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Encyclopedia > Steinhart Aquarium

The California Academy of Sciences is one of the ten largest natural history museums in the world. It is located in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, and comprises of an aquarium (the Steinhart Aquarium), planetarium, and natural history museum. The Academy began life in 1853 as a learned society and still carries out a large amount of original research, though its main role is now public education. The Academy's main buildings in Golden Gate Park are closed for major refurbishment until 2008, though it has reopened in temporary accommodation at 875 Howard Street as of May 1, 2004. Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now usually viewed as a number of distinct scientific disciplines. ... A museum is typically a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. ... The domed Conservatory of Flowers is one of the worlds largest. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... A 335,000 US gallon (1. ... A planetarium is a theater built for presenting shows about astronomy and the night sky. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Refurbishment is the process of major maintenance and minor repair of an item, both aesthetically and mechanically. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Public education

While in Golden Gate Park, the Academy attracted around half a million visitors each year. The main thrust of the exhibits is natural history, with halls containing specimens from across the world and the "Life through Time" gallery housing a large display on evolution. There is particular emphasis on aquatic biology, with the aquarium housing fish specimens from all over the world, and a "fish roundabout" offering a unique aquarium experience -- visitors stand in the middle of a large ring-shaped tank watching fish swimming endlessly against a small generated current. Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ...


Other sciences are also covered: as well as the astronomy shows in the planetarium, there is a "Gem & Mineral Hall" containing many samples, and a section of the Academy devoted to earthquakes — appropriately enough considering the influence that these phenomena have had on San Francisco in general and the Academy in particular — including a simulator which recreates the experience of the Kobe earthquake. In ancient Greece and other early civilizations, astronomy consisted largely of astrometry, measuring positions of stars and planets in the sky. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a trembling or a shaking movement of the Earths surface. ... Categories: Japan-related stubs | 1995 | Earthquakes | Japanese history ...

Currently at the Academy
Currently at the Academy
Snake Head Turtle
Snake Head Turtle

The focus of the public exhibits in the Academy's temporary quarters will be the aquarium, since live fish cannot be stored in the same way as the other displays, though there will also be a shifting schedule of temporary exhibits trying out new ideas for the re-opening. Artificial Coral Reef at the California Academy of Science Currently available at the temporary location. ... Artificial Coral Reef at the California Academy of Science Currently available at the temporary location. ... Taken at the temporary quarters of the California Academy of Sciences Photo taken by Kirk Abbott, 2005 This image has been released into the public domain by its creator and original copyright holder. ... Taken at the temporary quarters of the California Academy of Sciences Photo taken by Kirk Abbott, 2005 This image has been released into the public domain by its creator and original copyright holder. ...


Research

The Academy carries out research in a number of fields, largely but not exclusively branches of biology: anthropology, aquatic biology, botany, entomology, geology, herpetology, ichthyology, inverterbrate zoology, mammalogy and ornithology. There is a strong emphasis on environmental concerns, with all the various departments collaborating closely to focus on systematic biology and biodiversity. Main articles: Life All organisms (viruses not included) consist of cells, which in turn, are based on a common carbon-based biochemistry. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... Entomology is the scientific study of insects. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Herpetology is the branch of zoology concerned with the study of reptiles and amphibians, including their classification, ecology, behavior, physiology, anatomy, and paleontology. ... Ichthyology is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish. ... Zoology (Greek zoon = animal and logos = word) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ... In biology, mammalogy is the study of mammals, a class of vertebrates with characteristics such as homeothermic metabolism, fur, four-chambered hearts, and complex nervous systems. ... Ornithology (from the Greek ornitha = chicken and logos = word/science) is the branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of birds. ... Main articles: Life All organisms (viruses not included) consist of cells, which in turn, are based on a common carbon-based biochemistry. ... Biodiversity or biological diversity is the diversity of and in living nature. ...


