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Encyclopedia > Steel Workers Organizing Committee
USW
20em
United Steelworkers
(')
Founded May 22, 1942
Cur. affiliation date
Date dissolved
Members 1.2 million (2006)
Country United States, Canada
Head union
Affiliation AFL-CIO, CLC
Key people Leo W. Gerard, president
Office location Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Website http://www.usw.org, http://www.usw.ca/

The United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers or USW) claims over 1.2 million active and retired workers amongst its ranks. Headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it is an active labor union representing workers in the United States and Canada, working politically and on the shop floor to promote its ideals and advocate for its members. May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, commonly AFL-CIO, is Americas largest federation of unions, made up of 53 national and international (including Canadian) unions, together representing over 9 million workers. ... The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (in French le Congrès du travail du Canada or CTC) is the central labour body in Canada to which most Canadian labour unions are affiliated. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Retirement is the status of a worker who has stopped working. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Steel City Location Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Pennsylvania Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Bob OConnor (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 151. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


The United Steelworkers is currently affiliated with both the American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) and the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC), as well as several international union federations. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, commonly AFL-CIO, is Americas largest federation of unions, made up of 53 national and international (including Canadian) unions, together representing over 9 million workers. ... The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (in French le Congrès du travail du Canada or CTC) is the central labour body in Canada to which most Canadian labour unions are affiliated. ...

Contents


Origins and History

Early attempts to organize steelworkers encountered resistance, even violence. An example is the Homestead Strike. In 1889, after a strike at a mill in Homestead, Pennsylvania, the Carnegie Company signed a contract with the workers. Three years later, however, the mill cut wages, triggering another strike. Management sent in 300 Pinkerton detectives to break the strike, resulting in a pitched battle on July 6, 1892, that left ten dead and many wounded. Eventually, strike-breakers, backed by state militia, broke the strike, eliminating the early union from its mills. The Homestead Strike was a labor confrontation lasting 143 days in 1892, one of the most serious in U.S. history. ... Homestead is a borough located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... A Carnegie steel mill near the turn of the century Andrew Carnegie constructed a profitable steel mill at Braddock, Pennsylvania in the mid-1870s. ... Pinkerton guards escort strikebreakers in Buchtel, Ohio, 1884 The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was a security guard agency established in the United States in 1850 by Allan Pinkerton who became famous when he foiled a plot to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln. ...


The USW was established May 22, 1942 by a convention of representatives from the old Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers and the Steel Workers Organizing Committee, after almost six years of violent and divisive struggles to create a new union of steelworkers. The drive to create the USW included such violent incidents as the infamous Memorial Day, 1937, when Chicago policemen supporting the rival AFL fired on workers outside of Republic Steel and killed ten men. Relatives and others traditionally place flags near veterans headstones on Memorial Day Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (most recently observed May 29, 2006). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Republic Steel was once the third largest steel producer in the United States. ...


Founder and first president of the USWA Philip Murray led the union through its inception drive and dangerous first decade, when the workers of USWA went on strike several times to win concessions such as the right to collective bargaining with steel companies and paid vacations. Philip Murray (May 25, 1886 - November 9, 1952) was a U.S. (Scottish-born) labor leader. ... Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ...


Growth of the Union

The 46,000 members of the Aluminum Workers of America voted to merge with the budding steelworker union that was the USW in June, 1944. Eventually, eight more unions joined the USW as well: the International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers (1967); the United Stone and Allied Product Workers of America (1971); District 50, the Allied and Technical Workers of America (1972); the Upholsterers International Union of North America (1985); the United Rubber, Cork, Linoleum & Plastic Workers of America (URW) (1995); the Aluminum, Brick and Glass Workers Union (ABG) (1996); the Canadian Division of the Transportation Communications International Union (1999); and the American Flint Glass Workers Union (AFGWU) (2003). 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Western Federation of Miners famous flyer entitled Is Colorado in America? The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mine fields of the western United States. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Transportation Communications International Union or TCU is the successor to the union formerly known as the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks and includes within it many other organizations, including the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of America and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters that have merged with it since 1969. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In June, 2004, the USW announced a merger with the 55,000 member Industrial, Wood and Allied Workers of Canada (IWA), a major Canadian forestry workers union. Then in 2005, it announced an even larger merger with the Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE). The resulting new union, with 850,000 active members in the United States and Canada, is the largest industrial labor union in North America, and is now known as the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied-Industrial and Service Workers International Union, abbreviated as the "United Steelworkers" or by the acronym USW. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE) is an international union that represents workers in the United States and Canada. ...


The USW Today

The current International President of the United Steelworkers is Leo W. Gerard, who has served as president since 2001. In April 2005, Gerard announced that the newly-merged USW's top political objective for the 2006 House of Representatives elections would be the ouster of Representative Tom DeLay. DeLay subseqently announced in April, 2006, that he would not run for reelection. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... House of Representatives is a name used for legislative bodies in many countries. ... Thomas Dale The Hammer DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas, the former House Majority Leader, and a prominent member of the Republican Party. ...


References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Iron- and Steelworkers (737 words)
The National Committee for Organizing Iron and Steel Workers, chaired by Chicago Federation of Labor president John Fitzpatrick, began an organizing drive in Chicago during World War I. This push culminated in an unsuccessful nationwide steel strike in 1919.
Workers at Wisconsin Steel were among the first in the industry to belong to an employee representation plan (or ERP), which critics derisively referred to as a company union.
Most of the iron and steel plants operating in Chicago at the turn of the century were small producers of specialty steel, not the basic steel producers of old that helped build the railroads, buildings, and automobiles of a bygone era.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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