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Encyclopedia > Stepanakert
Ստեփանակերտ
Stepanakert
The government building
Enlarge
The government building
Parliament building in Stepanakert.
Province: Stepanakert (City)
Area:
Altitude: 813 meter (2670 feet)
Population: ~40,000
Population density:
Latitude: 39° 48' 55N
Longitude: 46° 45' 7E
Mayor: Eduard Aghabekian
Map of Azerbaijan showing town of Stepanakert within Nagorno-Karabakh.
Map of Azerbaijan showing town of Stepanakert within Nagorno-Karabakh.

Stepanakert (Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ; officially known as Xankəndi in Azerbaijan, transliterated as Xankendi or Khankendi) is the capital city of the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, with a population of about 40,000 people. Control of the area has been the subject of dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia, including war, ever since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. As of 2006, Stepanakert, like the rest of Nagorno-Karabakh, remains under Armenian military control, and much of the former local Azeri population has been displaced eastwards. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 78 KB) Summary View of the government building in the central square of Stepanakert, Karabakh. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 78 KB) Summary View of the government building in the central square of Stepanakert, Karabakh. ... Province is a name for a subnational entity. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... Image File history File links Azerbaijan-Khankendi. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Azerbaijan is a member of the United Nations; the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; NATOs Partnership for Peace; Euro-Atlantic Partnership; World Health Organization; CFE Treaty member state; the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; the Council of Europe; the Community of Democracies; the International Monetary Fund... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ... // [edit] The rise of Gorbachev Although reform in the Soviet Union stalled between 1969 and 1982, a generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Emblem of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia The Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia represents the Army, Air Force and the Air Defense. ...

"We Are Our Mountains," widely recognized as symbol of Nagorno-Karabakh
"We Are Our Mountains," widely recognized as symbol of Nagorno-Karabakh

Contents

Image File history File links Mamikyevbabik. ... Image File history File links Mamikyevbabik. ...

History

The settlement was first mentioned in medieval Armenian sources as Vararakn (meaning “rapid creek,” in Armenian). This toponym survived throughout history as one of Stepanakert’s suburbs called Vyrrakna.[citation needed]


The modern city was founded in 1917 after the October revolution in place of a village that was called called Khankendi (Khan's village) in Azerbaijani. In 1923 it was renamed to Stepanakert, to honor Stepan Shahumyan, an Armenian communist leader from Baku. After Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union, it was renamed by the Azerbaijani government back to Khankendi as part of a campaign against Communism and of Azerification[citation needed] of what had been the autononomous oblast of Nagorno-Karabakh with a majority Armenian population. Fighting broke out over control of Nagorno-Karabakh which resulted in Armenian control of the region and a connecting corridor to Armenia to the west. There has been an unofficial but observed cease-fire in place since 1994. 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Bolshevik (1920), by Boris Kustodiev. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Stepan Shaumyan Stepan Georgevich Shaumyan (or Stepan Shahumyan; 1878—20 September 1918) was an Armenian communist politician and revolutionary. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Azerification is a term used to describe a cultural change in which something ethnically non-Azerbaijani is made to become Azerbaijani. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


Economy

A main road of Stepanakert
Enlarge
A main road of Stepanakert

Prior to the war, Stepanakert's economy revolved mostly around food processing, silk weaving, and winemaking. After the war, the city's economy was greatly damaged, but in recent years, largely due to the investments of the Armenian Diaspora, economic activity has picked up in Stepanakert. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 119 KB) Summary View down a main road in Stepanakert, Karabakh. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 119 KB) Summary View down a main road in Stepanakert, Karabakh. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fibre that can be woven into textiles. ... Winemakers often use carboys like these for ferment smaller quantities of wine Winemaking, or vinification, is the process of wine production, from the selection of grapes to the bottling of finished wine. ... Armenian diaspora map. ...

Buildings and constructions

Religious

There is not a traditional church in Stepanakert as of (2006) although most of the population of the city are Christians. The believers attend the church that is in the building of the House of Culture. There is one ancient church in the city that was build in the 18th century, but it is not operating. On September 15, 2006 the foundation stones of St. Jacob Church in Stepanakert were laid. Armenian benefactor Vache Yepremian from Los Angeles is sponsoring the construction of the church. Its construction will probably last for 2-3 years. This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Bob Bagwell Area    - City 21. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

External links

  • Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh's website
  • Karabakh’s Election Conundrum November 2005 article about elections for seats in the Milli Mejlis (Azerbaijani parliament) for Azeri refugees
  • Stepanakert Armeniapedia atricle

Subdivisions of Azerbaijan Flag of Azerbaijan
Districts: Absheron | Agdam | Agdash | Agjabadi | Agstafa | Agsu | Astara | Babek* | Balakan | Barda | Beylagan | Bilasuvar | Dashkasan | Davachi | Fizuli | Gadabay | Goranboy | Goychay | Hajigabul | Imishli | Ismailli | Jabrayil | Jalilabad | Julfa* | Kalbajar | Kangarli* | Khachmaz | Khanlar | Khizi | Khojali | Khojavend | Kurdamir | Lachin | Lankaran | Lerik | Masally | Neftchala | Oguz | Ordubad* | Qabala | Qakh | Qazakh | Qobustan | Quba | Qubadli | Qusar | Saatly | Sabirabad | Sadarak* | Salyan | Samukh | Shakhbuz* | Shaki | Shamakhi | Shamkir | Sharur* | Shusha | Siazan | Tartar | Tovuz | Ujar | Yardymli | Yevlakh | Zangilan | Zaqatala | Zardab
Municipalities: Ali Bayramli | Baku | Ganja | Khankendi | Lankaran | Mingachevir | Naftalan | Nakhichevan City* | Shaki | Sumqayit | Shusha | Yevlakh
Asterisks indicate parts of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nagorno-Karabakh war - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4217 words)
There has been speculation that this was a complotted attempt in accordance to the theory of "divide and rule": enrage the populace of both countries in the future in which Russia would then play a major role in not only meddling but manipulating them in its favor.
In the ensuing months following the capture of Khojaly, Stepanakert was continuously shelled by Azeri forces in the nearby town of Shusha by the notoriously inaccurate BM-21 GRAD mobile artillery platform, the successor variant to the World War II-era "Katyusha".
By the height of the siege in April 1992, the population of Stepanakert, once 70,000, had declined to 50,000.
Samizdat 2000 (1726 words)
It is dusk and the residents of Nagorno Karabakh are washing their cars in the river that runs beneath the small capital city of Stepanakert; cows are being driven downhill from the surrounding pastures for the night.
The evidence for that war is everywhere – in the devastated town of Shushi in the hills above Stepanakert and along the plain that separates Karabakh from Azeri territory.
However, the law enforcement agencies in Stepanakert laid the blame for organizing the attack squarely at the door of Babayan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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