic material, such as...


A simplified variation of graphic animation is called direct manipulation animation which involves the frame-by-frame altering (or adding to) a single graphic image, as close as the stop motion process gets to the process of simply animating a series of drawings, which most people associate with the generic "animation" term. Examples of direct-maipulation-animation are parts of J. Stuart Blackton's 1906 Humorous Phases of Funny Faces parts of Winsor McCay's films from the 1910s, sections of Max and Dave Fleischer's Out of the Inkwell series of the 1920s, the chalk animation opening sequence of Will Vinton's Dinosaur (1980), and parts of Mike Jittlov's 1977 short film, Animato, which also uses graphic animation and pixilation. One of then many forms of stop motion, but certainly blurring the distinction between stop motion and regular flat (drawing or cel) animation. ...


Mere pieces of paper, sometimes with images drawn upon them, can be animated with stop motion, and is called cutout animation when lit from the camera side of the artwork (or to the sides of the artwork) so as to show the details of the paper such as color, textures, etc. The most prevalent use of cutout animation has been in Eastern Europe, where it has been a popular technique since the 1940s, being used in award-winning films such as Tale of Tales. In the West, cutout animation is probably better known for having been used to produce the demo pilot for Comedy Central's South Park series (then later simulated via computer animation for the main series). Scene from Yuriy Norshteyns upcoming feature film, The Overcoat Cutout animation is a unique technique for producing animations using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper, card, stiff fabric or even photographs. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... Tale of Tales (Russian: , Skazka skazok) is a 1979 Soviet animated film directed by Yuriy Norshteyn and produced by the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... This article is about the TV series. ...

When backlighted, cutout animation becomes simplified dark (black) images and is referred to as silhouette animation. It was used by German animation pioneer Lotte Reiniger for many short films as well as The Adventures of Prince Achmed (1926), the oldest-surviving feature-length animated film. Image File history File links Achmed1. ... Image File history File links Achmed1. ... The Adventures of Prince Achmed (German: ) (Arabic: ‎) is a 1926 feature-length animated film by the German animator Lotte Reiniger. ... Silhouette animation is one of many forms of stop motion and is also a simplified variation of graphic animation, which involves the frame-by-frame moving of cut out graphic shapes. ... Silhouette animation is one of many forms of stop motion and is also a simplified variation of graphic animation, which involves the frame-by-frame moving of cut out graphic shapes. ... Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. ... The Adventures of Prince Achmed (German: ) (Arabic: ‎) is a 1926 feature-length animated film by the German animator Lotte Reiniger. ...


Probably the most passive form of stop motion is time lapse animation in which a stop motion camera is simply clicked (manually or via an electronic intermittent control device called an intervalometer) to take a frame of film as each period of time lapses, as natural objects of nature and mankind move of their own accord, non-interfered with by the animator. The most common uses for time lapse stop-motion are moving clouds, seen daily during weather forecasts in moving satellite imagery, the speeding up of the growth of plants, and stars as they appear to "revolve" around the Earth. Although a few film makers experimented with time-lapse movie photography as far back as the silent film days, the main pioneer of the technique was Dr. John Ott, of Sarasota Florida, USA, who also developed the first automated-time-lapse systems for also moving the cameras as they photographed growing plants. Ott even broke the 'rule" of non-manipulation by changing his lights' color-temperatures with various filters and watering (or not watering) his plants to cause them to "dance" up and down in sync to a pre-recorded musical track. Ott did work for the Disney studio in the 50s before evolving into studies of the color-temperature of lights on the health of plants, then animals, and then humans. His "ott-Lights", which produce light specifically designed to stimulate better health in the user, are currently sold at select lighting stores throughout the world. Other time-lapse refiners are Ron Fricke and Geoffery Reggio in films such as Koyaanisqatsi (1983) Baraka (1992), and Chronos (1994); the Oxford Film Labs in Oxford, England, and Dan Ackerman of Portland, Oregon, USA. The flower of a geranium opening over a period of about two hours. ...


All animation, including all stop motion, requires a camera, using either motion picture film or some kind of digital image capturing system, that can expose single frames. It works by shooting a single frame of an object, then moving the object slightly, then shooting another frame. When the film runs continuously in a film projector, or other video playback system, the illusion of fluid motion is created and the objects appear to move by themselves. This is similar to the animation of cartoons, but using real objects instead of drawings. In film, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture. ...


History

Stop motion animation is almost as old as film-making itself. Of the forms already mentioned, object animation is the oldest, then direct manipulation animation, followed (roughly) by sequential drawings on multiple pages, which quickly evolved into cel animation, with clay animation, pixilation, puppet animation, and time-lapse being developed concurrently next. The first instance of the stop motion technique can be credited to Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton for The Humpty Dumpty Circus (1898), in which a toy circus of acrobats and animals comes to life. In 1902, the film, Fun in a Bakery Shop used clay for a stop-motion "lightning sculpting" sequence. French trick film mistro Georges Méliès used it to produce moving title-card letters for one of his short films, but never exploited the process for any of his other films. The Haunted Hotel (1907) is another stop motion film by James Stuart Blackton, and was a resounding success when released. Segundo de Chomón (1871-1929), from Spain, released El Hotel eléctrico later that same year, and used similar techniques as the Blackton film. In 1908, A Sculptor's Welsh Rarebit Nightmare was released, as was The Sculptor's Nightmare, a film by Billy Bitzer. French animator Emil Cole impressed audiences with his object animation tour-de-force, The Automatic Moving Company in 1910. One of many forms of stop motion animation. ... One of then many forms of stop motion, but certainly blurring the distinction between stop motion and regular flat (drawing or cel) animation. ... Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Clay animation is one of many forms of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is deformable, i. ... Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The flower of a geranium opening over a period of about two hours. ... James Stuart Blackton (January 5, 1875 - August 13, 1941), usually known as J. Stuart Blackton, was an American film producer of the Silent Era, the founder of Vitagraph Studios and among the first filmmakers to use the techniques of stop-motion and drawn animation. ... Georges Méliès (December 8, 1861 – January 21, 1938), full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest cinema. ... La casa hechizada (1906) Satán se divierte (1907) El Hotel eléctrico (1908) Segundo Víctor Aurelio Chomón y Ruiz (October 17, 1871 in Teruel - May 2, 1929) was one of the pioneering Spanish film directors of who produced many short films in France. ... El Hotel eléctrico is a 1908 silent Spanish comedy film fantasy directed by Spanish pioneer Segundo de Chomón. ...


