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Encyclopedia > Stonecutters Island

Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (Chinese: 昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. Following land reclamation, it is now annexed to the Kowloon peninsula. Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà GÇŽng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ...

Contents

Fauna

The island boasted at least three mating pairs of sulphur-crested cockatoos; noisy but welcome additions to the island fauna.


There were also many snakes on the island. Banded kraits, brown cobra and bamboo snakes were common denizens of the island - even into the late 1980s. Black kites often hovered overhead, looking for prey and carrion amongst the many tamarind, ficus benjamina and banyan trees. Mynah birds would constantly recite a morse code ...- (V for victory). blue: sea snakes, black: land snakes Superfamilies and Families Henophidia Aniliidae Anomochilidae Boidae Bolyeriidae Cylindrophiidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Uropeltidae Xenopeltidae Typhlopoidea Anomalepididae Leptotyphlopidae Typhlopidae Xenophidia Acrochordidae Atractaspididae Colubridae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Viperidae For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Tamarindus indica L. The Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is the only species of the genus Tamarindus in the family Fabaceae. ... Species Many; see text for examples Banyan (genus Ficus, subgenus Urostigma) is a subgenus of many species of tropical figs with an unusual growth habit. ...


History

Under British Rule

The island was ceded by the Qing Dynasty Emperor of China to Britain with Kowloon in 1860 through the Convention of Peking. The island was initially used for quarrying by the British. The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire... The Emperor of China (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was the title given to the rulers of China from the founding of the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The Convention of Peking (October 18, 1860), also known as the First Convention of Peking, was a treaty between the Qing Government of China and the British Empire, and between China and France, and China and Russia. ...


A British Royal Navy signals base was previously established on the island. In the post WW2 years the island became host to British Army units including 415 Maritime Unit RCT and the Ammunition Sub-Depot RAOC. Explosive storage became more important following the Hong Kong 1967 riots and the Hong Kong Mines Division elected to have all commercial explosives stored on Stonecutter's prior to being issued to the various blasting sites in the colony. British Army (RAOC) soldiers oversaw all commercial explosive issues post 1968 until the colony was transferred to China in 1997. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Large scale riots in Hong Kong, May 1967, were caused by pro-communist leftists in Hong Kong, inspired by the Cultural Revolution in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), who turned a labour dispute into large scale demonstrations against British colonial rule. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The island was policed by Indian Sikhs; the choice was obvious because traditionally, Sikhs neither smoke nor drink alcohol. The Army Department Police (ADP), as they were known, saw continuous service on the island during the British era. Field hockey was the game they loved, and they were often seen playing bare-footed on the padang. During this author's time (1982-1984) the ADP boasted two Indian national hockey players. It was common to see their blue pagris (turbans) drying in the sun outside their barracks. A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Royal Navy continued to provide a ferry service (known as T-Boats) connecting islanders with HMS Tamar on Hong Kong and the Star Ferry terminal in Kowloon. Additional boats were provided by 415 Maritime Unit RCT and crewed by Local Employed Personnel (LEPs). Avid gambling was enjoyed by the crewmwen as their little vessels connected the islanders with the mainland. The troop ship HMS Tamar (添馬艦) arrived in Hong Kong in 1897 and remained in the British territory until it was scuttled (to avoid being used by the invading Japanese Imperial forces) during the Battle of Hong Kong during World War II in 1941. ... Lower deck of a Star Ferry in the morning Old Star Ferry Pier in Central, Hong Kong. ...


During the 60s, 70s and 80s, the island became used as a 'Rest and Recuperation' resort, having several chalet style bungalows built around the NAAFI shop, restaurant and swimming pool complex on South Shore. There was also a commercial interest on the island; Jardine/Du Pont erected an explosive factory on the island to cater for the ever-growing need for commercial blasting explosives. The island factory manufactured several tonnes of water gel and other commercial explosives per week. Limited stocks of PRC, British and other commercial explosives were stored in the island's Victorian explosive storage tunnels.


Some buildings or military facilities within the Ngong Shuen Chau Barracks are now graded historic buildings.[1]


During World War II

Stonecutters Island was captured by the Japanese Imperial Army on December 11, 1941, following heavy shelling. Merchant ships in the island's docks were scuttled, and demolitions were carried out at Kowloon Naval Yard and on the island. During the World War II, radio installations on the island were used by the Japanese for military purposes and for extending the range of transmission of the NHK Overseas Broadcasting Bureau. The Imperial Japanese Army (大日本帝国陸軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun) was in existence from the Meiji Reformation to the end of World War II. It was created to replace the traditional Japanese samurai with a modern Western-style conscript army. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ...


