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Encyclopedia > Stone Age

The Stone Age is part of the history of the world that encompasses the first widespread use of technology in human evolution and the spread of humanity from the savannas of East Africa to the rest of the world. It ends with the development of agriculture, the domestication of certain animals and the smelting of copper ore to produce metal. It is termed prehistoric, since humanity had not yet started writing - the traditional start of history, i.e. recorded history. Image File history File links Obsidian arrowhead. ... Image File history File links Obsidian arrowhead. ... This article is about a type of volcanic glass. ... In archaeology, a projectile point is an object that was hafted and used either as knife or projectile tip or both. ... For the history of Earth which includes the time before human existence, see History of Earth. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ... The Human Race could be: The Human race. ... Savannah redirects here. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ... Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... Smelting rhymes with melting Electric phosphate smelting furnace in a TVA chemical plant (1942) Chemical reduction, or smelting, is a form of extractive metallurgy. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ore (disambiguation). ... Write redirects here. ... This article is about the study of the past in human terms. ... Ancient history is from the period of time when writing and historical records first appear, roughly 5,500 years before the Common Era. ...


The Stone Age receives its name from the fact that most human tools preserved from that area are made of stone - although undoubtedly tools of wood and animal parts such as bone and sinews were also in use, these were rarely preserved. The almost complete unavailability of metal, with the exception of gold, is an important mark of the Stone Age. A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. ...


As a description of peoples living today, the term stone age is controversial. The Association of Social Anthropologists discourages this use.

Contents

Human development

Paleolithic

Main article: Paleolithic

The Old Stone Age or Paleolithic comprises more than a million years, and during this period major climate and other changes occurred which affected the evolution of humans. Humans themselves evolved into their current morphological form during the later period of the Stone Age. // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... The term morphology in biology refers to the outward appearance (shape, structure, colour, pattern) of an organism or taxon and its component parts. ...


See also: Human evolution For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ...


Epipalaeolithic/Mesolithic

Main articles: Epipalaeolithic, Mesolithic

The period between the end of the last ice age, 10,000 years ago to around 6,000 years ago, was characterised by rising sea levels and a need to adapt to a changing environment and find new food sources. The development of microlith tools began in response to these changes. They were derived from the previous Palaeolithic tools, hence the term Epipalaeolithic. However, in Europe the term Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) is used, as the tools (and way of life) was imported from the Near East. There, microlith tools permitted more efficient hunting, while more complex settlements, such as Lepenski Vir developed based around fishing. Domestication of the dog as a hunting companion probably dates to this. The Epipalaeolithic (or Epi-Palaeolithic, Epipaleolithic, or Epi-Paleolithic) was a period in the development of human technology that immediately precedes the neolithic period, as an alternative to mesolithic. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... A microlith is a small stone tool, typically knapped of flint or chert, usually about three centimetres long or less. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... Overview map of the Ancient Near East The term Ancient Near East or Ancient Orient encompasses the early civilizations predating Classical Antiquity in the region roughly corresponding to that described by the modern term Middle East (Egypt, Iraq, Turkey), during the time roughly spanning the Bronze Age from the rise... Lepenski Vir is an important Mesolithic archaeological site located in Serbia in the central Balkan peninsula. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ...


Neolithic

Main article: Neolithic
Japanese Jomon pottery is the 2nd oldest in the world. Recent pottery finds in Hunterdon county, Musconetcong River area, NW NJ have been dated to be over 12,000 years old
Japanese Jomon pottery is the 2nd oldest in the world. Recent pottery finds in Hunterdon county, Musconetcong River area, NW NJ have been dated to be over 12,000 years old
Skara Brae, Scotland. Europe's most complete Neolithic village
Skara Brae, Scotland. Europe's most complete Neolithic village