One of the earliest clay animation films was Modelling Extraordinary, which dazzled audiences in 1912. December 1916, brought the first of Willie Hopkin's 54 episodes of "Miracles in Mud" to the big screen. Also in December 1916, the first woman animator, Helena Smith Dayton, began experimenting with clay stop motion. She would release her first film in 1917, Romeo and Juliet.


The great European stop motion pioneer was Ladyslaw Starewicz (1892-1965), who animated The Beautiful Lukanida (1910), The Battle of the Stag Beetles (1910), The Ant and the Grasshopper (1911), Voyage to the Moon (1913), On the Warsaw Highway (1916), Frogland (1922), The Magic Clock (1926), The Mascot, (aka, The Devil's Ball) (1934), In the Land of the Vampires (1935), and the feature film The Tale of the Fox (1937), to name but a few of his over fifty animated films. Ladislas Starevich (August 8, 1882 - February 26, 1965), born Władysław Starewicz, was a Polish, Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and animals as his protagonists. ... The Tale of the Fox (French: , German: ) was stop-motion animation pioneer Ladislas Starevichs first feature film. ...


Starewicz was the first filmmaker to use stop-action animation and puppets to tell consistently coherent stories. He began by producing insect documentaries which, in turn, led to experiments with the stop-action animation of insects and beetles. Initially he wired the legs to the insects' bodies, but he improved this substantially in the ensuing years by creating leather and felt-covered puppets with technically advanced ball & socket armatures. One of his innovations was the use of motion blur which he achieved, most likely, by the use of hidden wires, which, because they were moving, didn't register on film during long exposures of each frame. This amusement ride moved during the exposure. ...


His techniques took hold among the avant-garde in Eastern Europe in the 1920s and '30s, growing out of a strong cultural tradition of puppetry. One such artist was Russian/Ukrainian filmmaker Alexander Ptushko, whose first major work, The New Gulliver (Russian: Новый Гулливер, Novyy Gullivyer) (1935), was the first feature film to use 3-D stop motion animation (Lotte Reiniger's feature film The Adventures of Prince Achmed had used 2-D stop motion in 1926) and the first to combine stop-motion with live action footage. Ptushko built 1,500 separate puppets for this remarkable film. Each of the puppets had a detachable head, which made them capable of a wide range of expressions and personality. A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates a puppet or marionette, either by the use of strings, wires or their hands, for a stage production or film. ... Aleksandr Ptushko (April 19, 1900 in Lugansk, Ukraine--March 6, 1973 in Russia) was a Soviet animation and film director. ... scene from film close-up of puppets The New Gulliver (Russian: , Novyy Gullivyer) is a Soviet stop motion-animated film that was directed by Aleksandr Ptushko. ... See also: 1934 in film 1935 1936 in film 1930s in film years in film film Events Judy Garland signs a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. ... The Adventures of Prince Achmed (German: ) (Arabic: ‎) is a 1926 feature-length animated film by the German animator Lotte Reiniger. ... // August - Warner Brothers debuts the first Vitaphone film, Don Juan. ...


Other notable artists include the influential Czech animator Jiří Trnka. The aesthetic tradition of the puppet film was continued by Bretislav Pojar, Kihachiro Kawamoto, Ivo Caprino, Jan Švankmajer, Jiri Barta, Stephen and Timothy Quay (Brothers Quay), the Bolex Brothers, and Galina Beda. Jiří Trnka (24 February 1912 Plzeň - 30 December 1969) was Czech puppet maker, illustrator, motion-picture animator and film director, renowned for his puppet animations. ... Bretislav Pojar (born October 7, 1923) is a puppeteer, animator and director of short films. ... Ivo Caprino (Oslo, February 17, 1920 – February 8, 2001 in Oslo) was a Norwegian film director and writer, best known for his puppet films. ... Dimensions of Dialogue, 1982 Jan Å vankmajer (born 4 September 1934 in Prague) is a Czech surrealist artist. ... Stephen and Timothy Quay (born 17 June 1947 in Norristown, Pennsylvania), identical twin brothers better known as the Brothers Quay or Quay Brothers , are influential stop-motion animators. ...


A notable stop motion object animator was Germany's Oskar Fischinger who animated anything he could get his hands on in a series of impressive short abstract art films during the 20s and 30s. The best example is his 1934 film, Composition in Blue. Fischinger was hired by Disney to animate the "rolling hills" footage used in the opening "Toccata & Fugue" sequence of Fantasia (1940).


The great pioneer of American stop motion was Willis O'Brien (1886-1963). In 1914, O'Brien began animating a series of short subjects set in prehistoric times. He animated his early creations by covering wooden armatures with clay, a technique he further perfected by using ball & socket armatures covered with foam, foam latex, animal hair and fur. Birth of a Flivver (1915), Morpheus Mike (1915), The Dinosaur and the Missing Link: A Prehistoric Tragedy (1916), R.F.D. 10,000 B.C.: A Mannikin Comedy (1917/18), The Ghost of Slumber Mountain (1919), The Lost World (1925), King Kong (1933), The Son of Kong (1933), and, with the assistance of a young Ray Harryhausen, Mighty Joe Young (1949), yet these were but a few of the many films he animated. O'Brien's Nippy's Nightmare (1916) was first film to combine live actors with stop-motion characters. His partnership with the great Mexican-American model makers/craftsmen/special effects artists/background painters/set builders, Marcel Delgado, Victor Delgado and Mario Larrinaga, led to some of the most memorable and remarkable stop-motion moments in film history. Willis OBrien with his Academy Award. ... The Ghost of Slumber Mountain was a film from 1918 or 1919, depending on what source is credited. ... This article is about the 1925 film. ... This is about the original movie and novel. ... Son of Kong is the sequel to the successful film King Kong. ... Ray Harryhausen, with creations from Clash of the Titans. ... Marcel Delgado, sculptor and model-maker born in Coahuila, Mexico, on January 16, 1901. ...