History

The California Academy of Natural Sciences was founded in 1853, only three years after California joined the United States, becoming the first society of its kind in the Western US. Its stated aim was to undertake "a thorough systematic survey of every portion of the State and the collection of a cabinet of her rare and rich productions". It was renamed to the more inclusive "California Academy of Sciences" in 1868. State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


The Academy had a forward-thinking approach to the involvement of women in science, passing a resolution that the members "highly approve of the aid of females in every department of natural science, and invite their cooperation" in its first year of existence. This led to several female botanists, entomologists and others finding work at the Academy during the 19th Century, when opportunities for women in the sciences were limited, and often restricted to menial cataloguing and calculation work. Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... Entomology is the scientific study of insects. ...


The Academy's first official museum was opened in 1874 on the corner of California and Dupont Streets, and drew 80,000 visitors a year. To accommodate this popularity, the Academy moved in 1891 to a new, larger building on Market Street, funded by the legacy of James Lick. However, only fifteen years later it fell victim to the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which also wiped out large swathes of the Academy's library and specimen collections. Luckily, an expedition to the Galapagos Islands (the first of several sponsored by the Academy) was already underway, and it returned seven months later, instantly providing replacement collections. 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... James Lick (August 25, 1796 – October 1, 1876) was an American carpenter, piano builder, land baron, and patron of the sciences. ... San Francisco City Hall, April 20, 1906 The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 was a major earthquake at San Francisco, California on the early morning of Wednesday, April 18, 1906. ... NASA Satellite photo of the Galápagos archipelago. ...


It was not until 1916 that the Academy moved to the North American Hall of Birds and Mammals in Golden Gate Park, the first building on the site that was to become its permanent home. In 1923 the Steinhardt Aquarium was added, followed in 1934 by the Simson African Hall. 1916 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The domed Conservatory of Flowers is one of the worlds largest. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During World War II, the Academy contributed to the American war effort by using its workshop facilities to repair optical and navigational equipment for navy ships (San Francisco being a major port for the Pacific War). The post-war years saw a flurry of new construction on the site; the Science Hall was added in 1951, followed by the Morrison Planetarium in 1952. In 1959, the Malliard Library, Eastwood Hall of Botany and Livermore Room were all added. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... The Pacific War, which is known in Japan as the Greater East Asia War and in China as the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (kang-Ri zhanzheng, literally Resist Japan War), occurred in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, and in Asia. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1952 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Throughout the 1960s, as universities concentrating on the new field of molecular biology divested themselves of their specimen collections, entrusting them to the Academy and leading to a rapid growth of the Academy's holdings. 1969 saw another new building, Cowell Hall, added to the site. In 1976 several new galleries were opened, and the following year saw the construction of the "fish roundabout". The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Molecular biology is the study of biology at a molecular level. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1989, the buildings were damaged in the Loma Prieta earthquake. Subsequently, some areas had to be closed off for safety reasons. As plans were made to repair the damage and make the buildings seismically stable, it was realised that a considerable amount of work would be needed to bring the buildings up to modern standards. This led to the idea of giving the Academy a complete overhaul, thus motivating the current closure of the main site, which will continue until 2008. When reopened, the new building will be at the forefront of environmentally-friendly design, in keeping with the Academy's focus on environmental concerns. 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Loma Prieta earthquake - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself. ... // Predicted events January-June January 15 - NASAs MESSENGER spacecraft makes the first of three flybys of Mercury. ...


External links

  • California Academy of Sciences official website
  • A discussion of some of the aims of the refurbishment

  Results from FactBites:
 
Steinhart Aquarium (179 words)
Location: The Steinhart Aquarium, part of The California Academy of Sciences, is in the process of moving and will reopen in its new location in 2008.
Steinhart Aquarium is conveniently located at the California Academy of Sciences in Golden Gate Park.
This aquarium has a number of fascinating exhibits including four African penguins that recently became part of the Steinhart Aquarium family, in hopes of preserving the species.
AllRefer.com - aquarium (Zoology: General) - Encyclopedia (342 words)
Aquariums are known to have been constructed in ancient Rome, Egypt, and Asia.
An aquarium in which the dissolved gases are kept at the proper concentrations by the physiological activities of the plants and animals is called a balanced aquarium.
Large freshwater and saltwater aquariums are often maintained for research and breeding purposes by universities, marine stations, and wildlife commissions, e.g., those in Naples, Italy; Monaco; Plymouth, England; La Jolla, Calif.; and Woods Hole, Mass.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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