The Japanese (during the WW2 occupation) having used the unique isolation of the island to house a snake farm. The snakes were milked of their venom to provide antidotes for their soldiers bitten on active duty in the Pacific theatre.


After 1997

Following the transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China on 1st July, 1997, the naval base is now operated by the People's Liberation Army of the PRC. (Redirected from 1st July) July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Infrastructures on the island

The island was connected to the Kowloon peninsula by the West Kowloon Reclamation in the 1990s to provide land for the construction of the road and railway network to the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok, and for the Container Terminal 8 of Kwai Tsing Container Terminals. This article is very long Some browsers may have difficulty rendering this article. ... Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) (Chinese: 香港國際機場; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 gwok3 zai3 gei1 coeng4; Mandarin Pinyin: ) is the principal airport in Hong Kong. ... Chek Lap Kok (Chinese: 赤鱲角; Jyutping: cek3 laap6 gok3; Cantonese IPA: ; Pinyin: Chìliè Jiǎo; Red Perch Cape) is an island in the western waters of Hong Kong. ... Kwai Tsing Container Terminals is the main port facilities in the reclamation along Rambler Channel between Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi Island, Hong Kong. ... Kwai Tsing Container Terminals is the main port facilities in the reclamation along Rambler Channel between Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi Island, Hong Kong. ...


Stonecutter's Island is the contemporary site of a large sewage treatment facility. Also, the Stonecutters Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge which would link up the Kowloon peninsula with the Tsing Yi Island to form part of Route 8, is presently under construction on the island and is scheduled to complete in 2008. Sewage is the liquid water produced by human society which typically contains washing water, laundry waste, faeces, urine and other liquid or semi-liquid wastes. ... Stonecutters Bridge (昂船洲大橋) is a high level cable-stayed bridge which connects Tsing Yi Island, landing on Container Terminal 9, and Stonecutters Island, landing on Container Terminal 8, over the Rambler Channel. ... A cable-stayed bridge is a bridge that consists of one or more pillars, with cables supporting the roadbed. ... Tsing Yi (青衣), or Tsing Yi Island (青衣島) is an island of Hong Kong, to the northwest of Hong Kong Island. ... Route 8, Hong Kong is a dual 3-lane highway under construction which will link Lantau Island, Tsing Yi, West Kowloon and the Northeast New Territories of Hong Kong. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Reference

  1. ^ List of Graded Historic buildings in Hong Kong (As at 6 Jan 2007)

See also

The territory of Hong Kong consists of a mainland area and 236 islands. ... The following is a list of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong: List of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, with a partial list of their sub-areas and streets Hong Kong Island Central and Western Central Admiralty Kennedy Town Mid-levels Sai Ying Pun Shek Tong Tsui Sheung... Stonecutters Bridge (昂船洲大橋) is a high level cable-stayed bridge which connects Tsing Yi Island, landing on Container Terminal 9, and Stonecutters Island, landing on Container Terminal 8, over the Rambler Channel. ...

External links

  • Stonecutters Island Sewage Treatment Works
  • Stonecutters Bridge
  • Ngong Shuen Chau Viaduct (Chinese)
  • Ngong Shuen Chau Viaduct


Major islands in Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Major islands (by size): Lantau | Hong Kong Island | Lamma | Chek Lap Kok | Tsing Yi | Kau Sai Chau | Po Toi (Po Toi, Waglan) | Cheung Chau | Tung Lung Chau | Kat O | Wong Wan Chau | Hei Ling Chau | Tap Mun Chau | Ap Lei Chau | Soko Islands (Tai A Chau, Siu A Chau) | Ping Chau | Peng Chau | Ma Wan | Ninepin Group | The Brothers | Green Island | Kowloon Rock
Former islands: Kellett Island | Stonecutters Island | Hoi Sham Island | Channel Rock | Tsing Chau | Mong Chau | Chau Tsai | Nga Ying Chau | Lam Chau | Rumsey Rock 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stonecutters Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (774 words)
Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.
The island was connected to the Kowloon peninsula by the West Kowloon Reclamation in the 1990s to provide land for the construction of the road and railway network to the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok, and for the new container terminals.
Soko Islands (Tai A Chau, Siu A Chau)
Ecosystems Ltd. (483 words)
A proposed PRC navy dockyard at Stonecutters Island, Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong required a survey of coastal flora and fauna.
Stonecutters, historically a British naval base, was until recently the last island within Victoria Harbour which still possessed areas of closed canopy woodland.
Stonecutters Island has been recognised as one of the world's largest roosting sites for Black-eared Kites, and also supports a large resident community of breeding Reef Egrets, Night Herons, and other wading birds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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