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Encyclopedia > Steppe
Russian steppe in spring
Russian steppe in spring

In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: степь - [sʲtʲepʲ], Ukrainian: степ - /stɛp/, Kazakh: дала - /dɑlɑ/), pronounced in English as /stɛp/, is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are normal in the steppe. It may be semi-desert, or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude. The term is also used to denote the climate encountered in regions too dry to support a forest, but not dry enough to be a desert. The term steppe originally comes from the Russian word /stɛp/ which means a flat and arid land. Steppe might refer to: Steppe - The ecological zone type Steppenwolf, German language for prairie wolf The Steppe - The Euro-Asian Steppe Harry Steppe - Jewish-American Vaudeville actor The Jewish Steppe- a documentary about Soviet Jews Category: ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kazakh (also Qazaq and variants[2], natively , , ‎; pronounced ) is a Turkic language closely related to Nogai and Karakalpak. ... In geography, a plain is a large area of land with relatively low relief. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... This article is about a community of trees. ...


The climates of all steppes are summarized by a continental climate or landclimate. Peaks can be recorded in the summer of up to 40°Celsius and in winter -40°Celsius. Besides this huge difference between summer and winter, the differences between day and night are also very great. In the highlands of Mongolia, 30°Celsius can be reached during the day and sub-zero temperatures at night. Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...


Also, the mid-latitude steppes can be summarized by hot summers and cold winters, averaging 250-500 mm (10-20 inches) of rain or equivalent in snowfall per year. In tropical locations, necessary rainfall to separate steppes from true deserts may be half as much again due to greater evapotranspiration.

Contents

2 types of steppe

Around the world, 2 types of steppe can be recorded[1]:

  • the dry steppe and
  • the tropical steppe such as exist in Tropic, Utah.

This division can further be divided in other subdivisions; as can be seen here


Locations

Southern Siberian steppe: windbreaker trees in the wintertime.
Southern Siberian steppe: windbreaker trees in the wintertime.

The world's largest zone of all steppes, often referred to as "the Great Steppe", is found in South-East Russia and neighbouring countries in Central Asia, stretching from Ukraine in the west to the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea. To the east of the Caspian Sea, the steppes extend through Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the Altai, Koppet Dag and Tian Shan ranges. The vast Eurasian Steppe, as it is called, incorporates all of these steppes. The area is bordered in the north, on the eastern side of the Urals, by the forested West Siberian Plain taiga, extending nearly as far as the Arctic Ocean. Image File history File links Windbreakers_altai_steppe. ... Image File history File links Windbreakers_altai_steppe. ... The steppe extends roughly from the Dniepr to the Ural or 30 to 55 degrees eastern longitude, and from the Black Sea and the Caucasus in the south to the temperate forest and taiga in the north, or 45 to 55 degrees northern latitude. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Kopet Dag is a mountain range on the frontier between Turkmenistan and Iran, extending about 650 km (404 mi) along the border, east of the Caspian Sea. ... The Tian Shan (Chinese: 天山; Pinyin: Tiān Shān; celestial mountains) mountain range is located in Central Asia, in the border region of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of western China. ... The Eurasian Steppe (sometimes referred to collectively as The Steppes or The Steppe) is the term often used to describe the vast steppe ecoregion of Eurasia stretching from the western borders of the steppes of Hungary to the eastern border of the steppes of Mongolia. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The West Siberian Plain (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Siberia in Russia, between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Yenisei River in the east. ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ...


Other regions of steppes include transition zones between savanna and severe desert such as the Sahel that fringes the true Sahara or similar semi-arid lands that fringe the Thar desert of the Indian subcontinent or the more severe deserts of Australia. Savannah redirects here. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about Faerûn, a fictional continent, the primary setting of Forgotten Realms Official Material Brief description by Ed Greenwood Categories: Forgotten Realms stubs | Forgotten Realms places ...


Another large steppe area is located in the central United States and western Canada. The High Plains steppe is the westernmost part of the Great Plains region. A significant steppe, noteworthy for not grading into desert, is the Sertão of northeastern Brazil. The High Plains are a subregion of the Great Plains in the central United States, located in eastern Colorado, western Kansas, western Nebraska, central and eastern Montana, eastern New Mexico, western Oklahoma, northwestern Texas, and southeastern Wyoming. ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... In Brazil, the sertão (meaning backland in Portuguese) refers to the semi-arid region comprising parts of the states of Bahia, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Piauí. The plural of sertão is sertões. ...


Some steppes are to be found in transition zones between zones of Mediterranean climate and desert, such as Tijuana, Baja California, and in places cut off from adequate moisture due to rain shadow effects such as Zaragoza, Spain.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... CECUT, Tijuanas cultural center Avenida Revolución has many open bars, pharamacies, and curio shops, that attract many tourists. ... For alternative meanings, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ...


References

Ecology and conservation of Steppe-Land birds by Gerard Bota et al. International Symposium on Ecology and Conservation of Steppe-land Birds. Lynx Edicions 2005. 343 pages. ISBN 84-87334-99-7


See also

Shrub-steppe is low rainfall natural grassland ecoregion extending from southeastern Washington and eastern Oregon, through Idaho, Nevada, and Utah, and into western Wyoming and Colorado. ... Steppe-tundra is a sparse dry-climate vegetation type was widespread during Pleistocene times at mid-latitudes of North America and Eurasia, but no longer exist today. ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... Coastal prairie may refer to either: The California coastal prairie, a plant community found along the coasts of California and Oregon The Western Gulf coastal grasslands of Louisiana, Texas, and Tamaulipas This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... A green field or paddock In agriculture, a field refers generally to an area of land enclosed or otherwise and used for agricultural purposes such as: Cultivating crops Usage as a paddock or generally an enclosure of livestock Land left to lie fallow or as arable land See also Pasture... Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... Flood-meadow near Hohenau an der March A flood-meadow (or floodmeadow) is an area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding. ... The Konza tallgrass prairie in the Flint Hills of northeastern Kansas. ... A meadow is a habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. ... Pastureland Pasture is land with lush herbaceous vegetation cover used for grazing of ungulates as part of a farm or ranch. ... In geography, a plain is a large area of land with relatively low relief. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... Rangeland refers to a large, mostly unimproved section of land that is predominantly used for livestock grazing. ... Savannah redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... A water-meadow (or watermeadow) is an area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to controlled seasonal flooding. ... A wet meadow is a semi-wetland meadow which is saturated with water throughout much of the year. ... The term Veld, or Veldt, refers primarily (but not exclusively) to the wide open rural spaces of South Africa or southern Africa and in particular to certain flatter areas or districts covered in grass or low scrub. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Steppes
  • The Steppes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Steppe Biome (0 words)
The Steppe biome is a dry, cold, grassland that is found in all of the continents except Australia and Antarctica.
The Steppe biome is usually found between the desert and the forest.
A lot of the animals that live in Steppe are grazing animals, such as rabbits, mice, antelopes, horses, etc. Smaller animals have little defense from predators.
Steppe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (303 words)
The world's largest zone of steppes, which is often referred to as "the Great Steppe", is found in central Russia and neighbouring countries in Central Asia.
The Pontic steppe stretches from the Ukraine in the west to the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea.
To the east of the Caspian Sea, the steppes extend through Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the Altai, Koppet Dag and Tian Shan ranges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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