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Encyclopedia > Stefan Stambolov
A statue of Stefan N. Stambolov in his birthplace Veliko Turnovo
A statue of Stefan N. Stambolov in his birthplace Veliko Turnovo

Stefan Nikolov Stambolov (Bulgarian: Стефан Николов Стамболов) (January 31, 1854 - July 6, 1895) was a Bulgarian revolutionary and statesman. He is considered one of the most important and popular "Founders of Modern Bulgaria" and is sometimes reffered to as "the Bulgarian Bismarck". ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 428 KB) Description: Statue of Stefan Stambolov (prime minister of Bulgaria 1887-1894) in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria Описание: Паметник на Стефан Стамболов (министър-председател на България 1887-1894) във Велико Търново, България Creator: CdaMVvWgS Date of creation: May 2005 License: GNU-FDL File links The following pages link to this file: Stefan Stambolov... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 428 KB) Description: Statue of Stefan Stambolov (prime minister of Bulgaria 1887-1894) in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria Описание: Паметник на Стефан Стамболов (министър-председател на България 1887-1894) във Велико Търново, България Creator: CdaMVvWgS Date of creation: May 2005 License: GNU-FDL File links The following pages link to this file: Stefan Stambolov... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Revolutions. ... The term statesman is a respectful term used to refer to diplomats, politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... Alternate meanings: See Bismarck (disambiguation). ...


He was born Veliko Turnovo. His education started in his home town, but he later studied in the Odessa Seminary between 1870 and 1872. Stambolov's father took part in the "Velchova Zavera" (1835) works with Captain Nikola Filipovski (1853). Stambolov himself grew up among revolutionists like Hristo Ivanov "Knigovezetza", father Mathei Preobrazhenski, Hristo Karaminkov "Buneto". He took part in all actions for political independence in the 1870s - he joined the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee (BRCC). After the death of the founder of BRCC Vasil Levski, Stambolov was chosen as his successor. He was the leader of the uprising in Stara Zagora (1875) and the Turnovo revolutionary commitee in the great uprising of April (1876). Veliko Turnovo(Cyrillic: Велико Търново, Great Turnovo) is a city of approximately 65,000 people in North-central Bulgaria, 240km north-east of Sofia. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Events and Trends Technology The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... The Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee ( Български революционен централен комитет), BRCK, was a Bulgarian revolutionary organisation founded in Romania. ... Stara Zagora (Стара Загора) is the sixth largest city in Bulgaria. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Stambolov was involved in the political discussions as early as the time of the first Bulgarian parliament - "The Founding Subranie" of 1879. After 1880 he became the vice-chairman and later the chairman of the Narodno Subranie (the Bulgarian parliament). For a relatively long period he was the Prime Minister of the country (1888 - 1894). He helped the Union of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia (1886). Stambolov was a nationalist; as a politician, he strengthened the diplomacy of the country, its economy, and the general political power of the state. He crushed Russia's numerous attempts to overthrow the Bulgarian government and install puppet like regime and confronted Ferdinand's intrigues, as a result he was attacked and slayed by Russian-bought political enemies in Sofia on July 3, 1895. He died three days later. 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A prime minister may be either: chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of Eastern Rumelia Eastern Rumelia was a province of the Ottoman Empire that achieved a semi-autonomous status under the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, which replaced the Treaty of San Stefano between Russia and the Ottomans a few months earlier. ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Ferdinand Maximilan Charles Leopold Marie, Ferdinand of Bulgaria (February 26, 1861 - September 10, 1948) was monarch of Bulgaria as well as an author, botanist and philatelist. ... The city of Sofia (Bulgarian: София), at the foot of the Vitosha mountain, has a population of 1,208,930 (2003), and is the biggest city and capital of the Republic of Bulgaria. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Assessment

Stambolov is the only Bulgarian politician to realize that the so called liberation of Bulgaria is an attempt of Czarist Russia to turn Bulgaria into its protectorate. His policy is determined to preserve Bulgarian independence from the Russian aggression. The times of his leadership are characterized with the transformation of Bulgaria from an Ottoman province into a modern European state.


Stambolov takes into account the need to inflame Bulgarian nationalism in Macedonia which is still under Ottoman control. Stambolov establishes close connections with the Sultan in order to enliven Bulgarian national spirit in Macedonia and oppose Greek and Serbian propaganda which is supported by Russia. Due to Stambolov’s tactics the Sultan recognizes Bulgarians as the predominant peoples in Macedonia and gives a green light to the creation of strong church and cultural institutions. Stambolov negotiates loans with Western European countries in order to develop the military strength of Bulgaria and create a modern army which could successfully complete the goal of national unification with the support of Bulgarian national uprising in Macedonia.


His approach toward Western Europe is of diplomatic maneuvering for the best of National interest. He understands the interests of the Austrian empire in Macedonia and warns his diplomats never to trust it. His domestic policy is distinguished by the defeat of terrorist groups sponsored by Russia, the crush of criminal groups and the measures taken to promote rapid economical, educational and cultural development and create modern army.


Stambolov realizes that only a strong politically, militarily and economically Bulgaria could bring the process of unification successfully to an end. Stambolov maps out the political course which turns Bulgaria into the first regional power and guarantees its turning into a European one. Unfortunately, after his fall this course is abandoned which leads to the transformation of Bulgaria into a weak, marginal state and later on to the loss of its sovereignty and enslavement by Soviet Russia.


External links

  • An article about Stefan Stambolov

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stefan Stambolov - LoveToKnow 1911 (777 words)
STEFAN STAMBOLOV (1854-1895), Bulgarian statesman, was born on the 31st of January 1854 at Trnovo, the ancient Bulgarian capital, where his father kept a small inn.
Under Turkish rule it was impossible to obtain a liberal education in Bulgaria, and young Stambolov, after attending the communal school in his native town, was apprenticed to a tailor.
On the abdication of Prince Alexander (Sept. 8) Stambolov became head of a council of regency, with Mutkurov and Karavelov as his colleagues; the latter, however, soon made way for Jivkov, a friend and fellow townsman of the first regent.
Stefan Stambolov at AllExperts (697 words)
Stambolov was involved in the political discussions as early as the time of the first Bulgarian parliament - "The Founding Subranie" of 1879.
Stambolov was a nationalist; as a politician, he strengthened the diplomacy of the country, its economy, and the general political power of the state.
Stambolov negotiates loans with Western European countries in order to develop the military strength of Bulgaria and create a modern army which could successfully complete the goal of national unification with the support of Bulgarian national uprising in Macedonia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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