O'Brien's imaginative use of stop-motion, and his ambitious and inventive filmmaking, has inspired generations of film greats such as Ray Harryhausen, George Lucas, Steven Spielberg, Peter Jackson, Jim Danforth, Art Clokey, Pete Kleinow, Tim Burton, David Allen, Phil Tippett and Will Vinton, as well as thousands of lesser known animators, both professional and amateur. Many leading Science-Fiction and Fantasy writers also credit him as a great source of inspiration. George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... For other persons named Peter Jackson, see Peter Jackson (disambiguation). ... Stop motion master animator, and well known for his matte-painting skill. ... Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... Sneaky Pete Kleinow Sneaky Pete Kleinow (born August 20, 1934 in South Bend, Indiana, died January 6, 2007 in California) was an American country-rock musician, songwriter, and a motion picture special effects artist. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... David Allen (1944-1999) Considered among the finest stop-motion animators, Dave Allen has contributed more stop-motion sequences to more feature films than any other artist. ... Phil Tippett (born 1951) is a movie director and an award-winning Visual effects Supervisor and Producer, who specializes in creature design and character animation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


One of the more idiosyncratic early users of stop-motion techniques was the American comedian and cartoonist Charles Bowers who employed stop-motion techniques (which he called the "Bowers Process") in his series of silent short comedies in the 1920s and early 1930s. In his 1926 film Now You Tell One, he skillfully uses stop-motion to create such effects as a straw hat growing on a man's head, cats growing out of a plant, and a mouse firing a gun. [1] Charles R. Bowers (1889 - November 26, 1946) was an American cartoonist and slapstick comedian during the silent film and early talkie era. ...


Puppeteer Lou Bunin created one of the first stop motion puppets using wire armatures and his own rubber formula. The short, satiric film about World War II entitled Bury the Axis debuted in the 1939 New York World's Fair. Bunin went on to produce a feature-length film version of Alice in Wonderland with a live-action Alice and stop-motion puppets portraying all the rest of the characters. Bunin was blacklisted in the 1950s but still managed to create numerous TV commercials using stop motion techniques, as well as a number of children's short films. Lou Bunin was a prominent puppeteer and pioneer of stop-motion animation in the latter half of the twentieth century. ... Trylon, Perisphere and Helicline photo by Sam Gottscho The 1939-40 New York Worlds Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964-1965 New York Worlds Fair), was one of the largest worlds fairs of all time. ... Alice in Wonderland redirects here. ... Blacklisted redirects here. ...


Willis O'Brien's student Ray Harryhausen made many movies using a more elaborate version of puppet animation called model animation, first pioneered by O'Brien, mainly for his feature length films, the difference being that model animation strives to be "photo-realistic" enough to be able to be combined with live action elements to create a final fantasy sequence that allows the audience to suspend their disbelief that they are watching animation elements. Example of his model animation techniques; most famously, are the seven-skeleton sequence from Jason and the Argonauts (1963). But aside from the more "disguised" stop motion efforts of O'Brien and Harryhausen, America and Britain were slower to embrace the stop-motion film, and so its use mainly grew out of other locations and sources. Ray Harryhausen, with creations from Clash of the Titans. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ...


One acclaimed European puppet animation producer to break out in America was Hungarian animator George Pal, who, partially working in The Netherlands, produced a series of films in Europe during the 30s before coming to Hollywood to create more shorts in the 40s, now called Puppetoons under the Paramount banner, seven of which were nominated for Academy Awards for best animated film. In the late 40s, Pal evolved into feature film production, incorporating puppet animation into a live action setting in such films as The Great Rupert (1949), tom thumb (film) (1958), and The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1963). Pal used model-animation (animated by Jim Danforth) in two other feature films, The Time Machine (1960) and 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964), the latter nominated for a Special Effects Oscar, and the former winning the EFX Oscar award. Pal's work is documented in two feature films by Arnold Lebovitt, released in the mid-80s, The Puppetoon Movie and The Fantastic World of George Pal which are currently available on DVD. More of Danforth's skilled model animation can be seen in Jack the Giant Killer (1962), the ending fire ladder sequence for It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World (1963), "The Zanti Misfits" and "Counterweight" episodes of the original The Outer Limits TV series (1963), and, with equally prolific model animator David Allen, in Equinox (also titled "The Beast") (1967, 1970), Flesh Gordon (1974), and the prehistoric comedy Caveman (1981). George Pál (February 1, 1908 - May 2, 1980) was a Hungarian-born American animator and film producer. ... George Pal Puppetoons were puppet animated films, released by Paramount Pictures in the 1940s. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... The Great Rupert is a 1950 comedy/family film directed by Irving Pichel and starring Jimmy Durante and Terry Moore. ... tom thumb is a 1958 US-made fantasy-musical film directed by George Pal. ... The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962) is a Cinerama film directed by Henry Levin, who had a long career throughout his life with movies such as Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959) and the television series Knots Landing in the late 1970s and early 1990s. ... The Time Machine (sometimes known as H.G. Wells The Time Machine) is a 1960 science fiction film based on The Time Machine, an 1895 novel by H. G. Wells about a man from Victorian England who travels far into the future. ... In 1935, Charles G. Finney, a newspaperman of Arizona, published his novel, The Circus of Dr. Lao. ... The Puppetoon Movie is a 1987 animated film made of six Puppetoons shorts by George Pal. ... Jack the Giant Killer is a 1962 fantasy and action/thriller movie starring Kerwin Mathews and Judi Meredith. ... Its a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World is a comedy movie that followed the Hollywood trend in the 1960s of producing gigantic and epic films as a way to woo audiences into movie theaters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Outer Limits is an American television series. ... Equinox is an horror movie by Jack Woods. ... Flesh Gordon was a 1974 science fiction and comedy adventure film. ... Caveman is a 1981 comedy film, financed by George Harrison, which stars Ringo Starr as a caveman who applies some modern day ideas in his comical prehistoric adventures. ...


Dominating children's TV stop-motion programming for three decades in America was Art Clokey's Gumby series, which lasted into the 70s, and spawned a feature film, Gumby I in 1995. Using both freeform and character clay animation, the series also used much object animation as Gumby and his clay pals interacted with various toys. Clokey started his adventures in clay with a 1953 freeform clay short film called Gumbasia (1953) which shortly thereafter propelled him into his more structured Gumby TV series. Gumby and Pokey This article is about the animated character. ...


