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Encyclopedia > Steve Cropper
Steve Cropper

Background information
Also known as The Colonel
Born October 21, 1941 (1941-10-21) (age 65)
in Dora, Missouri
Genre(s) R&B
Soul
Funk
Electric blues
Instrument(s) Guitar
Associated
acts
Booker T. & the MG's
The Mar-Keys
The Blues Brothers
Website Official website
Notable instrument(s)
Peavey Steve Cropper Classic

Fender Telecaster Image File history File links Size of this preview: 539 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (584 × 649 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by myself at the 25th Anniversary DVD launch of the Blues Brothers movie. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Dora is an unincorporated community in northeastern Ozark County, Missouri. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... The electric blues is a type of blues music distinguished by the amplification of the guitar, the bass guitar , and/or the harmonica. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Booker T. & the M.G.s is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Peavey Electronics Corporation is one of the largest audio equipment manufacturers in the world, headquartered in Meridian, Mississippi in the United States. ... The Fender Telecaster, also known as a Tele, is a typically dual-pickup, solid-body electric guitar made by Fender. ...

Steve "The Colonel" Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is an American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. On June 9, 2005, Cropper was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame alongside Bill Withers, Robert B. Sherman, Richard M. Sherman, John Fogerty, David Porter and Isaac Hayes. is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Songwriters Hall of Fame is an arm of the National Academy of Popular Music. ... Bill Withers (born July 4, 1938 in Slab Fork, West Virginia) is an American singer-songwriter who performed and recorded from the late 1960s until the mid 1980s. ... Robert B. Sherman (born December 19, 1925) (see also: Sherman Brothers) is an Academy Award-winning American songwriter who specializes in musical films with his brother Richard M. Sherman. ... Robert B. Sherman (born December 19, 1925) and Richard M. Sherman (born June 12, 1928) are Academy Award-winning American songwriters, who specialize in musical film. ... This article is about the musician. ... David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy and later the commander-in-chief of the Mexican Navy. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Cropper was born Stephen Lee Cropper on a farm outside Dora, Missouri. In 1950, his family moved to Memphis, Tennessee. At age ten, he strummed a guitar for the first time, his brother-in-law's Gibson. Cropper received his first guitar at age 14, and started playing with local musicians. His hero at the time was Lowman Pauling of Memphis's The Five Royales. Dora is an unincorporated community in northeastern Ozark County, Missouri. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... The Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is one of the worlds best-known manufacturers of acoustic and electric guitars. ... The 5 Royales were an American band that combined gospel, jump blues and doo wop, forming an early and influential step in the evolution of soul music. ...


The Stax years (1961-1970)

Steve Cropper at Stax Cropper and guitarist Charlie Freeman formed (as a tip of the hat to Pauling's band) The Royal Spades, who eventually became The Mar-Keys. The Mar-Keys was a play on the marquee outside of Stax (at the time called Satellite Records).[1] The band's inexperienced sax player Charles "Packy" Axton's mother Estelle and uncle Jim Stewart owned Satellite, and eventually The Mar-Keys began playing on sessions and had a hit single of their own with 1961's "Last Night". Also in the band were producer/songwriter Don Nix and future legends, bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn and trumpeter Wayne Jackson. ... Stax Records is an American record label, originally based out of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Jim Stewart might refer to: Jim Stewart (Head PGA Professional), Granite Bay Golf Club (2007-present) Jim Stewart (boxer), a bare-knuckle boxer. ... See also: 1960 in music, other events of 1961, 1962 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 15 - Motown Records signs The Supremes January 20 - Francis Poulencs Gloria is premiered in Boston February 12 - The Miracles Shop Around becomes Motowns first... Last Night is a song by The Mar-Keys. ... Don Nix was a songwriter, composer, arranger, musician, and author. ... Donald Duck Dunn (born November 24, 1941, in Memphis, Tennessee, USA) is a bass guitarist, record producer, and songwriter. ... Wayne Jackson (born April 16, 1944) is best-known for his tenure as the CEO of the Australian Football League 1996 to 2003. ...

