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Encyclopedia > Stesichorus

Stesichorus (Στησίχορος, lit. "he who puts up the chorus") was a Greek lyric poet from Himera in Sicily, who lived from 640 BC to 555 BC. He was included in a list of nine respected lyric poets by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria. Like the other nine lyric poets, much of his work is lost, and he is known today through fragments and through descriptions and quotations in later works. omg holy crap| cellpadding=4 cellspacing=0 style=width:270px; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; background:#FFFFFF; border: 0px #aaaaaa solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 85%; float:right; | // |- |} Lyric be excepted. ... Himera is located on the northern coast of Sicily. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 690s BC 680s BC 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC - 640s BC - 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC 590s BC Events and Trends Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of the Epic... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC Events and Trends Carthage conquers Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica 559 BC - King Cambyses I of Anshan dies... The nine lyric poets (nine melic poets) were a canon of archaic Greek composers esteemed by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria as worthy of critical study. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... Alexandria (Greek: , Coptic: , Arabic: , Egyptian Arabic: Iskindireyya), (population of 3. ...


Several poems dealing with the Trojan War are attributed to him, as well as an Oresteia believed to have influenced Aeschylus in his own Oresteia. Fragments also survive from a poem about the monster Geryon, defeated by Herakles in his bid to steal Geryon's red cattle as his Tenth Labor. The fall of Troy, by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769). ... The Oresteia is a trilogy of tragedies about the end of the curse on the House of Atreus, written by Aeschylus. ... This article is about the ancient Greek playwright. ... Heracles fighting Geryon, amphora by the E Group, ca. ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ...


Stesichorus is also famous for his palinode and the legend surrounding it: Allegedly, Stesichorus wrote a poem about Helen and the traditional story of the Trojan War, and was immediately blinded. He then composed a palinode to retract his statements about Helen, and his sight was miraculously restored; afterwards he promoted the idea that the real Helen remained in Egypt, while an illusion created by her father Zeus continued on to Troy. Plato in his Phaedrus preserved Stesichorus' palinode, which reads: Geoffrey Chaucer was an exponent of the palinode A palinode or palinody is an ode in which the writer retracts a view or sentiment expressed in an earlier poem. ... Helen. ... The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Zeús, genitive: Diós), is... Troy or Ilion, see Troy (disambiguation) and Ilion (disambiguation). ... PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ... Phaedrus, ¹ (15 B.C. – AD 50), Roman fabulist, was by birth a Macedonian and lived in the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Gaius and Claudius. ...

That story is not true.
You [Helen] never sailed in the benched ships.
You never went to the city of Troy.[1]

His work is reputed to have paralleled most closely that of Homer. He favored epic themes, but unlike Homer he was also known for his erotic works. Athenaeus mentions that his love songs were well known and were of a kind that were known as paideia and paidika, in other words songs of boy love. (Percy, pp.167-168) Pederastic courtship scene Athenian black-figure amphora, 5th c. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Plato, Phaedrus 243b.

PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ... The Phaedrus, written by Plato, is a dialogue between Platos main protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. ...

References

  • Plato, Phaedrus
  • Greek Lyric III: Stesichorus, Ibycus, Simonides and Others (Loeb Classical Library)
  • G. O. Hutchinson, Greek Lyric Poetry : A Commentary on Selected Larger Pieces (Alcman, Stesichorus, Sappho, Alcaeus, Ibycus, Anacreon, Simonides, Bacchylides, Pindar, Sophocles, Euripides)
  • Anne Carson, Autobiography of Red
  • Percy, William A. Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece, pp146-150


Nine Lyric Poets | Ancient Greek Literature
Alcman | Sappho | Alcaeus | Anacreon | Stesichorus | Ibycus | Simonides | Pindar | Bacchylides

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stesichorus, Greece, ancient history (237 words)
The name Stesichorus actually means "Chorus Master", so it might have been a title and not a name.
Stesichorus was very creative and prolific, and is considered the first literary celebrity in Greece.
According to an anecdote, Stesichorus was struck blind after he had written the first, traditional version, and did not regain his sight until he had completed the second one.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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