The Walt Disney studio dabbled with puppet-object animation in 1959 with the release of a 21-minute experimental short, Noah's Ark, nominated for an animated film Oscar for that year. Disney didn't exploit the technique until their association with Tim Burton, starting with Burton's short film Vincent in 1982. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Vincent is a 1982 stop-motion short film written, designed and directed by Tim Burton and Rick Heinrichs. ...


Although not technically animation, American children's television in the 1950s had often used string-puppets (also called marionettes, an entirely live-action process which some people have mistaken for a form of animation), such as those in Howdy Doody and various children's science fiction series such as Supercar and Fireball XL5 in the early and mid 60s, spoofed in the 2004 feature film, Team America: World Police. In Britain the glove-puppet had been part of popular culture from the days of Punch and Judy, with American glove puppet counterparts featured in Bob Clampett's late 1940s & 50s TV show of Time for Beany in the Los Angeles area (an early multiple Emmy winner, which he developed into the animated cartoon series Beany and Cecil in the early 60s), and Shari Lewis' NBC hand puppet shows featuring "Hush Puppy", "Charley Horse" and most famously "Lamb Chop" in the early 60s, all influences on the later highly developed and refined puppet work of Jim Henson. Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Fireball XL5 was a science fiction-themed childrens television show produced in Britain in 1962 by the husband and wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson through their company APF in association with ATV for ITC Entertainment. ... Team America: World Police Team America: World Police is a 2004 movie by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, the creators of the Comedy Central television program South Park. ... For other uses, see Punch and Judy (disambiguation). ... Time for Beany was a television series, with puppets for characters, which aired circa 1949-1955. ... Beany and Cecil was an animated cartoon series that ran from 1962 to 1967. ... Shari Lewis (born Sonia Phyllis Hurwitz; January 17, 1933 – August 2, 1998) was an American ventriloquist, puppeteer, and childrens television show host, most popular during the 1960s. ... This article is about the television network. ... Shari Lewis with Lamb Chop Mallory Lewis with Lamb Chop Lamb Chop is a fictional character, more precisely a fictional sheep, who is a sock puppet created by comedian and ventriloquist Shari Lewis. ... Jim Henson, born James Maury Henson (September 24, 1936 – May 16, 1990), was the most widely known American puppeteer in modern American television history. ...


In November 1959 the first episode of Sandmännchen was shown on East German television, a children's show that had Cold War propaganda as its primary function. New episodes are still being produced in Germany, making it one of the longest running animated series in the world. However, the show's purpose today has changed to pure entertainment. Sandmännchen (Little Sandman) is a German childrens bedtime television programme, produced by a film technique known as stop motion animation, in which puppets are moved by very small amounts between individual frames, producing the effect of motion when the film is played back, as in conventional drawn and... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


In the 1960s, the French animator Serge Danot created the well-known The Magic Roundabout (from 1965) which played for many years on the BBC. Another French/Polish stop-motion animated series was Colargol (Barnaby the Bear in the UK, Jeremy in Canada), by Olga Pouchine and Tadeusz Wilkosz. The Magic Roundabout (Known in the original French as Le Manège enchanté) was a childrens television programme created in France in 1963 by Serge Danot. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Barnaby (TV series) be merged into this article or section. ...


A British TV-series The Clangers (1969) became popular on television. The British artists Brian Cosgrove and Mark Hall (Cosgrove Hall Films) produced a full-length film The Wind in the Willows (1983) and later a multi-season TV-series The Wind in the Willows based on Kenneth Grahame's classic children's book of the same title. They also produced a documentary of their production techniques, Making Frog and Toad. The Clangers is an iconic British stop motion animated childrens television series made by Smallfilms, the company set up by Oliver Postgate (writer and narrator) and Peter Firmin (modelmaker, animator and illustrator). ... Cosgrove Hall Films is an animation studio based in Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester that is a major producer of childrens television programmes. ... The Wind in the Willows is a 1983 75 minute film by the studio Cosgrove Hall. ... The Wind in the Willows is a 52 episodes series that aired between 1984 and 1990, based on characters from Kenneth Grahames classic story The Wind in the Willows and follows the 1983 film The Wind in the Willows. ... Kenneth Grahame Kenneth Grahame (March 8, 1859 – July 6, 1932) was a Scottish novelist. ... For other uses, see The Wind in the Willows (disambiguation). ...


Disney once again experimented with several stop-motion techniques by hiring independent animator-director Mike Jittlov to do the first stop motion animation of Mickey Mouse toys ever produced for a short sequence called Mouse Mania, part of a TV special commemorating Mickey Mouse's 50th Anniversary called Mickey's 50th in 1978. Mike Jittlov is the creator of many inventive movies using stop-motion animation, also known as pixilation. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ...


Jittlov again produced some impressive multi-technique stop-motion animation a year later for a 1979 Disney special promoting their release of the feature film The Black Hole. Titled Major Effects, Jittlov's work stood out as the best part of the special. Jittlov released his footage the following year to 16 mm film collectors as a short film titled The Wizard of Speed and Time, along with four of his other short multi-technique animated films, most of which eventually evolved into his own feature-length film of the same title. Effectively demonstrating almost all animation techniques, as well as how he produced them, the film was released to theaters in 1987 and to video in 1989. The Black Hole is a 1979 science fiction movie directed for Walt Disney Productions by Gary Nelson. ... The Wizard of Speed and Time is a low-budget movie written, directed, and starring animator Mike Jittlov. ...


Italian stop motion films include Quaq Quao (1978), by Francesco Misseri, which was stop-motion with origami, The Red and the Blue and the clay animation kitties Mio and Mao. Quaq Quao was an Italian animated television series for children based on the adventures of a duck. ... This article is about paper folding. ...


A stop-motion animated series of Tove Jansson's "The Moomins" (from 1979), produced by Film Polski and Jupiter Films was also a European production, made in different countries like Poland and Austria. This stop-motion was rather primitive, sometimes the puppets "moved" by a series of stills instead of showing actual movements. Tove Marika Jansson ( ; August 9, 1914 – June 27, 2001) was a Finnish novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author. ... The Moomins are the central characters in a series of books by Tove Jansson. ...