Steve Cropper in concert (1990)
Steve Cropper in concert (1990)

Besides being impressed with the young guitarist's playing, the then Stax Records president Jim Stewart saw a business sense, professionalism, and maturity in Cropper beyond his years. When American Records founder Chips Moman left Stax, the young Cropper was given the keys to the studio, which he opened every day; he became the company's A & R man, and shared engineering duties with Stewart. A founding member of Booker T. & the MGs, Stax's house band, Cropper, along with Booker T. Jones on organ and piano, bassist Dunn, and drummer Al Jackson, Jr., went on to record several hits. His fiery leads and tight rhythm work with the MGs, and his tasteful work on hundreds of records, most notably his work with Otis Redding, were unmistakable and would make him a legend. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2490 × 3721 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2490 × 3721 pixel, file size: 1. ... Stax Records is an American record label, originally based out of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Jim Stewart might refer to: Jim Stewart (Head PGA Professional), Granite Bay Golf Club (2007-present) Jim Stewart (boxer), a bare-knuckle boxer. ... American Recordings is a Los Angeles-based record label headed by record producer Rick Rubin. ... Lincoln Wayne Chips Moman is an American record producer, guitarist and songwriter, born 1936 in La Grange, Georgia. ... Booker T. & the M.G.s is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ...


Cropper's legend was not limited to the United States. The Beatles were in awe of Cropper's playing and his production on Otis Redding records. In fact, when pressed as to who John Lennon and Paul McCartney may want to collaborate with, Steve Cropper's was the only name they mentioned.[2] The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an iconic English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ...


McCartney has been quoted as saying "Drive My Car" was based on the bass line on Redding's "Respect". The "Fab Four" approached Stax about recording in their studio, but word quickly got out, and fans (predominantly teenage girls) and the local press made it impossible for this to happen. Revolver is apparently the album that was to be recorded in Soulsville U.S.A. McCartney (a variant of Macartney or MacCartney) is a surname that originated in Ireland. ... The Beatles were a British popular music group from Liverpool, England held in very high regard for both its artistic achievements and its considerable commercial success. ... Streaming API for XML (StAX) is an application programming interface (API) to read and write XML documents in the Java programming language. ...


The MGs, as instrumental artists, worked because they "wrote sounds". Music professor and author of the book Soulsville U.S.A.: The Story Of Stax Records, Rob Bowman, quotes Booker T. Jones as saying, "We were writing sounds too, especially Steve. He's very sound-conscious, and he gets a lot of sounds out of a Telecaster without changing any settings — just by using his fingers, his picks, and his amps". Together, with Jones on a B-3 organ, they could get so many sounds going that they sounded like a much larger group. Rob S. Bowman (Born: May 15, 1960 in Wichita County, Texas, USA) is an American prolific filmmaker most notable for his work on sci-fi series such as The X-Files and Star Trek. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Besides his influential work with the MGs, Cropper co-wrote "Knock On Wood" with Eddie Floyd, "In the Midnight Hour" with Wilson Pickett, and "(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay" with Otis Redding. His partnership with Redding was particularly fruitful. "(Sittin' On) The Dock Of the Bay", alone, has been played over six million times, making it the sixth most played song of all time (and the ASCAP catalog's second most). Knock on Wood was a live single by David Bowie. ... Eddie Floyd (b. ... In the Midnight Hour is a song originally performed by Wilson Pickett in 1965. ... Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – January 19, 2006) was an American R&B/Rock and Roll and soul singer. ... (Sittin On) the Dock of the Bay is a song co-written and first performed by Otis Redding, with the co-writer Steve Cropper. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects intellectual property, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music. ...


In 1969, Cropper released his first solo album, With a Little Help From My Friends.


After Stax (1970-present)

Steve Cropper under Hamar Music Festival in 2007
Steve Cropper under Hamar Music Festival in 2007

Cropper left Stax in the fall of 1970.[3] The company had already lost Otis Redding in a plane crash, stars Sam & Dave (through Stax's distribution deal breakup with Atlantic), and an also disgruntled Booker T. Jones. When Cropper left, Stax lost their most successful producer, along with his partners David Porter and Isaac Hayes. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 539 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (584 × 649 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by myself at the 25th Anniversary DVD launch of the Blues Brothers movie. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 539 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (584 × 649 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by myself at the 25th Anniversary DVD launch of the Blues Brothers movie. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... Samuel David Moore (b. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... David Porter (born 21 November 1941) is an American soul musician best known as the songwriting partner of Isaac Hayes during the 1960s. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ...


