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Encyclopedia > Steven Milloy

Steven Milloy is a columnist for Fox News and a paid advocate for Phillip Morris, ExxonMobil and other corporations. From the 1990s until the end of 2005, he was an adjunct scholar at the libertarian Cato Institute. Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... Altria Group, Inc. ... Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) is the largest publicly-traded oil producer and distributor in the world, formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... The Cato Institute is an influential libertarian non-profit public policy research foundation (think tank) headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institutes stated mission is to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets, and...


Milloy runs the website Junkscience.com, which is dedicated to debunking what he alleges to be false claims regarding global warming, DDT, environmental radicalism and scare science among other topics.[1] His other website, CSRWatch.com, is focused around attacking the corporate social responsibility movement. He is also head of the Free Enterprise Action Fund, a mutual fund he runs with tobacco executive Tom Borelli, who happens to be listed as the secretary of the Advancement of Sound Science Center, a nonprofit Milloy operates from his home in Potomac, Maryland . Junk or bunk science is a pejorative term used to derogate purportedly scientific data, research, analyses or claims which are driven by perceived political, financial or other questionable motives. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1856 to 2005 Mean temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is an increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans. ... DDT was the first modern pesticide and is arguably the most well known organic pesticide. ... Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an expression used to describe what some see as a company’s obligation to be sensitive to the needs of all of its stakeholders in its business operations. ...


Milloy holds a B.A. in Natural Sciences from the Johns Hopkins University, a Master of Health Sciences in Biostatistics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, a Juris Doctorate from the University of Baltimore, and a Master of Laws from the Georgetown University Law Center.[2]


In January 2006, Paul D. Thacker reported in The New Republic that Milloy has received thousands of dollars in payments from the Phillip Morris company since the early nineties, and that NGOs controlled by Milloy have received large payments from ExxonMobil. A spokesperson for Fox News stated, "Fox News was unaware of Milloy's connection with Philip Morris. Any affiliation he had should have been disclosed." The payments are seen as another example of "pundit payola." Look up January in Wiktionary, the free dictionary January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see the disambiguation section. ... Altria Group, Inc. ... Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) is the largest publicly-traded oil producer and distributor in the world, formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... In the music industry, the illegal practice of record companies paying money for the broadcast of records on music radio is called payola, if the song is presented as being part of the normal days broadcast. ...

Contents


Junk Science

Milloy has been one of the most prominent popularizers of the idea that scientific research suggesting that corporate activities may damage health or the environment is junk science, which should be replaced by sound science. These terms are used primarily by corporate special-interests and have no definition within the scientific community. Junk or bunk science is a pejorative term used to derogate purportedly scientific data, research, analyses or claims which are driven by perceived political, financial or other questionable motives. ... Sound science is a phrase often used by corporate business and industry public relations and by government agencies to describe the scientific research that is used to justify their political claims or positions, or to vilify research threathening their interests hence safeguarding their revenue. ...


Milloy has been critical against what he views as "radical environmentalists". He has been outspoken about the "banning" of DDT, which he claims could save millions of lives a year in fighting malaria in Third World nations; however, DDT is not banned [3]. DDT was the first modern pesticide and is arguably the most well known organic pesticide. ...


Milloy has also claimed to expose fraudulent claims of environmentalists, most notably Ben & Jerry's claim about overexposure to dioxin from manfacturing. Ben and Jerry's promotional literature claimed that "the only safe level of dioxin exposure is no exposure at all." Milloy sent samples of Ben and Jerry's ice cream to independent laboratories to test for dioxin levels. He claimed that he results found that dioxin levels were .79 parts per trillion toxic equivalents of dioxin in the ice cream. [4]. This finding illustrates the point that, given sufficiently sensitive tests, almost any food item will contain traces of dioxin, DDT and other pervasive pollutants, but would be viewed by most environmentalists as little more than a quibble. Ben and Jerrys factory in Waterbury, Vermont Ben & Jerrys is a brand of ice cream, frozen yogurt, sorbet, and novelty products, manufactured by Ben & Jerrys Homemade, Inc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Steven Milloy also criticised the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment as "debunking itself." The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment is an international project of the intergovernmental Arctic Council and the non-governmental International Arctic Science Committee. ...


Criticism

As a controversial figure, Milloy has made many claims that have come under criticism.


In 1993, Milloy dismissed an EPA report linking secondhand tobacco smoke to cancer as "a joke," and when the British Medical Journal published a similar study in 1997, Milloy said, "it remains a joke today." When another researcher published a study linking secondhand smoke to cancer, Milloy wrote that she, "...must have pictures of journal editors in compromising positions with farm animals. How else can you explain her studies seeing the light of day?" [5] The British Medical Journal (BMJ) is a medical journal published weekly in the United Kingdom by the British Medical Association (BMA)which published its first issue in 1845. ...


In 1998 a Federal District Court found the EPA report to be badly flawed and castigated the EPA for a variety of inexplicable exclusions of contrary studies from its analysis, unexplained methodology changes, and an unjustified change in statistical significance standard, apparently made to support a predetermined conclusion [6]. However, this judgement was overturned on appeal in December 2002 [7].