The Neolithic, New Stone Age, was characterized by the adoption of agriculture, the so-called Neolithic Revolution, the development of pottery and more complex, larger settlements such as Çatal Hüyük and Jericho. The first Neolithic cultures started around 7000 BC in the fertile crescent. Agriculture and the culture it led to spread to the Mediterranean, the Indus valley, China and Southeast Asia. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... The Jomon period (Japanese: 縄文時代 Jōmon-jidai) is the time in Japanese history from about 10,000 BCE to 300 BCE. Most scholars agree that by around 40,000 BCE glaciation had connected the islands with the mainland. ... Hunterdon County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The Musconetcong River is a tributary of the Delaware River, approximately 44 mi (71 km) long, in northwestern New Jersey in the United States. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... For the music group, see Skara Brae (music). ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Neolithic Revolution is the term for the first agricultural revolution, describing the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering communities and bands, to agriculture and settlement, as first adopted by various independent prehistoric human societies, in numerous locations on most continents between 10-12 thousand years ago. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... Excavations at the South Area of Çatal Höyük Çatalhöyük (also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük, or any of the three without accent marks -- Çatal is Turkish for fork and Höyük is Turkish for mound) was a very large Neolithic and... The Taking of Jericho, by Jean Fouquet Near central Jericho, November 1996 Jericho (Arabic  , Hebrew  , ʼArīḥā; Standard YÉ™riḥo Tiberian YÉ™rîḫô / YÉ™rîḥô; meaning fragrant.[1] Greek Ἱεριχώ) is a town in Palestine, located within the Jericho Governorate, near the Jordan River. ... (8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – other millennia) Events circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia circa 6500 BC – English Channel formed circa 6100 BC – The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea circa 6000... This map shows the extent of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu in ancient times) is the principal river of Pakistan. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Due to the increased need to harvest and process plants ground stone and polished stone artifacts became much more widespread, including tools for grinding, cutting, chopping and adzing. The first large-scale constructions were built, including settlement towers and walls, eg: Jericho and ceremonial sites, eg: Stonehenge. These show that there was sufficient resources and co-operation to enable large groups to work on these projects. To what extent this was a basis for the development of elites and social hierarchies is a matter of on-going debate. The earliest evidence for established trade exists in the Neolithic with newly settled people importing exotic goods over distances of many hundreds of miles. Skara Brae located on Orkney island off Scotland is one of Europe's best examples of a Neolithic village. The community contains stone beds, shelves and even an indoor toilet linked to a stream. The Taking of Jericho, by Jean Fouquet Near central Jericho, November 1996 Jericho (Arabic  , Hebrew  , ʼArīḥā; Standard YÉ™riḥo Tiberian YÉ™rîḫô / YÉ™rîḥô; meaning fragrant.[1] Greek Ἱεριχώ) is a town in Palestine, located within the Jericho Governorate, near the Jordan River. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... For the music group, see Skara Brae (music). ... Location Geography Area Ranked 16th  - Total 990 km²  - % Water  ? Admin HQ Kirkwall ISO 3166-2 GB-ORK ONS code 00RA Demographics Population Ranked 32nd  - Total (2006) 19,800  - Density 20 / km² Scottish Gaelic  - Total () {{{Scottish council Gaelic Speakers}}} Politics Orkney Islands Council http://www. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Material culture

Food and drink

Food sources of the hunter-gatherer humans of the Stone Age included both animals and plants that were part of the natural environment in which iwas bor in china yo naci en chinathese humans lived. These humans liked animal organ i was borm in chmeats, including the livers, kidneys and brains. They consumed little dairy product or carbohydrate-rich plant foods like legumes or cereal grains. The woman looked for vegetables and fruits. The men hunted animals. In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... This article is about the biological unit. ... For the bird, see Liver bird. ... The kidneys are the organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... The human brain In animals, the brain (enkephalos) (Greek for in the skull), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for behavior. ... Dairy products are generally defined as foodstuffs produced from milk. ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... This article is about the fruit of the plants also called legumes. For the plants themselves, see Fabaceae . ... Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a grain, technically a caryopsis). ...



Near the end of the Wisconsin glaciation, 15,000 to 9,000 years ago the Megafauna occurred in Asia, Europe, North America and Australia. This was the first Holocene extinction event. This event possibly forced modification in the dietary habits of the humans of that age and with the emergence of agricultural practices, plant-based foods also became a regular part of the diet. The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... It has been suggested that Charismatic megafauna be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Dodo, a bird of Mauritius, became extinct during the mid-late 17th century after humans destroyed the forests where the birds made their homes and introduced animals that ate their eggs. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ...