In North America, Jules Bass produced a series of popular Christmas specials such as Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer and Frosty the Snowman (using 'Animagic', their trade name for their version of stop motion puppetry) (1964). The specials were animated in Japan by Japanese stop-motion pioneer Tadahito Mochinaga. Another clay-animated children's TV series Davey and Goliath, produced by Art Klokey, lasted from 1960 to 1977. Rankin/Bass also produced a puppet animation feature length film, Mad Monster Party in 1967 and combined puppet animation with live action in The Daydreamer, their feature film released in 1966. Jules Bass (born 16 September 1935 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American director, producer, composer, and author. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story that has been told in numerous forms including songs and theatrical and television films. ... Frosty the Snowman is a popular Christmas song written by Walter Jack Rollins and Steve Nelson and recorded by Gene Autry and the Cass County Boys in 1950. ... Tadahito Mochinaga (持永只仁) (?/?/1919 - 4/1/1999), also known as Tad Mochinaga, is a pioneer stop-motion animator in Japan. ... Davey and Goliath was the title of a 1960s stop-motion animated television series. ... Rankin/Bass Productions, Inc. ... Mad Monster Party (sometimes listed as Mad Monster Party?) is a movie that was made in 1967 by Rankin/Bass. ... The Daydreamer (1966) is a fanciful film fiction by Rankin/Bass, directed by Jules Bass. ...


A puppet animation feature-length film directed by Marc Paul Chinoy and based on the famous "Pogo" comic strip was produced in 1980. Titled I go Pogo, it was aired a few times on American cable channels but, sadly, was never released to video. Pogo as drawn by Walt Kelly. ...


Although seemingly a natural marriage, stop-motion has very rarely been shot in stereoscopic 3D throughout film history. The first 3-D stop-motion short is In Tune With Tomorrow[2] (aka Motor Rhythm) (1939) by John Norling[3]. The second stereoscopic stop-motion release is The Adventures of Sam Space[4] (1955) by Paul Sprunck[5]. The third and latest stop-motion short in stereo 3-D is The Incredible Invasion of the 20,000 Giant Robots from Outer Space[6] (2000) by Elmer Kaan[7] & Alexander Lentjes[8][9][10]. This is also the first ever 3-D stereoscopic stop-motion & CGI short in the history of film. Allegedly, the very first all-stop-motion 3-D feature is scheduled for a 2008 release: Coraline[11] by Henry Selick, being produced out of Nike shoe founder Phil Knight's new "Leika" animation studio in Portland, Oregon, formerly Will Vinton's "Claymation" studio. Stereoscopy, stereoscopic imaging or 3-D (three-dimensional) imaging is a technique to create the illusion of depth in a photograph, movie, or other two-dimensional image, by presenting a slightly different image to each eye. ... The space we live in is three-dimensional space. ... Coraline (2002) is a novella for children and adults by the British author Neil Gaiman. ... Henry Selick (November 30 1952 - ), is an American stop motion animation director who directed both The Nightmare Before Christmas, and James and the Giant Peach. ...


Current work

Aardman also produced commercials and music videos, notably the video for Peter Gabriel's "Sledgehammer", which uses most of the animation techniques outlined above, including pixilation which involved Gabriel holding a pose while each frame was shot and moving between exposures, effectively becoming a human puppet. More recently Aardman used this technique on a series of short films for BBC Three entitled Angry Kid, which starred a live actor wearing a mask. The actor's pose and the mask's expression had to be altered slightly for each exposure. Aardman has also created many films, of which some have become household names. Nick Park joined Aardman after they took interest in his college project, A Grand Day Out. Since then, Nick Park has worked for Aardmans, and also made with them: The Wrong Trousers, Creature Comforts, A Close Shave, "Cracking Contraptions", and more recently, the feature film Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, of which 'Dreamworks' accompanied them. Nick Park is currently making a new Wallace and Gromit short (30 minutes) called Trouble at' Mill, which is expected to be broadcast in late 2008. Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Cobham,[1] Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 3. ... Angry Kid is a series of stop motion animations from Darren Walsh at Aardman Animations, depicting the mini-adventures of a 12 year old British Brat with an attitude problem. ... A Grand Day Out (full name A Grand Day Out with Wallace and Gromit) is an award-nominated 1989 animated film directed and animated by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Creature Comforts was originally a 1989 animated short film made in Britain about how animals feel about living in a zoo, and later became a series of commercials for Heat Electric. ... A Close Shave is a 1995 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Gromit redirects here. ... Trouble at Mill is a forthcoming television short created by Nick Park, and the fourth of his shorts to star his characters Wallace and Gromit. ...


Cuppa Coffee Studios is based in Toronto and has also pioneered many of the modern techniques associated with Stop Motion. Started in 1992 by Adam Shaheen and Bruce Alcock, the company has grown to now the single largest producer of Stop Motion for TV with over 250 employees and 38 Studios. They have produced the classic Celebrity Death Match, Rick and Steve, Starveillance, A Very Barry Christmas and JoJo's Circus. Celebrity Deathmatch was a claymation parody television show spoofing professional wrestling that pitted celebrities against each other in the ring, almost always ending in the death of the celebrity who lost the match. ... Rick & Steve: The Happiest Gay Couple In All The World is an animated cartoon using computer generated imagery that originated on the LGBT network Logo. ... Starveillance is a claymation television series created by Celebrity Deathmatch creator Eric Fogel that debuted on January 5, 2007 on E!. The show is produced by Toronto-based Cuppa Coffee Studio. ... JoJos Circus is a musical comedy series for preschool children. ...


Another more complicated variation on stop motion is go motion, co-developed by Phil Tippett and first used extensively on the film Dragonslayer (1981) and the final sequence of Howard the Duck (1986), which involves programming a computer to move parts of a model slightly during each exposure of each frame of film, combined with traditional hand manipuation of the model in between frames, to produce a more realistic motion blurring effect. Tippet also used the process extensively in his impressice short film, "Prehistoric Beast", circa 1990, and his go motion tests acted as motion models for the first photo-realistic use of computers to depict dinosaurs in Jurassic Park in 1993. A lo-tech, manual version of this blurring technique was originally pioneered by Wladyslaw Starewicz in the silent era, and was used in his feature film The Tale of the Fox (1931). Go motion is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developed by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett for the film Dragonslayer. ... Phil Tippett (born 1951) is a movie director and an award-winning Visual effects Supervisor and Producer, who specializes in creature design and character animation. ... Dragonslayer is a 1981 live action fantasy movie set in medieval Britain. ... Howard the Duck (also known as Howard: A New Breed of Hero in Europe), is a 1986 live-action film produced by Lucasfilm and Universal Pictures, directed by Willard Huyck from a script by Huyck and his wife Gloria Katz. ... This amusement ride moved during the exposure. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... Ladislas Starevich (August 8, 1882 - February 26, 1965), born Władysław Starewicz, was a Polish, Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and animals as his protagonists. ...