He formed TMI (Trans-Maximus) with Jerry Williams and former Mar-Key Ronnie Stoots. There he lent his guitar and producing skills to Jeff Beck, Tower Of Power, John Prine, and Jose Feliciano (on his 3 RCA albums; 1972 "Memphis Menu", 1973 "Compartments", 1974 "For My Love"). Also during this time, he played on Ringo Starr's 1973 album Ringo and the following year's Goodnight Vienna, and John Lennon asked him to play on his Rock 'n' Roll album. By 1975, Cropper had closed shop and moved to Los Angeles, where Booker T. Jones was also living. They called up Al Jackson and Duck Dunn, still at Stax, and decided to reform the MGs. But Jackson, who Cropper called "the greatest drummer to ever walk the earth", was murdered in his Memphis home. Geoffrey Arnold (Jeff) Beck (born June 24, 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck in Wallington, Greater London) is an English rock guitarist. ... For the episode of the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon TV series, see Tower of Power (TMNT 1987 episode). ... John Prine (born October 10, 1946, in Maywood, Illinois) is an American country/folk singer-songwriter who has achieved widespread critical (and some commercial) success since the early 1970s. ... José Montserrate Feliciano (born September 10, 1945 in Lares, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican singer. ... Richard Starkey Jr, MBE (born 7 July 1940), known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer of The Beatles. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Donald Duck Dunn (born November 24, 1941) is a bassist, producer, and songwriter. ...


In the late seventies, Cropper and Dunn became members of (The Band's drummer) Levon Helm's RCO All-Stars, and then they went on to lead The Blues Brothers Band with Al Jackson protégé`, drummer Willie Hall. This led to several albums and two movies. Cropper lived in L.A. for the next thirteen years before moving to Nashville. For other uses, see Band. ... Mark Lavon Helm (born May 26, 1940), better know as Levon Helm, is an American rock musician most famous as the drummer for the rock group The Band. ... The Blues Brothers Band was the backing band for John Belushi and Dan Aykroyds Saturday Night Live (SNL) side-project, The Blues Brothers. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Willie Hall (born August 8, 1950) is an American drummer. ...


Cropper remains in the The Blues Brothers Band, reunited in 1988. He and Dunn have circled the globe many times with various front men, including Larry Thurston and Stax Soul men Sam Moore and Eddie Floyd. Other notable and influential members of the Blues Brothers band include saxophonist Lou Marini (aka "Blue Lou"), trumpeter Al Rubin (aka known as "Mr. Fabulous") and trombonist Tom Malone (aka "Bones" Malone). The Blues Brothers Band was the backing band for John Belushi and Dan Aykroyds Saturday Night Live (SNL) side-project, The Blues Brothers. ... Streaming API for XML (StAX) is an application programming interface (API) to read and write XML documents in the Java programming language. ... Samuel David Moore (born 12 October 1935, Miami, Florida) is an American rhythm and blues singer best known for his work in the soul duo Sam & Dave. ... Eddie Floyd (b. ... Blue Lou Marini is an American saxophone player. ... Tom Malone is an American jazz musician specializing in trombone. ...


In February 1998, he released Play It, Steve! where he described the inspirations behind his creation of some of Soul music's most enduring songs. It was released on Play It, Steve! Records. The phrase is exclaimed by Moore on Sam & Dave's "Soul Man" and later by John Belushi (a.k.a. "Joliet" Jake Blues) with The Blues Brothers. Cropper is also a part of many charities and lends his name to benefits every year. This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... Samuel David Moore (b. ... John Adam Belushi (January 24, 1949 – March 5, 1982) was an Emmy Award-winning American comedian, actor and musician, notable for his work on Saturday Night Live, National Lampoons Animal House and The Blues Brothers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Cropper is generally regarded as the most well known and influential Soul guitarist and because of his ability to adapt to many different styles, in 1996, he was named the greatest living guitar player (second all-time behind Jimi Hendrix) by Britain's Mojo Magazine. When asked what he thought of Cropper, the guitarist at number four, The Rolling Stones' Keith Richards, said "Perfect, man". This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary using the Transwiki process. ... This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... “Rolling Stones” redirects here. ... Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English guitarist, songwriter, singer and a founding member of The Rolling Stones in 1962. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.memphishorns.com/misc/bio.html
  2. ^ http://www.tennesseeconcerts.com/beatles.html
  3. ^ http://www.playitsteve.com/bio2.html

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Steve Cropper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (886 words)
Steve "The Colonel" Cropper (born Stephen Lee Cropper, on October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician.
Cropper was born on a farm outside Dora, Missouri.
When American Records founder Chips Moman left Stax, the young Cropper was given the keys to the studio, which he opened everyday; he became the company's A and R man, and shared engineering duties with Stewart.
Steve Cropper - definition of Steve Cropper in Encyclopedia (1127 words)
Steve Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician.
The band's inexperienced sax player Charles "Packy" Axton's mother Estelle and uncle Jim Stewart owned Satellite, and eventually The Mar-Keys began playing on sessions and had a hit single of their own with 1961's "Last Night." Also in the band were producer/songwriter Don Nix and future legends, bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn and trumpeter Wayne Jackson.
And it also showed after forty years, Cropper still possessed the same passion and fire that he had as a twenty-year-old and the same dedication and drive that impressed Jim Stewart in 1961.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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