The first wine-tasting may have occurred when Neolithic humans slurped the juice of naturally fermented wild grapes from animal-skin pouches or crude wooden bowls.

—William Cocke, National Geographic News It has been suggested that Wine serving temperature be merged into this article or section. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... For other uses, see Fermentation. ... Wild grape may refer to: Vitis species; specially Vitis vinifera subsp. ... Look up Bowl in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flag of the National Geographic Society The National Geographic Society was founded in the United States on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ...

Shelter and habitat

Around 2 million years ago, "Homo habilis" is believed to have constructed the first man-made structure in East Africa, consisting of simple arrangements of stones to hold branches of trees in position. A similar stone circular arrangement believed to be around 500 thousand years old was discovered at Terra Amata, near Nice, France. Several human habitats dating back to the Stone Age have been discovered in different parts of the earth, including: Download high resolution version (1024x768, 182 KB)Paulnabrone Dolmen, County Clare, Ireland downloaded from pdphoto. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 182 KB)Paulnabrone Dolmen, County Clare, Ireland downloaded from pdphoto. ... Poulnabrone Dolmen in the Burren Poulnabrone Dolmen is an ancient portal tomb in the Burren, County Clare, Ireland, dating back to the Neolithic period, probably between 3800 BC to 3200 BC. It comprises a 12 foot tabular capstone supported by two slender portal stones and is bordered by a nearby... County Clare (Contae an Chláir in Irish) is in the Irish province of Munster. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Terra Amata is an archaeological site nearFrench town of Nice. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ...

  • A tent-like structure inside a cave near the Grotte du Lazaret, Nice, France.
  • A structure with roof supported with timber, discovered in Dolni Vestonice, Czechoslovakia, dates to around 23,000 BC. The walls were made of packed clay blocks and stones.
  • Many huts made of mammoth bones were found in Eastern Europe and Siberia. The people who made these huts were specialised mammoth hunters. Examples have been found along the Dniepr river valley of Ukraine, including near Chernihiv, in Moravia, Czech Republic and in southern Poland.
  • An animal hide tent dated to around 15,000 to 10000 BC, in the Magdalenian, was discovered at Plateau Parain, France.
  • Megalithic tombs, multi-chambered and dolmens, single-chambered, were graves with a huge stone slab stacked over other similarly large stone slabs. They have been discovered all across Europe and Asia and were built in the Neolithic. Several tombs with copper and bronze tools have also been discovered, illustrating the problems of attempting to define periods based on technology.

The Grotte du Lazaret (English: Cave of Le Lazaret) is a cave now in the eastern suburbs of the French town of Nice and now overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... Location of Dolní VÄ›stonice in the Czech Republic Portraiture in Ivory, ca. ... . Dolní Věstonice is small village in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. ... This article is about the genus Mammuthus. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... The Dnieper River (Belarusian: Дняпро/Dnyapro; Russian: Днепр/Dnepr; Ukrainian: Днiпро/Dnipro; Polish: Dniepr; Latin: Borysthenes, Danaper) is a river (2290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus and then Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Chernihiv highlighted. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech RepublicCzechia. ... (Redirected from 10000 BC) (Pleistocene, Paleolithic – 10th millennium BC – 9th millennium BC – other millennia) Beginning of the Mesolithic, or Epipaleolithic time period, which is the first part of the Holocene epoch. ... The Magdalenian, also spelt Magdalénien, refers to one of the later culture of the Upper Palaeolithic in western Europe. ... Large T shaped Hunebed D27 in Borger-Odoorn, Netherlands. ... Poulnabrone dolmen in County Clare, Ireland For the French TV miniseries, see Dolmen (TV miniseries). ... Ancient unreadable gravestones mark the position of graves in the parish churchyard at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England A grave is a place where the body of a dead animal, generally human, is buried, often after a funeral. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ...