Although nowadays the almost universal use of CGI (computer generated imagery) has effectively rendered stop motion obsolete as a serious special effects tool in feature film, its low entry price, and still-unique "look" and "feel" on film means it is still used on some projects such as in children's programming (most notably on the acclaimed "Bump in the Night" series from the 1990s), as well as in commercials and comic shows such as Robot Chicken. The argument that the textures achieved with CGI cannot match the way real textures are captured by stop motion also makes it valuable for a handful of movie-makers, notably Tim Burton, whose puppet-animated film Corpse Bride was released in 2005. Adam Jones, Grammy Award-winning guitarist/musician/visual artist for the Grammy Award-winning progressive rock band Tool,[1] uses stop motion capturing techniques for the majority of Tool's music videos as well. The band members of Tool do not appear in their videos, but rather use a combination of clay animation and stop motion. Jones' studies began in 1983 at the Hollywood Makeup Academy by learning "straight make-up". His focus of interest shifted to film, and he began to work as a sculptor and special effects designer for such films as Jurassic Park and Terminator 2: Judgment Day. It was here where he learned the stop-motion camera techniques he would later apply in Tool's music videos: "Sober" (on which he collaborated with Fred Stuhr), "Prison Sex", "Stinkfist", "Ænima", "Schism", and "Parabola".[2] The seawater creature in The Abyss marked CGIs acceptance in the visual effects industry. ... Robot Chicken is an Emmy award-winning American stop motion animated television series produced by Stoopid Monkey, ShadowMachine Films, Williams Street, and Sony Pictures Digital, currently airing in the US as a part of Cartoon Networks Adult Swim line-up, in the United Kingdom and Ireland as part of... Tim Burtons Corpse Bride is a 2005 Academy Award-nominated stop-motion-animation film based loosely on a 19th century Russian-Jewish folktale version of an older Jewish story and set in a fictional Victorian era England. ...


The internet is also home to hundreds, and possibly thousands, of short digital films known as Brickfilms. Brickfilms films are, for the most part, object animation stop motion films featuring LEGO minifigures as a vital component. The limited flexibility of Lego's minifigs make for both ease of use and less than realistic action, which might be said to constitute a vital part of their appeal. A brickfilm is any film made using LEGO bricks, Mega Bloks bricks, or other similar plastic construction toys. ... One of many forms of stop motion animation. ... For other uses, see Lego (disambiguation). ... Space, Castle, and Town minifigures Minifigures are small, plastic figural toys produced by Danish toy manufacturer Lego, which are usually sold with Lego sets, as characters intended to populate modular Lego environments. ...


Another craze on the internet are youths purely animating with clay figures on public video sites such as Google video. They are often extremely simple, bordering on "freeform", but effective. Some barely have a face, but the comedic or violence proportions exceeding those of conventional clay puppets, with grisly crime scenes riddled by clay gunfire and hapless victims falling in a sniper's cross hairs. The comedy helps the viewer enjoy the animation without noticing the simpleness of the clay puppet. Many younger people begin their experiments in movie making with stop motion. Many new stop motion shorts combine brickfilming and clay animation into a new form.[12]


In the 60s and 70s, independent clay animator Eliot Noyes Jr. refined the technique of "free-form" clay animation with his Oscar-nominated 1965 film Clay or the Origin of Species and He Man and She Bar (1972). Noyes also used stop motion to animate sand laying on glass for his musical animated film Sandman (1975). Sand-coated puppet animation was used in the Oscar-winning 1977 film The Sand Castle, produced by Dutch-Canadian animator Co Hoedeman.


Hoedeman was one of dozens of animators sheltered by the National Film Board of Canada, a Canadian government film arts agency that had supported animators for decades. A pioneer of refined multiple stop-motion films under the NFB banner was Norman McLaren who brought in many other animators to create their own creatively-controlled films. Notable among these are the pinscreen-animation films of Jacques Drouin, Alexeiff Parker, and Gaston Sarault such as Mindscape (1976). Norman McLaren, C. C., C. Q. (b. ...


Corky Quakenbush created three dozen stop motion animated films for Fox network's Mad TV in the late 1990s that helped fuel a movement of comic stop-motion for adults. Parodying famous feature movies and TV shows, the shorts drew their humor from the mixing of the innocence of puppets and the profanity of violence in mainstream contemporary situations. One example is Raging Rudolph, written by Spencer Green and Mary Vilano, a re-telling of "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" as if directed by Martin Scorsese. Quakenbush also created "reality animation" to mimic handheld documentary newsgathering for Clops, written by Blaine Capatch, a parody of the groundbreaking reality show, Cops in which puppet policement bust famous stop-motion characters. Other parodies followed, such as Furious George, a spoof of the innocent Curious George children's book series. Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Not to be confused with C.O.P.S. (TV series). ... This article is about the childrens book series. ...


Tim Burton is very active in the field of stop motion animation. One of Burton's first films, Vincent, is a six minute stop motion animation about a young boy who wants to be Vincent Price. In 1993, Burton produced the all-stop motion animation The Nightmare Before Christmas. The film was in production for three years due to the length of time it takes to shoot stop motion. The main characters in the film were puppets that in order to create realism in the film were structured hundreds of face models with different expressions. The film is based on a poem Burton wrote inspired by "T'was the Night Before Christmas" it was then directed by Henry Selick. Selick later directed the adaptation of James and the Giant Peach, a blend between stop motion animation and live action film. In 2005 Corpse Bride was released, another stop motion piece from Burton. Burton is a major director when it comes to stop motion, due to the scale of the films he produces. Computer animation of the aliens for his 1996 science fiction comedy, Mars Attacks was deliberately made to look like stop motion when the film's budget didn't allow for the use of the actual stop motion process, blurring the line between the two forms of animation. Vincent is a 1982 stop-motion short film written, designed and directed by Tim Burton and Rick Heinrichs. ... The Nightmare Before Christmas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... James and the Giant Peach is a 1996 fantasy film directed by Tim Burton, based on the Roald Dahl book of the same name. ... Tim Burtons Corpse Bride is a 2005 Academy Award-nominated stop-motion-animation film based loosely on a 19th century Russian-Jewish folktale version of an older Jewish story and set in a fictional Victorian era England. ... Mars Attacks is a highly popular lurid science fiction trading card series. ...