In 1999, David Platt Rall, a prominent environmental scientist, died in a car accident. Milloy celebrated Rall's tragic death on junkscience.com, writing: "Scratch one junk scientist who promoted the bankrupt idea that poisoning rats with a chemical predicts cancer in humans exposed to much lower levels of the chemical -- a notion that, at the very least, has wasted billions and billions of public and private dollars." Cato Institute President Edward Crane called Milloy's attack an "inexcusable lapse in judgement and civility", but Milloy refused to apologize. The Washington Post covered the dispute. On October 12, Milloy continued to attack Rall, writing: "As far as David Rall is concerned, he was a bad guy when he was alive -- shamelessly promoting the bankrupt notion that human cancer risk can be predicted by poisoning rats with chemicals. ... Death did not improve his track record -- no matter how many letters the Environmental Working Group sends to the Cato Institute." Since that time, Milloy has removed the attacks from his website. [8] 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... David Platt Rall (August 3, 1926 – September 28, 1999) was a cancer specialist and a leader in environmental health studies, whose work in environmental health helped turn it into a scientific discipline. ... Environmental science is the science of the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment, including their effects on all types of organisms. ... The Cato Institute is an influential libertarian non-profit public policy research foundation (think tank) headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institutes stated mission is to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets, and... ...


In 2000, Milloy claimed that between 1961 and 1990, the CDC could not link any cancer clusters with environmental causes. [9] Milloy's statement is misleading, as the CDC has linked cancer clusters with environmental causes and they are not the only agency to do so. In fact, work-related cancer clusters are well documented and the linkages between occupational exposures and disease are sound. During that restricted period of time, the CDC and other agencies acknowledged specific clusters, such as angiosarcoma of the liver among polyvinyl chloride workers in Kentucky, the linkage between clusters of clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA) of the vagina and cervix with diethylstilbestrol (DES) ingestion, and the linkage between lung cancer and mesothelioma in workers exposed to tremolite, a form of asbestos. This article is about the year 2000. ... CDC is an acronym which can mean any of the following: California Department of Corrections Canadian Dairy Commission Career Development Course Cell Division Cycle Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Century Date Change in reference to the Y2K bug. ... Cancer cluster is a term used by epidemiologists, statisticians, and public health workers to define an occurrence of a greater-than-expected number of cancer cases within a group of people in a geographic area over a period of time1. ... Angiosarcoma is a rare, malignant tumor consisting of endothelial and fibroblastic tissue that proliferates and eventually surrounds vascular channels. ... Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a widely-used plastic. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... In medicine, carcinoma is any cancer that arises from epithelial cells. ... Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a drug, a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a womans natural estrogen production. ... Lung cancer is a cancer of the lungs characterised by the presence of malignant tumours. ... Amphibole (Hornblende) Amphibole defines an important group of dark-colored rock-forming inosilicate minerals composed of double chain SiO4 tetrahedra linked at the vertices and generally containing ions of iron and/ or magnesium in their structures. ... Fibrous asbestos on muscovite Asbestos Asbestos Asbestos (a misapplication of Latin: asbestos quicklime from Greek ἄσβεστος: a-, not; sbestos, extinguishable) describes any of a group of fibrous metamorphic minerals of the hydrous magnesium silicate variety. ...


The Free Enterprise Investment Fund has been criticised by investment analyst Chuck Jaffe as being "an advocacy group in search of assets". Jaffe concludes "Strip away the rhetoric, and you’re getting a very expensive, underperforming index fund, while Milloy and his partner Thomas Borelli get a platform for raising their pet issues." [10]


See also

The Global Climate was a group of mainly United States businesses opposing immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. ... The American Petroleum Institute, commonly referred to as API, is the main professional organization for the petroleum and chemical industry. ...

External links

Criticism

  • "The Trashman Speweth" and "How Big Tobacco Helped Create "'the Junkman'" at PR Watch
  • Junkscience at the Skeptic's Dictionary
  • Steven Milloy at SourceWatch
  • "The Junkman Climbs to the Top" at Environmental Science & Technology
  • "Smoked Out" at The New Republic
  • Strange bedfellows: Politics and investment fund in the Boston Herald

  Results from FactBites:
 
ES&T Online News: The junkman climbs to the top (1274 words)
Milloy, who calls himself “The Junkman”, proudly states that he was a AAAS judge in his biographies on JunkScience.com and at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning think tank devoted to free-market politics.
Milloy’s emergence as a controversial science pundit with close connections to a popular news network is a reflection of how politicized—and some would say propagandized—science reporting has become in the United States.
Pinholster says that Milloy was picked because he is listed in a Bacon’s media directory of journalists and press officials as a “science editor.” However, she claims that the judges did not consider his input after he revealed his connection to the Cato Institute.
Steven J. Milloy - SourceWatch (1465 words)
Milloy runs the website Junkscience.com, which is dedicated to debunking what he alleges to be false claims regarding global warming, DDT, environmental radicalism and scare science among other topics.
Milloy holds a B.A. in Natural Sciences from the Johns Hopkins University, a Master of Health Sciences in Biostatistics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, a Juris Doctorate from the University of Baltimore, and a Master of Laws from the Georgetown University Law Center.
In August 2005 Media Matters for America reported that Milloy (who is not a scientist himself) had self-published a deceptive "study" purporting to show that radiation levels at the U.S. Capitol Building were 65 times higher than the proposed standards for the federal government's planned high-level radioactive waste storage facility at Yucca Mountain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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