Art

Pre-historic art can only be traced from surviving artifacts. Prehistoric music is inferred from found instruments, while parietal art can be found on rocks of any kind. The latter are petroglyphs and rock paintings. The art may or may not have had a religion function. In the history of art, prehistoric art is all art produced in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history. ... In the history of music, prehistoric music (previously called primitive music) is all music produced in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history. ... Term used to describe artwork done on cave walls or large blocks of stone. ...


Rock painting

Main article: Cave painting
A rock painting at Bhimbetka, India, a World heritage site
A rock painting at Bhimbetka, India, a World heritage site

Rock paintings were "painted" on rock and were more naturalistic depictions than petroglyphs. In Paleolithic times, the representation of humans in cave paintings was rare. Mostly, animals were painted, not only animals that were used as food but also animals that represented strength like the rhinoceros or large Felidae, as in the Chauvet Cave. Signs like dots were sometimes drawn. Rare human representations include handprints and half-human / animal figures. The Chauveyt Cave in the Ardèche Departments of France contains the most important preserved cave paintings of the Paleolithic era, painted around 31,000 BC. The Altamira cave paintings in Spain were done 14,000 to 12,000 BC and show, among others, bisons. The hall of bulls in Lascaux, Dordogne, France, is one of the best known cave paintings from about 15,000 to 10,000 BC. Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ... Image File history File links Bhimbetka rock paintng. ... Image File history File links Bhimbetka rock paintng. ... Bhimbetka is a place in Madhya Pradesh where the earliest known traces of human life in India were found. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... For other uses, see Rhinoceros (disambiguation). ... “Feline” redirects here. ... The Chauvet Cave or Chauvet-Pont-dArc Cave is a cave located near Vallon-Pont-dArc, in the Ardèche département, in southern France. ... Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Cave painting of a Bison from Altamira Outline of cave paintings. ... Species †B. antiquus B. bison B. bonasus †B. latifrons †B. occidentalis †B. priscus Bison in winter. ... Painting of bison attacking a man, from the cave at Lascaux, c. ... Dordogne (Occitan: Dordonha) is a department in central France named after the Dordogne River. ...


If there is meaning to the paintings, it remains unknown. The caves were not in an inhabited area, so they may have been used for seasonal rituals. The animals are accompanied by signs which suggest a possible magic use. Arrow-like symbols in Lascaux are sometimes interpreted as calendar or almanac use. But the evidence remains inconclusive.[1] The most important work of the Mesolithic era were the marching Warriors, a rock painting at Cingle de la Mola, Castellón, Spain dated to about 7,000 to 4,000 BCE. The technique used was probably spitting or blowing the pigments onto the rock. The paintings are quite naturalistic, though stylized. The figures are not three-dimensional, even though they overlap.[2] Painting of bison attacking a man, from the cave at Lascaux, c. ... For other uses, see Calendar (disambiguation) A page from the Hindu calendar 1871–1872. ... An almanac (also spelled almanack, especially in Commonwealth English) is an annual publication containing tabular information in a particular field or fields often arranged according to the calendar. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... Warriors may refer to Warriors (book series) is a series of fantasy novels written by Kate Cary and Cherith Baldry, under the pen name Erin Hunter. ... Castellón de la Plana (in Catalan/Valencian Castelló de la Plana) is the capital city of the province of Castellón, in the Valencian autonomous community, Spain, in the east of the Iberian Peninsula, by the Mediterranean Sea (40°N 0°W). ...


Rituals and beliefs

Modern studies and the in-depth analysis of finds dating from the Stone Age indicate certain rituals and beliefs of the people in those prehistoric times. It is now believed that activities of the Stone Age humans went beyond the immediate requirements of procuring food, body coverings and shelters. Specific rites relating to death and burial were practiced, though certainly differing in style and execution between cultures. Other rituals included birth, puberty and marriage. Several Stone Age-dated sites in different parts of the world indicate traces of dancing, dancing in files and initiation rites.[3] A contemporary dancer rehearsing in a dance studio Dance generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. ...


Popular culture

As a slang term, "Stone Age" is sometimes used to describe living tribal peoples, to imply "backwardness". In 2007, the Association of Social Anthropologists called the term "offensive" when applied to any living peoples, saying such language has been used "as a pretext for depriving such peoples of land and other resources". For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

All anthropologists would agree that the negative use of the terms "primitive" and "stone age" to describe tribal peoples has serious implications for their welfare.