In the 1970s and 80s, Industrial Light & Magic often used stop motion model animation for the Original trilogy of Star Wars. The chess sequence in Episode 4 A New Hope, the Tauntauns and machine walkers in Episode 5 The Empire Strikes Back and various Imperial machines in episode 6 Return of the Jedi are all stop motion animation, some of it using the Go Motion process. The out-of-control machines in the first two "Robocop" feature films use Phil Tippett's Go Motion version of stop motion also. Stop motion was also used for some shots of the final sequence of the first "Terminator" movie, as they were for the scenes of the small alien ships in Spielberg's Batteries Not Included in 1987, animated by David Allen. Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Return of the Jedi is the third film of the original trilogy. ... This article is about the series. ... *batteries not included is a film directed by Matthew Robbins produced in 1987. ...


Allen's stop motion work can also be seen in such feature films as The Crater Lake Monster (1977), Q - The Winged Serpent (1982), The Gate (1986) and Freaked (1993). Allen's King-Kong Volkswagen commercial from the 1970s is now legendary among model animation enthusiasts. Q (also known as The Winged Serpent and as Q - The Winged Serpent) is a 1982 horror film written and directed by Larry Cohen and starring David Carradine, Michael Moriarty, Candy Clark and Richard Roundtree. ...


In the 1990s Trey Parker and Matt Stone made two original shorts and the pilot of South Park almost entirely out of construction paper. Randolph Severn Trey Parker III (born October 19, 1969) is an Academy Award nominated American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor, actor and musician. ... Matthew Richard Matt Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor and actor. ... This article is about the TV series. ...


The animated series Robot Chicken continues to primarily utilize stop-motion animation, using custom made action figures and other toys as principal characters. Other action figures, called Stikfas are very popular stop motion figures and aren't extremely expensive. Robot Chicken is an Emmy award-winning American stop motion animated television series produced by Stoopid Monkey, ShadowMachine Films, Williams Street, and Sony Pictures Digital, currently airing in the US as a part of Cartoon Networks Adult Swim line-up, in the United Kingdom and Ireland as part of... An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of an action hero, superhero or a character from a movie or television program. ...


See also

Look up stop-motion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... PES (born Adam Pesapane) is the director and animator of numerous video shorts and commercials. ... A brickfilm is any film made using LEGO bricks, Mega Bloks bricks, or other similar plastic construction toys. ... Bob the Builder is a childrens television clay character created by Keith Chapman. ... Bumper Films was a childrens stop-motion production company founded by John Walker and Ian Frampton in 1982. ... Joshua Nathanael Jones (b, 1982) is an American who has started various businesses and non-profit organizations. ... Fireman Sam (Welsh: ) is a Welsh stop-motion animation childrens television series about a fireman called Sam, his fellow firefighters, and other townspeople in the Welsh town of Pontypandy (a hybrid of two actual places, Pontypridd and Tonypandy, in the South Wales valleys). ... Daddys Little Bit of Dresden China is a 1988 short film by British animator Karen Watson, part of the all-woman Leeds Animation Workshop. ... Poko, his pet dog Minus and his toy monkey Mr. ... Moral Orel is a stop-motion animated television show currently airing on Adult Swim. ... Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... Gumby and Pokey This article is about the animated character. ... Pat (right, in yellow) and Mat (left, in red) Pat and Mat (original name Pat a Mat) is a Czech stop-motion animated series featuring two handymen, Pat and Mat. ... Émile Cohl (January 4, 1857 - January 20, 1938), born Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, was a French caricaturist of the largely-forgotten Incoherent movement, cartoonist, and animator, called The Father of the Animated Cartoon and The Oldest Parisian. The Courtet family has been traced back to the 10th century... Windy Miller Camberwick Green (1966) is a British childrens television series, originally seen on BBC One, featuring stop-motion puppets. ... Trumpton (1967) is a stop-motion childrens television show from the producers of Camberwick Green. ... Chigley (1969) is the third and final stop-motion childrens television series in Gordon Murrays Trumptonshire sequence. ... Cosgrove Hall Films is an animation studio based in Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester that is a major producer of childrens television programmes. ... For other uses, see The Wind in the Willows (disambiguation). ... Postman Pat is a British stop-motion animated childrens television series produced by Woodland Animations. ... Oakie Doke Oakie Doke is a childrens television programme that was broadcast from September 1991 Until December 1996 on the BBC. It was produced by Cosgrove Hall Productions and was shown in stop motion animation. ... George Pál in 1979 George Pal (February 1, 1908 – May 2, 1980) (birth name: Györgi Pál Marczincsák) was a Hungarian-born animator and film producer, principally associated with the science fiction genre. ... George Pal Puppetoons were puppet animated films, released by Paramount Pictures in the 1940s. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Gromit redirects here. ... Playmobil logo Playmobil (pronounced play-mo-beel, and occasionally referred to as just Playmo) is a line of toys produced by the Brandstätter Group (geobra Brandstätter GmbH & Co KG), headquartered in Zirndorf, Germany. ... Stephen and Timothy Quay (born 17 June 1947 in Norristown, Pennsylvania), identical twin brothers better known as the Brothers Quay or Quay Brothers , are influential stop-motion animators. ... Rankin-Bass (aka Videocraft International) is an American production company, known for its seasonal television specials. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story about Santa Claus ninth and lead reindeer who possesses an unusually red colored nose that gives off its own light that is powerful enough to illuminate the teams path through inclement weather. ... Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. ... Henry Selick (November 30 1952 - ), is an American stop motion animation director who directed both The Nightmare Before Christmas, and James and the Giant Peach. ... The Nightmare Before Christmas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Ladislas Starevich (August 8, 1882 - February 26, 1965), born WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Starewicz, was a Polish, Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and animals as his protagonists. ... Dimensions of Dialogue, 1982 Jan Å vankmajer (born 4 September 1934 in Prague) is a Czech surrealist artist. ... Jiří Trnka (24 February 1912 Plzeň - 30 December 1969) was Czech puppet maker, illustrator, and motion-picture animator, renowned for his puppet animations. ... The Magic Roundabout (Known in the original French as Le Manège enchanté) was a childrens television programme created in France in 1963 by Serge Danot. ... The Herbs was a BBC TV series for young children. ... Goro is a fictional character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. ... The term Claymation is a registered trademark created by Will Vinton Studios to describe their clay animated movies; the more generic term is clay animation, but the portmanteau claymation has entered the English language as a genericized trademark. ... Ivo Caprino (Oslo, February 17, 1920 – February 8, 2001 in Oslo) was a Norwegian film director and writer, best known for his puppet films. ... FlÃ¥klypa Grand Prix (released under the English title Pinchcliffe Grand Prix) is a Norwegian stop motion-animated feature film directed by Ivo Caprino. ... Flåklypa Grand Prix (released under the English title Pinchcliffe Grand Prix) is a Norwegian puppet film, directed by Ivo Caprino. ... Betty, Angus and Pierre A Cape Breton Ghost Story is a stop motion animated tv special produced in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Phantom Investigators is a cartoon show that aired on Kids WB, premiering on May 25, 2002 and ending on June 29, 2002. ... Willis OBrien with his Academy Award. ... Ray Harryhausen, with creations from Clash of the Titans. ... The flower of a geranium opening over a period of about two hours. ... Go motion is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developed by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett for the film Dragonslayer. ... This is a list of stop-motion films from around the world organised in order of release date; theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies. ...

