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Encyclopedia > Stefan George
Stefan George (1910)
Stefan George (1910)

Stefan George (Bingen, Hesse, July 12, 1868Locarno, December 4, 1933) was a German poet and translator. Image File history File links Description: Stefan George in 1910 Photograph: Jacob Hilsdorf (1872-1916) Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Description: Stefan George in 1910 Photograph: Jacob Hilsdorf (1872-1916) Source: http://www. ... Bingen am Rhein, or Bingen, or Bingen on the Rhine is a modern-day city located at the junction of the rivers Rhine and Nahe in southwestern Germany near the city of Mainz. ... Hesse is also the name of the German writer Hermann Hesse, as well as the German mathematician Otto Hesse. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Location within Switzerland Locarno is a city located on Lake Maggiore (Lago Maggiore) in the southern Swiss canton of Ticino, close to Ascona. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Poets are authors of poems, or of other forms of poetry such as dramatic verse. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—the target text, also called the translation. ...

Contents


Work

George's poetry was categorised by an aristocratic and remote ethos; his verse was formal in style, lyrical in tone, and often arcane in language, being influenced by Greek classical forms, in revolt against the realist trend in German literature at the time. Believing that the purpose of poetry was distance from the world - he was a strong advocate of art for art's sake, and was influenced by Nietzsche—George's writing had many ties with the French Symbolist movement. He was in contact with many of its representatives, including Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine, and his writing first became of note in the 1890s. George founded an important literary magazine called Blätter für die Kunst, around which a literary circle came to gather. Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is traditionally a written art form (although there is also an ancient and modern poetry which relies mainly upon oral or pictorial representations) in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... -1... Ethos (ήθος) is a Greek word originally meaning the place of living that can be translated into English in different ways. ... Lyric can have a number of meanings. ... It has been suggested that Greco-Roman be merged into this article or section. ... Realism is commonly defined as a concern for fact or reality and rejection of the impractical and visionary. ... German literature comprises those literary texts originating within Germany proper and written in the German language. ... Friedrich Nietzsche, 1882 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900) was a highly influential German philosopher. ... La mort du fossoyeur (The death of the gravedigger) by Carlos Schwabe is a visual compendium of Symbolist motifs. ... Édouard Manet, Portrait of Stéphane Mallarmé . Stéphane Mallarmé (March 18, 1842 – September 9, 1898) was a French poet and critic. ... Paul Verlaine illustrated in the frontispiece of , 1902 Paul Marie Verlaine (March 30, 1844 – January 8, 1896) is considered one of the greatest and most popular of French poets. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. ...


George was an important bridge between the 19th century and German Modernism, even though he was a harsh critic of the then modern era. He experimented with various poetic metres, punctuation, obscure allusions and typography. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Modernism as an artistic and cultural movement that generally includes progressive art and architecture, music and literature emerging in the decades before 1914, as artists rebelled against late 19th century academic and historicist traditions. ... The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Punctuation marks are written symbols that do not correspond to either phonemes (sounds) of a spoken language nor to lexemes (words and phrases) of a written language, but which serve to organize or clarify written language. ... In rhetoric, an allusion is the implicit referencing of a related object or circumstance, which has occurred or existed in an external context. ... Typographic work Typography (from the Greek words typos = form and graphein = to write) is the art and technique of setting written subject matter in type using a combination of typeface styles, point sizes, line lengths, line leading, character spacing, and word spacing to produce typeset artwork in physical or digital...


George's best remembered collection of poetry was entitled Algabal; the title is a reference to the Roman emperor Elagabalus. George was also an important translator; he translated Dante, Shakespeare and Baudelaire into German. A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language — the source text — and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language — called the target text, or the translation. ... Dante in a fresco series of famous men by Andrea del Castagno, ca. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Charles Baudelaire, photograph taken by Nadar. ...


Influence

George was thought of by his contemporaries as a prophet and a priest, while he thought of himself as a messiah of a new kingdom that would be led by intellectual or artistic elites, bonded by their faithfulness to a strong leader. His poetry emphasized self-sacrifice, heroism and power, and he thus gained popularity in right wing and Nazi circles. A group of writers that congregated around him were known as the Georgekreis (George circle). A prophet is a person who is believed to communicate with God, or with a deity. ... Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ anointed one, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew Arabic ) initially meant any person who was anointed by God. ... Look up élite and elite in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ...


Stefan George left Germany and emigrated to Switzerland as the regime realized it could gain popularity by claiming George as a Nazi poet. Though George himself shunned such an association, the Nazis made George a national poet after his death. Critics considered his work to be proto-fascist, though many of the leading members of the German Resistance to the Nazis were drawn from among his followers, notably the Stauffenberg brothers who were introduced to George by the poet and scholar Albrecht von Blumenthal. Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Von Blumenthal is a noble family from Brandenburg, Prussia. ...


Out of the Georgekreis arose Hugo von Hofmannsthal, one of Austria's most important literary modernists (who broke from George's influence), and also several members of the July 20 Plot to assassinate Hitler, including Claus von Stauffenberg himself. Hugo von Hofmannsthal (February 1, 1874 - July 15, 1929), was an Austrian novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist. ... The July 20 Plot was a failed coup détat which involved an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. ... Claus von Stauffenberg Claus Philipp Maria Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg (born November 15, 1907 in Jettingen, Bavarian Swabia; died July 21, 1944 in Berlin) was a German aristocrat and army colonel during World War II. He was one of the leading figures of the July 20 Plot to assassinate Adolf...


George is also said to have had an influence on Franz Kafka.-1...


Online texts

  • Some poems in both German and English

References

  • Secret Germany: Stefan George and his Circle (2002) Robert E. Norton

Bibliography

Selected German titles

  • Algabal (1892)
  • Das Jahr der Seele ('The Year of the Soul', 1897)
  • Der siebente Ring ('The Seventh Ring', 1907)
  • Der Stern des Bundes ('The Star of the Covenant', 1914)
  • Das neue Reich ('The New Kingdom', 1928)

1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

External links

  • Concise overview
  • A biographical article on George's homosexuality

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stefan George - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (480 words)
George's poetry was categorised by an aristocratic and remote ethos; his verse was formal in style, lyrical in tone, and often arcane in language, being influenced by Greek classical forms, in revolt against the realist trend in German literature at the time.
George was an important bridge between the 19th century and German Modernism, even though he was a harsh critic of the then modern era.
George was thought of by his contemporaries as a prophet and a priest, while he thought of himself as a messiah of a new kingdom that would be led by intellectual or artistic elites, bonded by their faithfulness to a strong leader.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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