The image of the caveman is commonly associated with the Stone Age. For example, the 2003 documentary series showing the evolution of humans through the Stone Age was called Walking with Cavemen, although only the last programme showed humans living in caves. While the idea that human beings and dinosaurs coexisted is sometimes portrayed in popular culture in cartoons, films and computer games, such as The Flintstones and One Million Years B.C., the notion of primates and dinosaurs co-existing is not supported by any scientific evidence. For other uses, see Caveman (disambiguation). ... The year 2003 in film involved some significant events. ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... <math>Insert formula here</math> ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... The Flintstones is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ... One Million Years B.C. is a 1966 (released in the U.S. in 1967) adventure film and fantasy film starring Raquel Welch set - loosely - in the time of cavemen. ...


Other depictions of the Stone Age include the best-selling Earth's Children series of books by Jean M. Auel, which are set in the Palaeolithic and are loosely based on archaeological and anthropological findings. The 1981 film Quest for Fire by Jean-Jacques Annaud tells the story of a group of humans searching for their lost fire. Earths Children is a series of historical fiction novels written by Jean M. Auel, who has sold 34 million books worldwide. ... Jean Marie Auel (born February 18, 1936 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American writer. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic &#8211; lit. ... Anthropology (from Greek: ἀνθρωπος, anthropos, human being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of humanity. ... // January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... For the film based on the novel, see Quest for Fire (film). ... Jean-Jacques Annaud Jean-Jacques Annaud (born October 1, 1943) is a French film director. ...


The Curtis LeMay phrase "bomb them back into the Stone Age" implies a fierce attack that utterly destroys its target's infrastructure, forcing its survivors to revert to primitive technology in order to survive. Curtis Emerson LeMay (November 15, 1906–October 3, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of independent candidate George C. Wallace in 1968. ...


See also

For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ... Lithic reduction involves the use of a hard hammer percussor, such as a hammerstone, a soft hammer fabricator made of wood, bone or antler, or a wood or antler punch to detach lithic flakes from a lump of tool stone called a lithic core. ... Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany Bronze age wedge tomb in the Burren area of Ireland For the record label, see Megalith Records. ... In the history of music, prehistoric music (previously called primitive music) is all music produced in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history. ... Prehistoric warfare is war conducted in the era before writing, and before the establishments of large social entities like states. ... The three-age system is a system of classifying human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective predominant tool-making technologies: The Stone Age The Bronze Age The Iron Age The system is most apt in describing the progression of European society, although it has been used...

Notes

  • Scarre, Christopher (ed.) (1988). Past Worlds: The Times Atlas of Archaeology. London: Times Books. ISBN 0-7230-0306-8. 
  • Schick, Kathy D.; Nicholas Toth (1993). Making Silent Stones Speak: Human Evolution and the Dawn of Technology. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-69371-9. 

References

  1. ^ M. Hoover, "Art of the Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras," from Art History Survey 1, San Antonio College (July 2001; accessed June 11, 2005).
  2. ^ "Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Art" (lecture 2, Rice University, Houston, TX, September 2, 1998; accessed June 11, 2005).
  3. ^ Burial and mysticism in prehistory (accessed June 11, 2005).

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Stone Age

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stone Age - MSN Encarta (986 words)
The study of the Stone Age falls under the fields of anthropology, which is the study of human life and culture from the origins of human life up to the present, and archaeology, which is the study of the material remains of humans and human ancestors.
Stone artifacts are of great importance to archaeologists who study prehistoric humans, because they can yield a wide range of information about ancient peoples and their activities.
Stone artifacts are, in fact, often the principal archaeological remnants that persist after the passage of time and as such can give important clues as to the presence or absence of ancient human populations in any given region or environment.
Stone Age - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3083 words)
Stone tools were made from a variety of different kinds of stone.
The stone artefact technology of the Neanderthals is generally known as the Mousterian.
The image of the caveman is commonly associated with the Stone Age.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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