References

  1. ^ GRAMMY.com
  2. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Jones#Film_work
  • Tayler, Richard. The Encyclopedia of Animation Techniques. Running Press, Philadelphia, 1996. ISBN 1-56138-531-X
  • Lord, Peter and Brian Sibley. Creating 3-D Animation. Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1998. ISBN 0-8109-1996-6
  • Sibley, Brian. Chicken Run: Hatching the Movie. Harry N. Abrams, New York, 2000. ISBN 0-8109-4124-4
  • Smith, Dave. Disney A to Z. Hyperion Books, New York, 1998. ISBN 0-7868-6391-9
  • Maltin, Leonard Movie and Video Guide. Signet Reference Paperbacks, New American Library, Penguin Putnam, New York, 2006.

Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // Early examples of attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions, clearly attempting to convey the perception of motion. ... A computer-animated film commonly refers to feature films that have been computer-animated to appear three dimensional on a movie screen. ... This is a list of animated feature-length films from around the world organised alphabetically under the year of release (the year during which the completed film was first released to the public). ... This is a list of package films. ... The following is a list of theatrical short film series produced by means of animation. ... This is a list of stop-motion films from around the world organised in order of release date; theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies. ... Animated series redirects here. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. ... Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... See also: Computer-generated imagery Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... Drawn on film animation (also known as direct animation) is an animation technique where footage is produced by creating the images directly on filmstock, as opposed to cel animation where the images are created on separate sheets of plastic before being photographed onto filmstock. ... Aleksandr Petrovs 1999 The Old Man and the Sea (Academy Award for Animated Short Film) Paint-on-glass animation is a technique for making animated films by manipulating slow-drying oil paints on sheets of glass. ... Pinscreen animation makes use of a screen filled with movable pins, which can be moved in or out by pressing an object onto the screen. ... Sand animation is a term which has two meanings. ... Clay animation is one of many forms of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is deformable, i. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Scene from Yuriy Norshteyns upcoming feature film, The Overcoat Cutout animation is a unique technique for producing animations using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper, card, stiff fabric or even photographs. ... Silhouette animation is one of many forms of stop motion and is also a simplified variation of graphic animation, which involves the frame-by-frame moving of cut out graphic shapes. ... GRAPHIC ANIMATION is a variation of stop motion (and possibly more conceptually associated with traditional flat cel animation and paper drawing animation, but still TECHNICALLY qualifying as stop motion) consisting of the animation of photographs (in whole or in parts) and other NON-DRAWN flat visual graphic material, such as... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Go motion is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developed by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett for the film Dragonslayer. ... One of many forms of stop motion animation. ... Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An animator is an artist who creates multiple images called frames that form an illusion of movement called animation when rapidly displayed. ... An animation director is the director in charge of all aspects of the animation process during the production of an animated film or animated segment for a live-action film. ... This is a list of major animation festivals. ... This is list of animation Studios, animation studio is a studio that is a production facilities, or a financial entitles and is in general similar in organistions to artists studios, and most of them are based in United States of America. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... Independent animation is a term used to describe animated short cartoons and feature films produced outside the professional Hollywood animation industry. ... Adult animation is animation that is targeted at adults. ... Character animation is a special aspect of the animation process, in which life is breathed into an artificial character. ... Cartoon physics is a joking reference to the fact that animation allows regular laws of physics to be ignored in humorous ways for dramatic effects. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stop Motion Studies (622 words)
The Stop Motion Studies extend my long-standing interest in narrative and, in particular, look at the subway as a stage upon which social dynamics and individual behavior are increasingly mediated by digital technology.
In 2003, Crawford’s Stop Motion Studies project received an Artport Gate Page Commission from the Whitney Museum of American Art and an Award of Distinction in the Net Vision category at the Prix Ars Electronica.
In 2004, he received an MSc from Chalmers University of Technology and taught at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
FAQ (2467 words)
Stop Motion Animation uses the same principles as drawn or cel animation (cartoons).......a movie camera is used like a still camera.....there are 24 different drawings (which equals one second of movement) and the movie camera shoots one frame (which is one picture) of film for each drawing (in proper sequence).
Stop motion is used in all sorts of ways from creatures/aliens or fantasy puppet characters.....to cartoonish or stylized puppets.
Stop Moiton has always had a checkered existence and as I stated above in the FAQ here, stop motion was never fully embraced by the mainstream entertainment business.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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